Shock

Referencias

Artículos principales

Cecconi M, De Backer D, Antonelli M, et al. Consensus on circulatory shock and hemodynamic monitoring. Task force of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Dec;40(12):1795-815.Texto completo  Resumen

Evans L, Rhodes A, Alhazzani W, et al. Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021. Intensive Care Med. 2021 Nov;47(11):1181-1247.Texto completo  Resumen

McDonagh TA, Metra M, Adamo M, et al. 2021 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2021 Sep 21;42(36):3599-3726.Texto completo  Resumen

van Diepen S, Katz JN, Albert NM, et al. Contemporary management of cardiogenic shock: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017 Oct 17;136(16):e232-68.Texto completo  Resumen

Shaker MS, Wallace DV, Golden DBK, et al. Anaphylaxis-a 2020 practice parameter update, systematic review, and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2020 Apr;145(4):1082-1123.Texto completo  Resumen

Artículos de referencia

1. Cecconi M, De Backer D, Antonelli M, et al. Consensus on circulatory shock and hemodynamic monitoring. Task force of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Dec;40(12):1795-815.Texto completo  Resumen

2. Evans L, Rhodes A, Alhazzani W, et al. Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021. Intensive Care Med. 2021 Nov;47(11):1181-1247.Texto completo  Resumen

3. McDonagh TA, Metra M, Adamo M, et al. 2021 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2021 Sep 21;42(36):3599-3726.Texto completo  Resumen

4. De Backer D, Biston P, Devriendt J, et al; SOAP II Investigators. Comparison of dopamine and norepinephrine in the treatment of shock. N Engl J Med. 2010 Mar 4;362(9):779-89. Resumen

5. Angus DC, Linde-Zwirble WT, Lidicker J, et al. Epidemiology of severe sepsis in the United States: analysis of incidence, outcome, and associated costs of care. Crit Care Med. 2001 Jul;29(7):1303-10. Resumen

6. Brun-Buisson C, Meshaka P, Pinton P, et al. EPISEPSIS: a reappraisal of the epidemiology and outcome of severe sepsis in French intensive care units. Intensive Care Med. 2004 Apr;30(4):580-8. Resumen

7. Engel C, Brunkhorst FM, Bone HG, et al. Epidemiology of sepsis in Germany: results from a national prospective multicenter study. Intensive Care Med. 2007 Apr;33(4):606-18. Resumen

8. Esteban A, Frutos-Vivar F, Ferguson ND, et al. Sepsis incidence and outcome: contrasting the intensive care unit with the hospital ward. Crit Care Med. 2007 May;35(5):1284-9. Resumen

9. Goldberg RJ, Samad NA, Yarzebski J, et al. Temporal trends in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 1999 Apr 15;340(15):1162-8.Texto completo  Resumen

10. Babaev A, Frederick PD, Pasta DJ, et al. Trends in management and outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. JAMA. 2005 Jul 27;294(4):448-54.Texto completo  Resumen

11. Steg PG, Goldberg RJ, Gore JM, et al. Baseline characteristics, management practices, and in-hospital outcomes of patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes in the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE). Am J Cardiol. 2002 Aug 15;90(4):358-63. Resumen

12. Koek HL, Kardaun JW, Gevers E, et al. Acute myocardial infarction incidence and hospital mortality: routinely collected national data versus linkage of national registers. Eur J Epidemiol. 2007;22(11):755-62.Texto completo  Resumen

13. Roger VL, Jacobsen SJ, Weston SA, et al. Trends in the incidence and survival of patients with hospitalized myocardial infarction, Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1979 to 1994. Ann Intern Med. 2002 Mar 5;136(5):341-8. Resumen

14. Chioncel O, Parissis J, Mebazaa A, et al. Epidemiology, pathophysiology and contemporary management of cardiogenic shock - a position statement from the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur J Heart Fail. 2020 Aug;22(8):1315-41.Texto completo  Resumen

15. Thiele H, Ohman EM, Desch S, et al. Management of cardiogenic shock. Eur Heart J. 2015 May 21;36(20):1223-30.Texto completo  Resumen

