Pancreatitis crónica


Artículos principales

Sherman S, Freeman ML, Tarnasky PR, et al. Administration of secretin (RG1068) increases the sensitivity of detection of duct abnormalities by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 2014;147:646-54.e2.Texto completo  Resumen

Gurusamy KS, Lusuku C, Davidson BR. Pregabalin for decreasing pancreatic pain in chronic pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(2):CD011522.Texto completo  Resumen

Ahmed Ali U, Jens S, Busch OR, et al. Antioxidants for pain in chronic pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Aug 21;(8):CD008945.Texto completo  Resumen

Ahmed Ali U, Pahlplatz JM, Nealon WH, et al. Endoscopic or surgical intervention for painful obstructive chronic pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Mar 19;(3):CD007884.Texto completo  Resumen

Gurusamy KS, Lusuku C, Halkias C, et al. Duodenum-preserving pancreatic resection versus pancreaticoduodenectomy for chronic pancreatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 3;(2):CD011521.Texto completo  Resumen

Bachmann K, Tomkoetter L, Erbes J, et al. Beger and Frey procedures for treatment of chronic pancreatitis: comparison of outcomes at 16-year follow-up. J Am Coll Surg. 2014 Aug;219(2):208-16. Resumen

Cahen DL, Gouma DJ, Nio Y, et al. Endoscopic versus surgical drainage of the pancreatic duct in chronic pancreatitis. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:676-84. Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. DiMagno EP, DiMagno MJ. Chronic pancreatitis: landmark papers, management decisions, and future. Pancreas. 2016 May-Jun;45(5):641-50. Resumen

2. Sarles H. Definitions and classifications of pancreatitis. Pancreas. 1991 Jul;6(4):470-4. Resumen

3. Etemad B, Whitcomb DC. Chronic pancreatitis: diagnosis, classification, and new genetic developments. Gastroenterology. 2001 Feb;120(3):682-707. Resumen

4. Whitcomb DC, North American Pancreatitis Study Group. Pancreatitis: TIGAR-O Version 2 Risk/Etiology Checklist With Topic Reviews, Updates, and Use Primers. Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2019 Jun;10(6):e00027.Texto completo  Resumen

5. Axon AT, Classen M, Cotton PB, et al. Pancreatography in chronic pancreatitis: international definitions. Gut. 1984 Oct;25(10):1107-12.Texto completo  Resumen

6. Schneider A, Löhr JM, Singer MV. The M-ANNHEIM classification of chronic pancreatitis: introduction of a unifying classification system based on a review of previous classifications of the disease. J Gastroenterol. 2007 Feb;42(2):101-19. Resumen

7. Kamisawa T, Yoshiike M, Egawa N, et al. Chronic pancreatitis in the elderly in Japan. Pancreatology. 2004;4(3-4):223-7. Resumen

8. Okazaki K, Kawa S, Kamisawa T, et al. Clinical diagnostic criteria of autoimmune pancreatitis: revised proposal. J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul;41(7):626-31. Resumen

9. Kawa S, Hamano H. Clinical features of autoimmune pancreatitis. J Gastroenterol. 2007 May;42 (Suppl 18):9-14. Resumen

10. Mullhaupt B, Truninger K, Ammann R. Impact of etiology on the painful early stage of chronic pancreatitis: a long-term prospective study. Z Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec;43(12):1293-301. Resumen

11. Layer P, Yamamoto H, Kalthoff L, et al. The different courses of early- and late-onset idiopathic and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1994 Nov;107(5):1481-7. Resumen

12. Lowenfels AB, Maisonneuve P, DiMagno EP, et al. Hereditary pancreatitis and the risk of pancreatic cancer: International Hereditary Pancreatitis Study Group. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997 Mar 19;89(6):442-6. Resumen

13. Xiao AY, Tan ML, Wu LM, et al. Global incidence and mortality of pancreatic diseases: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of population-based cohort studies. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Sep;1(1):45-55. Resumen

