Cáncer estomacal

Referencias

Artículos principales

Amin MB, Greene FL, Edge SB, et al. AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) cancer staging manual. 8th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2017:xvii;1024.

Songun I, Putter H, Kranenbarg EM, et al. Surgical treatment of gastric cancer: 15-year follow-up results of the randomised nationwide Dutch D1D2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2010 May;11(5):439-49. Resumen

Smalley SR, Benedetti JK, Haller DG,et al. Updated analysis of SWOG-directed intergroup study 0116: a phase III trial of adjuvant radiochemotherapy versus observation after curative gastric cancer resection. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Jul 1;30(19):2327-33. Resumen

Cunningham D, Allum WH, Stenning SP, et al. Perioperative chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastroesophageal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jul 6;355(1):11-20.Texto completo  Resumen

Bang YJ, Kim YW, Yang HK, et al. Adjuvant capecitabine and oxaliplatin for gastric cancer after D2 gastrectomy (CLASSIC): a phase 3 open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2012 Jan 28;379(9813):315-21. Resumen

Bang YJ, Van CE, Feyereislova A, et al. Trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone for treatment of HER2-positive advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer (ToGA): a phase 3, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2010 Aug 28;376(9742):687-97. Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. Laurén P. The two histological main types of gastric carcinoma: diffuse and so-called intestinal-type carcinoma. An attempt at a histo-clinical classification. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand. 1965;64:31-49. Resumen

2. Kajitani T. The general rules for the gastric cancer study in surgery and pathology. Part 1. Clinical classification. Jpn J Surg. 1981 Mar;11(2):127-39. Resumen

3. Wanebo HJ, Kennedy BJ, Chmiel J, et al. Cancer of the stomach. A patient care study by the American College of Surgeons. Ann Surg. 1993 Nov;218(5):583-92. Resumen

4. World Health Organization. Global Cancer Observatory: cancer fact sheets, stomach cancer. Dec 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

5. Torre LA, Bray F, Siegel RL, et al. Global cancer statistics, 2012. CA Cancer J Clin. 2015 Mar;65(2):87-108.Texto completo  Resumen

6. American Cancer Society. Cancer facts & figures 2020. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

7. Turati F, Tramacere I, La Vecchia C, et al. A meta-analysis of body mass index and esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2013 Mar;24(3):609-17.Texto completo  Resumen

8. American Cancer Society. Cancer facts & figures 2020: incidence and mortality rates for selected cancers by race and ethnicity, US, 2012-2017. 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

9. Shibata A, Parsonnet J, Longacre TA, et al. CagA status of Helicobacter pylori infection and p53 mutations in gastric adenocarcinoma. Carcinogenesis. 2002 Mar;23(3):419-24. Resumen

10. Eslick GD, Lim LL, Byles JE, et al. Association of Helicobacter pylori infection with gastric carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999 Sep;94(9):2373-9. Resumen

11. Lochhead P, El-Omar EM. Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2007;21(2):281-97. Resumen

12. Nam SY, Park BJ, Nam JH, et al. Effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication and high-density lipoprotein on the risk of de novo gastric cancer development. Gastrointest Endosc. 2019 Sep;90(3):448-56.e1. Resumen

13. Zheng L, Wang L, Ajani J, et al. Molecular basis of gastric cancer development and progression. Gastric Cancer. 2004;7(2):61-77. Resumen

14. Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network. Comprehensive molecular characterization of gastric adenocarcinoma. Nature. 2014 Sep 11;513(7517):202-9.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Hsing AW, Hansson LE, McLaughlin JK, et al. Pernicious anemia and subsequent cancer: a population-based cohort study. Cancer. 1993 Feb 1;71(3):745-50. Resumen

16. You WC, Zhang L, Yang CS, et al. Nitrite, N-nitroso compounds, and other analytes in physiological fluids in relation to precancerous gastric lesions. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1996 Jan;5(1):47-52. Resumen

