Evaluación de la ictericia

Referencias

Artículos principales

Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A. Evaluation of jaundice in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Feb 1;95(3):164-8.Texto completo  Resumen

Bajaj JS, O'Leary JG, Lai JC, et al. Acute-on-chronic liver failure clinical guidelines. Am J Gastroenterol. 2022 Feb 1;117(2):225-52.Texto completo  Resumen

Biggins SW, Angeli P, Garcia-Tsao G, et al. Diagnosis, evaluation, and management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome: 2021 practice guidance by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Hepatology. 2021 Aug;74(2):1014-48.Texto completo  Resumen

American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: jaundice. 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

Artículos de referencia

1. Fargo MV, Grogan SP, Saguil A. Evaluation of jaundice in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Feb 1;95(3):164-8.Texto completo  Resumen

2. King D, Armstrong MJ. Overview of Gilbert's syndrome. Drug Ther Bull. 2019 Feb;57(2):27-31. Resumen

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The ABCs of hepatitis. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

4. Mantzoukis K, Rodríguez-Perálvarez M, Buzzetti E, et al. Pharmacological interventions for acute hepatitis B infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Mar 21;(3):CD011645.Texto completo  Resumen

5. World Health Organization. Guidelines for the prevention, care and treatment of persons with chronic hepatitis B infection. Mar 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

6. Niederau C, Lange S, Heintges T, et al. Prognosis of chronic hepatitis C: results of a large, prospective cohort study. Hepatology. 1998 Dec;28(6):1687-95.Texto completo  Resumen

7. Chen SL, Morgan TR. The natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Int J Med Sci. 2006;3(2):47-52.Texto completo  Resumen

8. Spearman CW, Dusheiko GM, Hellard M, et al. Hepatitis C. Lancet. 2019 Oct 19;394(10207):1451-66. Resumen

9. US Preventive Services Task Force; Owens DK, Davidson KW, Krist AH, et al. Screening for hepatitis C virus infection in adolescents and adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2020 Mar 10;323(10):970-5.Texto completo  Resumen

10. Teshale EH, Hu DJ, Holmberg SD. The two faces of hepatitis E virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 1;51(3):328-34.Texto completo  Resumen

11. Jilani N, Das BC, Husain SA, et al. Hepatitis E virus infection and fulminant hepatic failure during pregnancy. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 May;22(5):676-82. Resumen

12. Poles MA, Lew EA, Dieterich DT. Diagnosis and treatment of hepatic disease in patients with HIV. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1997 Jun;26(2):291-321. Resumen

13. Whitty CJ, Chiodini PL, Lalloo DG. Investigation and treatment of imported malaria in non-endemic countries. BMJ. 2013 May 21;346:f2900. Resumen

14. Wuerz T, Kane JB, Boggild AK, et al. A review of amoebic liver abscess for clinicians in a nonendemic setting. Can J Gastroenterol. 2012 Oct;26(10):729-33.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Costa F, Hagan JE, Calcagno J, et al. Global morbidity and mortality of leptospirosis: a systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Sep 17;9(9):e0003898.Texto completo  Resumen

16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Leptospirosis: risk of exposure. Jun 2015 [internet publication].Texto completo

17. De Brito T, Aiello VD, da Silva LF, et al. Human hemorrhagic pulmonary leptospirosis: pathological findings and pathophysiological correlations. PLoS One. 2013 Aug 12;8(8):e71743.Texto completo  Resumen

18. Singal AK, Bataller R, Ahn J, et al. ACG clinical guideline: alcoholic liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2018 Feb;113(2):175-94.Texto completo  Resumen

19. Lee WM. Drug-induced acute liver failure. Clin Liver Dis. 2013 Nov;17(4):575-86;viii.Texto completo  Resumen

20. Kullak-Ublick GA, Andrade RJ, Merz M, et al. Drug-induced liver injury: recent advances in diagnosis and risk assessment. Gut. 2017 Jun;66(6):1154-64.Texto completo  Resumen

21. Hoofnagle JH, Björnsson ES. Drug-induced liver injury - types and phenotypes. N Engl J Med. 2019 Jul 18;381(3):264-73. Resumen

22. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines: drug-induced liver injury. J Hepatol. 2019 Jun;70(6):1222-61.Texto completo  Resumen

