Deficiencia de vitamina D


Artículos principales

Hossein-Nezhad A, Holick MF. Vitamin D for health: a global perspective. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Jul;88(7):720-55.Texto completo  Resumen

Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul;96(7):1911-30.Texto completo  Resumen

Holick MF. Resurrection of vitamin D deficiency and rickets. J Clin Invest. 2006 Aug;116(8):2062-72.Texto completo  Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. Hossein-Nezhad A, Holick MF. Vitamin D for health: a global perspective. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Jul;88(7):720-55.Texto completo  Resumen

2. Malabanan A, Veronikis IE, Holick MF. Redefining vitamin D insufficiency. Lancet. 1998 Mar 14;351(9105):805-6. Resumen

3. Holick MF. Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jul 19;357(3):266-81. Resumen

4. Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jul;96(7):1911-30.Texto completo  Resumen

5. Holick MF. Resurrection of vitamin D deficiency and rickets. J Clin Invest. 2006 Aug;116(8):2062-72.Texto completo  Resumen

6. Chen H, Hewison M, Hu B, et al. Heterogenous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) binding to hormone response elements: a cause of vitamin D resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 May 13;100(10):6109-14.Texto completo  Resumen

7. Hruska KA. Hyperphosphatemia and hypophosphatemia. In: Favus MJ, ed. Primer on the metabolic bone diseases and disorders of mineral metabolism. 6th ed. Washington, DC: American Society for Bone and Mineral Research; 2006:233-42.

8. McKenna MJ. Differences in vitamin D status between countries in young adults and the elderly. Am J Med. 1992 Jul;93(1):69-77. Resumen

9. Pettifor JM. Vitamin D deficiency and nutritional rickets in children. In: Feldman D, Pike JW, Glorieux FH, eds. Vitamin D. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Elsevier Academic Press; 2005:1065-84.

10. Bodnar LM, Simhan HN, Powers RW, et al. High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in black and white pregnant women residing in the northern United States and their neonates. J Nutr. 2007 Feb;137(2):447-52.Texto completo  Resumen

11. Lee JM, Smith JR, Philipp BL, et al. Vitamin D deficiency in a healthy group of mothers and newborn infants. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2007 Jan;46(1):42-4. Resumen

12. Gordon CM, DePeter KC, Feldman HA, et al. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among healthy adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jun;158(6):531-7.Texto completo  Resumen

13. Sullivan SS, Rosen CJ, Halteman WA, et al. Adolescent girls in Maine at risk for vitamin D insufficiency. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Jun;105(6):971-4. Resumen

14. Nesby-O'Dell S, Scanlon KS, Cogswell ME, et al. Hypovitaminosis D prevalence and determinants among African American and white women of reproductive age: third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jul;76(1):187-92.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Tangpricha V, Pearce EN, Chen TC, et al. Vitamin D insufficiency among free-living healthy young adults. Am J Med. 2002 Jun 1;112(8):659-62.Texto completo  Resumen

16. Harris NS, Crawford PB, Yangzom Y, et al. Nutritional and health status of Tibetan children living at high altitudes. N Engl J Med. 2001 Feb 1;344(5):341-7.Texto completo  Resumen

17. Sabetta JR, DePetrillo P, Cipriani RJ, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the incidence of acute viral respiratory tract infections in healthy adults. PLoS One. 2010 Jun 14;5(6):e11088.Texto completo  Resumen

18. Grant WB. An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the US due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer. 2002 Mar 15;94(6):1867-75.Texto completo  Resumen

19. Toriola AT, Surcel HM, Calypse A, et al. Independent and joint effects of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and calcium on ovarian cancer risk: a prospective nested case-control study. Eur J Cancer. 2010 Oct;46(15):2799-805. Resumen

20. Gorham ED, Garland CF, Garland FC, et al. Vitamin D and prevention of colorectal cancer. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Oct;97(1-2):179-94. Resumen

21. Bertone-Johnson ER, Chen WY, Holick MF, et al. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2005 Aug;14(8):1991-7.Texto completo  Resumen

22. Knight JA, Lesosky M, Barnett H, et al. Vitamin D and reduced risk of breast cancer: a population-based case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Mar;16(3):422-9.Texto completo  Resumen

