Pneumocystis jirovecii პნევმონია

წყაროები

ძირითადი სტატიები

Palella FJ, Delaney KM, Moorman FC, et al. Declining morbidity and mortality among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1998 Mar 26;338(13):853-60.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

Kaplan JE, Hanson D, Dworkin MS, et al. Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-associated opportunistic infections in the US in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Apr;30(suppl 1):S5-14.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

Morris A, Lundgren JD, Masur H, et al. Current epidemiology of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;10(10):1713-20. აბსტრაქტი

Pulvirenti J, Herrera P, Venkataraman P, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected patients in the HAART era. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2003 Jun;17(6):261-5. აბსტრაქტი

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institutes of Health; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Mar 2019 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

Shelhamer JH, Gill VJ, Quinn TC, et al. The laboratory evaluation of opportunistic pulmonary infections. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Mar 15;124(6):585-99. აბსტრაქტი

Broaddus C, Dake MD, Stulbarg MS, et al. Bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy for the diagnosis of pulmonary infections in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1985 Jun;102(6):747-52. აბსტრაქტი

Limper AH, Knox KS, Sarosi GA, et al. An official American Thoracic Society statement: treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 1;183(1):96-128.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

Ewald H, Raatz H, Boscacci R, et al. Adjunctive corticosteroids for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 2;(4):CD006150.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

გამოყენებული სტატიები

1. Palella FJ, Delaney KM, Moorman FC, et al. Declining morbidity and mortality among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1998 Mar 26;338(13):853-60.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

2. Phair J, Munoz A, Detels R, et al. The risk of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia among men infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1990 Jan 18;322(3):161-5. აბსტრაქტი

3. Stansell JD, Osmond DH, Charlebois E, et al. Predictors of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected persons. Pulmonary Complications of HIV Infection Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Jan;155(1):60-6. აბსტრაქტი

4. Kaplan JE, Hanson D, Dworkin MS, et al. Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus-associated opportunistic infections in the US in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Apr;30(suppl 1):S5-14.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

5. Morris A, Lundgren JD, Masur H, et al. Current epidemiology of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Oct;10(10):1713-20. აბსტრაქტი

6. Low A, Gavriilidis G, Larke N, et al. Incidence of opportunistic infections and the impact of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jun 15;62(12):1595-603.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

7. Weverling GJ, Mocroft A, Ledergerber B, et al. Discontinuation of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis after start of highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 infection. EuroSIDA Study Group. Lancet. 1999 Apr 17;353(9161):1293-8. აბსტრაქტი

8. Buchacz K, Lau B, Jing Y, et al. Incidence of AIDS-defining opportunistic infections in a multicohort analysis of HIV-infected persons in the United States and Canada, 2000-2010. J Infect Dis. 2016 Sep 15;214(6):862-72.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

9. Turvey SL, Bagshaw SM, Eurich DT, et al. Epidemiology and outcomes in critically ill patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2017;2017:7868954.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

10. Kim JH, Psevdos G Jr, Gonzalez E, et al. All-cause mortality in hospitalized HIV-infected patients at an acute tertiary care hospital with a comprehensive outpatient HIV care program in New York City in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Infection. 2013 Apr;41(2):545-51. აბსტრაქტი

11. Pulvirenti J, Herrera P, Venkataraman P, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected patients in the HAART era. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2003 Jun;17(6):261-5. აბსტრაქტი

12. Lundberg BE, Davidson AJ, Burman WJ. Epidemiology of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in an era of effective prophylaxis: the relative contribution of non-adherence and drug failure. AIDS. 2000 Nov 10;14(16):2559-66. აბსტრაქტი

13. Huang L, Hecht FM. Why does Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia still occur? AIDS. 2000 Nov 10;14(16):2611-2. აბსტრაქტი

14. López-Sánchez C, Falcó V, Burgos J, et al. Epidemiology and long-term survival in HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in the HAART era:experience in a university hospital and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015 Mar;94(12):e681.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). HIV prevalence estimates: United States, 2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008 Oct 3;57(39):1073-6.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

16. Fisk DT, Meshnick, S, Kazanjian PH. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients in the developing world who have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Jan 1;36(1):70-8. აბსტრაქტი

17. Taylor SM, Meshnick SR, Worodria W, et al. Low prevalence of Pneumocystis jirovecii lung colonization in Ugandan HIV-infected patients hospitalized with non-Pneumocystis pneumonia. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Feb;72(2):139-43. აბსტრაქტი

