Principais artigos

Yaegaki K, Coil JM. Examination, classification, and treatment of halitosis: clinical perspectives. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000;66:257-261.Texto completo  Resumo

Porter SR, Scully C. Oral malodour (halitosis). BMJ. 2006;333:632-635. Resumo

Delanghe G, Ghyselen J, van Steenberghe D, et al. Multidisciplinary breath-odour clinic. Lancet. 1997;350:187. Resumo

Iwu CO, Akpata O. Delusional halitosis: review of the literature and analysis of 32 cases. Br Dent J. 1990;168:294-296. Resumo

Pratten J, Pasu M, Jackson G, et al. Modelling oral malodour in a longitudinal study. Arch Oral Biol. 2003;48:737-743. Resumo

Artigos de referência

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2. Yaegaki K, Coil JM. Examination, classification, and treatment of halitosis: clinical perspectives. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000;66:257-261.Texto completo  Resumo

3. Phillips KA, Gunderson C, Gruber U, et al. Delusions of body malodour; the olfactory reference syndrome. In: Brewer W, Castle D, Pantelis C, eds. Olfaction and the brain. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; 2006:334-353.

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7. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.

8. Veale D, Matsunaga H. Body dysmorphic disorder and olfactory reference disorder: proposals for ICD-11. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2014;36(suppl 1):14-20.Texto completo  Resumo

9. Porter SR, Scully C. Oral malodour (halitosis). BMJ. 2006;333:632-635. Resumo

10. Silva MF, Leite FRM, Ferreira LB, et al. Estimated prevalence of halitosis: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Clin Oral Investig. 2018 Jan;22(1):47-55. Resumo

11. Kumbargere Nagraj S, Eachempati P, Uma E, et al. Interventions for managing halitosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Dec 11;12:CD012213.Texto completo  Resumo

12. Rösing CK, Loesche W. Halitosis: an overview of epidemiology, etiology and clinical management. Braz Oral Res. 2011 Sep-Oct;25(5):466-71.Texto completo  Resumo

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19. Awano S, Gohara K, Kurihara E, et al. The relationship between the presence of periodontopathogenic bacteria in saliva and halitosis. Int Dent J. 2002;52:212-216. Resumo

20. Morita M, Wang HL. Association between oral malodor and adult periodontitis: a review. J Clin Periodontol. 2001;28:813-819. Resumo

21. Mudd SH, Levy HL, Tangerman A, et al. Isolated persistent hypermethioninemia. Am J Hum Genet. 1995;57:882-892.Texto completo  Resumo

22. Mitchell, S. Trimethylaminuria (fish-odour syndrome) and oral malodour. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S10-S13. Resumo

23. Murata T, Fujiyama Y, Yamaga T, et al. Breath malodor in an asthmatic patient caused by side-effects of medication: a case report and review of the literature. Oral Dis. 2003;9:273-276. Resumo

24. Porter SR. Diet and halitosis. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2011;14:463-468. Resumo

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27. Nachnani S, Majerus G, Lenton P, et al. Effects of training on odor judges scoring intensity. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S40-S44. Resumo

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29. Mitsubayashi K, Minamide T, Otsuka K, et al. Optical bio-sniffer for methyl mercaptan in halitosis. Anal Chim Acta. 2006:28:573-574. Resumo

30. Ross BM, Dadgostar N, Bloom M, et al. The analysis of oral air using selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry in persons with and without a history of oral malodour. Int J Dent Hyg. 2009;7:136-143. Resumo

31. Kato H, Yoshida A, Awano S, et al. Quantitative detection of volatile sulfur compound-producing microoorganisms in oral specimens using real-time PCR. Oral Dis. 2005;11:67-71. Resumo

32. Riggio MP, Lennon A, Rolph HJ, et al. Molecular identification of bacteria on the tongue dorsum of subjects with and without halitosis. Oral Dis. 2008;14:251-258. Resumo

33. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed, text revision (DSM-5-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2022.

34. Hasler WL. Garlic breath explained: why brushing your teeth won't help. Gastroenterology. 1999;117:1248-1250. Resumo

35. de Souza RF, de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos H, Lovato da Silva CH, et al. Interventions for cleaning dentures in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(4):CD007395.Texto completo  Resumo

36. Blom T, Slot DE, Quirynen M, et al. The effect of mouthrinses on oral malodor: a systematic review. Int J Dent Hyg. 2012;10:209-222. Resumo

37. Pratten J, Pasu M, Jackson G, et al. Modelling oral malodour in a longitudinal study. Arch Oral Biol. 2003;48:737-743. Resumo

38. Quirynen M, Mongardini C, van Steenberghe D. The effect of a 1-stage full-mouth disinfection on oral malodor and microbial colonization of the tongue in periodontitis: a pilot study. J Periodontol. 1998;69:374-382. Resumo

39. Thrane PS, Young A, Jonski G, et al. A new mouthwash combining zinc and chlorhexidine in low concentrations provides superior efficacy against halitosis compared to existing formulations: a double-blind clinical study. J Clin Dent. 2007;18:82-86. Resumo

40. Winkel EG, Roldan S, Van Winkelhoff AJ, et al. Clinical effects of a new mouthrinse containing chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium chloride and zinc-lactate on oral halitosis: a dual-center, double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Clin Periodontol. 2003;30:300-306. Resumo

