Hipotireoidismo central

Referências

Principais artigos

Persani L, Brabant G, Dattani M, et al. 2018 European Thyroid Association (ETA) guidelines on the diagnosis and management of central hypothyroidism. Eur Thyroid J. 2018 Oct;7(5):225-37.Texto completo  Resumo

Garber JR, Cobin RH, Gharib H, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for hypothyroidism in adults: cosponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American Thyroid Association. Endocr Pract. 2012 Nov-Dec;18(6):988-1028. Resumo

Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Bauer AJ, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the American Thyroid Association Task Force on Thyroid Hormone Replacement. Thyroid. 2014 Dec;24(12):1670-751.Texto completo  Resumo

Artigos de referência

1. Beck-Peccoz P, Rodari G, Giavoli C, et al. Central hypothyroidism: a neglected thyroid disorder. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2017 Oct;13(10):588-98. Resumo

2. Chaker L, Bianco AC, Jonklaas J, et al. Hypothyroidism. Lancet. 2017 Sep 23;390(10101):1550-62. Resumo

3. Persani L, Brabant G, Dattani M, et al. 2018 European Thyroid Association (ETA) guidelines on the diagnosis and management of central hypothyroidism. Eur Thyroid J. 2018 Oct;7(5):225-37.Texto completo  Resumo

4. Persani L. Clinical review: central hypothyroidism: pathogenic, diagnostic, and therapeutic challenges. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Sep;97(9):3068-78.Texto completo  Resumo

5. Mathioudakis N, Thapa S, Wand GS, et al. ACTH-secreting pituitary microadenomas are associated with a higher prevalence of central hypothyroidism compared to other microadenoma types. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2012 Dec;77(6):871-6. Resumo

6. Modan-Moses D, Weintraub M, Meyerovitch J, et al. Hypopituitarism in Langerhans cell histiocytosis: seven cases and literature review. J Endocrinol Invest. 2001 Sep;24(8):612-7. Resumo

7. Kokshoorn NE, Wassenaar MJ, Biermasz NR, et al. Hypopituitarism following traumatic brain injury: prevalence is affected by the use of different dynamic tests and different normal values. Eur J Endocrinol. 2010 Jan;162(1):11-8. Resumo

8. Thodou E, Asa SL, Kontogeorgos G, et al. Clinical case seminar: lymphocytic hypophysitis: clinicopathological findings. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Aug;80(8):2302-11. Resumo

9. Magner JA. Thyroid-stimulating hormone: biosynthesis, cell biology, and bioactivity. Endocr Rev. 1990 May;11(2):354-85. Resumo

10. Jackson, IM. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone. N Engl J Med. 1982 Jan 21;306(3):145-55. Resumo

11. Dyess EM, Segerson TP, Liposits Z, et al. Triiodothyronine exerts direct cell-specific regulation of thyrotropin-releasing hormone gene expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. Endocrinology. 1988 Nov;123(5):2291-7. Resumo

12. Collu R, Tang J, Castagne J, et al. A novel mechanism for isolated central hypothyroidism: inactivating mutations in the thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 May;82(5):1561-5. Resumo

13. Hayashizaki Y, Hiraoka Y, Tatsumi K, et al. Deoxyribonucleic acid analyses of five families with familial inherited thyroid stimulating hormone deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Oct;71(4):792-6. Resumo

14. Tajima T, Nakamura A, Ishizu K. A novel mutation of IGSF1 in a Japanese patient of congenital central hypothyroidism without macroorchidism [Rapid Communication]. Endocr J. 2013;60(2):245-9.Texto completo  Resumo

15. García M, Fernández A, Moreno JC. Central hypothyroidism in children. Endocr Dev. 2014;26:79-107. Resumo

16. Dacou-Voutetakis C, Feltquate DM, Drakopoulou M, et al. Familial hypothyroidism caused by a nonsense mutation in the thyroid-stimulating hormone beta-subunit gene. Am J Hum Genet. 1990 May;46(5):988-93. Resumo

17. Zarnegar R, Brunaud L, Clark OH. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type I. Curr Treat Options Oncol. 2002 Aug;3(4):335-48. Resumo

18. Darzy KH, Shalet SM. Hypopituitarism after cranial irradiation. J Endocrinol Invest. 2005;28(5 Suppl):78-87. Resumo

19. Bhandare N, Kennedy L, Malyapa RS, et al. Primary and central hypothyroidism after radiotherapy for head-and-neck tumors. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007 Jul 15;68(4):1131-9. Resumo