18. B-Lajoie MR, Drouin O, Bartlett G, et al. Incidence and prevalence of opportunistic and other infections and the impact of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected children in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jun 15;62(12):1586-94.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

19. Nesheim SR Kopogiannis BG, Soe SM, et al. Trends in opportunistic infections in the pre- and post-highly active antiretroviral therapy eras among HIV-infected children in the Perinatal AIDS Collaborative Transmission Study, 1986-2004. Pediatrics. 2007 Jul;120(1):100-9. აბსტრაქტი

20. Kovacs A, Frederick T, Church J, et al. CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in pediatric HIV infection. JAMA. 1991 Apr 3;265(13):1698-703. აბსტრაქტი

21. National Institutes of Health; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America; Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society; American Academy of Pediatrics. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Oct 2013 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

22. Falagas ME, Manta KG, Betsi GI, et al. Infection-related morbidity and mortality in patients with connective tissue diseases: a systematic review. Clin Rheumatol. 2007 May;26(5):663-70. აბსტრაქტი

23. Yale SH, Limper AH. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: associated illness and prior corticosteroid therapy. Mayo Clin Proc. 1996 Jan;71(1):5-13. აბსტრაქტი

24. Fillatre P, Decaux O, Jouneau S, et al. Incidence of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia among groups at risk in HIV-negative patients. Am J Med. 2014 Dec;127(12):1242.e11-7. აბსტრაქტი

25. Bienvenu AL, Traore K, Plekhanova I, et al. Pneumocystis pneumonia suspected cases in 604 non-HIV and HIV patients. Int J Infect Dis. 2016 May;46:11-7. აბსტრაქტი

26. Ling C, Qian S, Wang Q, et al. Pneumocystis pneumonia in non-HIV children: a 10-year retrospective study. Clin Respir J. 2018 Jan;12(1):16-22. აბსტრაქტი

27. Maini R, Henderson KL, Sheridan EA, et al. Increasing Pneumocystis pneumonia, England, UK, 2000-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Mar;19(3):386-92.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

28. Martin-Garrido I, Carmona EM, Specks U, et al. Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients treated with rituximab. 2013 Jul;144(1):258-65.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

29. Stern A, Green H, Paul M, et al. Prophylaxis for Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in non-HIV immunocompromised patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Oct 1;(10):CD005590.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Institutes of Health; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Mar 2019 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

31. Edman JC, Kovacs JA, Masur H, et al. Ribosomal RNA sequence shows Pneumocystis carinii to be a member of the fungi. Nature. 1988 Aug 11;334(6182):519-22. აბსტრაქტი

32. Stringer JR, Cushion MT, Wakefield AE. New nomenclature for the genus Pneumocystis. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2001;(suppl):184S-9S. აბსტრაქტი

33. Stringer JR, Beard CB, Miller RF, et al. A new name (Pneumocystis jiroveci) for Pneumocystis from humans. Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Sep;8(9):891-6.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

34. Limper AH, Offord KP, Smith TF, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Differences in lung parasite number and inflammation in patients with and without AIDS. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1989 Nov;140(5):1204-9. აბსტრაქტი

35. Leoung GS. Pneumocystosis and HIV. HIV InSite Knowledge Base. Jan 2006 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

36. Harigai M, Koike R, Miyasaka M, et al. Pneumocystis pneumonia associated with infliximab in Japan. N Engl J Med. 2007 Nov 1;357(18):1874-6. აბსტრაქტი

37. Imaizumi K, Sugishita M, Usui M, et al. Pulmonary infectious complications associated with anti-TNFalpha therapy (infliximab) for rheumatoid arthritis. Intern Med. 2006;45(10):685-8. აბსტრაქტი

38. Kalyoncu U, Karadag O, Akdogan A, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a rheumatoid arthritis patient treated with adalimumab. Scand J Infect Dis. 2007;39(5):475-8. აბსტრაქტი

39. Lahiff C, Khiaron OB, Nolan N, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a patient on etanercept for psoriatic arthritis. Ir J Med Sci. 2007 Dec;176(4):309-11. აბსტრაქტი

40. Mori S, Imamura S, Fiyofiji C, et al. Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis as a complication of treatment with infliximab, anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha neutralizing antibody. Mod Rheumatol. 2006;16(1):58-62. აბსტრაქტი

