Waldenström macroglobulinemia


Key articles

Kyle RA, Therneau TM, Rajkumar SV, et al. A long-term study of prognosis in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. N Engl J Med. 2002 Feb 21;346(8):564-9.Full text  Abstract

McMaster ML. Familial Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Semin Oncol. 2003;30:146-152. Abstract

Gertz MA, Merlini G, Treon SP. Amyloidosis and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2004:257-282.Full text  Abstract

Leblond V, Kastritis E, Advani R, et al. Treatment recommendations from the Eighth International Workshop on Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2016 Sep 8;128(10):1321-8.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Swerdlow SH, Campo E, Pileri SA, et al. The 2016 revision of the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid neoplasms. Blood. 2016 May 19;127(20):2375-90.Full text  Abstract

2. Cesana C, Miqueleiz S, Bernuzzi P, et al. Smouldering Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: factors predicting evolution to symptomatic disease. Semin Oncol. 2003;30:231-235. Abstract

3. Merlini G. Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia - clinical manifestations and prognosis. In: Schechter GP, Hoffman R, Schrier SL, eds. Hematology. Washington, DC: American Society of Hematology; 1999:358-369.

4. Teras LR, DeSantis CE, Cerhan JR, et al. 2016 US lymphoid malignancy statistics by World Health Organization subtypes. CA Cancer J Clin. 2016 Nov 12;66(6):443-59.Full text  Abstract

5. Wang H, Chen Y, Li F, et al. Temporal and geographic variations of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia incidence: a large population-based study. Cancer. 2012 Aug 1;118(15):3793-800.Full text  Abstract

6. Groves FD, Travis LB, Devesa SS, et al. Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: incidence patterns in the United States, 1988-1994. Cancer. 1998;82:1078-1081. Abstract

7. Herrinton LJ, Weiss NS. Incidence of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Blood. 1993;82:3148-3150.Full text  Abstract

8. Castillo JJ, Olszewski AJ, Kanan S, et al. Overall survival and competing risks of death in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia: an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. Br J Haematol. 2015 Apr;169(1):81-9.Full text  Abstract

9. Phekoo KJ, Jack RH, Davies E, et al. The incidence and survival of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia in South East England. Leuk Res. 2008;32:55-59. Abstract

10. Owen RG, Pratt G, Auer RL, et al. Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of Waldenström macroglobulinaemia. Br J Haematol. 2014 May;165(3):316-33.Full text  Abstract

11. Wan Y, Cheng Y, Liu Y, et al. Screening and identification of a novel FHL2 mutation by whole exome sequencing in twins with familial Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Cancer. 2021 Jun 15;127(12):2039-48.Full text  Abstract

12. Kyle RA, Therneau TM, Rajkumar SV, et al. A long-term study of prognosis in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. N Engl J Med. 2002 Feb 21;346(8):564-9.Full text  Abstract

13. Treon SP, Hunter ZR, Aggarwal A, et al. Characterization of familial Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Ann Oncol. 2006;17:488-494.Full text  Abstract

14. Ogmundsdottir HM, Einarsdottir HK, Steingrimsdottir H, et al. Familial predisposition to monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, and multiple myeloma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma. 2009;9:27-29. Abstract

15. McMaster ML. Familial Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Semin Oncol. 2003;30:146-152. Abstract

16. Kristinsson SY, Koshiol J, Goldin LR, et al. Genetics- and immune-related factors in the pathogenesis of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma. 2009;9:23-26. Abstract

17. Treon SP, Xu L, Yang G, et al. MYD88 L265P somatic mutation in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. N Engl J Med. 2012 Aug 30;367(9):826-33.Full text  Abstract

18. Treon SP, Tripsas CK, Meid K, et al. Ibrutinib in previously treated Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:1430-1440. Abstract

19. Fulciniti M, Amodio N, Bandi RL, et al. MYD88-independent growth and survival effects of Sp1 transactivation in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2014;123:2673-2681. Abstract

20. Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Jimenez C, et al. C1013G/CXCR4 acts as a driver mutation of tumor progression and modulator of drug resistance in lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Blood. 2014;123:4120-4131. Abstract

21. Xu L, Hunter ZR, Tsakmaklis N, et al. Clonal architecture of CXCR4 WHIM-like mutations in Waldenström macroglobulinaemia. Br J Haematol. 2016 Mar;172(5):735-44.Full text  Abstract

