Emergencias hipertensivas

Referencias

Artículos principales

Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 15;71(19):e127-248.Texto completo  Resumen

Vaughan CJ, Delanty N. Hypertensive emergencies. Lancet. 2000 Jul 29;356(9227):411-7. Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 15;71(19):e127-248.Texto completo  Resumen

2. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Hypertension in adults: diagnosis and management. March 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

3. Mills KT, Bundy JD, Kelly TN, et al. Global disparities of hypertension prevalence and control: a systematic analysis of population-based studies from 90 countries. Circulation. 2016 Aug 9;134(6):441-50.Texto completo  Resumen

4. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, et al. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005 Jan 15-21;365(9455):217-23. Resumen

5. Bloch MJ. Worldwide prevalence of hypertension exceeds 1.3 billion. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2016 Oct;10(10):753-4.Texto completo  Resumen

6. Martin JF, Higashiama E, Garcia E, et al. Hypertensive crisis profile. Prevalence and clinical presentation. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2004 Aug;83(2):131-6.Texto completo  Resumen

7. Deshmukh A, Kumar G, Kumar N, et al. Effect of Joint National Committee VII report on hospitalizations for hypertensive emergencies in the United States. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Sep 3;108(9):1277-82.Texto completo  Resumen

8. Alshami A, Romero C, Avila A, et al. Management of hypertensive crises in the elderly. J Geriatr Cardiol. 2018 Jul;15(7):504-12.Texto completo  Resumen

9. Waldron FA, Benenson I, Jones-Dillon SA, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for hypertensive crisis in a predominantly African American inner-city community. Blood Press. 2019 Jan 22;28(2):114-23. Resumen

10. Hyman DJ, Pavlik VN. Characteristics of patients with uncontrolled hypertension in the United States [published correction appears in N Engl J Med. 2002 Feb 14;346(7):544]. N Engl J Med. 2001 Aug 16;345(7):479-86.Texto completo  Resumen

11. Tisdale JE, Huang MB, Borzak S, et al. Risk factors for hypertensive crisis: importance of out-patient blood pressure control. Fam Pract. 2004 Aug;21(4):420-4.Texto completo  Resumen

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14. Lip GY, Beevers M, Beevers G. The failure of malignant hypertension to decline: a survey of 24 years' experience in a multiracial population in England. J Hypertens. 1994 Nov;12(11):1297-305. Resumen

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16. Davis TK, Halabi CM, Siefken P, et al. Aggressive blood pressure control for chronic kidney disease unmasks moyamoya! Clin Kidney J. 2013 Oct;6(5):495-9.Texto completo  Resumen

17. Judd E, Calhoun DA. Management of hypertension in CKD: beyond the guidelines. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2015 Mar;22(2):116-22.Texto completo  Resumen

18. Macedo TA, Drager LF, Pedrosa RP, et al. Intermittent claudication and severe renal artery stenosis are independently associated in hypertensive patients referred for renal arteriography. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2017 Jul;72(7):411-4.Texto completo  Resumen

19. Kasiske BL, Anjum S, Shah R, et al. Hypertension after kidney transplantation. Am J Kidney Dis. 2004 Jun;43(6):1071-81. Resumen

20. Chen W, Kayler LK, Zand MS, et al. Transplant renal artery stenosis: clinical manifestations, diagnosis and therapy. Clin Kidney J. 2015 Feb;8(1):71-8.Texto completo  Resumen

21. Suneja M, Sanders ML. Hypertensive emergency. Med Clin North Am. 2017 May;101(3):465-78. Resumen

22. Phillips CL, O'Driscoll DM. Hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. Nat Sci Sleep. 2013 May 10;5:43-52.Texto completo  Resumen

23. Silaruks S, Sawanyawisuth K. A case of obstructive sleep apnoea presented with hypertensive emergency. Heart Lung Circ. 2015;24(suppl 3):S121.

24. Whitworth JA, Mangos GJ, Kelley JJ. Hypertension in Cushing’s syndrome. In: Mansoor GA, ed. Secondary hypertension, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2004.

25. Pappachan JM, Buch HN. Endocrine hypertension: a practical approach. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;956:215-37. Resumen

26. Lenders JW, Duh QY, Eisenhofer G, et al. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jun;99(6):1915-42. Resumen

27. Garg MK, Kharb S, Brar KS, et al. Medical management of pheochromocytoma: role of the endocrinologist. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Oct;15(suppl 4):S329-36.Texto completo  Resumen

28. Kaplan NM. Kaplan's clinical hypertension, 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.

29. Zampaglione B, Pascale C, Marchisio M, et al. Hypertensive urgencies and emergencies: prevalence and clinical presentation. Hypertension. 1996 Jan;27(1):144-7.Texto completo  Resumen

30. Vaughan CJ, Delanty N. Hypertensive emergencies. Lancet. 2000 Jul 29;356(9227):411-7. Resumen

31. Marik PE, Varon J. Hypertensive crises: challenges and management [published correction appears in Chest. 2007 Nov;132(5):1721]. Chest. 2007 Jun;131(6):1949-62.Texto completo  Resumen

32. Ault MJ, Ellrodt AG. Pathophysiological events leading to the end-organ effects of acute hypertension. Am J Emerg Med. 1985 Dec;3(6 suppl):10-5. Resumen

33. Luft FC, Mervaala E, Müller DN, et al. Hypertension-induced end-organ damage: a new transgenic approach to an old problem. Hypertension. 1999 Jan;33(1 Pt 2):212-8.Texto completo  Resumen

34. Taylor DA. Hypertensive crisis: a review of pathophysiology and treatment. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2015 Dec;27(4):439-47. Resumen

35. Blumenfeld JD, Laragh JH. Management of hypertensive crises: the scientific basis for treatment decisions. Am J Hypertens. 2001 Nov;14(11 Pt 1):1154-67. Resumen

