Apendicitis aguda


Artículos principales

Di Saverio S, Podda M, De Simone B, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis: 2020 update of the WSES Jerusalem guidelines. World J Emerg Surg. 2020 Apr 15;15(1):27.Texto completo  Resumen

American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: right lower quadrant pain - suspected appendicitis. 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

Sartelli M, Chichom-Mefire A, Labricciosa FM, et al. The management of intra-abdominal infections from a global perspective: 2017 WSES guidelines for management of intra-abdominal infections. World J Emerg Surg. 2017 Jul 10;12:29.Texto completo  Resumen

Artículos de referencia

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2. Itskowitz MS, Jones SM. Appendicitis. Emerg Med. 2004;36:10-5.

3. Andersen B, Nielsen TF. Appendicitis in pregnancy: diagnosis, management and complications. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1999;78:758-762. Resumen

4. Di Saverio S, Podda M, De Simone B, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis: 2020 update of the WSES Jerusalem guidelines. World J Emerg Surg. 2020 Apr 15;15(1):27.Texto completo  Resumen

5. Davenport M. Acute abdominal pain in children. BMJ. 1996 Feb 24;312(7029):498-501.Texto completo  Resumen

6. Benabbas R, Hanna M, Shah J, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and point-of-care ultrasound for pediatric acute appendicitis in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2017 May;24(5):523-51.Texto completo  Resumen

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10. Korner H, Sondenaa K, Soreide JA, et al. Incidence of nonperforated and perforated appendicitis: age-specific and sex-specific analysis. World J Surg. 1997 Mar-Apr;21(3):313-7. Resumen

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13. Gorter RR, Eker HH, Gorter-Stam MA, et al. Diagnosis and management of acute appendicitis. EAES consensus development conference 2015. Surg Endosc. 2016 Nov;30(11):4668-4690.Texto completo  Resumen

14. Singh JP, Mariadason JG. Role of the faecolith in modern-day appendicitis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2013 Jan;95(1):48-51.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Ramdass MJ, Young Sing Q, Milne D, et al. Association between the appendix and the fecalith in adults. Can J Surg. 2015 Feb;58(1):10-4.Texto completo  Resumen

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27. Montgomery SM, Pounder RE, Wakefield AJ. Smoking in adults and passive smoking in children are associated with acute appendicitis. Lancet. 1999 Jan 30;353(9150):379. Resumen

28. Oldmeadow C, Wood I, Mengersen K, et al. Investigation of the relationship between smoking and appendicitis in Australian twins. Ann Epidemiol. 2008 Aug;18(8):631-6. Resumen

29. Bendeck SE, Nino-Murcia M, Berry GJ, et al. Imaging for suspected appendicitis: negative appendectomy and perforation rates. Radiology. 2002 Oct;225(1):131-6. Resumen

30. Alvarado A. A practical score for the early diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Ann Emerg Med. 1986 May;15(5):557-64. Resumen

31. Kularatna M, Lauti M, Haran C, et al. Clinical prediction rules for appendicitis in adults: which is best? World J Surg. 2017 Jul;41(7):1769-81. Resumen

32. Frountzas M, Stergios K, Kopsini D, et al. Alvarado or RIPASA score for diagnosis of acute appendicitis? A meta-analysis of randomized trials. Int J Surg. 2018 Aug;56:307-14. Resumen

33. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: right lower quadrant pain - suspected appendicitis. 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

34. Basaran A, Basaran M. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis during pregnancy: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2009 Jul;64(7):481-8; quiz 499. Resumen

35. Baird DLH, Simillis C, Kontovounisios C, et al. Acute appendicitis. BMJ. 2017 Apr 19;357:j1703.Texto completo  Resumen

36. Howell JM, Eddy OL, Lukens TW, et al; American College of Emergency Physicians. Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of emergency department patients with suspected appendicitis. Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Jan;55(1):71-116.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Lewis SR, Mahony PJ, Simpson J. Appendicitis. BMJ. 2011 Oct 6;343:d5976. Resumen

38. Petroianu A. Diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Int J Surg. 2012;10(3):115-9.Texto completo  Resumen

39. Brown JJ, Wilson C, Coleman S, Joypaul BV. Appendicitis in pregnancy: an ongoing diagnostic dilemma. Colorectal Dis. 2009 Feb;11(2):116-22. Resumen

40. Temple CL, Shirley AH, Temple WJ. The natural history of appendicitis in adults. A prospective study. Ann Surg. 1995 Mar;221(3):278-81.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Franz MG, Norman J, Fabri PJ. Increased morbidity of appendicitis with advancing age. Am Surg. 1995 Jan;61(1):40-4. Resumen

42. Berry J, Malt RA. Appendicitis near its centenary. Ann Surg. 1984 Nov;200(5):567-75.Texto completo  Resumen

43. Humes DJ, Simpson J. Acute appendicitis. BMJ. 2006 Sep 9;333(7567):530-4.Texto completo  Resumen

44. Andersson RE. Meta-analysis of the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Br J Surg. 2004 Jan;91(1):28-37. Resumen

45. Green R, Bulloch B, Kabani A, et al. Early analgesia for children with acute abdominal pain. Pediatrics. 2005 Oct;116(4):978-83. Resumen

46. Manterola C, Vial M, Moraga J, et al. Analgesia in patients with acute abdominal pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Jan 19;(1):CD005660.Texto completo  Resumen

47. Carstens AK, Fensby L, Penninga L. Nonoperative treatment of appendicitis during pregnancy in a remote area. AJP Rep. 2018 Jan;8(1):e37-e38.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Bachur RG, Callahan MJ, Monuteaux MC, et al. Integration of ultrasound findings and a clinical score in the diagnostic evaluation of pediatric appendicitis. J Pediatr. 2015 May;166(5):1134-9. Resumen

49. Fox JC, Solley M, Zlidenny A, et al. Bedside ultrasound for appendicitis. Acad Emerg Med. 2005;12:76.

50. Terasawa T, Blackmore CC, Bent S, et al. Systematic review: computed tomography and ultrasonography to detect acute appendicitis in adults and adolescents. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Oct 5;141(7):537-46. Resumen

51. Dahabreh IJ, Adam GP, Halladay CW, et al. Diagnosis of right lower quadrant pain and suspected acute appendicitis. In: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). AHRQ Comparative effectiveness reviews report no. 15(16)-EHC025-EF. 2015. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).Texto completo  Resumen

52. Puylaert JB. Imaging and intervention in patients with acute right lower quadrant disease. Baillieres Clin Gastroenterol. 1995 Mar;9(1):37-51. Resumen

53. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria: acute nonlocalized abdominal pain. 2018 [internet publication].Texto completo

54. Musunuru S, Chen H, Rikkers LF, et al. Computed tomography in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis: definitive or detrimental? J Gastrointest Surg. 2007 Nov;11(11):1417-21; discussion 1421-2. Resumen

55. Chiu YH, Chen JD, Wang SH, et al. Whether intravenous contrast is necessary for CT diagnosis of acute appendicitis in adult ED patients? Acad Radiol. 2013 Jan;20(1):73-8.Texto completo  Resumen

56. Hlibczuk V, Dattaro JA, Jin Z, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of noncontrast computed tomography for appendicitis in adults: a systematic review. Ann Emerg Med. 2010 Jan;55(1):51-9.e1. Resumen

57. Snyder MJ, Guthrie M, Cagle S. Acute appendicitis: Efficient diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2018 Jul 1;98(1):25-33.Texto completo  Resumen

58. Eng KA, Abadeh A, Ligocki C, et al. Acute appendicitis: a meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of US, CT, and MRI as second-line imaging tests after an initial US. Radiology. 2018 Sep;288(3):717-27.Texto completo  Resumen

59. Zhang H, Liao M, Chen J, et al. Ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging - which is preferred for acute appendicitis in children? A Meta-analysis. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Feb;47(2):186-96. Resumen

60. Choi D, Park H, Lee YR, et al. The most useful finding for the diagnosing acute appendicitis on contrast-enhanced helical CT. Acta Radiol. 2003 Nov;44(6):574-82. Resumen

61. Sabiston D. The biliary system. In: Sabiston D, Lyerly HK, eds. Textbook of surgery: the biological basis of modern surgical practice. 15th ed. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company; 1997:1127.