41. Salzer HJF, Schäfer G, Hoenigl M, et al. Clinical, diagnostic, and treatment disparities between HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected immunocompromised patients with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Respiration. 2018;96(1):52-65.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

42. Bonilla FA, Khan DA, Ballas ZK, et al. Practice parameter for the diagnosis and management of primary immunodeficiency. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Nov;136(5):1186-205;e1-78.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

43. Ognibene FP, Shelhamer JH, Hoffman GS, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: a major complication of immunosuppressive therapy in patients with Wegeners granulomatosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Mar;151(3 Pt 1):795-9. აბსტრაქტი

44. Green H, Paul M, Vidal J, et al. Prophylaxis of Pneumocystis pneumonia in immunocompromised non-HIV-infected patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Mayo Clinic Proc. 2007 Sep;82(9):1052-9. აბსტრაქტი

45. Taplitz RA, Kennedy EB, Bow EJ, et al. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for adult patients with cancer-related immunosuppression: ASCO and IDSA clinical practice guideline update. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Oct 20;36(30):3043-54.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

46. Tomblyn M, Chiller T, Einsele H, et al. Guidelines for preventing infectious complications among hematopoietic cell transplantation recipients: a global perspective. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2009 Oct;15(10):1143-238.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

47. Fishman JA, Gans H, AST Infectious Diseases Community of Practice. Pneumocystis jiroveci in solid organ transplantation: guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice. Clin Transplant. 2019 Sep;33(9):e13587. აბსტრაქტი

48. Helweg-Larsen J, Tsolaki AJ, Miller RF, et al. Clusters of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: analysis of person-to-person transmission by genotyping. QJM. 1998 Dec;91(12):813-20. აბსტრაქტი

49. Olsson M, Lidman C, Latouche S, et al. Identification of Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis gene sequences in filtered air in hospital environments. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Jun;36(6):1737-40. აბსტრაქტი

50. Schmoldt S, Schuhegger R, Wendler T, et al. Molecular evidence of nosocomial Pneumocystis jiroveci transmission among 16 patients after kidney transplantation. J Clin Microbiol. 2008 Mar;46(3):966-71. აბსტრაქტი

51. Morris A, Beard CB, Huang L. Update on the epidemiology and transmission of Pneumocystis carinii. Microbes Infect. 2002 Jan;4(1):95-103. აბსტრაქტი

52. Zheng M, Shellito JE, Marrero L, et al. CD4+ T cell-independent vaccination against Pneumocystis carinii in mice. J Clin Invest. 2001 Nov;108(10):1469-74. აბსტრაქტი

53. Wells J, Haidaris CG, Wright TW, et al. Active immunization against Pneumocystis carinii with a recombinant P. carinii antigen. Infect Immunol. 2006 Apr;74(4):2446-8. აბსტრაქტი

54. Theus SA, Smulian AG, Steele P, et al. Immunization with the major surface glycoprotein of Pneumocystis carinii elicits a protective response. Vaccine. 1998 Jul;16(11-12):1149-57. აბსტრაქტი

55. Cobos Jiménez V, Rabacal W, Rayens E, et al. Immunization with Pneumocystis recombinant KEX1 induces robust and durable humoral responses in immunocompromised non-human primates. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2019;15(9):2075-80.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

56. Tesini BL, Wright TW, Malone JE, et al. Immunization with pneumocystis cross-reactive antigen 1 (Pca1) protects mice against Pneumocystis pneumonia and generates antibody to Pneumocystis jirovecii. Infect Immun. 2017 Mar 23;85(4):e00850-16.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

57. Kling HM, Norris KA. Vaccine-induced immunogenicity and protection against Pneumocystis pneumonia in a nonhuman primate model of HIV and Pneumocystis coinfection. J Infect Dis. 2016 May 15;213(10):1586-95.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

58. Katz MH, Baron RB, Grady D. Risk stratification of ambulatory patients suspected of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Arch Intern Med. 1991 Jan;151(1):105-10. აბსტრაქტი

59. Pareja JGR, Garland R, Koziel H. Use of adjunctive corticosteroids in severe adult non-HIV Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Chest. 1998 May;113(5):1215-24. აბსტრაქტი

