Cáncer de cuello uterino


Artículos principales

Marth C, Landoni F, Mahner S, et al. Cervical cancer: ESMO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2017 Jul 1;28(suppl_4):iv72-83. Resumen

National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: cervical cancer [internet publication].Texto completo

Bhatla N, Aoki D, Sharma DN, et al. Cancer of the cervix uteri: 2021 update. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2021 Oct;155 Suppl 1(suppl 1):28-44.Texto completo  Resumen

Fontham ETH, Wolf AMD, Church TR, et al. Cervical cancer screening for individuals at average risk: 2020 guideline update from the American Cancer Society CA Cancer J Clin. 2020 Sep;70(5):321-46.Texto completo  Resumen

Artículos de referencia

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2. World Health Organization. Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer: fact sheet. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

3. European Commission: European Cancer Information System​. Cervical cancer burden in EU-27. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

4. National Cancer Institute: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program. Cancer stat facts: cervical cancer. 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

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13. International Collaboration of Epidemiological Studies of Cervical Cancer., Appleby P, Beral V, et al. Cervical cancer and hormonal contraceptives: collaborative reanalysis of individual data for 16,573 women with cervical cancer and 35,509 women without cervical cancer from 24 epidemiological studies. Lancet. 2007 Nov 10;370(9599):1609-21. Resumen

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25. Yim EK, Park JS. The role of HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins in HPV-associated cervical carcinogenesis. Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Dec;37(6):319-24.Texto completo  Resumen

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27. Ferenczy A, Franco E. Persistent human papillomavirus infection and cervical neoplasia. Lancet Oncol. 2002 Jan;3(1):11-6. Resumen

28. Rositch AF, Nowak RG, Gravitt PE. Increased age and race-specific incidence of cervical cancer after correction for hysterectomy prevalence in the United States from 2000 to 2009. Cancer. 2014 Jul 1;120(13):2032-8.Texto completo  Resumen

29. Feldman S, Cook E, Davis M, et al. Cervical cancer incidence among elderly women in Massachusetts compared with younger women. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2018 Oct;22(4):314-17.Texto completo  Resumen

30. Biggar RJ, Chaturvedi AK, Goedert JJ, et al. AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007 Jun 20;99(12):962-72. Resumen

31. Castellsagué X, Muñoz N. Chapter 3: Cofactors in human papillomavirus carcinogenesis: role of parity, oral contraceptives, and tobacco smoking. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2003;(31):20-8. Resumen

32. International Collaboration of Epidemiological Studies of Cervical Cancer. Comparison of risk factors for invasive squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix: collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 8,097 women with squamous cell carcinoma and 1,374 women with adenocarcinoma from 12 epidemiological studies. Int J Cancer. 2007 Feb 15;120(4):885-91. Resumen

33. Iversen L, Sivasubramaniam S, Lee AJ, et al. Lifetime cancer risk and combined oral contraceptives: the Royal College of General Practitioners' oral contraception study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Jun;216(6):580.e1-9.Texto completo  Resumen

34. International Collaboration of Epidemiological Studies of Cervical Cancer. Cervical carcinoma and reproductive factors: collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 16,563 women with cervical carcinoma and 33,542 women without cervical carcinoma from 25 epidemiological studies. Int J Cancer. 2006 Sep 1;119(5):1108-24.Texto completo  Resumen

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36. Yeo AS, Schiff MA, Montoya G, et al. Serum micronutrients and cervical dysplasia in Southwestern American Indian women. Nutr Cancer. 2000;38(2):141-50. Resumen

37. Cao D, Shen K, Li Z, et al. Association between vitamin C Intake and the risk of cervical neoplasia: a meta-analysis. Nutr Cancer. 2016;68(1):48-57. Resumen

38. Hu X, Li S, Zhou L, et al. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on uterine cervical neoplasm: a meta-analysis of case-control studies. PLoS One. 2017 Aug 22;12(8):e0183395.Texto completo  Resumen