16. Thomas NJ, Carcillo JA. Hypovolemic shock in pediatric patients. New Horiz. 1998 May;6(2):120-9. Resumen

17. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS). Dec 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

18. Rossaint R, Bouillon B, Cerny V, et al. The European guideline on management of major bleeding and coagulopathy following trauma: fourth edition. Crit Care. 2016 Apr 12;20:100.Texto completo  Resumen

19. Cannon JW. Hemorrhagic shock. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jan 25;378(4):370-9. Resumen

20. Geppert A, Steiner A, Zorn G, et al. Multiple organ failure in patients with cardiogenic shock is associated with high plasma levels of interleukin-6. Crit Care Med. 2002 Sep;30(9):1987-94. Resumen

21. Edgren G, Almqvist R, Hartman M, et al. Splenectomy and the risk of sepsis: a population-based cohort study. Ann Surg. 2014 Dec;260(6):1081-7. Resumen

22. Brodie BR, Hansen C, Stuckey TD, et al. Door-to-balloon time with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction impacts late cardiac mortality in high-risk patients and patients presenting early after the onset of symptoms. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jan 17;47(2):289-95.Texto completo  Resumen

23. Royal College of Physicians. National early warning score (NEWS) 2. December 2017 [internet publication].Texto completo

24. Carney N, Totten AM, O'Reilly C, et al. Guidelines for the management of severe traumatic brain injury, Fourth Edition. Neurosurgery. 2017 Jan 1;80(1):6-15.Texto completo  Resumen

25. Rususcitation Council UK. Resuscitation guidelines: the ABCDE approach. 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

26. Berger T, Green J, Horeczko T, et al. Shock index and early recognition of sepsis in the emergency department: pilot study. West J Emerg Med. 2013 Mar;14(2):168-74.Texto completo  Resumen

27. National Patient Safety Agency. Alert: Blood control safety cannula and needle thoracostomy for tension pneumothorax. April 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

28. Leigh-Smith S, Harris T. Tension pneumothorax: time for a re-think? Emerg Med J. 2005 Jan;22(1):8-16.Texto completo  Resumen

29. Jones R, Hollingsworth J. Tension pneumothoraces not responding to needle thoracocentesis. Emerg Med J. 2002 Mar;19(2):176-7.Texto completo  Resumen

30. Ibanez B, James S, Agewall S, et al. 2017 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation: The Task Force for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 2018 Jan 7;39(2):119-77.Texto completo  Resumen

31. Lee JW. Fluid and electrolyte disturbances in critically ill patients. Electrolyte Blood Press. 2010 Dec;8(2):72-81.Texto completo  Resumen

32. Bonanno FG. Clinical pathology of the shock syndromes. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2011 Apr;4(2):233-43.Texto completo  Resumen

33. O'Driscoll BR, Howard LS, Earis J, et al. BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings. Thorax. 2017 Jun;72(suppl 1):ii1-90. Resumen

34. Marik PE, Bellomo R. Stress hyperglycemia: an essential survival response!. Crit Care. 2013 Mar 6;17(2):305.Texto completo  Resumen

35. Nassar BS, Schmidt GA. Capnography during critical illness. Chest. 2016 Feb;149(2):576-85. Resumen

36. Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, et al. Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2001 Nov 8;345(19):1368-77.Texto completo  Resumen

37. Gilbert RE, Mok Q, Dwan K, et al. Impregnated central venous catheters for prevention of bloodstream infection in children (the CATCH trial): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2016 Apr 23;387(10029):1732-42. Resumen

38. Levin A, Warnock DG, Mehta RL, et al. Improving outcomes from acute kidney injury: report of an initiative. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007 Jul;50(1):1-4. Resumen

39. Revelly JP, Tappy L, Martinez A, et al. Lactate and glucose metabolism in severe sepsis and cardiogenic shock. Crit Care Med. 2005 Oct;33(10):2235-40. Resumen