17. Tatematsu M, Takahashi M, Fukushima S, et al. Effects in rats of sodium chloride on experimental gastric cancers induced by N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1975 Jul;55(1):101-6. Resumen

18. Tredaniel J, Boffetta A, Buiatti E, et al. Tobacco smoking and gastric cancer: review and meta-analysis. Int J Cancer. 1997 Aug 7;72(4):565-73. Resumen

19. Fitzgerald RC, Caldos C. Clinical implications of E-cadherin associated hereditary diffuse gastric cancer. Gut. 2004 Jun;53(6):775-8. Resumen

20. Brusselaers N, Lagergren J. Maintenance use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of gastrointestinal cancer in a nationwide population-based cohort study in Sweden. BMJ Open. 2018 Jul 7;8(7):e021869.Texto completo  Resumen

21. Dassen AE, Lips DJ, Hoekstra CJ, et al. FDG-PET has no definite role in preoperative imaging in gastric cancer. Eur J Surg Oncol. 2009 May;35(5):449-55. Resumen

22. Crew KD, Neugut AI. Epidemiology of gastric cancer. World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jan 21;12(3):354-62. Resumen

23. Parkin DM, Bray F, Ferlay J, et al. Global cancer statistics, 2002. CA Cancer J Clin. 2005 Mar-Apr;55(2):74-108.Texto completo  Resumen

24. Willis S, Truong S, Gribnitz S, et al. Endoscopic ultrasonography in the preoperative staging of gastric cancer: accuracy and impact on surgical therapy. Surg Endosc. 2000 Oct;14(10):951-4. Resumen

25. D'Elia F, Zingarelli A, Palli D, et al. Hydro-dynamic CT preoperative staging of gastric cancer: correlation with pathological findings. A prospective study of 107 cases. Eur Radiol. 2000;10(12):1877-85. Resumen

26. Sohn KM, Lee JM, Lee SY, et al. Comparing MR imaging and CT in the staging of gastric carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Jun;174(6):1551-7. Resumen

27. Yun M, Lim JS, Noh SH, et al. Lymph node staging of gastric cancer using (18)F-FDG PET: a comparison study with CT. J Nucl Med. 2005 Oct;46(10):1582-8.Texto completo  Resumen

28. Yoshioka T, Yamaguchi K, Kubota K, et al. Evaluation of (18)F-FDG PET in patients with advanced, metastatic, or recurrent gastric cancer. J Nucl Med. 2003 May;44(5):690-9.Texto completo  Resumen

29. Shimada H, Okazumi S, Koyama M, et al. Japanese Gastric Cancer Association Task Force for Research Promotion: clinical utility of 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography in gastric cancer. A systematic review of the literature. Gastric Cancer. 2011 Mar;14(1):13-21.Texto completo  Resumen

30. Talley NJ. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: evaluation of dyspepsia. Gastroenterology. 2005 Nov;129(5):1753-5.Texto completo  Resumen

31. Tracey JP, Traube M. Difficulties in the diagnosis of pseudoachalasia. Am J Gastroenterol. 1994 Nov;89(11):2014-8. Resumen

32. Amin MB, Greene FL, Edge SB, et al. AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) cancer staging manual. 8th ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2017:xvii;1024.

33. Ohtani H, Tamamori Y, Noguchi K, et al. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared laparoscopy-assisted and open distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Jun;14(6):958-64. Resumen

34. Kim W, Kim HH, Han SU, et al; Korean Laparo-endoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (KLASS) Group. Decreased morbidity of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy compared with open distal gastrectomy for stage I gastric cancer: short-term outcomes from a multicenter randomized controlled trial (KLASS-01). Ann Surg. 2016 Jan;263(1):28-35. Resumen

35. Kim HH, Han SU, Kim MC, et al. Effect of Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy vs Open Distal Gastrectomy on Long-term Survival Among Patients With Stage I Gastric Cancer: The KLASS-01 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Oncol. 2019 Apr 1;5(4):506-513.Texto completo  Resumen

