Gastritis

References

Key articles

Varis K. Gastritis - a misused term in clinical gastroenterology. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1988 Jul 8;155:53-60. Abstract

Glickman JN, Antonioli DA. Gastritis. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2001 Oct;11(4):717-40. Abstract

Chey WD, Leontiadis GI, Howden CW, Moss SF. ACG Clinical Guideline: Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):212-39.Full text  Abstract

Chey WD, Leontiadis GI, Howden CW, Moss SF. ACG Clinical Guideline: Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):212-39.Full text  Abstract

Zagari RM, Romano M, Ojetti V, et al. Guidelines for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection in Italy: the III Working Group Consensus Report 2015. Dig Liver Dis. 2015 Nov;47(11):903-12.Full text  Abstract

Kavitt RT, Cifu AS. Management of Helicobacter pylori infection. JAMA. 2017 Apr 18;317(15):1572-73. Abstract

Nyssen OP, McNicholl AG, Megraud F, et al. Sequential versus standard triple first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Jun 28;(6):CD009034.Full text  Abstract

Ren Q, Yan X, Zhou Y, et al. Periodontal therapy as adjunctive treatment for gastric Helicobacter pylori infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 7;2:CD009477.Full text  Abstract

Lee YC, Chiang TH, Chou CK, et al. Association between Helicobacter pylori eradication and gastric cancer incidence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2016 May;150(5):1113-1124.e5.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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2. Laine L, Weinstein WM. Subepithelial hemorrhages and erosions of human stomach. Dig Dis Sci. 1988 Apr;33(4):490-503. Abstract

3. Glickman JN, Antonioli DA. Gastritis. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2001 Oct;11(4):717-40. Abstract

4. Chey WD, Leontiadis GI, Howden CW, Moss SF. ACG Clinical Guideline: Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):212-39.Full text  Abstract

5. Bondurant FJ, Maull KI, Nelson HS Jr, et al. Bile reflux gastritis. South Med J. 1987 Feb;80(2):161-5. Abstract

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24. Davidson RJ, Atrah HI, Sewell HF. Longitudinal study of circulating gastric antibodies in pernicious anaemia. J Clin Pathol. 1989 Oct;42(10):1092-5.Full text  Abstract

25. Chey WD, Leontiadis GI, Howden CW, Moss SF. ACG Clinical Guideline: Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):212-39.Full text  Abstract

26. Toh BH, van Driel IR, Gleeson PA. Pernicious anemia. N Engl J Med. 1997 Nov 13;337(20):1441-8. Abstract

27. Torbenson M, Abraham SC, Boitnott J, et al. Autoimmune gastritis: distinct histological and immunohistochemical findings before complete loss of oxyntic glands. Mod Pathol. 2002 Feb;15(2):102-9.Full text  Abstract

28. Turner MA, Beachley MC, Stanley D. Phlegmonous gastritis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1979 Sep;133(3):527-8.Full text  Abstract

29. Fink DW, Boyden FM. Gas in the portal veins. A report of two cases due to ingestion of corrosive substances. Radiology. 1966 Oct;87(4):741-3. Abstract

30. Park CW, Kim A, Cha SW, et al. A case of phlegmonous gastritis associated with marked gastric distension. Gut Liver. 2010 Sep;4(3):415-8.Full text  Abstract

31. Blei ED, Abrahams C. Diffuse phlegmonous gastroenterocolitis in a patient with an infected peritoneo-jugular venous shunt. Gastroenterology. 1983 Mar;84(3):636-9. Abstract

32. Chamberlain CE. Acute hemorrhagic gastritis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1993 Dec;22(4):843-73. Abstract

33. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and dyspepsia in adults: investigation and management. Oct 2019 [internet publication].Full text

34. Moayyedi PM, Lacy BE, Andrews CN, et al. ACG and CAG Clinical Guideline: Management of Dyspepsia. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017;112(7):988-1013. Abstract