40. Carvounis CP, Nisar S, Guro-Razuman S. Significance of the fractional excretion of urea in the differential diagnosis of acute renal failure. Kidney Int. 2002 Dec;62(6):2223-9.Texto completo  Resumen

41. Joint British Diabetes Societies Inpatient Care Group. The management of diabetic ketoacidosis in adults. June 2021 [internet publication].Texto completo

42. Kraut JA, Kurtz I. Toxic alcohol ingestions: clinical features, diagnosis, and management. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jan;3(1):208-25.Texto completo  Resumen

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44. Kitabchi AE, Umpierrez GE, Miles JM, et al. Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009 Jul;32(7):1335-43.Texto completo  Resumen

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46. McCann FJ, Chapman SJ, Yu WC, et al. Ability of procalcitonin to discriminate infection from non-infective inflammation using two pleural disease settings. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e49894.Texto completo  Resumen

47. Becker KL, Snider R, Nylen ES. Procalcitonin assay in systemic inflammation, infection, and sepsis: clinical utility and limitations. Crit Care Med. 2008 Mar;36(3):941-52. Resumen

48. Phua J, Koay ES, Lee KH. Lactate, procalcitonin, and amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide versus cytokine measurements and clinical severity scores for prognostication in septic shock. Shock. 2008 Mar;29(3):328-33.Texto completo  Resumen

49. Subramaniam B, Talmor D. Echocardiography for management of hypotension in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2007 Aug;35(8 suppl):S401-7. Resumen

50. Beaulieu Y. Bedside echocardiography in the assessment of the critically ill. Crit Care Med. 2007 May;35(5 suppl):S235-49. Resumen

51. Joseph MX, Disney PJ, Da Costa R, et al. Transthoracic echocardiography to identify or exclude cardiac cause of shock. Chest. 2004 Nov;126(5):1592-7. Resumen

52. van Diepen S, Katz JN, Albert NM, et al. Contemporary management of cardiogenic shock: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017 Oct 17;136(16):e232-68.Texto completo  Resumen

53. Lubner M, Demertzis J, Lee JY, et al. CT evaluation of shock viscera: a pictorial review. Emerg Radiol. 2008 Jan;15(1):1-11. Resumen

54. Tarrant AM, Ryan MF, Hamilton PA, et al. A pictorial review of hypovolaemic shock in adults. Br J Radiol. 2008 Mar;81(963):252-7. Resumen

55. Konstantinides SV, Meyer G, Becattini C, et al. 2019 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism developed in collaboration with the European Respiratory Society (ERS). Eur Heart J. 2020 Jan 21;41(4):543-603.Texto completo  Resumen

56. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Nice guideline NG158: venous thromboembolic diseases: diagnosis, management and thrombophilia testing. March 2020 [internet publication].Texto completo

57. Kristensen AK, Holler JG, Hallas J, et al. Is shock index a valid predictor of mortality in emergency department patients with hypertension, diabetes, high age, or receipt of β- or calcium channel blockers? Ann Emerg Med. 2016 Jan;67(1):106-13. Resumen

58. Subbe CP, Kruger M, Rutherford P, et al. Validation of a modified Early Warning Score in medical admissions. QJM. 2001 Oct;94(10):521-6.Texto completo  Resumen

59. Kristensen AK, Holler JG, Hallas J, et al. Is shock index a valid predictor of mortality in emergency department patients with hypertension, diabetes, high age, or receipt of β- or calcium channel blockers? Ann Emerg Med. 2016;67:106-113. Resumen

60. Yadav H, Harrison AM, Hanson AC, et al. Improving the accuracy of cardiovascular component of the sequential organ failure assessment score. Crit Care Med. 2015;43:1449-1457. Resumen

61. Seymour CW, Liu VX, Iwashyna TJ, et al. Assessment of clinical criteria for sepsis: for the third international consensus definitions for sepsis and septic shock (Sepsis-3). JAMA. 2016;315:762-774. Resumen

62. Shaker MS, Wallace DV, Golden DBK, et al. Anaphylaxis-a 2020 practice parameter update, systematic review, and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2020 Apr;145(4):1082-1123.Texto completo  Resumen

63. Panchal AR, Bartos JA, Cabañas JG, et al. Part 3: Adult Basic and Advanced Life Support: 2020 American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2020 Oct 20;142(16_suppl_2):S366-S468.Texto completo  Resumen

64. Lott C, Truhlář A, Alfonzo A, et al. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: Cardiac arrest in special circumstances. Resuscitation. 2021 Apr;161:152-219.Texto completo  Resumen

65. Nieminen MS, Böhm M, Cowie MR, et al. Executive summary of the guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of acute heart failure. Eur Heart J. 2005 Feb;26(4):384-416.Texto completo  Resumen

66. Davis AL, Carcillo JA, Aneja RK, et al. American College of Critical Care Medicine clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal septic shock. Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun;45(6):1061-93. Resumen

67. McNulty PH, King N, Scott S, et al. Effects of supplemental oxygen administration on coronary blood flow in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Mar;288(3):H1057-62.Texto completo  Resumen

68. Rawles JM, Kenmure AC. Controlled trial of oxygen in uncomplicated myocardial infarction. Br Med J. 1976 May 8;1(6018):1121-3.Texto completo  Resumen

69. Ferreyro BL, Angriman F, Munshi L, et al. Association of noninvasive oxygenation strategies with all-cause mortality in adults with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: a systematic feview and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2020 Jul 7;324(1):57-67.Texto completo  Resumen

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71. Roberts I, Blackhall K, Alderson P, et al. Human albumin solution for resuscitation and volume expansion in critically ill patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Nov 9;(11):CD001208.Texto completo  Resumen

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76. Inohara T, Kohsaka S, Fukuda K, et al. The challenges in the management of right ventricular infarction. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care. 2013 Sep;2(3):226-34.Texto completo  Resumen

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78. Antonelli M, Levy M, Andrews PJ, et al. Hemodynamic monitoring in shock and implications for management: international consensus conference, Paris, France, 27-28 April 2006. Intensive Care Med. 2007 Apr;33(4):575-90. Resumen

79. Asfar P, Meziani F, Hamel JF, et al. High versus low blood-pressure target in patients with septic shock. N Engl J Med. 2014 Apr 24;370(17):1583-93. Resumen

80. Hochman JS, Sleeper LA, Webb JG, et al; SHOCK Investigators. Early revascularization and long-term survival in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. JAMA. 2006 Jun 7;295(21):2511-5.Texto completo  Resumen

81. Ahmad Y, Sen S, Shun-Shin MJ, et al. Intra-aortic balloon pump therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Jun;175(6):931-9. Resumen

82. Unverzagt S, Buerke M, de Waha A, et al. Intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation (IABP) for myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Mar 27;(3):CD007398.Texto completo  Resumen

83. Zheng XY, Wang Y, Chen Y, et al. The effectiveness of intra-aortic balloon pump for myocardial infarction in patients with or without cardiogenic shock: a meta-analysis and systematic review. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2016 Jul 8;16(1):148.Texto completo  Resumen

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112. Zarychanski R, Abou-Setta AM, Turgeon AF, et al. Association of hydroxyethyl starch administration with mortality and acute kidney injury in critically ill patients requiring volume resuscitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2013 Feb 20;309(7):678-88.Texto completo  Resumen

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115. Schmidt M, Burrell A, Roberts L, et al. Predicting survival after ECMO for refractory cardiogenic shock: the survival after veno-arterial-ECMO (SAVE)-score. Eur Heart J. 2015 Sep 1;36(33):2246-56.Texto completo  Resumen

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121. Macdonald SP, Arendts G, Fatovich DM, et al. Comparison of PIRO, SOFA, and MEDS scores for predicting mortality in emergency department patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Acad Emerg Med. 2014;21:1257-1263.Texto completo  Resumen

122. Cabré L, Mancebo J, Solsona JF, et al. Multicenter study of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in intensive care units: the usefulness of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores in decision making. Intensive Care Med. 2005;31:927-933. Resumen

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