60. Singh N, Shafer RW, Swindells S (eds). HIV clinical manual. Pittsburgh, PA: ESun Technologies; 2003.

61. Fortun J, Navas E, Marti-Belda P, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected patients: diagnostic yield of induced sputum and immunofluorescent stain with monoclonal antibodies. Eur Respir J. 1992 Jun;5(6):665-9. აბსტრაქტი

62. Kovacs JA, Ng VL, Masur H, et al. Diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: improved detection in sputum with use of monoclonal antibodies. N Engl J Med. 1988 Mar 10;318(10):589-93. აბსტრაქტი

63. Midgley J, Parsons P, Leigh TR, et al. Increased sensitivity of immunofluorescence for detection of Pneumocystis carinii. Lancet. 1989 Dec 23-30;2(8678-8679):1523. აბსტრაქტი

64. Ng VL, Virani NA, Chaisson RE, et al. Rapid detection of Pneumocystis carinii using a direct fluorescent monoclonal antibody stain. J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Oct;28(10):2228-33. აბსტრაქტი

65. Harcup C, Baier HJ, Pitchenik AE. Evaluation of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Endoscopy. 1985 Nov;17(6):217-20. აბსტრაქტი

66. Zaman MK, White DA. Serum lactate dehydrogenase levels and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Diagnostic and prognostic significance. Lancet. 1988 Nov 5;2(8619):1049-51. აბსტრაქტი

67. Gruden JF, Huang L, Turner J, et al. High-resolution CT in the evaluation of clinically suspected Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS patients with normal, equivocal, or nonspecific radiographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997 Oct;169(4):967-75. აბსტრაქტი

68. Huang L, Stansell J, Osmond D, et al. Performance of an algorithm to detect Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in symptomatic HIV-infected persons. Chest. 1999 Apr;115(4):1025-32. აბსტრაქტი

69. Sankary RM, Turner J, Lipavsky A, et al. Alveolar-capillary block in patients with AIDS and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1988 Feb;137(2):443-9. აბსტრაქტი

70. Shelhamer JH, Gill VJ, Quinn TC, et al. The laboratory evaluation of opportunistic pulmonary infections. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Mar 15;124(6):585-99. აბსტრაქტი

71. Broaddus C, Dake MD, Stulbarg MS, et al. Bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy for the diagnosis of pulmonary infections in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 1985 Jun;102(6):747-52. აბსტრაქტი

72. Fillaux J, Malvy S, Alvarez M, et al. Accuracy of a routine real-time PCR assay for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. J Microbiol Methods. 2008 Oct;75(2):258-61. აბსტრაქტი

73. Tuncer S, Erguven S, Kocagoz S, et al. Comparison of cytochemical staining, immunofluorescence and PCR for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii on sputum samples. Scand J Infect Dis. 1998;30(2):125-8. აბსტრაქტი

74. Larsen HH, Masur H, Kovacs JA, et al. Development and evaluation of a quantitative, touch-down, real-time PCR assay for diagnosing Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Feb;40(2):490-4. აბსტრაქტი

75. Helweg-Larsen J, Jensen JS, Lundgren B. Diagnostic use of PCR for detection of Pneumocystis carinii in oral wash samples. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Jul;36(7):2068-72. აბსტრაქტი

76. Larsen HH, Huang L, Kovacs JA, et al. A prospective, blinded study of quantitative touch-down polymerase chain reaction using oral-wash samples for diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. J Infect Dis. 2004 May 1;189(9):1679-83. აბსტრაქტი

77. Skelly MJ, Holzman RS, Merali S. S-adenosylmethionine levels in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with HIV infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 1;46(3):467-71.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

78. Summah H, Zhu YG, Falagas ME, et al. Use of real-time polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia in immunocompromised patients: a meta-analysis. Chin Med J (Engl). 2013;126(10):1965-73. აბსტრაქტი

79. Watanabe T, Yasuoka A, Tanuma J, et al. Serum (1-->3) beta-D-glucan as a noninvasive adjunct marker for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Oct 1;49(7):1128-31.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

80. Shimizu Y, Sunaga N, Dobashi K, et al. Serum markers in interstitial pneumonia with and without Pneumocystis jirovecii colonization: a prospective study. BMC Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 22;9:47.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

81. Desmet S, Van Wijngaerden E, Maertens J, et al. Serum (1-3)-beta-D-glucan as a tool for diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection or hematological malignancy. J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Dec;47(12):3871-4.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

82. Del Bono V, Mularoni A, Furfaro E, et al. Clinical evaluation of a (1,3)-beta-D-glucan assay for presumptive diagnosis of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2009 Oct;16(10):1524-6.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

83. Nakamura H, Tateyama M, Tasato D, et al. Clinical utility of serum beta-D-glucan and KL-6 levels in Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Intern Med. 2009;48(4):195-202.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

84. Huang L. Clinical and translational research in pneumocystis and pneumocystis pneumonia. Parasite. 2011 Feb;18(1):3-11. აბსტრაქტი

85. Onishi A, Sugiyama D, Kogata Y, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of serum 1,3-β-D-glucan for pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, invasive candidiasis, and invasive aspergillosis: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Jan;50(1):7-15.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

86. Li WJ, Guo YL, Liu TJ, et al. Diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia using serum (1-3)-β-D-Glucan: a bivariate meta-analysis and systematic review. J Thorac Dis. 2015 Dec;7(12):2214-25.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

87. Sax PE, Komarow L, Finkelman MA, et al. Blood (1->3)-beta-D-glucan as a diagnostic test for HIV-related Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 15;53(2):197-202.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

88. Wood BR, Komarow L, Zolopa AR, et al. Test performance of blood beta-glucan for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with AIDS and respiratory symptoms. AIDS. 2013 Mar 27;27(6):967-72. აბსტრაქტი

89. Kennedy CA, Goetz MB. Atypical roentgenographic manifestations of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Arch Intern Med. 1992 Jul;152(7):1390-8. აბსტრაქტი

90. Sandhu JS, Goodman PC. Pulmonary cysts associated with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with AIDS. Radiology. 1989 Oct;173(1):33-5. აბსტრაქტი

91. Abd AG, Nierman DM, Ilowite JS, et al. Bilateral upper lobe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a patient receiving inhaled pentamidine prophylaxis. Chest. 1988 Aug;94(2):329-31. აბსტრაქტი

92. Aberg JA. Coccidioidomycosis and HIV. HIV InSite Knowledge Base. Mar 2006 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

93. Drew WL, Lalezari JP. Cytomegalovirus and HIV. HIV InSite Knowledge Base. May 2006 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

94. Young EM, Goldman H. Histoplasmosis and HIV infection. HIV InSite Knowledge Base. Mar 2006 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

95. Krown SE. Clinical characteristics of Kaposi sarcoma. HIV InSite Knowledge Base. Feb 2006 [internet publication].სრული ტექსტი

96. Limper AH, Knox KS, Sarosi GA, et al. An official American Thoracic Society statement: treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 1;183(1):96-128.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

97. Ewald H, Raatz H, Boscacci R, et al. Adjunctive corticosteroids for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 2;(4):CD006150.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

98. Benfield T, Atzori C, Miller RF, et al. Second-line salvage treatment of AIDS-associated Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia: a case series and systematic review. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 May 1;48(1):63-7. აბსტრაქტი

99. Wazir JF, Ansari NA. Pneumocystis carinii infection. Update and review. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2004 Sep;128(9):1023-7. აბსტრაქტი

100. Injean P, Eells SJ, Wu H, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the data behind current recommendations for corticosteroids in non-HIV-related PCP: knowing when you are on shaky foundations. Transplant Direct. 2017 Feb 15;3(3):e137.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

101. Wieruszewski PM, Barreto JN, Frazee E, et al. Early corticosteroids for Pneumocystis pneumonia in adults without HIV are not associated with better outcome. Chest. 2018 Sep;154(3):636-44.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

102. Inoue N, Fushimi K. Adjunctive corticosteroids decreased the risk of mortality of non-HIV Pneumocystis pneumonia. Int J Infect Dis. 2019 Feb;79:109-15.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

103. Ding L, Huang H, Wang H, et al. Adjunctive corticosteroids may be associated with better outcome for non-HIV Pneumocystis pneumonia with respiratory failure: a systemic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Ann Intensive Care. 2020 Mar 20;10(1):34.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

104. Fujikura Y, Manabe T, Kawana A, et al. Adjunctive corticosteroids for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in non-HIV-infected patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies [in Spanish]. Arch Bronconeumol. 2017 Feb;53(2):55-61.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

105. Zhang G, Chen M, Zhang S, et al. Efficacy of caspofungin combined with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole as first-line therapy to treat non-HIV patients with severe pneumocystis pneumonia. Exp Ther Med. 2018 Feb;15(2):1594-601.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

106. Huang YS, Liu CE, Lin SP, et al. Echinocandins as alternative treatment for HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia. AIDS. 2019 Jul 1;33(8):1345-51. აბსტრაქტი

107. Wang M, Lang G, Chen Y, et al. A pilot study of echinocandin combination with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and clindamycin for the treatment of AIDS patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia. J Immunol Res. 2019 Dec 1;2019:8105075.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

108. Wickramasekaran RN, Jewell MP, Sorvillo F, et al. The changing trends and profile of pneumocystosis mortality in the United States, 1999-2014. Mycoses. 2017 Sep;60(9):607-15. აბსტრაქტი

109. Dworkin MS, Hanson DL, Navin TR. Survival of patients with AIDS, after diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2001 May 1;183(9):1409-12.სრული ტექსტი  აბსტრაქტი

110. Arozullah AM, Yarnols PR, Weinstein RA, et al. A new preadmission staging system for predicting inpatient mortality from HIV-associated Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the early highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Apr;161(4 Pt 1):1081-6. აბსტრაქტი

111. Walzer PD, Evans HE, Copas AJ, et al. Early predictors of mortality from Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in HIV-infected patients: 1985 to 2006. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 15;46(4):625-33. აბსტრაქტი

112. Morris A, Creasman J, Turner J, et al. Intensive care of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients during the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug 1;166(3):262-7. აბსტრაქტი

113. Nickas G, Wachter RM. Outcomes of intensive care for patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Feb 28;160(4):541-7. აბსტრაქტი

114. Powell K, Davis JL, Morris AM, et al. Survival for patients with human immunodeficiency virus admitted to the intensive care unit continues to improve in the current era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Chest. 2009 Jan;135(1):11-7. აბსტრაქტი

115. Wachter RM, Luce JM, Safrin S, et al. Cost and outcome of intensive care for patients with AIDS, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and severe respiratory failure. JAMA. 1995 Jan 18;273(3):230-5. აბსტრაქტი

116. Wachter RM, Luce JM, Turner J, et al. Intensive care of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Outcome and changing patterns of utilization. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986 Nov;134(5):891-6. აბსტრაქტი

117. Wachter RM, Russi MB, Bloch DA, et al. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and respiratory failure in AIDS. Improved outcomes and increased use of intensive care units. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Feb;143(2):251-6. აბსტრაქტი

118. Morris A, Wachter RM, Luce J, et al. Improved survival with highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients with severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. AIDS. 2003 Jan 3;17(1):73-80. აბსტრაქტი

119. Mansharamani NG, Garland R, Delaney G, et al. Management and outcome patterns for adult Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, 1985 to 1995: comparison of HIV-associated cases to other immunocompromised states. Chest. 2000 Sep;118(3):704-11. აბსტრაქტი

120. Arend SM, Kroon FP, van't Wout JW. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients without AIDS, 1980 through 1993. An analysis of 78 cases. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Dec 11-25;155(22):2436-41. აბსტრაქტი

121. Cao B, Wang H, Wang P, et al. Clinical parameters and outcomes of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in non-HIV/AIDS patients. Chin Med J (Engl). 2006 Feb 5;119(3):234-7. აბსტრაქტი

122. Sepkowitz KA, Telzak EE, Gold JW, et al. Pneumothorax in AIDS. Ann Intern Med. 1991 Mar 15;114(6):455-9. აბსტრაქტი

123. DeLorenzo LJ, Huang CT, Maguire GP, et al. Roentgenographic patterns of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in 104 patients with AIDS. Chest. 1987 Mar;91(3):323-7. აბსტრაქტი

124. Metersky ML, Colt HG, Olson LK, et al. AIDS-related spontaneous pneumothorax. Risk factors and treatment. Chest. 1995 Oct;108(4):946-51. აბსტრაქტი

125. Dhasmana DJ, Dheda K, Ravn P, et al. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy: pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and management. Drugs. 2008;68(2):191-208. აბსტრაქტი

126. Lawn SD, Török ME, Wood R. Optimum time to start antiretroviral therapy during HIV-associated opportunistic infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2011 Feb;24(1):34-42. აბსტრაქტი

ამ მასალის გამოყენება ექვემდებარება ჩვენს წესებს