23. Tujios SR, Lee WM. Acute liver failure induced by idiosyncratic reaction to drugs: challenges in diagnosis and therapy. Liver Int. 2018 Jan;38(1):6-14.Texto completo  Resumen

24. Björnsson ES. Drug-induced liver injury due to antibiotics. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jun-Jul;52(6-7):617-23. Resumen

25. Navarro VJ, Barnhart H, Bonkovsky HL, et al. Liver injury from herbals and dietary supplements in the U.S. Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network. Hepatology. 2014 Oct;60(4):1399-408.Texto completo  Resumen

26. Nichols SD, Albert S, Shirley L, et al. Outcomes in patients with obstructive jaundice from metastatic colorectal cancer and implications for management. J Gastrointest Surg. 2014 Dec;18(12):2186-91.Texto completo  Resumen

27. Waller LP, Deshpande V, Pyrsopoulos N. Hepatocellular carcinoma: a comprehensive review. World J Hepatol. 2015 Nov 18;7(26):2648-63.Texto completo  Resumen

28. Birrer MJ, Young RC. Differential diagnosis of jaundice in lymphoma patients. Semin Liver Dis. 1987 Aug;7(3):269-77. Resumen

29. Selmi C, Bowlus CL, Gershwin ME, et al. Primary biliary cirrhosis. Lancet. 2011 May 7;377(9777):1600-9. Resumen

30. Poupon R. Primary biliary cirrhosis: a 2010 update. J Hepatol. 2010 May;52(5):745-58.Texto completo  Resumen

31. Molodecky NA, Kareemi H, Parab R, et al. Incidence of primary sclerosing cholangitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hepatology. 2011 May;53(5):1590-9.Texto completo  Resumen

32. Hirschfield GM, Karlsen TH, Lindor KD, et al. Primary sclerosing cholangitis. Lancet. 2013 Nov 9;382(9904):1587-99. Resumen

33. Chapman MH, Thorburn D, Hirschfield GM, et al. British Society of Gastroenterology and UK-PSC guidelines for the diagnosis and management of primary sclerosing cholangitis. Gut. 2019 Aug;68(8):1356-78.Texto completo  Resumen

34. Patil M, Sheth KA, Krishnamurthy AC, et al. A review and current perspective on Wilson disease. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2013 Dec;3(4):321-36.Texto completo  Resumen

35. Kowdley KV, Brown KE, Ahn J, et al. ACG clinical guideline: hereditary hemochromatosis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2019 Aug;114(8):1202-18.Texto completo  Resumen

36. Björnsson E, Chari ST, Smyrk TC, et al. Immunoglobulin G4 associated cholangitis: description of an emerging clinical entity based on review of the literature. Hepatology. 2007 Jun;45(6):1547-54.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Schmidt-Hansen M, Berendse S, Hamilton W. Symptoms of pancreatic cancer in primary care: a systematic review. Pancreas. 2016 Jul;45(6):814-8. Resumen

38. National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program. Cancer stat facts: pancreatic cancer. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

39. National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program. Cancer stat facts: common cancer sites. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

40. Kubo S, Takemura S, Tanaka S, et al. Occupational cholangiocarcinoma caused by exposure to 1,2-dichloropropane and/or dichloromethane. Ann Gastroenterol Surg. 2017 Nov 17;2(2):99-105.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Kumagai S, Sobue T, Makiuchi T, et al. Relationship between cumulative exposure to 1,2-dichloropropane and incidence risk of cholangiocarcinoma among offset printing workers. Occup Environ Med. 2016 Aug;73(8):545-52. Resumen

42. Duraiswamy S, Sheffield JS, Mcintire D, et al. Updated etiology and significance of elevated bilirubin during pregnancy: changes parallel shift in demographics and vaccination status. Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Feb;62(2):517-25. Resumen

43. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines for the management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2018 Aug;69(2):406-60.Texto completo  Resumen

44. Rumsey S, Winders J, MacCormick AD. Diagnostic accuracy of Charcot's triad: a systematic review. ANZ J Surg. 2017 Apr;87(4):232-8. Resumen

45. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management. Sep 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