22. Hunter ZR, Xu L, Yang G, et al. The genomic landscape of Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia is characterized by highly recurring MYD88 and WHIM-like CXCR4 mutations, and small somatic deletions associated with B-cell lymphomagenesis. Blood. 2014;123:1637-1646.Full text  Abstract

23. Treon SP, Hunter ZR. A new era for Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia: MYD88 L265P. Blood. 2013;121:4434-4436.Full text  Abstract

24. Treon SP, Gustine J, Xu L, et al. MYD88 wild-type Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia: differential diagnosis, risk of histological transformation, and overall survival. Br J Haematol. 2018 Feb;180(3):374-80.Full text  Abstract

25. Sahota SS, Forconi F, Ottensmeier CH, et al. Origins of the malignant clone in typical Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Semin Oncol. 2003;30:136-141. Abstract

26. Roccaro AM, Sacco A, Shi J, et al. Exome sequencing reveals recurrent germ line variants in patients with familial Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2016 May 26;127(21):2598-606.Full text  Abstract

27. McMaster ML, Berndt SI, Zhang J, et al. Two high-risk susceptibility loci at 6p25.3 and 14q32.13 for Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Nat Commun. 2018 Oct 10;9(1):4182.Full text  Abstract

28. Giordano TP, Henderson L, Landgren O, et al. Risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and lymphoproliferative precursor diseases in US veterans with hepatitis C virus. JAMA. 2007;297:2010-2017. Abstract

29. Leleu X, O'Connor K, Ho AW, et al. Hepatitis C viral infection is not associated with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol. 2007;82:83-84.Full text  Abstract

30. Vijay A, Gertz MA. Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2007;109:5096-5103.Full text  Abstract

31. Gertz MA. Waldenström macroglobulinemia: 2019 update on diagnosis, risk stratification, and management. Am J Hematol. 2019 Feb;94(2):266-76.Full text  Abstract

32. Owen RG, Treon SP, Al-Katib A, et al. Clinicopathological definition of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: consensus panel recommendations from the Second International Workshop on Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Semin Oncol. 2003;30;110-115. Abstract

33. Pangalis GA, Kyrtsonis MC, Kontopidou FN, et al. Differential diagnosis of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia from other low-grade B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. Semin Oncol. 2003;30:201-205. Abstract

34. Pratt G, El-Sharkawi D, Kothari J, et al. Diagnosis and management of Waldenström macroglobulinaemia - a British Society for Haematology guideline. Br J Haematol. 2022 Apr;197(2):171-87.Full text  Abstract

35. Leleu X, Moreau AS, Weller E, et al. Serum immunoglobulin free light chain correlates with tumor burden markers in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Leuk Lymphoma. 2008;49:1104-1107. Abstract

36. Kastritis E, Morel P, Duhamel A, et al. A revised international prognostic score system for Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Leukemia. 2019 Nov;33(11):2654-61. Abstract

37. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Waldenström macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma [internet publication].Full text

38. Treon SP. How I treat Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2015 Aug 6;126(6):721-32.Full text  Abstract

39. Owen RG, Barrans SL, Richards SJ, et al. Waldenström macroglobulinemia: development of diagnostic criteria and identification of prognostic factors. Am J Clin Pathol. 2001 Sep;116(3):420-8.Full text  Abstract

40. Giné E, Rovira J, Martinez-Trillos, et al. Initial features and outcome are similar in patients with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma regardless they meet or not criteria of Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood (ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts). 2011;118:3677.Full text

41. Banwait R, O'Regan K, Campigotto F, et al. The role of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol. 2011;86:567-572. Abstract

42. Vitolo U, Ferreri AJ, Montoto S. Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma-Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2008;67:172-185. Abstract

43. Gertz MA, Merlini G, Treon SP. Amyloidosis and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2004:257-282.Full text  Abstract

44. Berentsen S, Beiske K, Tjønnfjord GE, et al. Primary chronic cold agglutinin disease: an update on pathogenesis, clinical features and therapy. Hematology. 2007;12:361-370.Full text  Abstract

45. Kapoor P, Ansell SM, Fonseca R, et al. Diagnosis and management of Waldenström macroglobulinemia: Mayo stratification of macroglobulinemia and risk-adapted therapy (mSMART) guidelines 2016. JAMA Oncol. 2017 Sep 1;3(9):1257-65.Full text  Abstract

