Electrical injury

References

Key articles

Spies C, Trohman RG. Narrative review: Electrocution and life-threatening electrical injuries. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Oct 3;145(7):531-7. Abstract

American Heart Association. Web-based integrated guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Part 10: special circumstances or resuscitation. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

Arnoldo B, Klein M, Gibran, NS. Practice guidelines for the management of electrical injuries. J Burn Care Res. 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):439-47. Abstract

Shapiro ML, Baldea A, Luchette FA. Rhabdomyolysis in the Intensive Care Unit. J Intensive Care Med. 2012 Nov-Dec;27(6):335-42. Abstract

Cooper MA. Emergent care of lightning and electrical injuries. Semin Neurol. 1995 Sep;15(3):268-78. Abstract

Reference articles

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2. Spies C, Trohman RG. Narrative review: Electrocution and life-threatening electrical injuries. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Oct 3;145(7):531-7. Abstract

3. US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Census of fatal occupational injuries. Dec 2019 [internet publication].Full text

4. US Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Table R31. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by event or exposure leading to injury or illness and selected natures of injury or illness, private industry, 2017.Full text

5. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service. Lightning fatalities 2016 by state. 2016 [internet publication].Full text

6. NHS. Hospital accident and emergency activity, 2017-18. Table 18: Number of A&E attendances, A&E primary diagnosis '2 character description field' 2016-17 and 2017-18 (HES)Full text

7. Baker MD, Chiaviello C. Household electrical injuries in children. Epidemiology and identification of avoidable hazards. Am J Dis Child. 1989 Jan;143(1):59-62. Abstract

8. Böhrer M, Stewart SA, Hurley KF. Epidemiology of electrical and lightning-related injuries among Canadian children and youth, 1997-2010: A Canadian hospitals injury reporting and prevention program (CHIRPP) study. CJEM. 2018 Jul;20(4):586-91.Full text  Abstract

9. Laupland KB, Kortbeek JB, Findlay C, et al. Population-based study of severe trauma due to electrocution in the Calgary Health Region, 1996-2002. Can J Surg. 2005 Aug;48(4):289-92.Full text  Abstract

10. Tirasci Y, Goren S, Subasi M, et al. Electrocution-related mortality: a review of 123 deaths in Diyarbakir, Turkey between 1996 and 2002. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2006 Feb;208(2):141-5.Full text  Abstract

11. Opara KO, Chukwuanukwu TO, Ogbonnaya IS, et al. Pattern of severe electrical injuries in a Nigerian regional burn centre. Niger J Clin Pract. 2006 Dec;9(2):124-7. Abstract

12. Maghsoudi H, Adyani Y, Ahmadian N. Electrical and lightning injuries. J Burn Care Res. 2007 Mar-Apr;28(2):255-61. Abstract

13. Mohammadi AA, Amini M, Mehrabani D, et al. A survey on 30 months electrical burns in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Burn Hospital. Burns. 2008;34:111-113. Abstract

14. Pasquier M, Carron PN, Vallotton L, et al. Electronic control device exposure: a review of morbidity and mortality. Ann Emerg Med. 2011 Aug;58(2):178-88. Abstract

15. Hickey S, Goverman J, Friedstat J, et al. Thermal injuries from exploding electronic cigarettes. Burns. 2018 Aug;44(5):1294-1301.Full text  Abstract

16. Solem L, Fischer RP, Strate RG. The natural history of electrical injury. J Trauma. 1977 Jul;17(7):487-92. Abstract

17. Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, et al. Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9):CD005014.Full text  Abstract

18. Zafren K, Durrer B, Herry JP, et al. Lightning injuries: prevention and on-site treatment in mountains and remote areas. Official guidelines of the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine and the Medical Commission of the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation (ICAR and UIAA MEDCOM). Resuscitation. 2005 Jun;65(3):369-72.Full text  Abstract

19. Davis C, Engeln A, Johnson E, et al. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of lightning injuries: 2014 update. Wilderness Environ Med. 2014 Dec;25(4 Suppl):S86-95.Full text  Abstract

20. American Heart Association. Web-based integrated guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Part 10: special circumstances or resuscitation. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

21. Marques EG, Júnior GA, Neto BF, et al. Visceral injury in electrical shock trauma: proposed guideline for the management of abdominal electrocution and literature review. Int J Burns Trauma. 2014 Feb 22;4(1):1-6.Full text  Abstract

22. ten Duis HJ, Klasen HJ, Reenalda PE. Keraunoparalysis, a 'specific' lightning injury. Burns Incl Therm Inj. 1985 Oct;12(1):54-7. Abstract

