Constipation in children

References

Key articles

Rubin G, Dale A. Chronic constipation in children. BMJ. 2006 Nov 18;333(7577):1051-5.Full text  Abstract

Benninga MA, Faure C, Hyman PE, et al. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: neonate/toddler. Gastroenterology. 2016 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

Hyams JS, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, et al. Functional disorders: children and adolescents. Gastroenterology. 2016 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management. July 2017 [internet publication].Full text

Reference articles

1. Rubin G, Dale A. Chronic constipation in children. BMJ. 2006 Nov 18;333(7577):1051-5.Full text  Abstract

2. Peeters B, Noens I, Philips EM, et al. Autism spectrum disorders in children with functional defecation disorders. J Pediatr. 2013 Sep;163(3):873-8. Abstract

3. McKeown C, Hisle-Gorman E, Eide M, et al. Association of constipation and fecal incontinence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics. 2013 Nov;132(5):e1210-5.Full text  Abstract

4. Loening-Baucke V. Prevalence rates for constipation and faecal and urinary incontinence. Arch Dis Child. 2007 Jun;92(6):486-9.Full text  Abstract

5. Borowitz SM, Cox DJ, Kovatchev B, et al. Treatment of childhood constipation by primary care physicians: efficacy and predictors of outcome. Pediatrics. 2005 Apr;115(4):873-7. Abstract

6. Sommers T, Corban C, Sengupta N, et al. Emergency department burden of constipation in the United States from 2006 to 2011. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Apr;110(4):572-9. Abstract

7. Partin JC, Hamill SK, Fischel JE, et al. Painful defecation and fecal soiling in children. Pediatrics. 1992 Jun;89(6 Pt 1):1007-9. Abstract

8. Comas Vives A, Polanco Allue I. Case-control study of risk factors associated with constipation. The FREI Study [in Spanish]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2005 Apr;62(4):340-5. Abstract

9. Kokx MO, Comstock JA, Facklam RR. Streptococcal perianal disease in children. Pediatrics. 1987 Nov;80(5):659-63. Abstract

10. Iacono G, Carroccio A, Cavataio F, et al. Chronic constipation as a symptom of cow milk allergy. J Pediatr. 1995 Jan;126(1):34-9. Abstract

11. Iacono G, Bonventre S, Scalici C, et al. Food intolerance and chronic constipation: manometry and histology study. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Feb;18(2):143-50. Abstract

12. Carroccio A, Iacono G. Review article: Chronic constipation and food hypersensitivity - an intriguing relationship. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Nov 1;24(9):1295-304. Abstract

13. Finkel MA. Anogenital trauma in sexually abused children. Pediatrics. 1989 Aug;84(2):317-22. Abstract

14. McKeown C, Hisle-Gorman E, Eide M, et al. Association of constipation and fecal incontinence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics. 2013 Nov;132(5):e1210-5. Abstract

15. Roma E, Adamidis D, Nikolara R, et al. Diet and chronic constipation in children: the role of fiber. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1999 Feb;28(2):169-74. Abstract

16. Loening-Baucke V. Urinary incontinence and urinary tract infection and their resolution with treatment of chronic constipation of childhood. Pediatrics. 1997 Aug;100(2 Pt 1):228-32. Abstract

17. Philips EM, Peeters B, Teeuw AH, et al. Stressful life events in children with functional defecation disorders. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Oct;61(4):384-92. Abstract

18. Fishman L, Lenders C, Fortunato C, et al. Increased prevalence of constipation and fecal soiling in a population of obese children. J Pediatr. 2004 Aug;145(2):253-4. Abstract

19. Cunningham C, Taylor HG, Minich NM, et al. Constipation in very-low-birth-weight children at 10 to 14 years of age. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001 Jul;33(1):23-7. Abstract

20. Young RJ, Beerman LE, Vanderhoof JA. Increasing oral fluids in chronic constipation in children. Gastroenterol Nurs. 1998 Jul-Aug;21(4):156-61. Abstract

21. Papadopoulou A. Clayden GS, Booth IW. The clinical value of solid marker transit studies in childhood constipation and soiling. Eur J Pediatr. 1994 Aug;153(8):560-4. Abstract

22. Berger MY, Tabbers MM, Kurver MJ, et al. Value of abdominal radiography, colonic transit time, and rectal ultrasound scanning in the diagnosis of idiopathic constipation in children: a systematic review. J Pediatr. 2012 Jul;161(1):44-50.e1-2.Full text  Abstract

23. Di Pace MR, Catalano P, Caruso AM, et al. Is rectal disimpact always necessary in children with chronic constipation? Evaluation with pelvic ultrasound. Pediatr Surg Int. 2010 Jun;26(6):601-6. Abstract

24. Benninga MA, Faure C, Hyman PE, et al. Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders: neonate/toddler. Gastroenterology. 2016 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

25. Hyams JS, Di Lorenzo C, Saps M, et al. Functional disorders: children and adolescents. Gastroenterology. 2016 Feb 15 [Epub ahead of print]. Abstract

26. Tabbers MM, DiLorenzo C, Berger MY, et al. Evaluation and treatment of functional constipation in infants and children: evidence-based recommendations from ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Feb;58(2):258-74. Abstract