14. Machicado JD, Yadav D. Epidemiology of recurrent acute and chronic pancreatitis: similarities and differences. Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Jul;62(7):1683-91.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Machicado JD, Rebours V, Yadav D. Epidemiology of chronic pancreatitis. Jul 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

16. Yadav D, Timmons L, Benson JT, et al. Incidence, prevalence, and survival of chronic pancreatitis: a population-based study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Dec;106(12):2192-9. Resumen

17. Copenhagen pancreatitis study. An interim report from a prospective epidemiological multicentre study. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1981;16(2):305-12. Resumen

18. Sarles H. An international survey on nutrition and pancreatitis. Digestion. 1973;9(5):389-403. Resumen

19. Olsen TS. The incidence and clinical relevance of chronic inflammation in the pancreas in autopsy material. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand A. 1978 Sep;86A(5):361-5. Resumen

20. Sankaran SJ, Xiao AY, Wu LM, et al. Frequency of progression from acute to chronic pancreatitis and risk factors: a meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2015 Nov;149(6):1490-500.Texto completo  Resumen

21. Petrov MS, Yadav D. Global epidemiology and holistic prevention of pancreatitis. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Mar;16(3):175-84.Texto completo  Resumen

22. James O, Agnew JE, Bouchier IA. Chronic pancreatitis in England: a changing picture? Br Med J. 1974 Apr 6;2(5909):34-8.Texto completo  Resumen

23. Vege SS, Chari ST. Chronic pancreatitis. N Engl J Med. 2022 Mar 3;386(9):869-78. Resumen

24. Worning H. Chronic pancreatitis: pathogenesis, natural history and conservative treatment. Clin Gastroenterol. 1984 Sep;13(3):871-94. Resumen

25. Yadav D, Hawes RH, Brand RE, et al. Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and the risk of recurrent acute and chronic pancreatitis. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Jun 8;169(11):1035-45. Resumen

26. Clark E. Pancreatitis in acute and chronic alcoholism. Am J Dig Dis. 1942;9:428.

27. DiMagno MJ. Oktoberfest binge drinking and acute pancreatitis: is there really no relationship? Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Nov;9(11):920-2. Resumen

28. Samokhvalov AV, Rehm J, Roerecke M. Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for acute and chronic pancreatitis: a systematic review and a series of meta-analyses. EBioMedicine. 2015 Nov 14;2(12):1996-2002.Texto completo  Resumen

29. Durbec JP, Sarles H. Multicenter survey of the etiology of pancreatic diseases. Relationship between the relative risk of developing chronic pancreaitis and alcohol, protein and lipid consumption. Digestion. 1978;18(5-6):337-50. Resumen

30. Corrao G, Bahnardi V, Zambon A, et al. A meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and the risk of 15 diseases. Prev Med. 2004 May;38(5):613-9. Resumen

31. Dufour MC, Adamson MD. The epidemiology of alcohol-induced pancreatitis. Pancreas. 2003 Nov;27(4):286-90. Resumen

32. Yadav D, Eigenbrodt ML, Briggs MJ, et al. Pancreatitis: prevalence and risk factors among male veterans in a detoxification program. Pancreas. 2007 May;34(4):390-8. Resumen

33. Lankisch PG, Lowenfels AB, Maisonneuve P. What is the risk of alcoholic pancreatitis in heavy drinkers? Pancreas. 2002 Nov;25(4):411-2. Resumen

34. Bourliere M, Barthet M, Berthezene P, et al. Is tobacco a risk factor for chronic pancreatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis? Gut. 1991 Nov;32(11):1392-5.Texto completo  Resumen

35. Stigendal L, Olsson R. Alcohol consumption pattern and serum lipids in alcoholic cirrhosis and pancreatitis: a comparative study. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1984 Jul;19(5):582-7. Resumen

36. Wilson JS, Bernstein L, McDonald C, et al. Diet and drinking habits in relation to the development of alcoholic pancreatitis. Gut. 1985 Sep;26(9):882-7.Texto completo  Resumen