35. Evans JA, Chandrasekhara V, Chathadi KV, et al. The role of endoscopy in the management of premalignant and malignant conditions of the stomach. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Jul;82(1):1-8. Abstract

36. Park WG, Shaheen NJ, Cohen J, et al. Quality indicators for EGD. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Jan;81(1):17-30. Abstract

37. Nurgalieva ZZ, Graham DY. Pearls and pitfalls of assessing Helicobacter pylori status. Dig Liver Dis. 2003 Jun;35(6):375-7. Abstract

38. Cutler AF, Havstad S, Ma CK, et al. Accuracy of invasive and noninvasive tests to diagnose Helicobacter pylori infection. Gastroenterology. 1995 Jul;109(1):136-41. Abstract

39. Midolo P, Marshall BJ. Accurate diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori: urease tests. Gastroenterol Clin N Am. 2000 Dec;29(4):871-8. Abstract

40. Gisbert JP, Pajares JM. Stool antigen test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection: a systematic review. Helicobacter. 2000 Dec;29(4):871-8. Abstract

41. Gisbert JP, de la Morena F, Abraira V. Accuracy of monoclonal stool antigen test for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Aug;101(8):1921-30. Abstract

42. Uotani T, Graham DY. Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori using the rapid urease test. Ann Transl Med. 2015 Jan;3(1):9.Full text  Abstract

43. Perna F, Ricci C, Gatta L, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of a new rapid urease test (Pronto Dry), before and after treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2005 Sep;51(3):247-54. Abstract

44. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2013. Endoscopic mucosal tissue sampling. Gastrointest Endosc. 2013 Aug;78(2):216-24.Full text  Abstract

45. Allen LH. How common is vitamin B-12 deficiency? Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Feb;89(2):693S-6S.Full text  Abstract

46. Katz PO, Dunbar KB, Schnoll-Sussman FH, et al. ACG clinical guideline for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2022 Jan 1;117(1):27-56.Full text  Abstract

47. Lal N, Bhasin DK, Malik AK, et al. Optimal number of biopsy specimens in the diagnosis of carcinoma of the oesophagus. Gut. 1992 Jun;33(6):724-6.Full text  Abstract

48. Ford AC, Forman D, Hunt RH, et al. Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy to prevent gastric cancer in healthy asymptomatic infected individuals: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 2014 May 20;348:g3174.Full text  Abstract

49. Storm AC, Fishman DS, Buxbaum JL, et al. American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guideline on informed consent for GI endoscopic procedures. Gastrointest Endosc. 2022 Feb;95(2):207-15.Full text  Abstract

50. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria®: epigastric pain. 2021 [internet publication].Full text

51. Zagari RM, Romano M, Ojetti V, et al. Guidelines for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection in Italy: the III Working Group Consensus Report 2015. Dig Liver Dis. 2015 Nov;47(11):903-12.Full text  Abstract

52. Katelaris PH, Forbes GM, Talley NJ, et al. A randomized comparison of quadruple and triple therapies for Helicobacter pylori eradication: the QUADRATE study. Gastroenterology. 2002 Dec;123(6):1763-9. Abstract

53. Gene E, Calvet X, Azagra R, et al. Triple vs. quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori infection: a meta-analysis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 May 1;17(9):1137-43.Full text  Abstract

54. Yuan Y, Ford AC, Khan KJ, et al. Optimum duration of regimens for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 11;(12):CD008337.Full text  Abstract

55. Kavitt RT, Cifu AS. Management of Helicobacter pylori infection. JAMA. 2017 Apr 18;317(15):1572-73. Abstract

56. Fischbach LA, van Zanten S, Dickason J. Meta-analysis: the efficacy, adverse events, and adherence related to first-line anti-Helicobacter pylori quadruple therapies. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Nov 15;20(10):1071-82.Full text  Abstract

