Rabies

References

Key articles

World Health Organization. Weekly epidemiological record. Rabies vaccines: WHO position paper. April 2018 [internet publication].Full text

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of a modified preexposure prophylaxis vaccination schedule to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices - United States, 2022. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

World Health Organization. WHO expert consultation on rabies: WHO TRS N°1012 (third report). April 2018 [internet publication].Full text

Rupprecht CE, Briggs D, Brown CM, et al; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010;59:1-9.Full text  Abstract

Willoughby RE Jr, Tieves KS, Hoffman GM, et al. Survival after treatment of rabies with induction of coma. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:2508-2514.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. World Health Organization. Zero by 30: the global strategic plan to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030. June 2018 [internet publication].Full text

2. Rawat AK, Rao SK. Survival of a rabies patient. Indian Pediatr. 2011;48:574. Abstract

3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Presumptive abortive human rabies - Texas, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59:185-190.Full text  Abstract

4. Karahocagil MK, Akdeniz H, Aylan O, et al. Complete recovery from clinical rabies: case report. Turkiye Klinikleri J Med Sci. 2013;33:547-552.Full text

5. Hampson K, Coudeville L, Lembo T, et al. Estimating the global burden of endemic canine rabies. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9:e0003709.Full text  Abstract

6. Rupprecht CE, Gibbons RV. Clinical practice: prophylaxis against rabies. N Engl J Med. 2004;351:2626-2635. Abstract

7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Human rabies. Sep 2021 [internet publication].Full text

8. Pieracci EG, Pearson CM, Wallace RM, et al. Vital signs: trends in human rabies deaths and exposures - United States, 1938-2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Jun 14;68(23):524-8.Full text  Abstract

9. Centers for Disease and Control and Prevention. Notes from the field: three human rabies deaths attributed to bat exposures — United States, August 2021. Jan 2022 [internet publication].Full text

10. Pan American Health Organisation. Rabies persists in only four countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. 21 September 2018 [internet publication].Full text

11. Rotivel Y, Goudal M, Wirth S, et al. Rabies is a risk for travelling children [in French]. Arch Pediatr. 1998;5:561-567. Abstract

12. Noah DL, Drenzek CL, Smith JS, et al. Epidemiology of human rabies in the United States, 1980 to 1996. Ann Intern Med. 1998;128:922-930. Abstract

13. Blanton JD, Palmer D, Dyer J, et al. Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2010. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2011;239:773-783.Full text  Abstract

14. Messenger SL, Smith JS, Rupprecht CE. Emerging epidemiology of bat-associated cryptic cases of rabies in humans in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;35:738-747.Full text  Abstract

15. Velasco-Villa A, Reeder SA, Orciari LA, et al. Enzootic rabies elimination from dogs and reemergence in wild terrestrial carnivores, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008;14:1849-1854. Abstract

16. Gunawardena PS, Marston DA, Ellis RJ, et al. Lyssavirus in Indian Flying Foxes, Sri Lanka. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Aug;22(8):1456-9.Full text  Abstract

17. Aréchiga Ceballos N, Vázquez Morón S, Berciano JM, et al. Novel lyssavirus in bat, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 May;19(5):793-5.Full text  Abstract

18. Hu SC, Hsu CL, Lee MS, et al. Lyssavirus in Japanese Pipistrelle, Taiwan. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Apr;24(4):782-785.Full text  Abstract

19. Vora NM, Basavaraju SV, Feldman KA, et al; Transplant-Associated Rabies Virus Transmission Investigation Team. Raccoon rabies virus variant transmission through solid organ transplantation. JAMA. 2013;310:398-407. Abstract

20. Monroe BP, Yager P, Blanton J, et al. Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2014. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2016;248:777-788.Full text  Abstract

21. Zhou H, Zhu W, Zeng J, et al. Probable rabies virus transmission through organ transplantation, China, 2015. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016;22:1348-1352.Full text  Abstract

22. Saeed B, Al-Mousawi M. Rabies acquired through kidney transplantation in a child: a case report. Exp Clin Transplant. 2017;15:355-357.Full text  Abstract

23. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Translocation of an anteater (tamandua tetradactyla) infected with rabies from Virginia to Tennessee resulting in multiple human exposures, 2021. Apr 2022 [internet publication].Full text

24. Lafon M. Rabies virus receptors. J Neurovirol. 2005;11:82-87. Abstract

25. Jackson AC. Diabolical effects of rabies encephalitis. J Neurovirol. 2016;22:8-13. Abstract

26. Rossiter JP, Hsu L, Jackson AC. Selective vulnerability of dorsal root ganglia neurons in experimental rabies after peripheral inoculation of CVS-11 in adult mice. Acta Neuropathol. 2009;118:249-259. Abstract

27. Hemachudha T, Wacharapluesadee S, Mitrabhakdi E, et al. Pathophysiology of human paralytic rabies. J Neurovirol. 2005;11:93-100. Abstract