46. Kastritis E, Leblond V, Dimopoulos MA, et al. Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia: ESMO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2018 Oct 1;29 (suppl 4):iv41-50. Abstract

47. Leblond V, Kastritis E, Advani R, et al. Treatment recommendations from the Eighth International Workshop on Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2016 Sep 8;128(10):1321-8.Full text  Abstract

48. Dimopoulos MA, Kastritis E. How I treat Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2019 Dec 5;134(23):2022-35.Full text  Abstract

49. Buske C, Sadullah S, Kastritis E, et al. Treatment and outcome patterns in European patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia: a large, observational, retrospective chart review. Lancet Haematol. 2018 Jul;5(7):e299-309. Abstract

50. Castillo JJ, Advani RH, Branagan AR, et al. Consensus treatment recommendations from the tenth International Workshop for Waldenström Macroglobulinaemia. Lancet Haematol. 2020 Nov;7(11):e827-e837.Full text  Abstract

51. Ghobrial IM, Fonseca R, Greipp PR, et al. Initial immunoglobulin M 'flare' after rituximab therapy in patients diagnosed with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia: an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Study. Cancer. 2004 Dec 1;101(11):2593-8.Full text  Abstract

52. Dimopoulos MA, Anagnostopoulos A, Kyrtsonis MC, et al. Primary treatment of Waldenström macroglobulinemia with dexamethasone, rituximab, and cyclophosphamide. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25:3344-3349.Full text  Abstract

53. Kastritis E, Gavriatopoulou M, Kyrtsonis MC, et al. Dexamethasone, rituximab, and cyclophosphamide as primary treatment of Waldenström macroglobulinemia: final analysis of a phase 2 study. Blood. 2015 Sep 10;126(11):1392-4.Full text  Abstract

54. Rummel MJ, Niederle N, Maschmeyer G, et al; Study Group Indolent Lymphomas. Bendamustine plus rituximab versus CHOP plus rituximab as first-line treatment for patients with indolent and mantle-cell lymphomas: an open-label, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2013;381:1203-1210. Abstract

55. Paludo J, Abeykoon JP, Shreders A, et al. Bendamustine and rituximab (BR) versus dexamethasone, rituximab, and cyclophosphamide (DRC) in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Ann Hematol. 2018 Aug;97(8):1417-25. Abstract

56. Laribi K, Poulain S, Willems L, et al. Bendamustine plus rituximab in newly-diagnosed Waldenström macroglobulinaemia patients: a study on behalf of the French Innovative Leukaemia Organization (FILO). Br J Haematol. 2019 Jul;186(1):146-9.Full text  Abstract

57. Fung M, Jacobsen E, Freedman A, et al. Increased risk of infectious complications in older patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma exposed to bendamustine. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Jan 7;68(2):247-55.Full text  Abstract

58. Gavriatopoulou M, García-Sanz R, Kastritis E, et al. BDR in newly diagnosed patients with WM: final analysis of a phase 2 study after a minimum follow-up of 6 years. Blood. 2017 Jan 26;129(4):456-9.Full text  Abstract

59. Treon SP, Ioakimidis L, Soumerai JD, et al. Primary therapy of Waldenström macroglobulinemia with bortezomib, dexamethasone, and rituximab: WMCTG clinical trial 05-180. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27:3830-3835. Abstract

60. Dimopoulos MA, Chen C, Kastritis E, et al. Bortezomib as a treatment option in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2010 Apr;10(2):110-7. Abstract

61. Ghobrial IM, Xie W, Padmanabhan S, et al. Phase II trial of weekly bortezomib in combination with rituximab in untreated patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol. 2010 Sep;85(9):670-4.Full text  Abstract

62. Cappuccio JM, Ghobrial IM, Castillo JJ, et al. Long-term follow-up of exceptional responders on the phase II trial of weekly bortezomib and rituximab in untreated and relapsed patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol. 2016 May 20;34(15 suppl):8065.Full text

63. Treon SP, Gustine J, Meid K, et al. Ibrutinib monotherapy in symptomatic, treatment-naïve patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Sep 20;36(27):2755-61.Full text  Abstract

64. Dimopoulos MA, Tedeschi A, Trotman J, et al. Phase 3 trial of ibrutinib plus rituximab in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 21;378(25):2399-410.Full text  Abstract