23. Hypponen E, Laara E, Jarvelin MR, et al. Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study. Lancet. 2001 Nov 3;358(9292):1500-3. Resumen

24. Munger KL, Levin LI, Hollis BW, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of multiple sclerosis. JAMA. 2006 Dec 20;296(23):2832-8.Texto completo  Resumen

25. Merlino LA, Curtis J, Mikuls TR, et al. Vitamin D intake is inversely associated with rheumatoid arthritis: results from the Iowa Women's Health Study. Arthritis Rheum. 2004 Jan;50(1):72-7.Texto completo  Resumen

26. Lima GL, Paupitz J, Aikawa NE, et al. Vitamin D supplementation in adolescents and young adults with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus for improvement in disease activity and fatigue scores: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2016 Jan;68(1):91-8.Texto completo  Resumen

27. Pittas AG, Dawson-Hughes B, Li T, et al. Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2006 Mar;29(3):650-6.Texto completo  Resumen

28. Holick MF, Chen TC. Vitamin D deficiency: a worldwide problem with health consequences. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;87(4):1080S-6S.Texto completo  Resumen

29. Ginde AA, Mansbach JM, Camargo CA Jr. Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and upper respiratory tract infection in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Feb 23;169(4):384-90.Texto completo  Resumen

30. Camargo CA Jr, Ganmaa D, Frazier AL, et al. Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation and risk of acute respiratory infection in Mongolia. Pediatrics. 2012 Sep;130(3):e561-7. Resumen

31. Urashima M, Segawa T, Okazaki M, et al. Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 May;91(5):1255-60.Texto completo  Resumen

32. Lee JH, O'Keefe JH, Bell D, et al. Vitamin D deficiency: an important, common, and easily treatable cardiovascular risk factor? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Dec 9;52(24):1949-56. Resumen

33. Wang TJ, Pencina MJ, Booth SL, et al. Vitamin D deficiency and risk of cardiovascular disease. Circulation. 2008 Jan 29;117(4):503-11.Texto completo  Resumen

34. Dobnig H, Pilz S, Scharnagl H, et al. Independent association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Jun 23;168(12):1340-9.Texto completo  Resumen

35. Melamed ML, Muntner P, Michos ED, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease: results from NHANES 2001 to 2004. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 Jun;28(6):1179-85.Texto completo  Resumen

36. Pilz S, Dobnig H, Fischer JE, et al. Low vitamin D levels predict stroke in patients referred to coronary angiography. Stroke. 2008 Sep;39(9):2611-3.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Pilz S, März W, Wellnitz B, et al. Association of vitamin D deficiency with heart failure and sudden cardiac death in a large cross-sectional study of patients referred for coronary angiography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Oct;93(10):3927-35.Texto completo  Resumen

38. Bischoff-Ferrari HA. "Vitamin D - why does it matter?" - defining vitamin D deficiency and its prevalence. Scand J Clin Lab Invest Suppl. 2012;(243):3-6. Resumen

39. LeBlanc ES, Zakher B, Daeges M, et al. Screening for vitamin D deficiency: a systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jan 20;162(2):109-22.Texto completo  Resumen

40. McAlindon TE, Felson DT, Zhang Y, et al. Relation of dietary intake and serum levels of vitamin D to progression of osteoarthritis of the knee among participants in the Framingham Study. Ann Intern Med. 1996 Sep 1;125(5):353-9. Resumen

41. Fortmann SP, Burda BU, Senger CA, et al. Vitamin and mineral supplements in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer: An updated systematic evidence review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Dec 17;159(12):824-34.Texto completo  Resumen

42. Chowdhury R, Kunutsor S, Vitezova A, et al. Vitamin D and risk of cause specific death: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational cohort and randomised intervention studies. BMJ. 2014;348:g1903.Texto completo  Resumen

43. Theodoratou E, Tzoulaki I, Zgaga L, et al. Vitamin D and multiple health outcomes: umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials. BMJ. 2014 Apr 1;348:g2035.Texto completo  Resumen