57. Pan KF, Zhang L, Gerhard M, et al. A large randomised controlled intervention trial to prevent gastric cancer by eradication of Helicobacter pylori in Linqu County, China: baseline results and factors affecting the eradication. Gut. 2016 Jan;65(1):9-18.Full text  Abstract

58. Wong AY, Wong IC, Chui CS, et al. Association between acute neuropsychiatric events and helicobacter pylori therapy containing clarithromycin. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Jun 1;176(6):828-34. Abstract

59. De Leest HT, Steen KS, Bloemena E, et al. Helicobacter pylori eradication in patients on long-term treatment with NSAIDs reduces the severity of gastritis: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2009 Feb;43(2):140-6. Abstract

60. Chen H, Li X, Ge Z, et al. Rabeprazole combined with hydrotalcite is effective for patients with bile reflux gastritis after cholecystectomy. Can J Gastroenterol. 2010 Mar;24(3):197-201. Abstract

61. Jung JH, Choi HJ, Yoo J, et al. Emphysematous gastritis associated with invasive gastric mucormycosis: a case report. J Korean Med Sci. 2007 Oct;22(5):923-7.Full text  Abstract

62. Evans L, Rhodes A, Alhazzani W, et al. Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021. Intensive Care Med. 2021 Nov;47(11):1181-247.Full text  Abstract

63. Rajendran S, Baban C, Lee G, et al. Rapid resolution of phlegmonous gastritis using antibiotics alone. BMJ Case Rep. 2009;2009:bcr02.2009.Full text  Abstract

64. Gatta L, Vakil N, Vaira D, et al. Global eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori infection: systematic review and meta-analysis of sequential therapy. BMJ. 2013 Aug 7;347:f4587.Full text  Abstract

65. Liu KS, Hung IF, Seto WK, et al. Ten day sequential versus 10 day modified bismuth quadruple therapy as empirical firstline and secondline treatment for Helicobacter pylori in Chinese patients: an open label, randomised, crossover trial. Gut. 2014 Sep;63(9):1410-5.Full text  Abstract

66. Molina-Infante J, Romano M, Fernandez-Bermejo M, et al. Optimized nonbismuth quadruple therapies cure most patients with Helicobacter pylori infection in populations with high rates of antibiotic resistance. Gastroenterology. 2013 Jul;145(1):121-128.e1. Abstract

67. Francavilla R, Lionetti E, Castellaneta SP, et al. Improved efficacy of 10-day sequential treatment for Helicobacter pylori eradication in children: a randomized trial. Gastroenterology. 2005 Nov;129(5):1414-9. Abstract

68. Zullo A, Gatta L, de Francesco V, et al. High rate of Helicobacter pylori eradication with sequential therapy in elderly patients with peptic ulcer: a prospective controlled study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jun 15;21(12):1419-24.Full text  Abstract

69. De Francesco V, Margiotta M, Zullo A, et al. Clarithromycin-resistant genotypes and eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Jan 17;144(2):94-100. Abstract

70. Zhou L, Zhang J, Chen M, et al. A comparative study of sequential therapy and standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection: a randomized multicenter trial. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014 Apr;109(4):535-41. Abstract

71. McNicholl AG, Marin AC, Molina-Infante J, et al. Randomised clinical trial comparing sequential and concomitant therapies for Helicobacter pylori eradication in routine clinical practice. Gut. 2014 Feb;63(2):244-9. Abstract

72. Losurdo G, Leandro G, Principi M, et al. Sequential vs. prolonged 14-day triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication: the meta-analysis may be influenced by 'geographical weighting'. Int J Clin Pract. 2015 Oct;69(10):1112-20. Abstract

73. Kale-Pradhan PB, Mihaescu A, Wilhelm SM. Fluoroquinolone sequential therapy for helicobacter pylori: a meta-analysis. Pharmacotherapy. 2015 Aug;35(8):719-30. Abstract

74. Nyssen OP, McNicholl AG, Megraud F, et al. Sequential versus standard triple first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Jun 28;(6):CD009034.Full text  Abstract

75. Saad RJ, Schoenfeld P, Kim HM, et al. Levofloxacin-based triple therapy versus bismuth-based quadruple therapy for persistent Helicobacter pylori infection: a meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Mar;101(3):488-96. Abstract

76. Di Mario F, Cavallaro LG, Scarpignato C. 'Rescue' therapies for the management of Helicobacter pylori infection. Dig Dis. 2006;24(1-2):113-30. Abstract

77. Miehlke S, Kirsch C, Schneider-Brachert W, et al. A prospective, randomized study of quadruple therapy and high-dose dual therapy for treatment of Helicobacter pylori resistant to both metronidazole and clarithromycin. Helicobacter. 2003 Aug;8(4):310-9. Abstract

78. Basu PP, Rayapudi K, Pacana T, et al. A randomized study comparing levofloxacin, omeprazole, nitazoxanide, and doxycycline versus triple therapy for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Nov;106(11):1970-5.Full text  Abstract

79. Zeng M, Mao XH, Li JX, et al. Efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of an oral recombinant Helicobacter pylori vaccine in children in China: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 2015 Oct 10;386(10002):1457-64. Abstract

80. Sasazuki S, Hayashi T, Nakachi K, et al. Protective effect of vitamin C on oxidative stress: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2008 May;78(3):121-8. Abstract

81. Li BZ, Threapleton DE, Wang JY, et al. Comparative effectiveness and tolerance of treatments for Helicobacter pylori: systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMJ. 2015 Aug 19;351:h4052.Full text  Abstract

82. Ren Q, Yan X, Zhou Y, et al. Periodontal therapy as adjunctive treatment for gastric Helicobacter pylori infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 7;2:CD009477.Full text  Abstract

83. Tan B, Luo HQ, Xu H, et al. Polaprezinc combined with clarithromycin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis: A prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial. PLoS One. 2017 Apr 13;12(4):e0175625.Full text  Abstract

84. Hsing AW, Hansson LE, McLaughlin JK, et al. Pernicious anemia and subsequent cancer: a population-based cohort study. Cancer. 1993 Feb 1;71(3):745-50. Abstract

85. Burkitt MD, Pritchard DM. Review article: pathogenesis and management of gastric carcinoid tumours. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Nov 1;24(9):1305-20. Abstract

86. Kim GY, Ward J, Henessey B, et al. Phlegmonous gastritis: case report and review. Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Jan;61(1):168-74. Abstract

87. Fock KM, Talley N, Moayyedi P, et al; Asia-Pacific Gastric Cancer Consensus Conference. Asia-Pacific consensus guidelines on gastric cancer prevention. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Mar;23(3):351-65.Full text  Abstract

88. Lee YC, Chiang TH, Chou CK, et al. Association between Helicobacter pylori eradication and gastric cancer incidence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2016 May;150(5):1113-1124.e5.Full text  Abstract

89. Choi IJ, Kook MC, Kim YI, et al. Helicobacter pylori therapy for the prevention of metachronous gastric cancer. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(12):1085-95.Full text  Abstract

90. Honda M, Hiki N, Nunobe S, et al. Preoperative vs postoperative eradication of Helicobacter pylori in 150 patients with gastric cancer: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Aug;221(2):273-9. Abstract

91. Storskrubb T, Aro P, Ronkainen J, et al. Serum biomarkers provide an accurate method for diagnosis of atrophic gastritis in a general population: the Kalixanda study. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2008;43(12):1448-55. Abstract

92. van Marrewijk CJ, van Oijen MG, Paloheimo LI, et al. Influence of gastric mucosal status on success of stepwise acid suppressive therapy for dyspepsia. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Jul;30(1):82-9. Abstract

93. Vannella L, Lahner E, Osborn J, et al. Risk factors for progression to gastric neoplastic lesions in patients with atrophic gastritis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 May;31(9):1042-50.Full text  Abstract

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