46. Stravitz RT, Lee WM. Acute liver failure. Lancet. 2019 Sep 7;394(10201):869-81. Resumen

47. Nanchal R, Subramanian R, Karvellas CJ, et al. Guidelines for the management of adult acute and acute-on-chronic liver failure in the ICU: cardiovascular, endocrine, hematologic, pulmonary, and renal considerations. Crit Care Med. 2020 Mar;48(3):e173-91.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Karvellas CJ, Cavazos J, Battenhouse H, et al. Effects of antimicrobial prophylaxis and blood stream infections in patients with acute liver failure: a retrospective cohort study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Nov;12(11):1942-9;e1.Texto completo  Resumen

49. Martin P, DiMartini A, Feng S, et al. Evaluation for liver transplantation in adults: 2013 practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the American Society of Transplantation. Hepatology. 2014 Mar;59(3):1144-65.Texto completo  Resumen

50. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practical guidelines on the management of acute (fulminant) liver failure. J Hepatol. 2017 May;66(5):1047-81.Texto completo  Resumen

51. Hernaez R, Solà E, Moreau R, et al. Acute-on-chronic liver failure: an update. Gut. 2017 Mar;66(3):541-53.Texto completo  Resumen

52. Bajaj JS, O'Leary JG, Lai JC, et al. Acute-on-chronic liver failure clinical guidelines. Am J Gastroenterol. 2022 Feb 1;117(2):225-52.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Sarin SK, Choudhury A. Management of acute-on-chronic liver failure: an algorithmic approach. Hepatol Int. 2018 Sep;12(5):402-16. Resumen

54. Fernández J, Acevedo J, Wiest R, et al. Bacterial and fungal infections in acute-on-chronic liver failure: prevalence, characteristics and impact on prognosis. Gut. 2018 Oct;67(10):1870-80. Resumen

55. Bajaj JS, Kamath PS, Reddy KR. The evolving challenge of infections in cirrhosis. N Engl J Med. 2021 Jun 17;384(24):2317-30. Resumen

56. Moreau R, Jalan R, Gines P, et al. Acute-on-chronic liver failure is a distinct syndrome that develops in patients with acute decompensation of cirrhosis. Gastroenterology. 2013 Jun;144(7):1426-37;e1-9.Texto completo  Resumen

57. Jalan R, Saliba F, Pavesi M, et al. Development and validation of a prognostic score to predict mortality in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure. J Hepatol. 2014 Nov;61(5):1038-47. Resumen

58. British Society of Gastroenterology, British Society for the Study of the Liver. Decompensated cirrhosis care bundle – first 24 hours. 2014 [internet publication].Texto completo

59. Dunn W, Jamil LH, Brown LS, et al. MELD accurately predicts mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Hepatology. 2005 Feb;41(2):353-8. Resumen

60. Pavlov CS, Varganova DL, Casazza G, et al. Glucocorticosteroids for people with alcoholic hepatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Apr 9;(4):CD001511.Texto completo  Resumen

61. Louvet A, Naveau S, Abdelnour M, et al. The Lille model: a new tool for therapeutic strategy in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis treated with steroids. Hepatology. 2007 Jun;45(6):1348-54.Texto completo  Resumen

62. Garcia-Saenz-de-Sicilia M, Duvoor C, Altamirano J. A day-4 Lille model predicts response to corticosteroids and mortality in severe alcoholic hepatitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):306-15. Resumen

63. Thursz MR, Richardson P, Allison M, et al; STOPAH trial. Prednisolone or pentoxifylline for alcoholic hepatitis. N Engl J Med. 2015 Apr 23;372(17):1619-28.Texto completo  Resumen

64. Biggins SW, Angeli P, Garcia-Tsao G, et al. Diagnosis, evaluation, and management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome: 2021 practice guidance by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Hepatology. 2021 Aug;74(2):1014-48.Texto completo  Resumen

65. van Lingen R, Warshow U, Dalton HR, et al. Jaundice as a presentation of heart failure. J R Soc Med. 2005 Aug;98(8):357-9.Texto completo  Resumen

66. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Leptospirosis: fact sheet for clinicians. Jan 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

67. Bassari R, Koea JB. Jaundice associated pruritis: a review of pathophysiology and treatment. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Feb 7;21(5):1404-13.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Stillman AE. Jaundice. In: Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, eds. Clinical methods: the history, physical, and laboratory examinations. 3rd ed. Boston: Butterworths; 1990.Texto completo

69. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hepatitis C - questions and answers for health professionals. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

70. Berner MM, Kriston L, Bentele M, et al. The alcohol use disorders identification test for detecting at-risk drinking: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2007 May;68(3):461-73. Resumen