44. Beveridge LA, Struthers AD, Khan F, et al; D-PRESSURE Collaboration. Effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis incorporating individual patient data. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 May;175(5):745-54.Texto completo  Resumen

45. Manson JE, Cook NR, Lee IM, et al. Vitamin D supplements and prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med. 2019 Jan 3;380(1):33-44.Texto completo  Resumen

46. Bodnar LM, Catov JM, Simhan HN, et al. Maternal vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of preeclampsia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Sep;92(9):3517-22.Texto completo  Resumen

47. Merewood, A, Mehta SD, Chen TC, et al. Association between vitamin D deficiency and primary caesarean section. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Mar;94(3):940-5.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Thorne-Lyman A, Fawzi WW. Vitamin D during pregnancy and maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul;26 (suppl 1):75-90.Texto completo  Resumen

49. Palacios C, Kostiuk LK, Peña-Rosas JP. Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Jul 26;(7):CD008873.Texto completo  Resumen

50. Rostami M, Tehrani FR, Simbar M, et al. Effectiveness of prenatal vitamin D deficiency screening and treatment program: a stratified randomized field trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Aug 1;103(8):2936-48.Texto completo  Resumen

51. Holick MF. A call to action: pregnant women in-deed require vitamin D supplementation for better health outcomes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 Jan 1;104(1):13-5.Texto completo  Resumen

52. Giovannucci E, Liu Y, Willett WC. Cancer incidence and mortality and vitamin D in black and white male health professionals. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006 Dec;15(12):2467-72.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Liu PT, Stenger S, Li H, et al. Toll-like receptor triggering of a vitamin D-mediated human antimicrobial response. Science. 2006 Mar 24;311(5768):1770-3. Resumen

54. Llewellyn DJ, Lang IA, Langa KM, et al. Vitamin D and risk of cognitive decline in elderly persons. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Jul 12;170(13):1135-41.Texto completo  Resumen

55. Knekt P, Kilkkinen A, Rissanen H, et al. Serum vitamin D and the risk of Parkinson disease. Arch Neurol. 2010 Jul;67(7):808-11.Texto completo  Resumen

56. Shen L, Ji HF. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and dementia: evidence from meta-analysis. Nutr J. 2015 Aug 1;14:76.Texto completo  Resumen

57. Jolliffe DA, Greenberg L, Hooper RL, et al. Vitamin D to prevent exacerbations of COPD: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised controlled trials. Thorax. 2019 Apr;74(4):337-45.Texto completo  Resumen

58. Martineau AR, Cates CJ, Urashima M, et al. Vitamin D for the management of asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Sep 5;(9):CD011511.Texto completo  Resumen

59. Camargo CA Jr, Rifas-Shiman SL, Litonjua AA, et al. Maternal intake of vitamin D during pregnancy and risk of recurrent wheeze in children at 3 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Mar;85(3):788-95.Texto completo  Resumen

60. Monlezun DJ, Bittner EA, Christopher KB, et al. Vitamin D status and acute respiratory infection: cross sectional results from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2006. Nutrients. 2015 Mar 13;7(3):1933-44.Texto completo  Resumen

61. Webb AR, DeCosta BR, Holick MF. Sunlight regulates the cutaneous production of vitamin D3 by causing its photodegradation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989 May;68(5):882-7. Resumen

62. Holick MF, Matsuoka LY, Wortsman J. Age, vitamin D, and solar ultraviolet. Lancet. 1989 Nov 4;2(8671):1104-5. Resumen

63. Lo CW, Paris PW, Clemens TL, et al. Vitamin D absorption in healthy subjects and in patients with intestinal malabsorption syndromes. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Oct;42(4):644-9. Resumen

64. Fort P, Salas AA, Nicola T, et al. A comparison of 3 vitamin D dosing regimens in extremely preterm infants: a randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr. 2016 Jul;174:132-8;e1.Texto completo  Resumen

65. Wortsman J, Matsuoka LY, Chen TC, et al. Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Sep;72(3):690-3. [Erratum in: Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 May;77(5):1342.]Texto completo  Resumen

66. Ekwaru JP, Zwicker JD, Holick MF, et al. The importance of body weight for the dose response relationship of oral vitamin D supplementation and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D in healthy volunteers. PLoS One. 2014 Nov 5;9(11):e111265.Texto completo  Resumen