65. Caldeira D, Alves D, Costa J, et al. Ibrutinib increases the risk of hypertension and atrial fibrillation: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2019 Feb 20;14(2):e0211228.Full text  Abstract

66. European Medicines Agency. Meeting highlights from the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) 30 August – 2 September 2021. Sep 2021 [internet publication].Full text

67. European Medicines Agency. Meeting highlights from the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC) 25-28 October 2021. Oct 2021 [internet publication].Full text

68. Tang CPS, Lip GYH, McCormack T, et al. Management of cardiovascular complications of bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Br J Haematol. 8 Sep 2021 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

69. Treon SP, Branagan AR, Ioakimidis L, et al. Long-term outcomes to fludarabine and rituximab in Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2009 Apr 16;113(16):3673-8.Full text  Abstract

70. Tedeschi A, Benevolo G, Varettoni M, et al. Fludarabine plus cyclophosphamide and rituximab in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia: an effective but myelosuppressive regimen to be offered to patients with advanced disease. Cancer. 2012 Jan 15;118(2):434-43.Full text  Abstract

71. Stone MJ, Bogen SA. Role of plasmapheresis in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2013 Apr;13(2):238-40. Abstract

72. Dimopoulos MA, Kastritis E, Owen RG, et al. Treatment recommendations for patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) and related disorders: IWWM-7 consensus. Blood. 2014 Aug 28;124(9):1404-11.Full text  Abstract

73. Owen RG, Kyle RA, Stone MJ, et al. Response assessment in Waldenström macroglobulinaemia: update from the VIth International Workshop. Br J Haematol. 2013 Jan;160(2):171-6.Full text  Abstract

74. Treon SP, Hanzis C, Manning RJ, et al. Maintenance rituximab is associated with improved clinical outcome in rituximab naïve patients with Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia who respond to a rituximab-containing regimen. Br J Haematol. 2011;154:357-362. Abstract

75. Leblond V, Johnson S, Chevret S, et al. Results of a randomized trial of chlorambucil versus fludarabine for patients with untreated Waldenström macroglobulinemia, marginal zone lymphoma, or lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Jan 20;31(3):301-7.Full text  Abstract

76. Treon S, Hunter Z, Matous J, et al. Multicenter clinical trial of bortezomib in relapsed/refractory Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia: results of WMCTG trial 03-248. Clin Cancer Res. 2007;13:3320-3325.Full text  Abstract

77. Chen CI, Kouroukis CT, White D, et al. Bortezomib is active in patients with untreated or relapsed Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: a phase II study of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group. J Clin Oncol. 2007 Apr 20;25(12):1570-5.Full text  Abstract

78. Dimopoulos MA, Trotman J, Tedeschi A, et al. Ibrutinib for patients with rituximab-refractory Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia (iNNOVATE): an open-label substudy of an international, multicentre, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Feb;18(2):241-50. Abstract

79. Treon SP, Hanzis C, Tripsas C, et al. Bendamustine therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2011 Feb;11(1):133-5. Abstract

80. Ghobrial IM, Hong F, Padmanabhan S, et al. Phase II trial of weekly bortezomib in combination with rituximab in relapsed or relapsed and refractory Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Mar 10;28(8):1422-8.Full text  Abstract

81. Kyriakou C, Canals C, Sibon D, et al. High-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation in Waldenström macroglobulinemia: the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28:2227-2232. Abstract

82. Kyriakou C, Canals C, Taghipour G, et al. Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for patients with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: an analysis of 201 cases from the European Bone Marrow Transplant Registry (EBMT). Haematologica. 2007;92(suppl):PO-1228(abstr).

83. Kyriakou C, Canals C, Taghipour G, et al. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ALLO-SCT) in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM): an analysis of 106 cases from the European Bone Marrow Registry (EBMT). Haematologica. 2007;92(suppl):WM3.9(abstr).