36. Best LM, Mughal M, Gurusamy KS. Laparoscopic versus open gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Mar 31;(3):CD011389.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Bozzetti F, Marubini E, Bonfanti G, et al. Subtotal versus total gastrectomy for gastric cancer: five-year survival rates in a multicenter randomized Italian trial. Italian Gastrointestinal Tumor Study Group. Ann Surg. 1999 Aug;230(2):170-8. Resumen

38. Gouzi JL, Huguier M, Fagniez PL, et al. Total versus subtotal gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of the gastric antrum. A French prospective controlled study. Ann Surg. 1989 Feb;209(2):162-6. Resumen

39. Cushieri A, Fayers P, Fielding J, et al. Postoperative morbidity and mortality after D1 and D2 resections for gastric cancer: preliminary results of the MRC randomised controlled surgical trial. The Surgical Cooperative Group. Lancet. 1996 Apr 13;347(9007):995-9. Resumen

40. Songun I, Putter H, Kranenbarg EM, et al. Surgical treatment of gastric cancer: 15-year follow-up results of the randomised nationwide Dutch D1D2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2010 May;11(5):439-49. Resumen

41. Sasako M, Sano T, Yamamoto S, et al; Japan Clinical Oncology Group. D2 lymphadenectomy alone or with para-aortic nodal dissection for gastric cancer. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jul 31;359(5):453-62.Texto completo  Resumen

42. Bennett C, Wang Y, Pan T. Endoscopic mucosal resection for early gastric cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Oct 7;(4):CD004276. Resumen

43. Takekoshi T, Baba Y, Ota H, et al. Endoscopic resection of early gastric carcinoma; results of a retrospective analysis of 308 cases. Endoscopy. 1994 May;26(4):352-8. Resumen

44. Soetikno R, Kaltenbach T, Yeh R, et al. Endoscopic mucosal resection for early cancers of the upper gastrointestinal tract. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Jul 10;23(20):4490-8. Resumen

45. Macdonald JS, Smalley SR, Benedetti J, et al. Chemoradiotherapy after surgery compared with surgery alone for adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction. N Engl J Med. 2001 Sep 6;345(10):725-30.Texto completo  Resumen

46. Smalley SR, Benedetti JK, Haller DG,et al. Updated analysis of SWOG-directed intergroup study 0116: a phase III trial of adjuvant radiochemotherapy versus observation after curative gastric cancer resection. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Jul 1;30(19):2327-33. Resumen

47. Stahl M, Walz MK, Stuschke M, et al. Phase III comparison of preoperative chemotherapy compared with chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Feb 20;27(6):851-6.Texto completo  Resumen

48. Moertel CG, Childs DS, Reitemeier RJ, et al. Combined 5-fluorouracil and supervoltage radiation therapy for locally advanced and metastatic gastric carcinoma. Lancet. 1969 Oct 25;2(7626):865-7. Resumen

49. Le Chevalier T, Smith FP, Harter WK, et al. Chemotherapy and combined modality therapy for locally advanced and metastatic gastric carcinoma. Semin Oncol. 1985 Mar;12(1):46-53. Resumen

50. Cunningham D, Allum WH, Stenning SP, et al. Perioperative chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastroesophageal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jul 6;355(1):11-20.Texto completo  Resumen

51. Sun P, Xiang JB, Chen ZY. Meta-analysis of adjuvant chemotherapy after radical surgery for advanced gastric cancer. Br J Surg. 2009 Jan;96(1):26-33. Resumen

52. ClinicalTrials.gov. 5-FU, leucovorin, oxaliplatin and docetaxel (FLOT) versus epirubicin, cisplatin and 5-FU (ECF) in patients with locally advanced, resectable gastric cancer. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01216644. Mar 2019 [internet publication].Texto completo

53. Sasako M, Sakuramoto S, Katai H, et al. Five-year outcomes of a randomized phase III trial comparing adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 versus surgery alone in stage II or III gastric cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Nov 20;29(33):4387-93. Resumen