39. Sikström B, Hellberg D, Nilsson S, et al. Smoking, alcohol, sexual behaviour and drug use in women with cervical human papillomavirus infection. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 1995;256(3):131-7. Resumen

40. Joura EA, Giuliano AR, Iversen OE, et al. A 9-valent HPV vaccine against infection and intraepithelial neoplasia in women. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):711-23.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Supplemental information and guidance for vaccination providers regarding use of 9-valent HPV vaccine. Nov 2016 [internet publication].Texto completo

42. Munoz N, Manalastas R Jr, Pitisuttithum P, et al. Safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, 18) recombinant vaccine in women aged 24-45 years: a randomised, double-blind trial. Lancet. 2009 Jun 6;373(9679):1949-57. Resumen

43. Koutsky LA, Ault KA, Wheeler CM, et al. A controlled trial of a human papillomavirus type 16 vaccine. N Engl J Med. 2002 Nov 21;347(21):1645-51. Resumen

44. Harper DM, Franco EL, Wheeler C, et al. Efficacy of a bivalent L1 virus-like particle vaccine in prevention of infection with human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 in young women: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2004 Nov 13-19;364(9447):1757-65. Resumen

45. Arbyn M, Xu L, Simoens C, et al. Prophylactic vaccination against human papillomaviruses to prevent cervical cancer and its precursors. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 May 9;(5):CD009069.Texto completo  Resumen

46. Brisson M, Kim JJ, Canfell K, et al. Impact of HPV vaccination and cervical screening on cervical cancer elimination: a comparative modelling analysis in 78 low-income and lower-middle-income countries. Lancet. 2020 Feb 22;395(10224):575-90.Texto completo  Resumen

47. Marth C, Landoni F, Mahner S, et al. Cervical cancer: ESMO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2017 Jul 1;28(suppl_4):iv72-83. Resumen

48. Lei J, Ploner A, Elfström KM, et al. HPV vaccination and the risk of invasive cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. 2020 Oct 1;383(14):1340-48.Texto completo  Resumen

49. Braaten KP, Laufer MR. Human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV-related disease, and the HPV vaccine. Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Winter;1(1):2-10.Texto completo  Resumen

50. UK Health Security Agency. Human papillomavirus (HPV): the green book, chapter 18a. Mar 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

51. UK Health Security Agency. HPV vaccination guidance for healthcare practitioners (version 6). Apr 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

52. Saslow D, Andrews KS, Manassaram-Baptiste D, et al. Human papillomavirus vaccination 2020 guideline update: American Cancer Society guideline adaptation. CA Cancer J Clin. 2020 Jul;70(4):274-80.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Child and adolescent immunization schedule. Recommendations for ages 18 years or younger, United States, 2022. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

54. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adult immunization schedule. Recommendations for ages 19 years or older, United States, 2022. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Texto completo

55. Panel on Opportunistic Infections in Adults and Adolescents with HIV. Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in adults and adolescents with HIV: recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 11 Jan 2023 [internet publication].Texto completo

56. Meites E, Szilagyi PG, Chesson HW, et al. Human papillomavirus vaccination for adults: updated recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Aug 16;68(32):698-702.Texto completo  Resumen

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59. Bulkmans NW, Berkhof J, Rozendaal L, et al. Human papillomavirus DNA testing for the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and cancer: 5-year follow-up of a randomised controlled implementation trial. Lancet. 2007 Nov 24;370(9601):1764-72. Resumen

60. Cortessis VK, Barrett M, Brown Wade N, et al. Intrauterine device use and cervical cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Dec;130(6):1226-36. Resumen

61. Spotnitz ME, Natarajan K, Ryan PB, et al. Relative risk of cervical neoplasms among copper and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system users. Obstet Gynecol. 2020 Feb;135(2):319-27.Texto completo  Resumen

62. Jandorf L, Fatone A, Borker PV, et al. Creating alliances to improve cancer prevention and detection among urban medically underserved minority groups: the East Harlem Partnership for Cancer Awareness. Cancer. 2006 Oct 15;107(8 suppl):2043-51.Texto completo  Resumen

63. Siebers AG, Klinkhamer PJ, Grefte JM, et al. Comparison of liquid-based cytology with conventional cytology for detection of cervical cancer precursors: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2009 Oct 28;302(16):1757-64.Texto completo  Resumen

64. Koliopoulos G, Nyaga VN, Santesso N, et al. Cytology versus HPV testing for cervical cancer screening in the general population. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Aug 10;(8):CD008587.Texto completo  Resumen

65. Ogilvie GS, van Niekerk D, Krajden M, et al. Effect of screening with primary cervical HPV testing vs cytology testing on high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia at 48 months: the HPV FOCAL randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2018 Jul 3;320(1):43-52.Texto completo  Resumen

66. Solomon D, Davey D, Kurman R, et al. The 2001 Bethesda system: terminology for reporting results of cervical cytology. JAMA. 2002 Apr 24;287(16):2114-9. Resumen

67. Nayar R, Wilbur DC. The Pap test and Bethesda 2014. Cancer Cytopathol. 2015 May;123(5):271-81.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Wang J, Andrae B, Sundström K, et al. Risk of invasive cervical cancer after atypical glandular cells in cervical screening: nationwide cohort study. BMJ. 2016 Feb 11;352:i276.Texto completo  Resumen

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70. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: cervical cancer [internet publication].Texto completo

71. Bhatla N, Aoki D, Sharma DN, et al. Cancer of the cervix uteri: 2021 update. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2021 Oct;155 Suppl 1(suppl 1):28-44.Texto completo  Resumen

72. Benedet JL, Bender H, Jones H 3rd, et al. FIGO staging classifications and clinical practice guidelines in the management of gynecologic cancers. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2000 Aug;70(2):209-62. Resumen

73. Choi HJ, Ju W, Myung SK, et al. Diagnostic performance of computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography or positron emission tomography/computer tomography for detection of metastatic lymph nodes in patients with cervical cancer: meta-analysis. Cancer Sci. 2010 Jun;101(6):1471-9.Texto completo  Resumen

74. Unger JB, Ivy JJ, Connor P, et al. Detection of recurrent cervical cancer by whole-body FDG PET scan in asymptomatic and symptomatic women. Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Jul;94(1):212-6. Resumen

75. Loft A, Berthelsen AK, Roed H, et al. The diagnostic value of PET/CT scanning in patients with cervical cancer: a prospective study. Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Jul;106(1):29-34. Resumen

76. Gee MS, Atri M, Bandos AI, et al. Identification of distant metastatic disease in uterine cervical and endometrial cancers with FDG PET/CT: analysis from the ACRIN 6671/GOG 0233 multicenter trial. Radiology. 2018 Apr;287(1):176-84.Texto completo  Resumen

77. Schmidt D, Bergeron C, Denton KJ, et al. p16/ki-67 dual-stain cytology in the triage of ASCUS and LSIL Papanicolaou cytology: results from the European equivocal or mildly abnormal Papanicolaou cytology study. Cancer Cytopathol. 2011 Jun 25;119(3):158-66.Texto completo  Resumen

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80. Corrigendum to "Revised FIGO staging for carcinoma of the cervix uteri" [Int J Gynecol Obstet 145(2019) 129-135]. 2019 Nov;147(2):279-80.Texto completo  Resumen

81. Union for International Cancer Control Classification. UICC and the TNM classification of malignant tumours. June 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

82. Bloomfield HE, Olson A, Greer N, et al. Screening pelvic examinations in asymptomatic, average-risk adult women: an evidence report for a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jul 1;161(1):46-53.Texto completo  Resumen

83. Melnikow J, Henderson JT, Burda BU, et al. Screening for cervical cancer with high-risk human papillomavirus testing: updated evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA. 2018 Aug 21;320(7):687-705.Texto completo  Resumen

84. Fontham ETH, Wolf AMD, Church TR, et al. Cervical cancer screening for individuals at average risk: 2020 guideline update from the American Cancer Society CA Cancer J Clin. 2020 Sep;70(5):321-46.Texto completo  Resumen

85. Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. Practice bulletin no. 168: cervical cancer screening and prevention. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Oct;128(4):e111-30. Resumen

86. Sawaya GF, Kulasingam S, Denberg TD, et al. Cervical cancer screening in average-risk women: best practice advice from the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jun 16;162(12):851-9.Texto completo  Resumen

87. Saslow D, Solomon D, Lawson HW, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. Am J Clin Pathol. 2012 Apr;137(4):516-42.Texto completo  Resumen

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90. World Health Organization. WHO guideline for screening and treatment of cervical pre-cancer lesions for cervical cancer prevention, second edition: use of mRNA tests for human papillomavirus (‎HPV)‎. Dec 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

91. Public Health England. Cervical screening: implementation guide for primary HPV screening. 4 Jan 2023 [internet publication].Texto completo

92. Bentivegna E, Gouy S, Maulard A, et al. Oncological outcomes after fertility-sparing surgery for cervical cancer: a systematic review. Lancet Oncol. 2016 Jun;17(6):e240-53. Resumen

93. Kyrgiou M, Athanasiou A, Paraskevaidi M, et al. Adverse obstetric outcomes after local treatment for cervical preinvasive and early invasive disease according to cone depth: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2016 Jul 28;354:i3633.Texto completo  Resumen

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100. Dueñas-González A, Zarbá JJ, Patel F, et al. Phase III, open-label, randomized study comparing concurrent gemcitabine plus cisplatin and radiation followed by adjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin versus concurrent cisplatin and radiation in patients with stage IIB to IVA carcinoma of the cervix. J Clin Oncol. 2011 May 1;29(13):1678-85.Texto completo  Resumen

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102. Ramirez PT, Frumovitz M, Pareja R, et al. Minimally invasive versus abdominal radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 31;379(20):1895-904. Resumen

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104. Melamed A, Margul DJ, Chen L, et al. Survival after minimally invasive radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 31;379(20):1905-14. Resumen

105. Fader AN. Surgery in cervical cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 31;379(20):1955-7. Resumen

106. Sedlis A, Bundy BN, Rotman MZ, et al. A randomized trial of pelvic radiation therapy versus no further therapy in selected patients with stage IB carcinoma of the cervix after radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Gynecol Oncol. 1999 May;73(2):177-83. Resumen

107. Kim H, Park W, Kim YS, et al. Chemoradiotherapy is not superior to radiotherapy alone after radical surgery for cervical cancer patients with intermediate-risk factor. J Gynecol Oncol. 2020 May;31(3):e35.Texto completo  Resumen

108. ClinicalTrials.gov (US). Radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy in patients with stage I-IIA cervical cancer who previously underwent surgery (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01101451). 24 May 2022 [internet publication]​.Texto completo

109. Gien LT, Covens A. Fertility-sparing options for early stage cervical cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2010 May;117(2):350-7. Resumen

110. Bentivegna E, Maulard A, Pautier P, et al. Fertility results and pregnancy outcomes after conservative treatment of cervical cancer: a systematic review of the literature. Fertil Steril. 2016 Oct;106(5):1195-211;e5.Texto completo  Resumen

111. Green J, Kirwan J, Tierney J, et al. Concomitant chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer of the uterine cervix. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20;(3):CD002225.Texto completo  Resumen

112. Rose PG, Ali S, Watkins E, et al. Long-term follow-up of a randomized trial comparing concurrent single agent cisplatin, cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy, or hydroxyurea during pelvic irradiation for locally advanced cervical cancer: a Gynecologic Oncology Group Study. J Clin Oncol. 2007 Jul 1;25(19):2804-10.Texto completo  Resumen

113. Pötter R, Tanderup K, Schmid MP, et al. MRI-guided adaptive brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer (EMBRACE-I): a multicentre prospective cohort study. Lancet Oncol. 2021 Apr;22(4):538-47. Resumen

114. Sturdza AE, Knoth J. Image-guided brachytherapy in cervical cancer including fractionation. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2022 Mar;32(3):273-80.Texto completo  Resumen

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