Key articles

Primary Care Dermatology Society. Lipoma. Nov 2021 [internet publication].Full text

Noebauer-Huhmann IM, Weber MA, Lalam RK, et al. Soft tissue tumors in adults: ESSR-approved guidelines for diagnostic imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2015 Dec;19(5):475-82. Abstract

Reference articles

1. Bancroft LW, Kransdorf MJ, Peterson JJ, et al. Benign fatty tumors: classification, clinical course, imaging appearance, and treatment. Skeletal Radiol. 2006 Oct;35(10):719-33. Abstract

2. Austin RM, Mack GR, Townsend CM, et al. Infiltrating (intramuscular) lipomas and angiolipomas. A clinicopathologic study of six cases. Arch Surg. 1980 Mar;115(3):281-4. Abstract

3. Mentzel T, Calonje E, Fletcher CD. Lipoblastoma and lipoblastomatosis: a clinicopathological study of 14 cases. Histopathology. 1993 Dec;23(6):527-33. Abstract

4. Ahn C, Harvey JC. Mediastinal hibernoma, a rare tumor. Ann Thorac Surg. 1990 Nov;50(5):828-30.Full text  Abstract

5. Salam GA. Lipoma excision. Am Fam Physician. 2002 Mar 1;65(5):901-4.Full text  Abstract

6. Lellouch-Tubiana A, Zerah M, Catala M, et al. Congenital intraspinal lipomas: histological analysis of 234 cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 1999 Jul-Aug;2(4):346-52. Abstract

7. Taylor AJ, Stewart ET, Dodds WJ. Gastrointestinal lipomas: a radiologic and pathologic review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Dec;155(6):1205-10.Full text  Abstract

8. Shu S, Wang J, Zheng C. From pathogenesis to treatment, a systemic review of cardiac lipoma. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2021 Jan 6;16(1):1.Full text  Abstract

9. Leffell DJ, Braverman IM. Familial multiple lipomatosis. Report of a case and a review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1986 Aug;15(2 pt 1):275-9. Abstract

10. Toy BR. Familial multiple lipomatosis. Dermatol Online J. 2003 Oct;9(4):9. Abstract

11. Enzi G. Multiple symmetric lipomatosis: an updated clinical report. Medicine (Baltimore). 1984 Jan;63(1):56-64. Abstract

12. Hansson E, Svensson H, Brorson H. Review of Dercum's disease and proposal of diagnostic criteria, diagnostic methods, classification and management. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2012 Apr 30;7:23.Full text  Abstract

13. Maximiano LF, Gaspar MT, Nakahira ES. Madelung disease (multiple symmetric lipomatosis). Autops Case Rep. 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):e2018030.Full text  Abstract

14. Wortham NC, Tomlinson IP. Dercum's disease. Skinmed. 2005 May-Jun;4(3):157-62; quiz 163-4. Abstract

15. Primary Care Dermatology Society. Lipoma. Nov 2021 [internet publication].Full text

16. Dalal KM, Antonescu CR, Singer S. Diagnosis and management of lipomatous tumors. J Surg Oncol. 2008 Mar 15;97(4):298-313. Abstract

17. Fanburg-Smith JC, Devaney KO, Miettinen M, et al. Multiple spindle cell lipomas: a report of 7 familial and 11 nonfamilial cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 1998 Jan;22(1):40-8. Abstract

18. Brody HJ, Meltzer HD, Someren A. Spindle cell lipoma. An unusual dermatologic presentation. Arch Dermatol. 1978 Jul;114(7):1065-6. Abstract

19. Kooby DA, Antonescu CR, Brennan MF, et al. Atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma of the extremity and trunk wall: importance of histological subtype with treatment recommendations. Ann Surg Oncol. 2004 Jan;11(1):78-84. Abstract

20. Al-Ani Z, Fernando M, Wilkinson V, et al. The management of deep-seated, lowgrade lipomatous lesions. Br J Radiol. 2018 Jun;91(1086):20170725.Full text  Abstract

21. Zuber TJ. Skin biopsy, excision, and repair techniques. In: Soft tissue surgery for the family physician. Kansas City, MO: American Academy of Family Physicians; 1998:100-6.​

22. Arlotta P, Tai AK, Manfioletti G, et al. Transgenic mice expressing a truncated form of the high mobility group I-C protein develop adiposity and an abnormally high prevalence of lipomas. J Biol Chem. 2000 May 12;275(19):14394-400.Full text  Abstract

