Diphtheria

References

Key articles

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diphtheria: clinicians. May 2020 [internet publication].Full text

World Health Organization. Diphtheria vaccine: WHO position paper - August 2017. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2017 Aug 4;92(31):417-35.Full text  Abstract

Public Health England. Public health control and management of diphtheria (in England and Wales). Mar 2015 [internet publication].Full text

Reference articles

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Manual for the surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. Chapter 1: diphtheria. May 2019 [internet publication].Full text

2. Lee PL, Lemos B, O'Brien SH, et al. Cutaneous diphtheroid infection and review of other cutaneous Gram-positive Bacillus infections. Cutis. 2007 May;79(5):371-7. Abstract

3. Belsey MA, LeBlanc DR. Skin infections and the epidemiology of diphtheria: acquisition and persistence of C diphtheriae infections. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Aug;102(2):179-84. Abstract

4. Afghani B, Stutman HR. Bacterial arthritis caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 Oct;12(10):881-2. Abstract

5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diphtheria: clinicians. May 2020 [internet publication].Full text

6. Muscat M, Gebrie B, Efstratiou A, et al. Diphtheria in the WHO European Region, 2010 to 2019. Euro Surveill. 2022;27(8):pii=2100058.Full text  Abstract

7. World Health Organization. Diphtheria vaccine: WHO position paper - August 2017. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2017 Aug 4;92(31):417-35.Full text  Abstract

8. Vitek CR, Bogatyreva EY, Wharton M. Diphtheria surveillance and control in the former Soviet Union and the newly independent states. J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181 Suppl 1:S23-6.Full text  Abstract

9. Galazka A. The changing epidemiology of diphtheria in the vaccine era. J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181 Suppl 1:S2-9.Full text  Abstract

10. Tiwari TS, Anna A. Chapter 4 (78) Travel-related infectious diseases: diptheria. In: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Yellow Book 2020: health information for international travel. New York: Oxford University Press; 2020.Full text

11. World Health Organization. Diphtheria - Yemen. Disease outbreak news 22 December 2017. Dec 2017 [internet publication].Full text

12. World Health Organization. Diphtheria - Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh. Disease outbreak news 13 December 2017. Dec 2017 [internet publication].Full text

13. Acosta AM, Pedro LM, Hariri S et al. Diphtheria. In: Hall E, Wodi AP, Hamborsky J, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology and vaccine-preventable diseases. 14th ed. Washington, DC. Public Health Foundation, 2021.Full text

14. Acosta AM, Pedro LM, Hariri S et al. Diptheria. In: Hall E, Wodi AP, Hamborsky J, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology and Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 14th ed. Washington, D.C. Public Health Foundation, 2021.Full text

15. Murphy JR. Corynebacterium diphtheriae. In: Baron S, ed. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. Galveston, TX: University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; 1996.Full text  Abstract

16. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases. Diphtheria. In: Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, Long SS, eds. Red Book: 2021 report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 32nd ed. Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2021.Full text

17. Vitek CR, Wharton M. Diphtheria in the former Soviet Union: reemergence of a pandemic disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998 Oct-Dec;4(4):539-50.Full text  Abstract

18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respiratory diphtheria caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans: Terre Haute, Indiana, 1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1997 Apr 18;46(15):330-2.Full text  Abstract

19. Griffith J, Bozio CH, Poel AJ, et al. Imported toxin-producing cutaneous diphtheria - Minnesota, Washington, and New Mexico, 2015-2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Mar 29;68(12):281-4.Full text  Abstract

20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Immunization schedules. Recommendations for ages 18 years or younger, United States, 2022. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Full text

21. Oliver SE, Moore KL. Licensure of a diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis, inactivated poliovirus, Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate, and hepatitis B vaccine, and guidance for use in infants. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Feb 7;69(5):136-9.Full text  Abstract

22. Havers FP, Moro PL, Hunter P, et al. Use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccines: updated recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices - United States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Jan 24;69(3):77-83.Full text  Abstract

23. Guo B, Page A, Wang H, et al. Systematic review of reporting rates of adverse events following immunization: An international comparison of post-marketing surveillance programs with reference to China. Vaccine. 2013 Jan 11;31(4):603-17. Abstract

24. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Immunization schedules. Recommendations for ages 19 years or older, United States, 2022. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Full text

25. ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice, Immunization and Emerging Infections Expert Work Group. Committee opinion no. 718. Update on immunization and pregnancy: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccination. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Sep;130(3):e153-7.Full text  Abstract

26. Sukumaran L, McCarthy NL, Kharbanda EO, et al. Infant hospitalizations and mortality after maternal vaccination. Pediatrics. 2018;141(3):e20173310.Full text  Abstract

27. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Manual for the surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. Chapter 22: Laboratory support for surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases. Jun 2021 [internet publication].Full text

28. Stephen Buescher. Diphtheria. In: Behrman RE, Kliegman R, Jenson HB, eds. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 17th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Co; 2004:886-9.

29. Favorova LA. The risk of infection in droplet infections. The influence of overcrowding and prolonged contact on transmission of the diphtheria pathogen. J Hyg Epidemiol Microbiol Immunol. 1969;13(1):73-82. Abstract

30. Public Health England. Public health control and management of diphtheria (in England and Wales). Mar 2015 [internet publication].Full text

31. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of diphtheria antitoxin (DAT) for suspected diphtheria cases. Mar 2020 [internet publication].Full text

32. Logina I, Donaghy M. Diphtheritic polyneuropathy: a clinical study and comparison with Guillain-Barre syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1999 Oct;67(4):433-8. Abstract

33. Tiwari TS, Anna A. Chapter 4 (78) Travel-related infectious diseases: diptheria. In: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Yellow Book 2020: Health Information for International Travel. New York: Oxford University Press; 2020.Full text

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