41. Young A, Jonski G, Rolla G. A study of triclosan and its solubilizers as inhibitors of oral malodour. J Clin Periodontol. 2002;29:1078-1081. Resumo

42. Niles HP, Hunter C, Vazquez J, et al. The clinical comparison of a triclosan/copolymer/fluoride dentifrice vs a breath-freshening dentifrice in reducing breath odor overnight: a crossover study. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S54-S56. Resumo

43. Hu D, Zhang YP, Petrone M, et al. Clinical effectiveness of a triclosan/copolymer/sodium fluoride dentifrice in controlling oral malodor: a 3-week clinical trial. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S51-S53. Resumo

44. Koslovsky A, Goldberg S, Natour I, et al. Efficacy of a 2-phase oil:water mouthrinse in controlling oral malodor, gingivitis, and plaque. J Periodontol. 1996;67:577-582. Resumo

45. Borden LC, Chaves ES, Bowman JP, et al. The effect of four mouthrinses on oral malodor. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2002;23:531-536. Resumo

46. Frascella J, Gilbert RD, Fernandez P, et al. Efficacy of a chlorine dioxide-containing mouthrinse in oral malodor. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2000;21:241-244. Resumo

47. Farrell S, Barker ML, Gerlach RW. Overnight malodor effect with a 0.454% stabilized stannous fluoride sodium hexametaphosphate dentifrice. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2007;28:658-661. Resumo

48. Ademovski SE, Persson GR, Winkel E, et al. The short-term treatment effects on the microbiota at the dorsum of the tongue in intra-oral halitosis patients - a randomized clinical trial. Clin Oral Investig. 2013;17:463-473. Resumo

49. Dadamio J, Van Tournout M, Teughels W, et al. Efficacy of different mouthrinse formulations in reducing oral malodour: a randomized clinical trial. J Clin Periodontol. 2013;40:505-513. Resumo

50. Barak S, Katz J. The effect of Breezy candy on halitosis: a double-blind, controlled, and randomized study. Quintessence Int. 2012;43:313-317. Resumo

51. Louis J, Moyer J, Angelini J, et al. Metronidazole oral rinse helps to alleviate odor associated with oral lesions. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1997;24:1331. Resumo

52. Pham TA, Ueno M, Zaitsu T, et al. Clinical trial of oral malodor treatment in patients with periodontal diseases. J Periodontal Res. 2011;46:722-729. Resumo

53. Kuo YW, Yen M, Fetzer S, et al. Toothbrushing versus toothbrushing plus tongue cleaning in reducing halitosis and tongue coating: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nurs Res. 2013;62:422-429. Resumo

54. Wilhelm D, Himmelmann A, Krause C, et al. Short term clinical efficacy of new meridol HALITOSIS tooth & tongue gel in combination with a tongue cleaner to reduce oral malodor. J Clin Dent. 2013;24:12-19. Resumo

55. Wilhelm D, Himmelmann A, Axmann EM, et al. Clinical efficacy of a new tooth and tongue gel applied with a tongue cleaner in reducing oral halitosis. Quintessence Int. 2012;43:709-718. Resumo

56. Sterer N, Ovadia O, Weiss EI, et al. Day-long reduction of oral malodor by a palatal mucoadhesive tablet containing herbal formulation. J Breath Res. 2013;7:026004. Resumo

57. Greenberg M, Urnezis P, Tian M. Compressed mints and chewing gum containing magnolia bark extract are effective against bacteria responsible for oral malodor. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:9465-9469.Texto completo  Resumo

58. Suzuki N, Tanabe K, Takeshita T, et al. Effects of oil drops containing Lactobacillus salivarius WB21 on periodontal health and oral microbiota producing volatile sulfur compounds. J Breath Res. 2012;6:017106. Resumo

59. Suzuki N, Yoneda M, Tanabe K, et al. Lactobacillus salivarius WB21--containing tablets for the treatment of oral malodor: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2014 Apr;117(4):462-70. Resumo

60. Burton JP, Chilcott CN, Tagg JR. The rationale and potential for the reduction of oral malodour using Streptococcus salivarius probiotics. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S29-S31. Resumo

61. Jamali Z, Aminabadi NA, Samiei M, et al. Impact of Chlorhexidine Pretreatment Followed by Probiotic Streptococcus salivarius Strain K12 on Halitosis in Children: A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2016;14(4):305-13. Resumo

62. Lopes RG, de Santi ME, Franco BE, et al. Photodynamic therapy as novel treatment for halitosis in adolescents: a case series study. J Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Summer;5(3):146-52.Texto completo  Resumo

63. Krespi YP, Slatkine M, Marchenko M, et al. Lethal photosensitization of oral pathogens via red-filtered halogen lamp. Oral Dis. 2005;11(suppl 1):S92-S95. Resumo

64. Xu X, Zhou XD, Wu CD. Tea catechin EGCg suppresses the mgl gene associated with halitosis. J Dent Res. 2010;89:1304-1308. Resumo

65. Lodhia P, Yaegaki K, Khakbaznejad A, et al. Effect of green tea on volatile sulfur compounds in mouth air. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2008;54:89-94.Texto completo  Resumo

66. Porciani PF, Grandini S. Effect of Green Tea-Added Tablets on Volatile Sulfur-Containing Compounds in the Oral Cavity. J Clin Dent. 2016 Dec;27(4):110-113. Resumo

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