23. Uhlin SR. Benign symmetric lipomatosis. Arch Dermatol. 1979 Jan;115(1):94-5. Abstract

24. Erkek E, Hizel S, Sanlý C, et al. Clinical and histopathological findings in Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2005 Oct;53(4):639-43. Abstract

25. Costa T, Fitch N, Azouz EM. Proteus syndrome: report of two cases with pelvic lipomatosis. Pediatrics. 1985 Dec;76(6):984-9. Abstract

26. Vidal A, Iglesias MJ, Fernández B, et al. Cutaneous lesions associated to multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2008 Jul;22(7):835-8. Abstract

27. Signorini M, Campiglio GL. Posttraumatic lipomas: where do they really come from? Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Mar;101(3):699-705. Abstract

28. Aust MC, Spies M, Kall S, et al. Posttraumatic lipoma: fact or fiction? Skinmed. 2007 Nov-Dec;6(6):266-70. Abstract

29. Jacobson BC, Bhatt A, Greer KB, et al. ACG clinical guideline: diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions. Am J Gastroenterol. 2023 Jan 1;118(1):46-58.Full text  Abstract

30. Zhang H, Erickson-Johnson M, Wang X, et al. Molecular testing for lipomatous tumors: critical analysis and test recommendations based on the analysis of 405 extremity-based tumors. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010 Sep;34(9):1304-11. Abstract

31. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: soft-tissue masses. 2022 [internet publication].Full text

32. Noebauer-Huhmann IM, Weber MA, Lalam RK, et al. Soft tissue tumors in adults: ESSR-approved guidelines for diagnostic imaging. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2015 Dec;19(5):475-82. Abstract

33. Rahmani G, McCarthy P, Bergin D. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for soft tissue lipomas: a systematic review. Acta Radiol Open. 2017 Jun 30;6(6):2058460117716704. Abstract

34. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Suspected cancer: recognition and referral. Dec 2021 [internet publication].Full text

35. Varma DG. Optimal radiologic imaging of soft tissue sarcomas. Semin Surg Oncol. 1999 Jul-Aug;17(1):2-10. Abstract

36. Demas BE, Heelan RT, Lane J, et al. Soft-tissue sarcomas of the extremities: comparison of MR and CT in determining the extent of disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Mar;150(3):615-20.Full text  Abstract

37. Gaskin CM, Helms CA. Lipomas, lipoma variants, and well-differentiated liposarcomas (atypical lipomas): results of MRI evaluations of 126 consecutive fatty masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Mar;182(3):733-9.Full text  Abstract

38. Thompson WM. Imaging and findings of lipomas of the gastrointestinal tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Apr;184(4):1163-71.Full text  Abstract

39. Heslin MJ, Lewis JJ, Woodruff JM, et al. Core needle biopsy for diagnosis of extremity soft tissue sarcoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 1997 Jul-Aug;4(5):425-31. Abstract

40. Dalal KM, Antonescu CR, Singer S. Diagnosis and management of lipomatous tumors. J Surg Oncol. 2008 Mar 15;97(4):298-313. Abstract

41. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Surgical site infections: prevention and treatment. Aug 2020 [internet publication].Full text

42. Ostendorf W. Preparation for safe medication administration. In: Perry AG, Potter PA, Elkin MK, eds. Nursing interventions & clinical skills. 5th ed. St Louis, MO: Mosby; 2012:486-53.

43. Hutin Y, Hauri A, Chiarello L, et al. Best infection control practices for intradermal, subcutaneous, and intramuscular needle injections. Bull World Health Organ. 2003;81(7):491-500. Abstract

44. Jin JF, Zhu LL, Chen M, et al. The optimal choice of medication administration route regarding intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous injection. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2015;9:923-42.Full text  Abstract

45. Al-basti HA, El-Khatib HA. The use of suction-assisted surgical extraction of moderate and large lipomas: long-term follow-up. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2002 Mar-Apr;26(2):114-7. Abstract

46. Bechara FG, Sand M, Sand D, et al. Lipolysis of lipomas in patients with familial multiple lipomatosis: an ultrasonography-controlled trial. J Cutan Med Surg. 2006 Jul-Aug;10(4):155-9. Abstract

47. Sharzehi K, Sethi A, Savides T. AGA clinical practice update on management of subepithelial lesions encountered during routine endoscopy: expert review. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2022 Nov;20(11):2435-43.e4.Full text  Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer