Schistosomiasis

References

Key articles

King CH. Schistosomiasis. In: Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, eds. Tropical infectious diseases: principles, pathogens and practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone; 2001:1341-8.

Mutapi F, Maizels R, Fenwick A, et al. Human schistosomiasis in the post mass drug administration era. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Feb;17(2):e42-8.Full text  Abstract

McManus DP, Dunne DW, Sacko M, et al. Schistosomiasis. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2018 Aug 9;4(1):13. Abstract

Weerakoon KG, Gobert GN, Cai P, et al. Advances in the diagnosis of human schistosomiasis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2015 Oct;28(4):939-67. Abstract

Hou XY, McManus DP, Gray DJ, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of safety and efficacy of combined praziquantel and artemether treatment for acute schistosomiasis japonica in China. Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Oct;86(10):788-95.Full text  Abstract

Inyang-Etoh PC, Ejezie GC, Useh MF, et al. Efficacy of a combination of praziquantel and artesunate in the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Nigeria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan;103(1):38-44. Abstract

King CH, Dangerfield-Cha M. The unacknowledged impact of chronic schistosomiasis. Chronic Illn. 2008 Mar;4(1):65-79. Abstract

Reference articles

1. King CH. Schistosomiasis. In: Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, eds. Tropical infectious diseases: principles, pathogens and practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone; 2001:1341-8.

2. Sturrock RF. The schistosomes and their intermediate hosts. In: Mahmoud AAF, ed. Schistosomiasis. London, UK: Imperial College Press; 2001:7-83.

3. Mutapi F, Maizels R, Fenwick A, et al. Human schistosomiasis in the post mass drug administration era. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Feb;17(2):e42-8.Full text  Abstract

4. World Health Organization/Department of control of neglected tropical diseases. Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiases: numbers of people treated in 2017. Wkly Epidemio Rec. 2018 Dec 14:93(50);681-92.Full text

5. King CH. Epidemiology of schistosomiasis: determinants of transmission of infection. In: Mahmoud AAF, ed. Schistosomiasis. London, UK: Imperial College Press; 2001:115-32.

6. King CH. Disease due to Schistosoma mekongi, S intercalatum and other Schistosome species. In: Mahmoud AAF, ed. Schistosomiasis. London, UK: Imperial College Press; 2001:391-412.

7. Lindblade KA. The epidemiology of cercarial dermatitis and its association with limnological characteristics of a northern Michigan lake. J Parasitol. 1998 Feb;84(1):19-23. Abstract

8. McManus DP, Dunne DW, Sacko M, et al. Schistosomiasis. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2018 Aug 9;4(1):13. Abstract

9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Parasites - schistosomiasis. Jun 2018 [internet publication].Full text

10. Anderson RM, May RM. Infectious diseases of humans: dynamics and control. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1991:467-96, 507-20.

11. Warren KS, Mahmoud AAF, Cummings P, et al. Schistosomiasis mansoni in Yemeni in California: duration of infection, presence of disease, therapeutic management. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1974 Sep;23(5):902-9. Abstract

12. Colley DG, Bustinduy AL, Secor WE, et al. Human schistosomiasis. Lancet. 2014 Jun 28;383(9936):2253-64. Abstract

13. Visser LG, Polderman AM, Stuiver PC. Outbreak of schistosomiasis among travelers returning from Mali, West Africa. Clin Infect Dis. 1995 Feb;20(2):280-5. Abstract

14. Ross AG, Bartley PB, Sleigh AC, et al. Schistosomiasis. N Engl J Med. 2002 Apr 18;346(16):1212-20. Abstract

15. Coutinho HM, Leenstra T, Acosta LP, et al. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein are associated with undernutrition in the context of Schistosoma japonicum infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Oct;75(4):720-6.Full text  Abstract

16. Leenstra T, Acosta LP, Langdon GC, et al. Schistosomiasis japonica, anemia, and iron status in children, adolescents, and young adults in Leyte, Philippines 1. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb;83(2):371-9.Full text  Abstract

17. Wynn TA, Thompson RW, Cheever AW, et al. Immunopathogenesis of schistosomiasis. Immunol Rev. 2004 Oct;201:156-67. Abstract

18. Kirchhoff LV, Nash TE. A case of schistosomiasis japonica: resolution of CAT-scan detected cerebral abnormalities without specific therapy. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1984 Nov;33(6):1155-8. Abstract

19. Centers for Disease Control. Acute schistosomiasis with transverse myelitis in American students returning from Kenya. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1984 Aug 10;33(31):445-7. Abstract

20. Groeneveld AE, Marszalek WW, Heyns CF. Bladder cancer in various population groups in the greater Durban area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Br J Urol. 1996 Aug;78(2):205-8. Abstract

21. Schwartz E, Kozarsky P, Wilson M, et al. Schistosome infection among river rafters on Omo River, Ethiopia. J Travel Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;12(1):3-8.Full text  Abstract

22. Amorosa V, Kremens D, Wolfe MS, et al. Schistosoma mansoni in family 5 years after safari. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Feb;11(2):339-41. Abstract

23. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Schistosomiasis infection. Dec 2017 [internet publication].Full text

24. Jordan P. Schistosomiasis: the St. Lucia project. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 1985.

25. Freer JB, Bourke CD, Durhuus GH, et al. Schistosomiasis in the first 1000 days. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jun;18(6):e193-e203.Full text  Abstract

26. Wang Z, Lin C, Wang H, et al. Impact assessment of health education on schistosomiasis among high school students in wanzhou area of three gorges reservoir. CJEBM. 2012;12:274-7.

27. Santini-Oliveira M, Coler RN, Parra J, et al. Schistosomiasis vaccine candidate Sm14/GLA-SE: phase 1 safety and immunogenicity clinical trial in healthy, male adults. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 20;34(4):586-94. Abstract

28. Warren KS, Mahmoud AA. Algorithms in the diagnosis and management of exotic diseases: I. schistosomiasis. J Infect Dis. 1975 May;131(5):614-20. Abstract

29. Bichler KH, Savatovsky I; the Members of the Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Working Group of the Guidelines Office of the European Association of Urology. EAU guidelines for the management of urogenital schistosomiasis. Eur Urol. 2006 Jun;49(6):998-1003.Full text  Abstract

30. Mulvihill CA, Burnett JW. Swimmer's itch: a cercarial dermatitis. Cutis. 1990 Sep;46(3):211-3. Abstract

31. de Jesus AR, Silva A, Santana LB, et al. Clinical and immunologic evaluation of 31 patients with acute schistosomiasis mansoni. J Infect Dis. 2002 Jan 1;185(1):98-105. Abstract

32. Johnston V, Stockley JM, Dockrell D, et al. British Infection Society and the Hospital for Tropical Diseases. Fever in returned travellers presenting in the United Kingdom: recommendations for investigation and initial management. J Infect. 2009 Jul;59(1):1-18. Abstract

33. Coutinho HM, McGarvey ST, Acosta LP, et al. Nutritional status and serum cytokine profiles in children, adolescents, and young adults with Schistosoma japonicum-associated hepatic fibrosis, in Leyte, Philippines. J Infect Dis. 2005 Aug 1;192(3):528-36. Abstract

34. King CH, Dickman K, Tisch DJ. Reassessment of the cost of chronic helmintic infection: a meta-analysis of disability-related outcomes in endemic schistosomiasis. Lancet. 2005 Apr 30-May 6;365(9470):1561-9. Abstract

35. Kjetland EF, Ndhlovu PD, Mduluza T, et al. Simple clinical manifestations of genital Schistosoma haematobium infection in rural Zimbabwean women. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Mar;72(3):311-9.Full text  Abstract

36. Corachan M, Valls ME, Gascon J, et al. Hematospermia: a new etiology of clinical interest. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1994 May;50(5):580-4. Abstract

37. Peters PAS, Kazura JW. Update on diagnostic methods for schistosomiasis. In: Mahmoud AAF, ed. Balliere's clinical tropical medicine and communicable diseases: schistosomiasis. London, UK: Bailliere Tindall; 1987:419-33.

38. Savioli L, Hatz C, Dixon H, et al. Control of morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium on Pemba Island: egg excretion and hematuria as indicators of infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Sep;43(3):289-95. Abstract

39. Al-Sherbiny MM, Osman AM, Hancock K, et al. Application of immunodiagnostic assays: detection of antibodies and circulating antigens in human schistosomiasis and correlation with clinical findings. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Jun;60(6):960-6.Full text  Abstract

40. Weerakoon KG, Gobert GN, Cai P, et al. Advances in the diagnosis of human schistosomiasis. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2015 Oct;28(4):939-67. Abstract

41. Ochodo EA, Gopalakrishna G, Spek B, et al. Circulating antigen tests and urine reagent strips for diagnosis of active schistosomiasis in endemic areas. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Mar 11;(3):CD009579.Full text  Abstract

42. Ferrari TC. Involvement of central nervous system in the schistosomiasis. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99(5 Suppl 1):59-62.Full text  Abstract

43. King CL. Schistosomiasis. In: Mahmoud AAF, ed. Parasitic lung diseases. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 1997:135-55.

44. El-Mahgoub S. Pelvic schistosomiasis and infertility. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1982 Jun;20(3):201-6. Abstract

45. Pittella JE. Neuroschistosomiasis. Brain Pathol. 1997 Jan;7(1):649-62. Abstract

46. Gellido CL, Onesti S, Llena J, et al. Spinal schistosomiasis. Neurology. 2000 Jan 25;54(2):527. Abstract

47. Richter J, Correia Dacal AR, Vergetti Siqueira JG, et al. Sonographic prediction of variceal bleeding in patients with liver fibrosis due to Schistosoma mansoni. Trop Med Int Health. 1998 Sep;3(9):728-35. Abstract

48. Bedwani R, Renganathan E, El Kwhsky F, et al. Schistosomiasis and the risk of bladder cancer in Alexandria, Egypt. Br J Cancer. 1998 Apr;77(7):1186-9. Abstract

49. King CH, Keating CE, Muruka JF, et al. Urinary tract morbidity in schistosomiasis haematobia: associations with age and intensity of infection in an endemic area of Coast Province, Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1988 Oct;39(4):361-8. Abstract

50. Ross AG, Vickers D, Olds GR, et al. Katayama syndrome. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Mar;7(3):218-24. Abstract

51. Gendrel D, Kombila M, Beaudoin-Leblevec G, et al. Nontyphoidal salmonellal septicemia in Gabonese children infected with Schistosoma intercalatum. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Jan;18(1):103-5. Abstract

52. Lambertucci JR, Rayes AA, Serufo JC, et al. Schistosomiasis and associated infections. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 1998;93(suppl 1):135-9. Abstract

53. Lengeler C, Utzinger J, Tanner M. Questionnaires for rapid screening of schistosomiasis in sub-Saharan Africa. Bull World Health Organ. 2002;80(3):235-42.Full text  Abstract

54. Swai B, Poggensee G, Mtweve S, et al. Female genital schistosomiasis as an evidence of a neglected cause for reproductive ill-health: a retrospective histopathological study from Tanzania. BMC Infect Dis. 2006 Aug 23;6:134.Full text  Abstract

55. Richter J, Hatz C, Campagne G, et al. Ultrasound in schistosomiasis: a practical guide to the standardized use of ultrasonography for the assessment of schistosomiasis-related morbidity. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2000.

56. van Velthuysen ML, Florquin S. Glomerulopathy associated with parasitic infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2000 Jan;13(1):55-66.Full text  Abstract

57. Forsyth DM, Bradley DJ, McMahon J. Death attributed to kidney failure in communities with endemic urinary schistosomiasis. Lancet. 1970 Aug 29;2(7670):472-3. Abstract

58. Gordon MA, Zijlstra EE, Naus CW, et al. Schistosomiasis does not contribute to death or recurrence of nontyphoid Salmonella bacteremia in human immunodeficiency virus-infected Malawian adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 15;37(12):e177-9. Abstract

59. Moore TA, McCarthy JS. Toxocariasis and larva migrans syndromes. In: Guerrant RL, Walker DH, Weller PF, eds. Tropical infectious diseases, principles, pathogens and practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone; 2006:1209-16.

60. King CH, Magak P, Salam EA, et al. Measuring morbidity in schistosomiasis mansoni: relationship between image pattern, portal vein diameter and portal branch thickness in large-scale surveys using new WHO coding guidelines for ultrasound in schistosomiasis. Trop Med Int Health. 2003 Feb;8(2):109-17.Full text  Abstract

61. King CH. Ultrasound monitoring of structural urinary tract disease in Schistosoma haematobium infection. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2002;97(suppl 1):149-52.Full text  Abstract

62. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Yellow Book: health information for international travel. May 2017 [internet publication].Full text

63. WHO. Schistosomiasis. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

64. Means AR, Burns P, Sinclair D, et al. Antihelminthics in helminth-endemic areas: effects on HIV disease progression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Apr 14;4:CD006419.Full text  Abstract

65. World Health Organization. Preventive chemotherapy in human helminthiasis: coordinated use of anthelmintic drugs in control interventions: a manual for health professionals and programme managers. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press; 2006.

66. Hatz C, Mayombana C, de Savigny D, et al. Ultrasound scanning for detecting morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium and its resolution following treatment with different doses of praziquantel. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1990 Jan-Feb;84(1):84-8. Abstract

67. Danso-Appiah A, Olliaro PL, Donegan S, et al. Drugs for treating Schistosoma mansoni infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;(2):CD000528.Full text  Abstract

68. King CH, Olbrych SK, Soon M, et al. Utility of repeated praziquantel dosing in the treatment of schistosomiasis in high-risk communities in Africa: a systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Sep;5(9):e1321.Full text  Abstract

69. Utzinger J, Keiser J, Shuhua X, et al. Combination chemotherapy of schistosomiasis in laboratory studies and clinical trials. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 May;47(5):1487-95.Full text  Abstract

70. Kramer CV, Zhang F, Sinclair D, et al. Drugs for treating urinary schistosomiasis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Aug 6;(8):CD000053.Full text  Abstract

71. Olveda RM, Acosta LP, Tallo V, et al. Efficacy and safety of praziquantel for the treatment of human schistosomiasis during pregnancy: a phase 2, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Feb;16(2):199-208. Abstract

72. Allen HE, Crompton DW, de Silva N, et al. New policies for using anthelmintics in high risk groups. Trends Parasitol. 2002 Sep;18(9):381-2. Abstract

73. King CH, Mahmoud AA. Drugs five years later: praziquantel. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Feb 15;110(4):290-6. Abstract

74. Liu R, Dong HF, Guo Y, et al. Efficacy of praziquantel and artemisinin derivatives for the treatment and prevention of human schistosomiasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Parasit Vectors. 2011 Oct 17;4:201.Full text  Abstract

75. Utzinger J, Xiao SH, Tanner M, et al. Artemisinins for schistosomiasis and beyond. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2007 Feb;8(2):105-16. Abstract

76. Hua HY, Liang YS, Zhang Y, et al. The sensitivity of artesunate against Schistosoma japonicum decreased after 10 years of use in China. Parasitol Res. 2010 Sep;107(4):873-8. Abstract

77. Obonyo CO, Muok EM, Mwinzi PN. Efficacy of artesunate with sulfalene plus pyrimethamine versus praziquantel for treatment of Schistosoma mansoni in Kenyan children: an open-label randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Sep;10(9):603-11. Abstract

78. Pérez del Villar L, Burguillo FJ, López-Abán J, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of artemisinin based therapies for the treatment and prevention of schistosomiasis. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45867.Full text  Abstract

79. Utzinger J, N'Goran EK, N'Dri A, et al. Oral artemether for prevention of Schistosoma mansoni infection: randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2000 Apr 15;355(9212):1320-5. Abstract

80. Hou XY, McManus DP, Gray DJ, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of safety and efficacy of combined praziquantel and artemether treatment for acute schistosomiasis japonica in China. Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Oct;86(10):788-95.Full text  Abstract

81. Inyang-Etoh PC, Ejezie GC, Useh MF, et al. Efficacy of a combination of praziquantel and artesunate in the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Nigeria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan;103(1):38-44. Abstract

82. King CH, Muchiri E, Ouma JH, et al. Chemotherapy-based control of schistosomiasis haematobia. IV. Impact of repeated annual chemotherapy on prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection in an endemic area of Kenya. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1991 Oct;45(4):498-508. Abstract

83. Abdel-Salam E, Ehsan A. Cystoscopic picture of Schistosoma haematobium in Egyptian children correlated to intensity of infection and morbidity. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1978 Jul;27(4):774-8. Abstract

84. Barrou B, Bitker MO, Boyer C, et al. Results of renal transplantation in patients with Schistosoma infection. J Urol. 1997 Apr;157(4):1232-5. Abstract

85. Abdel-Wahab MF, Ramzy I, Esmat G, et al. Ultrasound for detecting Schistosoma haematobium urinary tract complications: comparison with radiographic procedures. J Urol. 1992 Aug;148(2 Pt 1):346-50. Abstract

86. Christie JD, Crouse D, Kelada AB, et al. Patterns of Schistosoma haematobium egg distribution in the human lower urinary tract. III. Cancerous lower urinary tracts. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1986 Jul;35(4):759-64. Abstract

87. el-Bolkainy MN, Chu EW, Ghoneim MA, et al. Cytologic detection of bladder cancer in a rural Egyptian population infested with schistosomiasis. Acta Cytol. 1982 May-Jun;26(3):303-10. Abstract

88. Badalament RA. Is the role of cystoscopy in the detection of bladder cancer really declining? J Urol. 1998 Feb;159(2):399-400. Abstract

89. Coutinho HM, Acosta LP, McGarvey ST, et al. Nutritional status improves after treatment of Schistosoma japonicum-infected children and adolescents. J Nutr. 2006 Jan;136(1):183-8.Full text  Abstract

90. King CH, Dangerfield-Cha M. The unacknowledged impact of chronic schistosomiasis. Chronic Illn. 2008 Mar;4(1):65-79. Abstract

91. AbouZahr C, Vaughan JP. Assessing the burden of sexual and reproductive ill-health: questions regarding the use of disability-adjusted life years. Bull World Health Organ. 2000;78(5):655-66. Abstract

92. Khalaf I, Shokeir A, Shalaby M. Urologic complications of genitourinary schistosomiasis. World J Urol. 2012 Feb;30(1):31-8. Abstract

93. Elmasalme FN, Raheem MA, Badawy A, et al. Rectosigmoid bilharzioma causing intestinal obstruction. J Pediatr Surg. 1997 Apr;32(4):631-3. Abstract

94. Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Weekly clinicopathological exercises. Case 21-2001. A 31-year-old man with an apparent seizure and a mass in the right parietal lobe. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jul 12;345(2):126-31. Abstract

95. Lambertucci JR, Silva LC, do Amaral RS. Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2007 Sep-Oct;40(5):574-81.Full text  Abstract

96. Assaré RK, Tian-Bi YN, Yao PK, et al. Sustaining control of Schistosomiasis mansoni in Western Côte d'Ivoire: results from a SCORE study, one year after initial praziquantel administration. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Jan 20;10(1):e0004329.Full text  Abstract

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