Pediculosis capitis


Key articles

Burgess I. Human lice and their control. Ann Rev Entomol. 2004 Jan;49:457-81. Abstract

American Academy of Pediatrics, Nolt D, Moore S, et al. Head Lice. Pediatrics. 2022 Oct 1;150(4):e2022059282.Full text  Abstract

Meinking TL. Infestations: pediculosis. Curr Probl Dermatol. 1996;24:157-63. Abstract

Cummings C, Finlay JC, MacDonald NE. Head lice infestations: A clinical update. [in fre]. Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb;23(1):e18-e24.Full text  Abstract

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Parasites: lice: head lice treatment. August 2019 [internet publication].Full text

Reference articles

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13. Meinking TL. Infestations: pediculosis. Curr Probl Dermatol. 1996;24:157-63. Abstract

14. Meinking TL. Infestations: pediculosis. Curr Probl Dermatol. 1996;24:157-63. Abstract

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37. Balcioglu C, Burgess IF, Limoncu ME, et al. Plastic detection comb better than visual screening for diagnosis of head louse infestation. Epidemiol Infect. 2008 Oct;136(10):1425-31. Abstract

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41. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Parasites - lice - head lice diagnosis. Sep 2019 [internet publication].Full text

42. Cummings C, Finlay JC, MacDonald NE. Head lice infestations: A clinical update. [in fre]. Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Feb;23(1):e18-e24.Full text  Abstract

43. Jones KN, English JC. Review of common therapeutic options in the United States for the treatment of Pediculosis capitis. Clin Inf Dis. 2003 Jun 1;36(11):1355-61. Abstract

44. Downs AM. Managing head lice in an era of increasing resistance to insecticides. Am J Clin Derm. 2004;5(3):169-77. Abstract

45. Meinking TL, Entzel P, Villar ME, et al. Comparative efficacy of treatments for Pediculosis capitis infestations. Arch Dermatol. 2001 Mar;137(3):287-92.Full text  Abstract

46. Burkhart CG, Burkhart CN. Safety and efficacy of pedulicides for head lice. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2006 Jan;5(1):169-79. Abstract

47. Burkhart CG, Burkhart CN. Head lice therapies revisited. Derm Online J. 2006 Oct 31;12(6):3. Abstract

48. Burkhart CG. Relationship of treatment-resistant head lice to the safety and efficacy of pediculicides. Mayo Clin Proc. 2004 May;79(5):661-6. Abstract

49. Lebwohl M, Clark L, Levitt J. Therapy for head lice based on life cycle, resistance, and safety considerations. Pediatrics. 2007 May;119(5):965-74. Abstract

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51. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Parasites: lice: head lice treatment. August 2019 [internet publication].Full text

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54. Hunter JA, Barker SC. Susceptibility of head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) to pediculicides in Australia. Parasitol Res. 2003 Aug;90(6):476-8. Abstract

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61. Priestley CM, Burgess IF, Williamson EM. Lethality of essential oil constituents towards the human louse, Pediculus humanus, and its eggs. Fitoterapia. 2006 Jun;77(4):303-9. Abstract

62. Speare R, Canyon DV, Cahill C, et al. Comparative efficacy of two nit combs in removing head lice (Pediculosis capitis) and their eggs. Int J Dermatol. 2007 Dec;46(12):1275-8. Abstract

63. Lapeere H, Brochez L, Verhaeghe E, et al. Efficacy of products to remove eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from the human hair. J Med Entomol. 2014 Mar;51(2):400-7.Full text  Abstract

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66. Tebruegge M, Runnacles J. Is wet combing effective in children with pediculosis capitis infestation? Arch Dis Child. 2007 Sep;92(9):818-20. Abstract

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68. O'Brien E. Detection and removal of head lice with an electronic comb: zapping the louse! J Pediatr Nurs. 1998 Aug;13(4):265-6. Abstract

69. Burkhart CN, Burkhart CG, Pchalek I, et al. The adherent cylindrical nit structure and its chemical denaturation in vitro: an assessment with therapeutic implications for head lice. Adolesc Med. 1998 Jul;152(7):711-2. Abstract

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71. Goates BM, Atkin JS, Wilding KG, et al. An effective nonchemical treatment for head lice: a lot of hot air. Pediatrics. 2006 Nov;118(5):1962-70. Abstract

72. Pearlman DL. A simple treatment for head lice: dry-on, suffocation-based pediculicide. Pediatrics. 2004 Sep;114(3):e275-9.Full text  Abstract

73. Pearlman D. Cetaphil cleanser (Nuvo Lotion) cures head lice. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec;116(6):1612. Abstract

74. Tomalik-Scharte D, Lazar A, Meins J, et al. Dermal absorption of permethrin following topical administration. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Jul;61(5-6):399-404. Abstract

75. Gao JR, Yoon KS, Lee SH, et al. Increased frequency of the T929I and L932F mutations associated with knockdown resistance in permethrin-resistant populations of the human head louse, Pediculus capitis, from California, Florida, and Texas. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2003 Nov;77:115-24.Full text

76. Meinking TL, Vicaria M, Eyerdam DH, et al. A randomized, investigator-blinded, time-ranging study of the comparative efficacy of 0.5% malathion gel versus Ovide Lotion (0.5% malathion) or Nix Creme Rinse (1% permethrin) used as labeled, for the treatment of head lice. Ped Derm. 2007 Jul-Aug;24(4):405-11. Abstract