27. World Gastroenterology Organisation Global guidelines. Constipation: a global perspective. November 2010 [internet publication].Full text

28. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management. July 2017 [internet publication].Full text

29. Benninga M, Candy DC, Catto-Smith AG, et al. The Paris Consensus on Childhood Constipation Terminology (PACCT) Group. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Mar;40(3):273-5.Full text  Abstract

30. Clayden GS, Keshtgar AS, Carcani-Rathwell I, et al. The management of chronic constipation and related faecal incontinence in childhood. Arch Dis Child Ed Pract. 2005;90:ep58-67.Full text

31. Tabbers MM, Boluyt N, Berger MY, et al. Nonpharmacologic treatments for childhood constipation: systematic review. Pediatrics. 2011 Oct;128(4):753-61.Full text  Abstract

32. Gordon M, MacDonald JK, Parker CE, et al. Osmotic and stimulant laxatives for the management of childhood constipation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(8):CD009118.Full text  Abstract

33. Lee-Robichaud H, Thomas K, Morgan J, et al. Lactulose versus polyethylene glycol for chronic constipation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jul 7;(7):CD007570.Full text  Abstract

34. Zurad EG, Johanson JF. Over-the-counter laxative polyethylene glycol 3350: an evidence-based appraisal. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 Jul;27(7):1439-52. Abstract

35. Wang Y, Wang B, Jiang X, et al. Polyethylene glycol 4000 treatment for children with constipation: a randomized comparative multicenter study. Exp Ther Med. 2012 May;3(5):853-6.Full text  Abstract

36. Gomes PB, Duarte MA, Melo Mdo C. Comparison of the effectiveness of polyethylene glycol 4000 without electrolytes and magnesium hydroxide in the treatment of chronic functional constipation in children. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011 Jan-Feb;87(1):24-8. Abstract

37. Mendoza J, Legido J, Rubio S, et al. Systematic review: the adverse effects of sodium phosphate enema. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jul 1;26(1):9-20.Full text  Abstract

38. Candy DC, Edwards D, Geraint M. Treatment of faecal impaction with polyethylene glycol plus electrolytes (PEG + E) followed by a double-blind comparison of PEG + E versus lactulose as maintenance therapy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Jul;43(1):65-70. Abstract

39. Church JT, Simha S, Wild LC, et al. Antegrade continence enemas improve quality of life in patients with medically-refractory encopresis. J Pediatr Surg. 2017 May;52(5):778-82. Abstract

40. Keshtgar AS, Ward HC, Clayden GS, et al. Role of anal dilatation in treatment of idiopathic constipation in children: long-term follow-up of a double-blind randomized controlled study. Pediatr Surg Int. 2005 Feb;21(2):100-5. Abstract

41. Lin LW, Fu YT, Dunning T, et al. Efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine for the management of constipation: a systematic review. J Altern Complement Med. 2009 Dec;15(12):1335-46. Abstract

42. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA warns of possible harm from exceeding recommended dose of over-the-counter sodium phosphate products to treat constipation. January 2014 [internet publication].Full text

43. Mugie SM, Korczowski B, Bodi P, et al. Prucalopride is no more effective than placebo for children with functional constipation. Gastroenterology. 2014 Dec;147(6):1285-95.e1.Full text  Abstract

44. Irani K, Rodriguez L, Doody DP, et al. Botulinum toxin for the treatment of chronic constipation in children with internal anal sphincter dysfunction. Pediatr Surg Int. 2008 Jul;24(7):779-83. Abstract

45. Indrio F, Di Mauro A, Riezzo G, et al. Prophylactic use of a probiotic in the prevention of colic, regurgitation, and functional constipation: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Mar;168(3):228-33. Abstract

46. Macfarlane S, Macfarlane GT, Cummings JH. Review article: prebiotics in the gastrointestinal tract. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Sep 1;24(5):701-14.Full text  Abstract

47. Banaszkiewicz A, Szajewska H. Probiotics in the treatment of constipation: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Pediatria Współczesna. 2005;7:9-14.

48. Ford AC, Quigley EM, Lacy BE, et al. Efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in irritable bowel syndrome and chronic idiopathic constipation: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014 Oct;109(10):1547-61. Abstract

49. Lu ML, He J, Lu S. Electrical stimulation therapy for slow transit constipation in children: a systematic review. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2015 May;30(5):697-702. Abstract

50. Sulkowski JP, Nacion KM, Deans KJ, et al. Sacral nerve stimulation: a promising therapy for fecal and urinary incontinence and constipation in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Oct;50(10):1644-7. Abstract

51. van Ginkel R, Reitsma JB, Büller HA, et al. Childhood constipation: longitudinal follow-up beyond puberty. Gastroenterology. 2003 Aug;125(2):357-63. Abstract

52. Staiano A, Andreotti MR, Greco L, et al. Long-term follow-up of children with chronic idiopathic constipation. Dig Dis Sci. 1994 Mar;39(3):561-4. Abstract

53. Zanetti G, Marchiori E, Gasparetto TD, et al. Lipoid pneumonia in children following aspiration of mineral oil used in the treatment of constipation: high-resolution CT findings in 17 patients. Pediatric Radiol. 2007 Nov;37(11):1135-9. Abstract

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