37. DiMagno MJ, DiMagno EP. Chronic pancreatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2006 Sep;22(5):487-97. Resumen

38. Ockenga J, Vogel A, Teich N, et al. UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT1A7) gene polymorphisms increase the risk of chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterology. 2003 Jun;124(7):1802-8. Resumen

39. Jerrells TR, Chapman N, Clemens DL. Animal model of alcoholic pancreatitis: role of viral infections. Pancreas. 2003 Nov;27(4):301-4. Resumen

40. Clemens DL, Jerrells TR. Ethanol consumption potentiates viral pancreatitis and may inhibit pancreas regeneration: preliminary findings. Alcohol. 2004 Jul;33(3):183-9. Resumen

41. Ostrowski SE, Reilly AA, Collins DN, et al. Progression or resolution of coxsackievirus B4-induced pancreatitis: a genomic analysis. J Virol. 2004 Aug;78(15):8229-37.Texto completo  Resumen

42. DiMagno MJ, DiMagno EP. Chronic pancreatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2005 Sep;21(5):544-54. Resumen

43. Ammann RW, Muellhaupt B. Progression of alcoholic acute to chronic pancreatitis. Gut. 1994 Apr;35(4):552-6.Texto completo  Resumen

44. Lankisch PG, Lohr-Happe A, Otto J, et al. Natural course in chronic pancreatitis: pain, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency and prognosis of the disease. Digestion. 1993;54(3):148-55. Resumen

45. Ammann RW, Muellhaupt B, Meyenberger C, et al. Alcoholic nonprogressive chronic pancreatitis: prospective long-term study of a large cohort with alcoholic acute pancreatitis (1976-1992). Pancreas. 1994 May;9(3):365-73. Resumen

46. Strate T, Bachmann K, Busch P, et al. Resection vs drainage in treatment of chronic pancreatitis: long-term results of a randomized trial. Gastroenterology. 2008 May;134(5):1406-11. Resumen

47. Warshaw AL, Banks PA, Fernandez-Del Castillo C. AGA technical review: treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1998 Sep;115(3):765-76.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Coté GA, Yadav D, Slivka A, et al. Alcohol and smoking as risk factors in an epidemiology study of patients with chronic pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Mar;9(3):266-73.Texto completo  Resumen

49. Talamini G, Bassi C, Falconi M, et al. Alcohol and smoking as risk factors in chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Jul;44(7):1303-11. Resumen

50. Morton C, Klatsky AL, Udaltsova N. Smoking, coffee, and pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Apr;99(4):731-8. Resumen

51. Murthy SN, Dinoso VP, Jr., Clearfield HR, et al. Simultaneous measurement of basal pancreatic, gastric acid secretion, plasma gastrin, and secretin during smoking. Gastroenterology. 1977 Oct;73(4 Pt 1):758-61. Resumen

52. Bynum TE, Solomon TE, Johnson LR, et al. Inhibition of pancreatic secretion in man by cigarette smoking. Gut. 1972 May;13(5):361-5.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Maisonneuve P, Lowenfels AB, Mullhaupt B, et al. Cigarette smoking accelerates progression of alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Gut. 2005 Apr;54(4):510-4.Texto completo  Resumen

54. Tolstrup JS, Kristiansen L, Becker U, et al. Smoking and risk of acute and chronic pancreatitis among women and men: a population-based cohort study. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Mar 23;169(6):603-9. Resumen

55. Gupte A, Goede D, Tuite R, et al. Chronic pancreatitis. BMJ. 2018 Jun 7;361:k2126. Resumen

56. Nøjgaard C, Becker U, Matzen P, et al. Progression from acute to chronic pancreatitis: prognostic factors, mortality, and natural course. Pancreas. 2011 Nov;40(8):1195-200. Resumen

57. Cavallini G, Talamini G, Vaona B, et al. Effect of alcohol and smoking on pancreatic lithogenesis in the course of chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas. 1994 Jan;9(1):42-6. Resumen

58. Nakamura Y, Ohmori T, Higuchi S, et al. Certain background factors exhibit an association with an increased risk for pancreatic calcification among Japanese male alcoholics. Pancreas. 2005 Oct;31(3):225-31. Resumen

59. DiMagno MJ, DiMagno EP. Chronic pancreatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2004 Sep;20(5):444-51. Resumen

60. Singh VK, Yadav D, Garg PK. Diagnosis and management of chronic pancreatitis: a review. JAMA. 2019 Dec 24;322(24):2422-34. Resumen

61. Pezzilli R, Morselli-Labate AM, Mantovani V, et al. Mutations of the CFTR gene in pancreatic disease. Pancreas. 2003 Nov;27(4):332-6. Resumen

62. Masamune A, Ariga H, Kume K, et al. Genetic background is different between sentinel and recurrent acute pancreatitis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Jun;26(6):974-8. Resumen

63. Aoun E, Muddana V, Papachristou GI, et al. SPINK1 N34S is strongly associated with recurrent acute pancreatitis but is not a risk factor for the first or sentinel acute pancreatitis event. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Feb;105(2):446-51. Resumen

64. Rosendahl J, Witt H, Szmola R, et al. Chymotrypsin C (CTRC) variants that diminish activity or secretion are associated with chronic pancreatitis. Nat Genet. 2008 Jan;40(1):78-82.Texto completo  Resumen

65. Muddana V, Lamb J, Greer JB, et al. Association between calcium sensing receptor gene polymorphisms and chronic pancreatitis in a US population: role of serine protease inhibitor Kazal 1type and alcohol. World J Gastroenterol. 2008 Jul 28;14(28):4486-91.Texto completo  Resumen

66. Felderbauer P, Hoffmann P, Einwächter H, et al. A novel mutation of the calcium sensing receptor gene is associated with chronic pancreatitis in a family with heterozygous SPINK1 mutations. BMC Gastroenterol. 2003 Nov 29;3:34.Texto completo  Resumen

67. Whitcomb DC, LaRusch J, Krasinskas AM, et al. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis. Nat Genet. 2012 Dec;44(12):1349-54.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Witt H, Beer S, Rosendahl J, et al. Variants in CPA1 are strongly associated with early onset chronic pancreatitis. Nat Genet. 2013 Oct;45(10):1216-20.Texto completo  Resumen

69. Weiss FU, Schurmann C, Guenther A, et al. Fucosyltransferase 2 (FUT2) non-secretor status and blood group B are associated with elevated serum lipase activity in asymptomatic subjects, and an increased risk for chronic pancreatitis: a genetic association study. Gut. 2015 Apr;64(4):646-56. Resumen

70. Xu W, Hui C, Yu SS, et al. MicroRNAs and cystic fibrosis - an epigenetic perspective. Cell Biol Int. 2011 May;35(5):463-6. Resumen

71. Knowles MR, Durie PR. What is cystic fibrosis? N Engl J Med. 2002 Aug 8;347(6):439-42. Resumen

72. Groman JD, Meyer ME, Wilmott RW, et al. Variant cystic fibrosis phenotypes in the absence of CFTR mutations. N Engl J Med. 2002 Aug 8;347(6):401-7.Texto completo  Resumen

73. Ko SB, Mizuno N, Yatabe Y, et al. Corticosteroids correct aberrant CFTR localization in the duct and regenerate acinar cells in autoimmune pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 2010 May;138(5):1988-96.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Krier J, Barfield R, Green RC, et al. Reclassification of genetic-based risk predictions as GWAS data accumulate. Genome Med. 2016 Feb 17;8(1):20.Texto completo  Resumen

75. Garrett LT, Hickman N, Jacobson A, et al. Family studies for classification of variants of uncertain classification: current laboratory clinical practice and a new web-based educational tool. J Genet Couns. 2016 Dec;25(6):1146-56.Texto completo  Resumen

76. Moghadasi S, Eccles DM, Devilee P, et al. Classification and clinical management of variants of uncertain significance in high penetrance cancer predisposition genes. Hum Mutat. 2016 Apr;37(4):331-6.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Sadr-Azodi O, Sanders DS, Murray JA, et al. Patients with celiac disease have an increased risk for pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Oct;10(10):1136-42.Texto completo  Resumen

78. Ludvigsson JF, Montgomery SM, Ekbom A. Risk of pancreatitis in 14,000 individuals with celiac disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Nov;5(11):1347-53.Texto completo  Resumen

79. Patel RS, Johlin FC Jr, Murray JA. Celiac disease and recurrent pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc. 1999 Dec;50(6):823-7. Resumen

80. Chiu HY, Hsieh CF, Chiang YT, et al. The risk of chronic pancreatitis in patients with psoriasis: a population-based cohort study. PLoS One. 2016 Jul 28;11(7):e0160041.Texto completo  Resumen

81. DiMagno MJ, DiMagno EP. Chronic pancreatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep;27(5):452-9.Texto completo  Resumen

82. Dominguez-Munoz JE, Drewes AM, Lindkvist B, et al. Recommendations from the United European Gastroenterology evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and therapy of chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatology. 2018 Dec;18(8):847-54. Resumen

83. Jalal M, Campbell JA, Hopper AD. Practical guide to the management of chronic pancreatitis. Frontline Gastroenterol. 2019 Jul;10(3):253-60. Resumen

84. Gardner TB, Adler DG, Forsmark CE, et al. ACG clinical guideline: chronic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2020 Mar;115(3):322-39. Resumen

85. Ahmed Ali U, Issa Y, Hagenaars JC, et al. Risk of recurrent pancreatitis and progression to chronic pancreatitis after a first episode of acute pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 May;14(5):738-46. Resumen

86. Garg PK, Tandon RK, Madan K. Is biliary microlithiasis a significant cause of idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis? A long-term follow-up study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Jan;5(1):75-9. Resumen

87. Jacob L, Geenen JE, Catalano MF, et al. Prevention of pancreatitis in patients with idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis: a prospective nonblinded randomized study using endoscopic stents. Endoscopy. 2001 Jul;33(7):559-62. Resumen

88. Yusoff IF, Raymond G, Sahai AV. A prospective comparison of the yield of EUS in primary vs recurrent idiopathic acute pancreatitis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2004 Nov;60(5):673-8. Resumen

89. Scott J, Summerfield JA, Elias E, et al. Chronic pancreatitis: a cause of cholestasis. Gut. 1977 Mar;18(3):196-201.Texto completo  Resumen

90. Meier R, Ockenga J, Pertkiewicz M, et al. ESPEN guidelines on enteral nutrition: pancreas. Clin Nutr. 2006 Apr;25(2):275-84.Texto completo  Resumen

91. Lowenfels AB, Maisonneuve P, Cavallini G, et al. Pancreatitis and the risk of pancreatic cancer: International Pancreatitis Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1993 May 20;328(20):1433-7.Texto completo  Resumen

92. Malka D, Hammel P, Sauvanet A, et al. Risk factors for diabetes mellitus in chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 2000 Nov;119(5):1324-32. Resumen

93. Pan J, Xin L, Wang D, et al. Risk factors for diabetes mellitus in chronic pancreatitis: a cohort of 2,011 patients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr;95(14):e3251.Texto completo  Resumen

94. Sikkens EC, Cahen DL, Koch AD, et al. The prevalence of fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies and a decreased bone mass in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatology. 2013 May-Jun;13(3):238-42. Resumen

95. Duggan SN, Smyth ND, O'Sullivan M, et al. The prevalence of malnutrition and fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies in chronic pancreatitis. Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Jun;29(3):348-54. Resumen

96. Duggan SN, Purcell C, Kilbane M, et al. An association between abnormal bone turnover, systemic inflammation, and osteoporosis in patients with chronic pancreatitis: a case-matched study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Feb;110(2):336-45. Resumen

97. Tignor AS, Wu BU, Whitlock TL, et al. High prevalence of low-trauma fracture in chronic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Dec;105(12):2680-6. Resumen

98. Duggan SN, Smyth ND, Murphy A, et al. High prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with chronic pancreatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Feb;12(2):219-28. Resumen

99. Bang UC, Benfield T, Bendtsen F, et al. The risk of fractures among patients with cirrhosis or chronic pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Feb;12(2):320-6. Resumen

100. Lu CL, Chen CY, Luo JC, et al. Impaired gastric myoelectricity in patients with chronic pancreatitis: role of maldigestion. World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jan 21;11(3):372-6.Texto completo  Resumen

101. Chowdhury RS, Forsmark CE, Davis RH, et al. Prevalence of gastroparesis in patients with small duct chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas. 2003 Apr;26(3):235-8. Resumen

102. Regan PT, Malagelada JR, DiMagno EP, et al. Postprandial gastric function in pancreatic insufficiency. Gut. 1979 Mar;20(3):249-54.Texto completo  Resumen

103. Long WB, Weiss JB. Rapid gastric emptying of fatty meals in pancreatic insufficiency. Gastroenterology. 1974 Nov;67(5):920-5. Resumen

104. Mizushima T, Ochi K, Ichimura M, et al. Pancreatic enzyme supplement improves dysmotility in chronic pancreatitis patients. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Sep;19(9):1005-9. Resumen

105. Carasso S, Oren I, Alroy G, et al. Disseminated fat necrosis with asymptomatic pancreatitis: a case report and review of the literature. Am J Med Sci. 2000 Jan;319(1):68-72. Resumen

106. Lucas PF, Owen TK. Subcutaneous fat necrosis, 'polyarthritis', and pancreatic disease. Gut. 1962 Jun;3:146-8.Texto completo  Resumen

107. Bank S, Marks IN, Farman J, et al. Further observations on calcified medullary bone lesions in chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1966 Aug;51(2):224-30. Resumen

108. Ichikawa T, Nakao K, Hamasaki K, et al. An autopsy case of acute pancreatitis with a high serum IgG4 complicated by amyloidosis and rheumatoid arthritis. World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Apr 7;11(13):2032-4.Texto completo  Resumen

109. ASGE Standards of Practice Committee., Forbes N, Coelho-Prabhu N, et al. Adverse events associated with EUS and EUS-guided procedures. Gastrointest Endosc. 2022 Jan;95(1):16-26.e2. Resumen

110. Sherman S, Freeman ML, Tarnasky PR, et al. Administration of secretin (RG1068) increases the sensitivity of detection of duct abnormalities by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in patients with pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 2014;147:646-54.e2.Texto completo  Resumen

111. DiMagno EP, Malagelada JR, Taylor WF, et al. A prospective comparison of current diagnostic tests for pancreatic cancer. N Engl J Med. 1977 Oct 6;297(14):737-42. Resumen

112. Bozkurt T, Braun U, Leferink S, et al. Comparison of pancreatic morphology and exocrine functional impairment in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Gut. 1994 Aug;35(8):1132-6.Texto completo  Resumen

113. Otsuki M. Chronic pancreatitis. The problems of diagnostic criteria. Pancreatology. 2004;4(1):28-41. Resumen

114. DiMagno MJ. Pancreatic function tests. In: Johnson LR, Alpers D, Barrett K, et al, eds. Encyclopedia of gastroenterology. 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Science; 2003.

115. Rebours V, Le Baleur Y, Cazals-Hatem D, et al. Immunoglobulin G4 immunostaining of gastric, duodenal, or colonic biopsies is not helpful for the diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012;10:91-4. Resumen

116. Moon SH, Kim MH, Park DH, et al. Is a 2-week steroid trial after initial negative workup for malignancy useful in differentiating autoimmune pancreatitis from pancreatic cancer? A prospective outcome study. Gut. 2008 Dec;57(12):1704-12. Resumen

117. Munigala S, Kanwal F, Xian H, et al. Increased risk of pancreatic adenocarcinoma after acute pancreatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014;12:1143-50.Texto completo  Resumen

118. Munigala S, Kanwal F, Xian H, et al. New diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis: risk of missing an underlying pancreatic cancer. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014;109:1824-30. Resumen

119. Ammann RW. A clinically based classification system for alcoholic chronic pancreatitis: summary of an international workshop on chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas. 1997 Apr;14(3):215-21. Resumen

120. Raimondo M, Imoto M, DiMagno EP. Rapid endoscopic secretin stimulation test and discrimination of chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer from disease controls. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2003 Sep;1(5):397-403. Resumen

121. Homma T, Harada H, Koizumi M. Diagnostic criteria of chronic pancreatitis by the Japan Pancreas Society. Pancreas. 1997 Jul;15(1):14-5. Resumen

122. Ammann RW, Muellhaupt B. The natural history of pain in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology. 1999 May;116(5):1132-40. Resumen

123. Ammann RW, Akovbiantz A, Largiader F, et al. Course and outcome of chronic pancreatitis: longitudinal study of a mixed medical-surgical series of 245 patients. Gastroenterology. 1984 May;86(5 Pt 1):820-8. Resumen

124. Girdwood AH, Marks IN, Bornman PC, et al. Does progressive pancreatic insufficiency limit pain in calcific pancreatitis with duct stricture or continued alcohol insult? J Clin Gastroenterol. 1981 Sep;3(3):241-5. Resumen

125. Lankisch PG, Seidensticker F, Lohr-Happe A, et al. The course of pain is the same in alcohol- and nonalcohol-induced chronic pancreatitis. Pancreas. 1995 May;10(4):338-41. Resumen

126. Maluf-Filho F, Dotti CM, Halwan B, et al. An evidence-based consensus statement on the role and application of endosonography in clinical practice. Endoscopy. 2009 Nov;41(11):979-87. Resumen

127. Wallace MB, Hawes RH, Durkalski V, et al. The reliability of EUS for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis: interobserver agreement among experienced endosonographers. Gastrointest Endosc. 2001 Mar;53(3):294-9. Resumen

128. Catalano MF, Sahai A, Levy M, et al. EUS-based criteria for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis: the Rosemont classification. Gastrointest Endosc. 2009 Jun;69(7):1251-61. Resumen

129. Hahn JU, Bochnig S, Kerner W, et al. A new fecal elastase 1 test using polyclonal antibodies for the detection of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreas. 2005 Mar;30(2):189-91. Resumen

130. Hahn JU, Kerner W, Maisonneuve P, et al. Low fecal elastase 1 levels do not indicate exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in type-1 diabetes mellitus. Pancreas. 2008 Apr;36(3):274-8. Resumen

131. Dumasy V, Delhaye M, Cotton F, et al. Fat malabsorption screening in chronic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jul;99(7):1350-4. Resumen

132. Walkowiak J, Lisowska A, Blask-Osipa A, et al. Acid steatocrit determination is not helpful in cystic fibrosis patients without or with mild steatorrhea. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2010 Mar;45(3):249-54. Resumen

133. Ketwaroo G, Brown A, Young B, et al. Defining the accuracy of secretin pancreatic function testing in patients with suspected early chronic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 Aug;108(8):1360-6. Resumen

134. DiMagno MJ, DiMagno EP. Chronic pancreatitis. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2010 Sep;26(5):490-8. Resumen

135. Chari ST, Smyrk TC, Levy MJ, et al. Diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis: the Mayo Clinic experience. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Aug;4(8):1010-6. Resumen

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