71. Crawford EF, Fulton JJ, Swinkels CM, et al. Diagnostic efficiency of the AUDIT-C in US veterans with military service since September 11, 2001. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 1;132(1-2):101-6. Resumen

72. LeFevre ML, US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for hepatitis B virus infection in nonpregnant adolescents and adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jul 1;161(1):58-66.Texto completo  Resumen

73. Vilstrup H, Amodio P, Bajaj J, et al. Hepatic encephalopathy in chronic liver disease: 2014 practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the European Association for the Study of the Liver. Hepatology. 2014 Aug;60(2):715-35.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Cohen JA, Kaplan MM. The SGOT/SGPT ratio - an indicator of alcoholic liver disease. Dig Dis Sci. 1979 Nov;24(11):835-8. Resumen

75. Mitchell MC, Friedman LS, McClain CJ. Medical management of severe alcoholic hepatitis: expert review from the Clinical Practice Updates Committee of the AGA Institute. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Jan;15(1):5-12.Texto completo  Resumen

76. Forrest EH, Evans CD, Stewart S, et al. Analysis of factors predictive of mortality in alcoholic hepatitis and derivation and validation of the Glasgow alcoholic hepatitis score. Gut. 2005 Aug;54(8):1174-9.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Moore KP, Aithal GP. Guidelines on the management of ascites in cirrhosis. Gut. 2006 Oct;55 Suppl 6:vi1-12.Texto completo  Resumen

78. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2010;53(3):397-417.Texto completo  Resumen

79. Kuiper JJ, van Buuren HR, de Man RA. Ascites in cirrhosis: a review of management and complications. Neth J Med. 2007;65(8):283-8.Texto completo  Resumen

80. Rimola A, Garcia-Tsao G, Navasa M, et al. Diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: a consensus document. International Ascites Club. J Hepatol. 2000;32(1):142-53. Resumen

81. Bernardi M, Carceni P, Navickis RJ, et al. Albumin infusion in patients undergoing large-volume paracentesis: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Hepatology. 2012 Apr;55(4):1172-81.Texto completo  Resumen

82. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Suspected cancer: recognition and referral. Dec 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

83. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: jaundice. 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

84. Kolodziejczyk E, Jurkiewicz E, Pertkiewicz J, et al. MRCP versus ERCP in the evaluation of chronic pancreatitis in children: which is the better choice? Pancreas. 2016 Sep;45(8):1115-9. Resumen

85. Scaffidi MG, Luigiano C, Consolo P, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography versus endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography in the diagnosis of common bile duct stones: a prospective comparative study. Minerva Med. 2009 Oct;100(5):341-8. Resumen

86. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Pancreatic cancer in adults: diagnosis and management. Feb 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

87. Manes G, Paspatis G, Aabakken L, et al. Endoscopic management of common bile duct stones: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guideline. Endoscopy. 2019 May;51(5):472-91.Texto completo  Resumen

88. Whitfield JB, Masson S, Liangpunsakul S, et al. Evaluation of laboratory tests for cirrhosis and for alcohol use, in the context of alcoholic cirrhosis. Alcohol. 2018 Feb;66:1-7.Texto completo  Resumen

89. McMahon BJ, Alward WL, Hall DB, et al. Acute hepatitis B virus infection: relation of age to the clinical expression of disease and subsequent development of the carrier state. J Infect Dis. 1985 Apr;151(4):599-603. Resumen

90. O'Grady JG, Alexander GJ, Hayllar KM, et al. Early indicators of prognosis in fulminant hepatic failure. Gastroenterology. 1989 Aug;97(2):439-45.Texto completo  Resumen

91. Roberts EA, Schilsky ML, American Association for Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD). Diagnosis and treatment of Wilson disease: an update. Hepatology. 2008 Jun;47(6):2089-111. Resumen

92. Giannini EG, Sammito G, Farinati F, et al; Italian Liver Cancer (ITA.LI.CA) Group. Determinants of alpha-fetoprotein levels in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: implications for its clinical use. Cancer. 2014 Jul 15;120(14):2150-7.Texto completo  Resumen

93. Longo M, Crosignani A, Battezzati PM, et al. Hyperlipidaemic state and cardiovascular risk in primary biliary cirrhosis. Gut. 2002 Aug;51(2):265-9.Texto completo  Resumen

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