62. Vincelette J, Schirm J, Bogard M, et al. Multicenter evaluation of the fully automated COBAS AMPLICATOR PCR test for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in urogenital specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jan;37(1):74-80.Texto completo  Resumen

63. Sammalkorpi HE, Mentula P, Savolainen H, et al. The introduction of adult appendicitis score reduced negative appendectomy rate. Scand J Surg. 2017 Sep;106(3):196-201.Texto completo  Resumen

64. Sammalkorpi HE, Mentula P, Leppäniemi A. A new adult appendicitis score improves diagnostic accuracy of acute appendicitis--a prospective study. BMC Gastroenterol. 2014 Jun 26;14:114.Texto completo  Resumen

65. Andersson M, Andersson RE. The appendicitis inflammatory response score: a tool for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis that outperforms the Alvarado score. World J Surg. 2008 Aug;32(8):1843-9. Resumen

66. Chong CF, Adi MI, Thien A, et al. Development of the RIPASA score: a new appendicitis scoring system for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Singapore Med J. 2010 Mar;51(3):220-5.Texto completo  Resumen

67. Knaus WA, Draper EA, Wagner DP, et al. APACHE II: a severity of disease classification system. Crit Care Med. 1985 Oct;13(10):818-29. Resumen

68. Shapiro NI, Wolfe RE, Moore RB, et al. Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) score: a prospectively derived and validated clinical prediction rule. Crit Care Med. 2003 Mar;31(3):670-5. Resumen

69. Knaus WA, Wagner DP, Draper EA, et al. The APACHE III prognostic system. Risk prediction of hospital mortality for critically ill hospitalized adults. Chest. 1991 Dec;100(6):1619-36. Resumen

70. Rivers EP, Nguyen HB, Amponsah D. Sepsis: a landscape from the emergency department to the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2003 Mar;31(3):968-9. Resumen

71. Georgiou R, Eaton S, Stanton MP, et al. Efficacy and safety of nonoperative treatment for acute appendicitis: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2017 Mar;139(3). Resumen

72. Gorter RR, The SML, Gorter-Stam MAW, et al. Systematic review of nonoperative versus operative treatment of uncomplicated appendicitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 Aug;52(8):1219-27. Resumen

73. Podda M, Cillara N, Di Saverio S, et al. Antibiotics-first strategy for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in adults is associated with increased rates of peritonitis at surgery. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing appendectomy and non-operative management with antibiotics. Surgeon. 2017 Oct;15(5):303-14. Resumen

74. Kessler U, Mosbahi S, Walker B, et al. Conservative treatment versus surgery for uncomplicated appendicitis in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child. 2017 Dec;102(12):1118-24. Resumen

75. Harnoss JC, Zelienka I, Probst P, et al. Antibiotics versus surgical therapy for uncomplicated appendicitis: systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials (PROSPERO 2015: CRD42015016882). Ann Surg. 2017 May;265(5):889-900. Resumen

76. Salminen P, Tuominen R, Paajanen H, et al. Five-year follow-up of antibiotic therapy for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in the APPAC randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2018 Sep 25;320(12):1259-65.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Rollins KE, Varadhan KK, Neal KR, et al. Antibiotics versus appendicectomy for the treatment of uncomplicated acute appendicitis: an updated meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. World J Surg. 2016 Oct;40(10):2305-18. Resumen

78. Sakran JV, Mylonas KS, Gryparis A, et al. Operation versus antibiotics--The "appendicitis conundrum" continues: A meta-analysis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jun;82(6):1129-37. Resumen

79. CODA Collaborative., Flum DR, Davidson GH, et al. A randomized trial comparing antibiotics with appendectomy for appendicitis. N Engl J Med. 2020 Nov 12;383(20):1907-1919.Texto completo  Resumen

80. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital. May 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

81. Lobo DN, Awad S. Should chloride-rich crystalloids remain the mainstay of fluid resuscitation to prevent 'pre-renal' acute kidney injury? Kidney Int. 2014 Dec;86(6):1096-105.Texto completo  Resumen

82. Mason RJ. Surgery for appendicitis: is it necessary? Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2008 Aug;9(4):481-8. Resumen

83. Deakin DE, Ahmed I. Interval appendicectomy after resolution of adult inflammatory appendix mass - is it necessary? Surgeon. 2007 Feb;5(1):45-50. Resumen

84. Andersson RE, Petzold MG. Nonsurgical treatment of appendiceal abscess or phlegmon: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Surg. 2007 Nov;246(5):741-8. Resumen

85. Rushing A, Bugaev N, Jones C, et al. Management of acute appendicitis in adults: a practice management guideline from the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019 Jul;87(1):214-24. Resumen

86. Fugazzola P, Coccolini F, Tomasoni M, et al. Early appendectomy vs. conservative management in complicated acute appendicitis in children: a meta-analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Nov;54(11):2234-41. Resumen

87. Vaos G, Dimopoulou A, Gkioka E, et al. Immediate surgery or conservative treatment for complicated acute appendicitis in children? A meta-analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2019 Jul;54(7):1365-11. Resumen

88. Jaschinski T, Mosch CG, Eikermann M, et al. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for suspected appendicitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 28;(11):CD001546.Texto completo  Resumen

89. Wei HB, Huang JL, Zheng ZH, et al. Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy: a prospective randomized comparison. Surg Endosc. 2010 Feb;24(2):266-9. Resumen

90. Yau KK, Siu WT, Tang CN, et al. Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy for complicated appendicitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2007 Jul;205(1):60-5. Resumen

91. Woodham BL, Cox MR, Eslick GD. Evidence to support the use of laparoscopic over open appendicectomy for obese individuals: a meta-analysis. Surg Endosc. 2012 Sep;26(9):2566-70. Resumen

92. Katkhouda N, Mason RJ, Towfigh S, et al. Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy: a prospective randomized double-blind study. Ann Surg. 2005 Sep;242(3):439-48; discussion 448-50.Texto completo  Resumen

93. Billingham MJ, Basterfield SJ. Pediatric surgical technique: laparoscopic or open approach? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2010 Mar;20(2):73-7. Resumen

94. Zhang S, Du T, Jiang X, et al. Laparoscopic appendectomy in children with perforated appendicitis: a meta-analysis. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2017 Aug;27(4):262-66. Resumen

95. Yu MC, Feng YJ, Wang W, et al. Is laparoscopic appendectomy feasible for complicated appendicitis ?A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Surg. 2017 Apr;40:187-197.Texto completo  Resumen

96. Webster J, Osborne S, Rickard CM, et al. Clinically-indicated replacement versus routine replacement of peripheral venous catheters. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Jan 23;(1):CD007798.Texto completo  Resumen

97. Lee SH, Lee JY, Choi YY, et al. Laparoscopic appendectomy versus open appendectomy for suspected appendicitis during pregnancy: a systematic review and updated meta-analysis. BMC Surg. 2019 Apr 25;19(1):41.Texto completo  Resumen

98. Sartelli M, Chichom-Mefire A, Labricciosa FM, et al. The management of intra-abdominal infections from a global perspective: 2017 WSES guidelines for management of intra-abdominal infections. World J Emerg Surg. 2017 Jul 10;12:29.Texto completo  Resumen

99. Trejo-Ávila ME, Romero-Loera S, Cárdenas-Lailson E, et al. Enhanced recovery after surgery protocol allows ambulatory laparoscopic appendectomy in uncomplicated acute appendicitis: a prospective, randomized trial. Surg Endosc. 2019 Feb;33(2):429-36. Resumen

100. Lintula H, Kokki H, Vanamo K, et al. Laparoscopy in children with complicated appendicitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Sep;37(9):1317-20. Resumen

101. Di Saverio S, Birindelli A, Kelly MD, et al. WSES Jerusalem guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis. World J Emerg Surg. 2016 Jul 18;11:34.Texto completo  Resumen

102. Garba ES, Ahmed A. Management of appendiceal mass. Ann Afr Med. 2008;7:200-204.Texto completo  Resumen

103. Solomkin J, Evans D, Slepavicius A, et al. Assessing the efficacy and safety of eravacycline vs ertapenem in complicated intra-abdominal infections in the investigating gram-negative infections treated with eravacycline (IGNITE 1) trial: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Surg. 2017 Mar 1;152(3):224-32.Texto completo  Resumen

104. Zhanel GG, Lawrence CK, Adam H, et al. Imipenem-relebactam and meropenem-vaborbactam: two novel carbapenem-β-lactamase inhibitor combinations. Drugs. 2018 Jan;78(1):65-98. Resumen

105. Liberman MA, Greason KL, Frame S, et al. Single-dose cefotetan or cefoxitin versus multiple-dose cefoxitin as prophylaxis in patients undergoing appendectomy for acute nonperforated appendicitis. J Am Coll Surg. 1995 Jan;180(1):77-80. Resumen

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