54. Bang YJ, Kim YW, Yang HK, et al. Adjuvant capecitabine and oxaliplatin for gastric cancer after D2 gastrectomy (CLASSIC): a phase 3 open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2012 Jan 28;379(9813):315-21. Resumen

55. Park SH, Sohn TS, Lee J, et al. Phase III trial to compare adjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine and cisplatin versus concurrent chemoradiotherapy in gastric cancer: final report of the adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in stomach tumors trial, including survival and subset analyses. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Oct 1;33(28):3130-6. Resumen

56. Glimelius B, Ekström K, Hoffman K, et al. Randomized comparison between chemotherapy plus best supportive care with best supportive care in advanced gastric cancer. Ann Oncol. 1997 Feb;8(2):163-8. Resumen

57. Wagner AD, Syn NL, Moehler M, et al. Chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Aug 29;(8):CD004064.Texto completo  Resumen

58. Pyrhönen S, Kuitunen T. Nyandoto P, et al. Randomised comparison of fluorouracil, epidoxorubicin and methotrexate (FEMTX) plus supportive care with supportive care alone in patients with non-resectable gastric cancer. Br J Cancer. 1995 Mar;71(3):587-91. Resumen

59. Van Cutsem E, Moiseyenko VM, Tjulandin S, et al. Phase III study of docetaxel and cisplatin plus fluorouracil compared with cisplatin and fluorouracil as first-line therapy for advanced gastric cancer: a report of the V325 Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Nov 1;24(31):4991-7. Resumen

60. Waters JS, Norman A, Cunningham D, et al. Long-term survival after epirubicin, cisplatin and fluorouracil for gastric cancer: results of a randomized trial. Br J Cancer. 1999 Apr;80(1-2):269-72. Resumen

61. Ajani JA, Moiseyenko VM, Tjulandin S, et al. Clinical benefit with docetaxel plus fluorouracil and cisplatin compared with cisplatin and fluorouracil in a phase III trial of advanced gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma: the V-325 Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 2007 Aug 1;25(22):3205-9.Texto completo  Resumen

62. Cunningham D, Rao S, Starling T, et al. Randomised multicentre phase III study comparing capecitabine with fluorouracil and oxaliplatin with cisplatin in patients with advanced oesophagogastric (OG) cancer: The REAL 2 trial. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jun 20;24(18 Suppl):LBA4017.Texto completo

63. Al-Batran S, Hartmann JT, Probst S, et al. A randomized phase III trial in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the stomach receiving first-line chemotherapy with fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin (FLO) versus fluorouracil, leucovorin and cisplatin (FLP). J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jun 20;24(18 Suppl):LBA4016.Texto completo

64. Montagnani F, Turrisi G, Marinozzi C, et al. Effectiveness and safety of oxaliplatin compared to cisplatin for advanced, unresectable gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastric Cancer. 2011 Mar;14(1):50-5. Resumen

65. Bang YJ, Van CE, Feyereislova A, et al. Trastuzumab in combination with chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone for treatment of HER2-positive advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer (ToGA): a phase 3, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2010 Aug 28;376(9742):687-97. Resumen

66. Thuss-Patience PC, Kretzschmar A, Bichev D, et al. Survival advantage for irinotecan versus best supportive care as second-line chemotherapy in gastric cancer - a randomised phase III study of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie (AIO). Eur J Cancer. 2011 Oct;47(15):2306-14. Resumen

67. Kang JH, Lee SI, Lim do H, et al. Salvage chemotherapy for pretreated gastric cancer: a randomized phase III trial comparing chemotherapy plus best supportive care with best supportive care alone. J Clin Oncol. 2012 May 1;30(13):1513-8. Resumen

68. Fuchs CS, Tomasek J, Yong CJ, et al; REGARD Trial Investigators. Ramucirumab monotherapy for previously treated advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (REGARD): an international, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2014 Jan 4;383(9911):31-9. Resumen