77. Meinking TL, Vicaria M, Eyerdam DH, et al. Efficacy of a reduced application time of Ovide lotion (0.5% malathion) compared to Nix creme rinse (1% permethrin) for the treatment of head lice. Ped Derm. 2004 Nov-Dec;21(6):670-4. Abstract

78. Yoon KS, Gao JR, Lee SH, et al. Permethrin-resistant human head lice, Pediculus capitis, and their treatment. Arch Dermatol. 2003 Aug;139(8):994-1000.Full text  Abstract

79. Meinking TL, Serrano L, Hard B, et al. Comparative in vitro pediculicidal efficacy of treatments in a resistant head lice population in the United States. Arch Dermatol. 2002 Feb;138(2):220-4.Full text  Abstract

80. Abramowicz M, ed. Drugs for head lice. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 1997 Jan 17;39(992):6-7. Abstract

81. Pollack RJ, Kiszewski A, Armstrong P, et al. Differential permethrin susceptibility of head lice sampled in the United States and Borneo. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999 Sep;153(9):969-73. Abstract

82. Burgess IF, Lee PN, Brown CM. Randomised, controlled, parallel group clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of isopropyl myristate/cyclomethicone solution against head lice. Pharm J. 2008;280:371-5.

83. Kaul N, Palma KG, Silagy SS, et al. North American efficacy and safety of a novel pediculicide rinse, isopropyl myristate 50% (Resultz). J Cutan Med Surg. 2007 Sep-Oct;11(5):161-7. Abstract

84. Chosidow O, Giraudeau B, Cottrell J, et al. Oral ivermectin versus malathion lotion for difficult-to-treat head lice. New Engl J Med. 2010 Mar 11;362(10):896-905. Abstract

85. POEMs Research Summaries. Ivermectin safe and effective for treatment of resistant head lice. J Natl Med Assoc. 2010;102:662-3.

86. Karacic I, Yawalker SJ. A single application of crotamiton lotion in the treatment of patients with pediculosis capitis. Int J Dermatol. 1982 Dec;21(10):611-3. Abstract

87. Heukelbach J, Oliveira FA, Richter J, et al. Dimeticone-based pediculicides: a physical approach to eradicate head lice. Open Dermatol J. 2010;4:77-81.Full text

88. Richling I, Böckeler W. Lethal effects of treatment with a special dimeticone formula on head lice and house crickets (Orthoptera, Ensifera: Acheta domestica and Anoplura, phthiraptera: Pediculus humanus). Insights into physical mechanisms. Arzneimittelforschung. 2008;58(5):248-54. Abstract

89. Burgess IF. The mode of action of dimeticone 4% lotion against head lice, Pediculus capitis. BMC Pharmacol. 2009 Feb 20;9:3.Full text  Abstract

90. Kurt O, Balcioğlu IC, Burgess IF, et al. Treatment of head lice with dimeticone 4% lotion: comparison of two formulations in a randomised controlled trial in rural Turkey. BMC Public Health. 2009 Dec 1;9:441.Full text  Abstract

91. Burgess IF, Brunton ER, Burgess NA. Single application of 4% dimeticone liquid gel versus two applications of 1% permethrin creme rinse for treatment of head louse infestation: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Dermatol. 2013 Apr 1;13:5.Full text  Abstract

92. Burgess IF, Brown CM, Lee PN. Treatment of head louse infestation with 4% dimeticone lotion: randomised controlled equivalence trial. BMJ. 2005 Jun 18;330(7505):1423.Full text  Abstract

93. Heukelbach J, Pilger D, Oliveira FA, et al. A highly efficacious pediculicide based on dimeticone: randomized observer blinded comparative trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2008;8:115.Full text  Abstract

94. Burgess IF1, Lee PN, Matlock G. Randomised, controlled, assessor blind trial comparing 4% dimeticone lotion with 0.5% malathion liquid for head louse infestation. PLoS One. 2007 Nov 7;2(11):e1127.Full text  Abstract

95. Strycharz JP, Yoon KS, Clark JM. A new ivermectin formulation topically kills permethrin-resistant human head lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae). J Med Entomol. 2008 Jan;45(1):75-81.Full text  Abstract

96. Heukelbach J, Sonnberg S, Becher H, et al. Ovicidal efficacy of high concentration dimeticone: a new era of head lice treatment. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Apr;64(4):e61-2. Abstract

97. Burgess IF, Burgess NA. Dimeticone 4% liquid gel found to kill all lice and eggs with a single 15 minute application. BMC Res Notes. 2011 Jan 25;4:15.Full text  Abstract

98. Feldmeier H. Treatment of pediculosis capitis: a critical appraisal of the current literature. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2014 Oct;15(5):401-12. Abstract

99. Burgess IF, Lee PN, Kay K, et al. 1,2-Octanediol, a novel surfactant, for treating head louse infestation: identification of activity, formulation, and randomised, controlled trials. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35419.Full text  Abstract

100. Burgess IF, Burgess NA, Brunton ER. Tocopheryl acetate 20% spray for elimination of head louse infestation: a randomised controlled trial comparing with 1% permethrin creme rinse. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol. 2013 Sep 3;14:43.Full text  Abstract

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