67. Zhou C, Assem M, Tay JC, et al. Steroid and xenobiotic receptor and vitamin D receptor crosstalk mediates CYP24 expression and drug-induced osteomalacia. J Clin Invest. 2006 Jun;116(6):1703-12.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Bouillon R, Marcocci C, Carmeliet G, et al. Skeletal and extraskeletal actions of vitamin D: current evidence and outstanding questions. Endocr Rev. 2019 Aug 1;40(4):1109-51.Texto completo  Resumen

69. Vanlint SJ, Morris HA, Newbury JW, et al. Vitamin D insufficiency in Aboriginal Australians. Med J Aust. 2011 Feb 7;194(3):131-4.Texto completo  Resumen

70. Holick MF. The D-batable Institute of Medicine report: a D-lightful perspective. Endocr Pract. 2011 Jan-Feb;17(1):143-9. Resumen

71. Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. 2011 [internet publication].Texto completo

72. Matsuoka LY, Wortsman J, MacLaughlin JA, et al. Sunscreens suppress cutaneous vitamin D3 synthesis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1987 Jun;64(6):1165-8. Resumen

73. Clemens TL, Adams JS, Henderson SL, et al. Increased skin pigment reduces the capacity of the skin to synthesise vitamin D3. Lancet. 1982 Jan 9;1(8263):74-6. Resumen

74. Chapuy MC, Preziosi P, Maamer M, et al. Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in an adult normal population. Osteoporos Int. 1997;7(5):439-43. Resumen

75. Farraye F, Nimitphong H, Stucchi A, et al. The use of a novel vitamin D bioavailability test demonstrates that vitamin D absorption is decreased in patients with quiescent Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Oct;17(10):2116-21. Resumen

76. Kitanaka S, Takeyama K, Murayama A, et al. Inactivating mutations in the human 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1alpha-hydroxylase gene in patients with pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets. N Engl J Med. 1998 Mar 5;338(10):653-61.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). KDIGO 2017 clinical practice guideline update for the diagnosis, evaluation, prevention, and treatment of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Kidney Int Suppl. 2017 July;7(1):1-59.Texto completo

78. Rajakumar K, Fernstrom JD, Holick MF, et al. Vitamin D status and response to vitamin D(3) in obese vs. non-obese African American children. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Jan;16(1):90-5.Texto completo  Resumen

79. Wagner CL, Greer FR; American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Breastfeeding. Prevention of rickets and vitamin D deficiency in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2008 Nov;122(5):1142-52. [Erratum in: Pediatrics. 2009 Jan;123(1):197.]Texto completo  Resumen

80. Holick MF, Biancuzzo RM, Chen TC, et al. Vitamin D2 is as effective as vitamin D3 in maintaining circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Mar;93(3):677-81.Texto completo  Resumen

81. El-Hajj Fuleihan G, Nabulsi M, Tamim H, et al. Effect of vitamin D replacement on musculoskeletal parameters in school children: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Feb;91(2):405-12.Texto completo  Resumen

82. Chesney RW. Bone structure, growth, and hormonal regulation. In: Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2004;2341-3.

83. Nield LS, Mahajan P, Joshi A, et al. Rickets: not a disease of the past. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Aug 15;74(4):619-26.Texto completo  Resumen

84. Dobrescu MO, Garcia AC, Robert M. Rickets. CMAJ. 2006 Jun 6;174(12):1710.Texto completo  Resumen

85. Frame B, Parfitt AM. Osteomalacia: current concepts. Ann Intern Med. 1978 Dec;89(6):966-82. Resumen

86. Rodgers SE, Perrier ND. Parathyroid carcinoma. Curr Opin Oncol. 2006 Jan;18(1):16-22. Resumen

87. Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia: report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum. 1990 Feb;33(2):160-72. Resumen

88. Dauber A, Nguyen TT, Sochett E, et al. Genetic defect in CYP24A1, the vitamin D 24-hydroxylase gene, in a patient with severe infantile hypercalcemia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Feb;97(2):E268-74.Texto completo  Resumen