69. Wilke H, Muro K, Van Cutsem E, et al; RAINBOW Study Group. Ramucirumab plus paclitaxel versus placebo plus paclitaxel in patients with previously treated advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (RAINBOW): a double-blind, randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Oct;15(11):1224-35. Resumen

70. Fuchs CS, Doi T, Jang RW, et al. KEYNOTE-059 cohort 1: efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab (pembro) monotherapy in patients with previously treated advanced gastric cancer [abstract]. J Clin Oncol. 2017 May 20;35(15 Suppl):4003.Texto completo

71. Shitara K, Doi T, Dvorkin M, et al. Trifluridine/tipiracil versus placebo in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic gastric cancer (TAGS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2018 Oct 21;19(11):1437-48. Resumen

72. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Trifluridine–tipiracil for treating metastatic gastric cancer or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after 2 or more therapies. January 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

73. Sakuramoto S, Sasako M, Yamaguchi T, et al; ACTS-GC Group. Adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer with S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine. N Engl J Med 2007 Nov 1;357(18):1810-20.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Paoletti X, Oba K, Burzykowski T, et al; GASTRIC (Global Advanced/Adjuvant Stomach Tumor Research International, Collaboration) Group. Benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for resectable gastric cancer: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2010 May 5;303(17):1729-37. Resumen

75. Boku N, Yamamoto S, Fukuda H, et al; Gastrointestinal Oncology Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group. Fluorouracil versus combination of irinotecan plus cisplatin versus S-1 in metastatic gastric cancer: a randomised phase 3 study. Lancet Oncol. 2009 Nov;10(11):1063-9. Resumen

76. Yoshida K, Kodera Y, Kochi M, et al. Addition of docetaxel to oral fluoropyrimidine improves efficacy in patients with stage III gastric cancer: interim analysis of JACCRO GC-07, a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol. 2019 May 20;37(15):1296-1304.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Smyth EC, Verheij M, Allum W, et al. Gastric cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2016 Sep;27(suppl 5):v38-49.Texto completo  Resumen

78. Pavlakis N, Sjoquist KM, Martin AJ, et al. Regorafenib for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (INTEGRATE): a multinational placebo-controlled phase II trial. J Clin Oncol. 2016;34:2728-2735.Texto completo  Resumen

79. Martin AJ, Gibbs E, Sjoquist K, et al. Health-related quality of life associated with regorafenib treatment in refractory advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. Gastric Cancer. 2018 May;21(3):473-80.Texto completo  Resumen

80. Shitara K, Bang YJ, Iwasa S, et al. Trastuzumab deruxtecan in previously treated HER2-positive gastric cancer. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 18;382(25):2419-30.Texto completo  Resumen

81. ClinicalTrials.gov. Combination margetuximab, INCMGA00012, MGD13, and chemotherapy phase 2/3 trial in HER2+ gastric/GEJ Cancer (MAHOGANY). NCT04082364. Feb 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

82. ClinicalTrials.gov. Efficacy study of nivolumab plus ipilimumab or nivolumab plus chemotherapy against chemotherapy in stomach cancer or stomach/esophagus junciton cancer (CheckMate649). NCT02872116. September 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

83. Hundahl SA, Menck HR, Mansour EG, et al. The National Cancer Data Base report on gastric carcinoma. Cancer. 1997 Dec 15;80(12):2333-41. Resumen

84. Yao JC, Crane CC, Mansfield PF. Carcinoma of the stomach. In: Kufe DW, Bast R, Hait W, et al, eds. Cancer medicine. 7th ed. Hamilton, Ontario: BC Decker; 2006:1268-91.

85. Kasakura Y, Ajani JA, Mochizuki F, et al. Outcomes after emergency surgery for gastric perforation or severe bleeding in patients with gastric cancer. J Surg Oncol. 2002 Aug;80(4):181-5. Resumen

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