36. Kettritz R, Luft FC. Severe hypertension with large-vessel arteritis. Hypertension. 2012 Feb;59(2):179-83.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Denton CP, Lapadula G, Mouthon L, et al. Renal complications and scleroderma renal crisis. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2009 Jun;48 (suppl 3):iii32-5. Resumen

38. Ong KL, Cheung BM, Man YB, et al. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among United States adults 1999-2004. Hypertension. 2006 Dec 11;49(1):69-75.Texto completo  Resumen

39. Fryar CD, Ostchega Y, Hales CM, et al. Hypertension prevalence and control among adults: United States, 2015-2016. NCHS Data Brief. 2017 Oct;(289):1-8.Texto completo  Resumen

40. Williams B, Mancia G, Spiering W, et al. 2018 ESC/ESH guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J. 2018 Sep 1;39(33):3021-104.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Bossone E, Rampoldi V, Nienaber CA, et al. Usefulness of pulse deficit to predict in-hospital complications and mortality in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Apr 1;89(7):851-5. Resumen

42. Ranasinghe AM, Strong D, Boland B, et al. Acute aortic dissection. BMJ. 2011 Jul 29;343:d4487. Resumen

43. Fuchs FD. Study of the usefulness of optic fundi examination on patients with hypertension in a clinical setting. J Hum Hypertens. 1995 Jul;9(7):547-51. Resumen

44. Van den Born BJH, Honnebier UPF, Koopmans RP, et al. Microangiopathic hemolysis and renal failure in malignant hypertension. Hypertension. 2005 Feb;45(2):246-51.Texto completo  Resumen

45. Hagan PG, Nienaber CA, Isselbacher EM, et al. The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD): new insights into an old disease. JAMA. 2000 Feb 16;283(7):897-903.Texto completo  Resumen

46. Nienaber CA, von Kodolitsch Y, Nicolas V, et al. The diagnosis of thoracic aortic dissection by noninvasive imaging procedures. N Engl J Med. 1993 Jan 7;328(1):1-9.Texto completo  Resumen

47. Shiga T, Wajima Z, Apfel CC, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of transesophageal echocardiography, helical computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging for suspected thoracic aortic dissection: systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jul 10;166(13):1350-6.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Moore AG, Eagle KA, Bruckman D, et al. Choice of computed tomography, transesophageal echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and aortography in acute aortic dissection: International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD). Am J Cardiol. 2002 May 15;89(10):1235-8. Resumen

49. Powers WJ, Rabinstein AA, Ackerson T, et al. Guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke: 2019 update to the 2018 guidelines for the early management of acute ischemic stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2019 Dec;50(12):e344-418.Texto completo  Resumen

50. Martin JF, Higashiama E, Garcia E, et al. Hypertensive crisis profile. Prevalence and clinical presentation. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2004;83:131-136.Texto completo  Resumen

51. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension. 2003 Dec;42(6):1206-52.Texto completo  Resumen

52. Elliott WJ. Clinical features and management of selected hypertensive emergencies. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2004 Oct;6(10):587-92.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Hemphill JC 3rd, Greenberg SM, Anderson CS, et al. Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2015 May 28;46(7):2032-60.Texto completo  Resumen

54. Anderson CS, Heeley E, Huang Y, et al. Rapid blood-pressure lowering in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. N Engl J Med. 2013 May 29;368(25):2355-65.Texto completo  Resumen

55. Qureshi AI, Palesch YY, Barsan WG, et al. Intensive blood-pressure lowering in patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage. N Engl J Med. 2016 Jun 8;375(11):1033-43.Texto completo  Resumen

56. van den Born BH, Lip GYH, Brguljan-Hitij J, et al. ESC council on hypertension position document on the management of hypertensive emergencies. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother. 2019 Jan 1;5(1):37-46. Resumen

57. Peacock WF, Varon J, Baumann BM, et al. CLUE: a randomized comparative effectiveness trial of IV nicardipine versus labetalol use in the emergency department. Crit Care. 2011;15(3):R157.Texto completo  Resumen

58. Kondo T, Brock M, Bach H. Effect of intra-arterial sodium nitroprusside on intracranial pressure and cerebral autoregulation. Jpn Heart J. 1984 Mar;25(2):231-7. Resumen

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61. Tumlin JA, Dunbar LM, Oparil S, et al. Fenoldopam, a dopamine agonist, for hypertensive emergency: a multicenter randomized trial. Acad Emerg Med. 2000 Jun;7(6):653-62. Resumen

62. Devlin JW, Seta ML, Kanji S, Somerville AL. Fenoldopam versus nitroprusside for the treatment of hypertensive emergency. Ann Pharmacother. 2004 May;38(5):755-9. Resumen

63. Bath PM, Krishnan K. Interventions for deliberately altering blood pressure in acute stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Oct 28;(10):CD000039.Texto completo  Resumen

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65. Allison TA, Bowman S, Gulbis BJ, et al. Comparison of clevidipine and nicardipine for acute blood pressure reduction in patients with stroke. Intensive Care Med. 2019 Nov-Dec;34(11-12):990-5. Resumen

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69. Magee LA, Cham C, Waterman EJ, et al. Hydralazine for treatment of severe hypertension in pregnancy: meta-analysis. BMJ. 2003 Oct 25;327(7421):955-60.Texto completo  Resumen

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72. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Hypertension in pregnancy: diagnosis and management. June 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

73. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG committee opinion no. 767: emergent therapy for acute-onset, severe hypertension during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Feb;133(2):e174-80.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Magee LA, von Dadelszen P, Rey E, et al. Less-tight versus tight control of hypertension in pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jan 29;372(5):407-17.Texto completo  Resumen

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