84. Kyriakou C, Canals C, Cornelissen JJ, et al. Allogeneic stem-cell transplantation in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia: report from the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Nov 20;28(33):4926-34.Full text  Abstract

85. Cornell RF, Bachanova V, D'Souza A, et al. Allogeneic transplantation for relapsed Waldenström macroglobulinemia and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Jan;23(1):60-6.Full text  Abstract

86. Treon SP, Tripsas CK, Meid K, et al. Carfilzomib, rituximab, and dexamethasone (CaRD) treatment offers a neuropathy-sparing approach for treating Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2014;124:503-510.Full text  Abstract

87. Castillo JJ, Meid K, Gustine JN, et al. Prospective clinical trial of ixazomib, dexamethasone, and rituximab as primary therapy in Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res. 2018 Jul 15;24(14):3247-52.Full text  Abstract

88. Castillo JJ, Gustine J, Meid K, et al. Multicenter prospective phase II study of venetoclax in patients with previously treated Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2018 Nov 29;132(suppl 1):2888.Full text

89. Paulus A, Manna A, Akhtar S, et al. Targeting CD38 with daratumumab is lethal to Waldenström macroglobulinaemia cells. Br J Haematol. 2018 Oct;183(2):196-211.Full text  Abstract

90. Vidal-Crespo A, Matas-Céspedes A, Rodriguez V, et al. Daratumumab displays in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activity in models of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and improves responses to standard chemo-immunotherapy regimens. Haematologica. 2020 Apr;105(4):1032-41.Full text  Abstract

91. Ghobrial IM, Witzig TE, Gertz M, et al. Long-term results of the phase II trial of the oral mTOR inhibitor everolimus (RAD001) in relapsed or refractory Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. Am J Hematol. 2014;89:237-242. Abstract

92. Treon SP, Meid K, Tripsas C, et al. Prospective, multicenter clinical trial of everolimus as primary therapy in Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WMCTG 09-214). Clin Cancer Res. 2017 May 15;23(10):2400-4.Full text  Abstract

93. Ghobrial IM, Roccaro A, Hong F, et al. Clinical and translational studies of a phase II trial of the novel oral Akt inhibitor perifosine in relapsed or relapsed/refractory Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Clin Cancer Res. 2010;16:1033-1041.Full text  Abstract

94. Ghobrial IM, Leleu X, Azab AK, et al. Novel therapeutic agents in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma. 2009;9:84-86. Abstract

95. Ghobrial IM, Campigotto F, Murphy TJ, et al. Results of a phase 2 trial of the single-agent histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat in patients with relapsed/refractory Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2013 Feb 21;121(8):1296-303.Full text  Abstract

96. Furman RR, Eradat H, DiRienzo CG, et al. A phase II trial of ofatumumab in subjects with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2011;118:3701.Full text

97. Herth I, Hensel M, Rieger M, et al. Pentostatin, cyclophosphamide and rituximab is a safe and effective treatment in patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Leuk Lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma. 2015;56:97-102. Abstract

98. Tam CS, Opat S, D'Sa S, et al. A randomized phase 3 trial of zanubrutinib vs ibrutinib in symptomatic Waldenström macroglobulinemia: the ASPEN study. Blood. 2020 Oct 29;136(18):2038-50.Full text  Abstract

99. Morel P, Duhamel A, Gobbi P, et al. International prognostic scoring system for Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Blood. 2009;113:4163-4170.Full text  Abstract

100. Randen U, Trøen G, Tierens A, et al. Primary cold agglutinin-associated lymphoproliferative disease: a B-cell lymphoma of the bone marrow distinct from lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma. Haematologica. 2014 Mar;99(3):497-504.Full text  Abstract

101. Schollkopf C, Kjeldsen L, Bjerrum OW, et al. Rituximab in chronic cold agglutinin disease: a prospective study of 20 patients. Leuk Lymphoma. 2006;47:253-260. Abstract

102. Leleu X, Soumerai J, Roccaro A, et al. Increased incidence of transformation and myelodysplasia/acute leukemia in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia treated with nucleoside analogs. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27:250-255. Abstract

103. Kyle RA, Greipp PR, Gertz MA, et al. Waldenström's macroglobulinemia: a prospective study comparing daily with intermittent oral chlorambucil. Br J Haematol. 2000;108:737-742.Full text  Abstract

104. Dimopoulos MA, Anagnostopoulos A, Kyrtsonis MC, et al. Treatment of relapsed or refractory Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia with bortezomib. Haematologica. 2005;90:1655-1658.Full text  Abstract

105. Baldini L, Nobile-Orazio E, Guffanti A, et al. Peripheral neuropathy in IgM monoclonal gammopathy and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: a frequent complication in elderly males with low MAG-reactive serum monoclonal component. Am J Hematol. 1994;45:25-31. Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer