Anabolic steroid use disorder

References

Key articles

Chyka PA. Androgenic-anabolic steroids. In: Ford MD, Delaney KA, Ling LJ, et al, eds. Clinical toxicology. New York, NY: WB Saunders; 2001:595-601.

Hartgens F, Kuipers H. Effects of androgenic-anabolic steroids in athletes. Sports Med. 2004;34(8):513-54. Abstract

Dhar R, Stout CW, Link MS, et al. Cardiovascular toxicities of performance-enhancing substances in sports. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Oct;80(10):1307-15.Full text  Abstract

National Institute on Drug Abuse. Research report series: anabolic steroid abuse. NIH Publication 06-3721. August 2006 [internet publication].Full text

Brower KJ. Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2002 Oct;4(5):377-87. Abstract

Reference articles

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38. Brower KJ. Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2002 Oct;4(5):377-87. Abstract

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42. Abushareeda W, Fragkaki A, Vonaparti A, et al. Advances in the detection of designer steroids in anti-doping. Bioanalysis. 2014 Mar;6(6):881-96. Abstract

43. Kanayama G, Brower KJ, Wood RI, et al. Treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: emerging evidence and its implications. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jun 1;109(1-3):6-13.Full text  Abstract

44. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Needle and syringe programmes. March 2014 [internet publication].Full text

45. Kanayama G, Brower KJ, Wood RI, et al. Treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: emerging evidence and its implications. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Jun 1;109(1-3):6-13.Full text  Abstract

46. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Needle and syringe programmes. March 2014 [internet publication].Full text

47. Wood RI. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans. Front Neuroendocrinol. 2008 Oct;29(4):490-506. Abstract

48. Peters KD, Wood RI. Androgen dependence in hamsters: overdose, tolerance, and potential opioidergic mechanisms. Neuroscience. 2005;130(4):971-81. Abstract

49. Far HR, Ågren G, Thiblin I. Cardiac hypertrophy in deceased users of anabolic androgenic steroids: an investigation of autopsy findings. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2012 Jul-Aug;21(4):312-6. Abstract

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