20. Powner DJ, Boccalandro C, Alp MS, et al. Endocrine failure after traumatic brain injury in adults. Neurocrit Care. 2006;5(1):61-70. Resumo

21. Müller HL, Merchant TE, Warmuth-Metz M, et al. Craniopharyngioma. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2019 Nov 7;5(1):75. Resumo

22. Momin AA, Recinos MA, Cioffi G, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of craniopharyngiomas in the United States. Pituitary. 2021 Aug;24(4):517-22. Resumo

23. Gillam MP, Molitch ME, Lombardi G, et al. Advances in the treatment of prolactinomas. Endocr Rev. 2006 Aug;27(5):485-534.Texto completo  Resumo

24. Mindermann T, Wilson CB. Age-related and gender-related occurrence of pituitary adenomas. Clin Endocrinol. 1994 Sep;41(3):359-64. Resumo

25. AlMalki MH, Ahmad MM, Brema I, et al. Contemporary management of clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas: a clinical review. Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes. 2020 Jun 24;13:1179551420932921.Texto completo  Resumo

26. Murialdo G, Tamagno G. Endocrine aspects of neurosarcoidosis. J Endocrinol Invest. 2002 Jul-Aug;25(7):650-62. Resumo

27. Dokmetas HS, Kilicli F, Korkmaz S, et al. Characteristic features of 20 patients with Sheehan’s syndrome. Gynaecol Endocrinol. 2006 May;22(5):279-83. Resumo

28. Caturegli P, Newschaffer C, Olivi A, et al. Autoimmune hypophysitis. Endocr Rev. 2005 Aug;26(5):599-614.Texto completo  Resumo

29. Hamed SA. The effect of antiepileptic drugs on thyroid hormonal function: causes and implications. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2015;8(6):741-50. Resumo

30. Einarsdottir MJ, Olafsson E, Sigurjonsdottir HA. Antiepileptic drugs are associated with central hypothyroidism. Acta Neurol Scand. 2019 Jan;139(1):64-9. Resumo

31. Schweiger BM, Lao AJ, Tavyev J. A case series of patients with central hypothyroidism from oxcarbazepine therapy. J Child Neurol. 2021 Mar;36(3):237-42. Resumo

32. Faglia G, Bitensky L, Pinchera A, et al. Thyrotropin secretion in patients with central hypothyroidism: evidence for reduced biologic activity of immunoreactive thyrotropin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1979 Jun;48(6):989-98. Resumo

33. Fitzpatrick M, Tartaglino LM, Hollander MD, et al. Imaging of sellar and parasellar pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 1999 Jan;37(1):101-21;x. Resumo

34. Stadnik T, Spruyt D, van Binst A, et al. Pituitary microadenomas: diagnosis with dynamic serial CT, conventional CT and T1-weighted MR imaging before and after injection of gadolinium. Eur J Radiol. 1994 Aug;18(3):191-8. Resumo

35. Gao R, Tanaka T, Inagawa S, et al. Dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging of pituitary adenomas: usefulness of sequential sagittal and coronal plane images. Eur J Radiol. 2001 Sep;39(3):139-46. Resumo

36. Anand VT, Mann SB, Dash RJ, et al. Auditory investigations in hypothyroidism. Acta Otolaryngol. 1989 Jul-Aug;108(1-2):83-7. Resumo

37. Canaris GJ, Steiner JF, Ridgway EC. Do traditional symptoms of hypothyroidism correlate with biochemical disease? J Gen Intern Med. 1997 Sep;12(9):544-50.Texto completo  Resumo

38. Serri O, Chik CL, Ur E, et al. Diagnosis and management of hyperprolactinemia. CMAJ. 2003 Sep 16;169(6):575-81.Texto completo  Resumo

39. Rennert J, Doerfler A. Imaging of sellar and parasellar lesions. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2007 Feb;109(2):111-24. Resumo

40. Verhelst J, Abs R. Hyperprolactinemia: pathophysiology and management. Treat Endocrinol. 2003;2(1):23-32. Resumo

41. Schneider H, Aimoretti G, Kreitschmann-Andermahr M, et al. Hypopituitarism. Lancet. 2007 Apr 28;369(9571):1461-70. Resumo

42. Hertzman PA. Criteria for the definition of the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1996 Oct;46:7-12. Resumo

43. Varga J, Kahari VM. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome, eosinophilic fasciitis, and related fibrosing disorders. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1997 Nov;9(6):562-70. Resumo