28. Hemachudha T, Ugolini G, Wacharapluesadee S, et al. Human rabies: neuropathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. Lancet Neurol. 2013;12:498-513. Abstract

29. Gibbons RV. Cryptogenic rabies, bats, and the question of aerosol transmission. Ann Emerg Med. 2002;39:528-536. Abstract

30. Wallace RM, Petersen BW, Shlim DR. Rabies. In: Brunette GW, Nemhauser JB, eds. CDC Yellow Book 2020: health information for international travel. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 2019.Full text

31. World Health Organization. Weekly epidemiological record. Rabies vaccines: WHO position paper. April 2018 [internet publication].Full text

32. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of a modified preexposure prophylaxis vaccination schedule to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices - United States, 2022. May 2022 [internet publication].Full text

33. Kessels JA, Recuenco S, Navarro-Vela AM, et al. Pre-exposure rabies prophylaxis: a systematic review. Bull World Health Organ. 2017;95:210C-219C.Full text  Abstract

34. Anderson LJ, Nicholson KG, Tauxe RV, et al. Human rabies in the United States, 1960 to 1979: epidemiology, diagnosis, and prevention. Ann Intern Med. 1984;100:728-735. Abstract

35. Soun VV, Eidson M, Trimarchi CV, et al. Antemortem diagnosis of New York human rabies case and review of U.S. cases. Int J Biomed Sci. 2006;2:433-444.

36. Hemachudha T, Laothmatas J, Rupprecht CE. Human rabies: a disease of complex neuropathogenetic mechanisms and diagnostic challenges. Lancet. 2002;2:101-109. Abstract

37. World Health Organization. WHO expert consultation on rabies: WHO TRS N°1012 (third report). April 2018 [internet publication].Full text

38. Laothamatas J, Hemachudha T, Mitrabhakdi E, et al. MR imaging in human rabies. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003;24:1102-1109.Full text  Abstract

39. Gable MS, Sheriff H, Dalmau J, et al. The frequency of autoimmune N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis surpasses that of individual viral etiologies in young individuals enrolled in the California Encephalitis Project. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54:899-904. Abstract

40. Hantson P, Guerit JM, de Tourtchaninoff M, et al. Rabies encephalitis mimicking the electrophysiological pattern of brain death. Eur Neurol. 1993;33:212-217. Abstract

41. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rabies, human: 2011 case definition. 2011 [internet publication].Full text

42. Rupprecht CE, Briggs D, Brown CM, et al; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010;59:1-9.Full text  Abstract

43. Willoughby RE Jr, Opladen T, Maier T, et al. Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency in human rabies. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2008;32:65-68. Abstract

44. Marsden SC, Cabanban CR. Rabies: a significant palliative care issue. Prog Palliat Care. 2006;14:62-67.

45. Jackson AC, Warrell MJ, Rupprecht CE, et al. Management of rabies in humans. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;36:60-63. Abstract

46. Medical College of Wisconsin. Milwaukee rabies protocol, version 6. Nov 2018[internet publication].Full text

47. Willoughby RE Jr, Tieves KS, Hoffman GM, et al. Survival after treatment of rabies with induction of coma. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:2508-2514.Full text  Abstract

48. Willoughby RE, Roy-Burman A, Martin KW, et al. Generalized cranial artery spasm in human rabies. Dev Biol (Basel). 2008;131:367-375. Abstract

49. World Health Organization. Rabies monoclonal antibodies post exposure prophylaxis. December 2016 [internet publication].Full text

50. Gogtay NJ, Munshi R, Ashwath Narayana DH, et al. Comparison of a novel human rabies monoclonal antibody to human rabies immunoglobulin for postexposure prophylaxis: a phase 2/3, randomized, single-blind, noninferiority, controlled study. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jan 18;66(3):387-395. Abstract

51. Yamada K, Noguchi K, Komeno T, et al. Efficacy of favipiravir (T-705) in rabies postexposure prophylaxis. J Infect Dis. 2016;213:1253-1261.Full text  Abstract

52. Bussereau F, Picard M, Blancou J, et al. Treatment of rabies in mice and foxes with antiviral compounds. Acta Virol. 1988;32:33-49. Abstract

53. Kalimuddin S, Wijaya L, Chan YFZ, et al. A phase II randomized study to determine the safety and immunogenicity of the novel PIKA rabies vaccine containing the PIKA adjuvant using an accelerated regimen. Vaccine. 2017 Nov 22;35(51):7127-32.Full text  Abstract

54. Brown CM, Slavinski S, Ettestad P, et al; National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians; Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control Committee. Compendium of animal rabies prevention and control, 2016. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2016;248:505-517.Full text  Abstract

55. Mani RS, Anand AM, Madhusudana SN. Human rabies in India: an audit from a rabies diagnostic laboratory. Trop Med Int Health. 2016 Apr;21(4):556-63.Full text  Abstract

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