89. Jacobs TP, Kaufman M, Jones G, et al. A lifetime of hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria, finally explained. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Mar;99(3):708-12.Texto completo  Resumen

90. US Preventive Services Task Force. Final recommendation statement - vitamin D deficiency: screening. November 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

91. Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Giovannucci E, Willett WC, et al. Estimation of optimal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D for multiple health outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul;84(1):18-28. [Errata in: Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Nov;84(5):1253; Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):809. Dosage errors in published abstracts corrected.]Texto completo  Resumen

92. Cashman KD, Wallace JM, Horigan G, et al. Estimation of the dietary requirement for vitamin D in free-living adults>=64 y of age. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 May;89(5):1366-74.Texto completo  Resumen

93. Pietras SM, Obayan BK, Cai MH, et al. Vitamin D2 treatment for vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency for up to 6 years. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Oct 26;169(19):1806-8.Texto completo  Resumen

94. Gordon CM, Williams AL, Feldman HA, et al. Treatment of hypovitaminosis D in infants and toddlers. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jul;93(7):2716-21.Texto completo  Resumen

95. Kopecky SL, Bauer DC, Gulati M, et al. Lack of evidence linking calcium with or without vitamin D supplementation to cardiovascular disease in generally healthy adults: a clinical guideline from the National Osteoporosis Foundation and the American Society for Preventive Cardiology. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Dec 20;165(12):867-8. Resumen

96. Thacher TD, Fischer PR, Pettifor JM. Vitamin D treatment in calcium-deficiency rickets: a randomised controlled trial. Arch Dis Child. 2014 Sep;99(9):807-11.Texto completo  Resumen

97. Thacher TD, Fischer PR, Obadofin MO, et al. Comparison of metabolism of vitamins D2 and D3 in children with nutritional rickets. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Sep;25(9):1988-95.Texto completo  Resumen

98. Ennis JL, Worcester EM, Coe FL, et al. Current recommended 25-hydroxyvitamin D targets for chronic kidney disease management may be too low. J Nephrol. 2016 Feb;29(1):63-70. Resumen

99. Lamas GA, Boineau R, Goertz C, et al; TACT (Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy) Investigators. Oral high-dose multivitamins and minerals after myocardial infarction: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Dec 17;159(12):797-805.Texto completo  Resumen

100. Grodstein, F, O’Brien J, Kang JH, et al. Long-term multivitamin supplementation and cognitive function in men: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Dec 17;159(12):806-14.Texto completo  Resumen

101. Boonen S, Bischoff-Ferrari A, Cooper C, et al. Addressing the musculoskeletal components of fracture risk with calcium and vitamin D: a review of the evidence. Calcif Tissue Int. 2006 May;78(5):257-70. Resumen

102. Lips P. Vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism in the elderly: consequences for bone loss and fractures and therapeutic implications. Endocr Rev. 2001 Aug;22(4):477-501.Texto completo  Resumen

103. US Preventive Services Task Force, Grossman DC, Curry SJ, et al. Interventions to prevent falls in community-dwelling older adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2018 Apr 24;319(16):1696-704.Texto completo  Resumen

104. Kim H, Lee SH, Kim J, et al. The association of vitamin D with femoral neck strength: an additional evidence of vitamin D on bone health. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Aug;100(8):3118-25.Texto completo  Resumen

105. Houston DK, Tooze JA, Demons JL, et al. Delivery of a vitamin D intervention in homebound older adults using a Meals-on-Wheels program: a pilot study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Sep;63(9):1861-7.Texto completo  Resumen

106. Sprague S, Petrisor B, Scott T, et al. What is the role of vitamin D supplementation in acute fracture patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and supplementation efficacy. J Orthop Trauma. 2016 Feb;30(2):53-63. Resumen

107. Avenell A, Smith TO, Curtain JP, et al. Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Nov 30;(11):CD001880.Texto completo  Resumen

108. Taylor PN, Davies JS. A review of the growing risk of vitamin D toxicity from inappropriate practice. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2018 Jun;84(6):1121-7.Texto completo  Resumen

El uso de este contenido está sujeto a nuestra cláusula de exención de responsabilidad