44. van Trotsenburg P, Stoupa A, Léger J, et al. Congenital hypothyroidism: a 2020-2021 consensus guidelines update – an ENDO-European Reference Network initiative endorsed by the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and the European Society for Endocrinology. Thyroid. 2021 Mar;31(3):387-419.Texto completo  Resumo

45. Rose SR, Brown RS, Foley T, et al; American Academy of Pediatrics. Update of newborn screening and therapy for congenital hypothyroidism. Pediatrics. 2006 Jun;117(6):2290-303.Texto completo  Resumo

46. Grunenwald S, Caron P. Central hypothyroidism in adults: better understanding for better care. Pituitary. 2015 Feb;18(1):169-75. Resumo

47. Garber JR, Cobin RH, Gharib H, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for hypothyroidism in adults: cosponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American Thyroid Association. Endocr Pract. 2012 Nov-Dec;18(6):988-1028. Resumo

48. Clarke N, Kabadi UM. Optimizing treatment of hypothyroidism. Treat Endocrinol. 2004;3(4):217-21. Resumo

49. Beck-Peccoz P. Treatment of central hypothyroidism. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2011 Jun;74(6):671-2. Resumo

50. Yamada M, Mori M. Mechanisms related to the pathophysiology and management of central hypothyroidism. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Dec;4(12):683-94. Resumo

51. Lania A, Persani L, Beck-Peccoz P. Central hypothyroidism. Pituitary. 2008;11(2):181-6. Resumo

52. Alexopoulou O, Beguin C, De Nayer P, et al. Clinical and hormonal characteristics of central hypothyroidism at diagnosis and during follow-up in adult patients. Eur J Endocrinol. 2004 Jan;150(1):1-8. Resumo

53. Biondi B, Wartofsky L. Treatment with thyroid hormone. Endocr Rev. 2014 Jun;35(3):433-512. Resumo

54. Schroeder AC, Privalsky ML. Thyroid hormones, t3 and t4, in the brain. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2014 Mar 31;5:40.Texto completo  Resumo

55. Melmed S, Casanueva FF, Hoffman AR, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of hyperprolactinemia: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Feb;96(2):273-88.Texto completo  Resumo

56. Casanueva FF, Molitch ME, Schlechte JA, et al. Guidelines of the Pituitary Society for the diagnosis and management of prolactinomas. Clin Endocrinology (Oxf). 2006 Aug;65(2):265-73.Texto completo  Resumo

57. Buchfelder M, Schlaffer S. Surgical treatment of pituitary tumours. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Oct;23(5):677-92. Resumo

58. Melmed S, Colao A, Barkan A, et al; Acromegaly Consensus Group. Guidelines for acromegaly management: an update. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 May;94(5):1509-17.Texto completo  Resumo

59. Minniti G, Gilbert DC, Brada M. Modern techniques for pituitary radiotherapy. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2009 Jun;10(2):135-44. Resumo

60. Jonklaas J, Bianco AC, Bauer AJ, et al. Guidelines for the treatment of hypothyroidism: prepared by the American Thyroid Association Task Force on Thyroid Hormone Replacement. Thyroid. 2014 Dec;24(12):1670-751.Texto completo  Resumo

61. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. AACE, TES, and ATA joint position statement on the use and interchangeability of thyroxine products. December 2004 [internet publication].Texto completo

62. Mackley HB, Reddy CA, Lee SH, et al. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy for pituitary adenomas: the preliminary report of the Cleveland Clinic experience. Int J Radiat Oncol. 2007 Jan 1;67(1):232-9. Resumo

63. Laws ER, Sheehan JP, Sheehan JM, et al. Stereotactic radiosurgery for pituitary adenomas: a review of the literature. J Neurooncol. 2004 Aug-Sep;69(1-3):257-72. Resumo

64. Jorgensen JO, Feldt-Rasmussen U, Frystyk J, et al. Cotreatment of acromegaly with a somatostatin analog and a growth hormone receptor antagonist. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Oct;90(10):5627-31.Texto completo  Resumo

65. Wilson SA, Stem LA, Bruehlman RD. Hypothyroidism: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2021 May 15;103(10):605-13. Resumo

66. Schneider R, Reiners C. The effect of levothyroxine therapy on bone mineral density: a systematic review of the literature. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2003 Dec;111(8):455-70. Resumo

O uso deste conteúdo está sujeito ao nosso aviso legal