23. Arnoldo B, Klein M, Gibran, NS. Practice guidelines for the management of electrical injuries. J Burn Care Res. 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):439-47. Abstract

24. Lindstrom R, Bylund PO, Eriksson A. Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000. J Forensic Sci. 2006 Nov;51(6):1383-8. Abstract

25. Wijdicks EF, Campeau NG, Miller GM. MR imaging in comatose survivors of cardiac resuscitation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Sep;22(8):1561-5.Full text  Abstract

26. Shapiro ML, Baldea A, Luchette FA. Rhabdomyolysis in the Intensive Care Unit. J Intensive Care Med. 2012 Nov-Dec;27(6):335-42. Abstract

27. Lakkireddy D, Wallick D, Ryschon K, et al. Effects of cocaine intoxication on the threshold for stun gun induction of ventricular fibrillation Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 15;48(4):805-11. Abstract

28. Gallagher CN, Hutchinson PJ, Pickard JD. Neuroimaging in trauma. Curr Opin Neurol. 2007 Aug;20(4):403-9. Abstract

29. Olson SA, Glasgow RR. Acute compartment syndrome in lower extremity musculoskeletal trauma. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2005 Nov;13(7):436-44. Abstract

30. Cooper MA. Emergent care of lightning and electrical injuries. Semin Neurol. 1995 Sep;15(3):268-78. Abstract

31. American Heart Association. Web-based integrated guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Part 7: adult advanced cardiovascular life support. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

32. Blackwell N, Hayllar J. A three year prospective audit of 212 presentations to the emergency department after electrical injury with a management protocol. Postgrad Med J. 2002 May;78(919):283-5.Full text  Abstract

33. Froehler MT, Geocadin RG. Hypothermia for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest: Mechanisms, clinical trials and patient care. J Neurol Sci. 2007 Oct 15;261(1-2):118-26. Abstract

34. American Heart Association. Web-based integrated guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Part 8: post-cardiac arrest care. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

35. Nolan JP, Sandroni C, Böttiger BW, et al. European Resuscitation Council and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine guidelines 2021: post-resuscitation care. Resuscitation. 2021 Apr;161:220-69.Full text  Abstract

36. ANZBA. Australian and New Zealand Burn Association. Initial management of severe burns. 2014 [internet publication].Full text

37. Culnan DM, Farner K, Bitz GH, et al. Volume resuscitation in patients with high-voltage electrical injuries. Ann Plast Surg. 2018 Mar;80(3 suppl 2):S113-S118.Full text  Abstract

38. Ministry of Health, NSW. Rural adult emergency clinical guidelines. 4.1 ed. Feb 2020 [internet publication].Full text

39. Brown CV, Rhee P, Chan L, et al. Preventing renal failure in patients with rhabdomyolysis: do bicarbonate and mannitol make a difference? J Trauma. 2004 Jun;56(6):1191-6. Abstract

40. Bosch X, Poch E, Grau JM. Rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jul 2;361(1):62-72. Abstract

41. American Heart Association. Web-based integrated guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

42. Arnoldo BD, Purdue GF, Kowalske K, et al. Electrical injuries: a 20-year review. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2004 Nov-Dec;25(6):479-84. Abstract

43. Stockly OR, Wolfe AE, Espinoza LF, et al. The impact of electrical injuries on long-term outcomes: A Burn Model System National Database study. Burns. 2020 Mar;46(2):352-9.Full text  Abstract

44. Bailey B, Gaudreault P, Thivierge RL. Cardiac monitoring of high-risk patients after an electrical injury: a prospective multicentre study. Emerg Med J. 2007 May;24(5):348-52 [Erratum in: Emerg Med J. 2007 Aug;24(8):605].Full text  Abstract

45. Quenot JP, Thiery N, Barbar S. When should stress ulcer prophylaxis be used in the ICU? Curr Opin Crit Care. 2009 Apr;15(2):139-43. Abstract

46. Barbateskovic M, Marker S, Granholm A, et al. Stress ulcer prophylaxis with proton pump inhibitors or histamin-2 receptor antagonists in adult intensive care patients: a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2019 Feb;45(2):143-58.Full text  Abstract

47. Krag M, Perner A, Wetterslev J, et al. Stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no prophylaxis in critically ill patients. A systematic review of randomised clinical trials with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2014 Jan;40(1):11-22.Full text  Abstract

48. Primeau M, Engelstatter GH, Bares KK. Behavioral consequences of lightning and electrical injury. Semin Neurol. 1995 Apr;15(2):279-85.Full text  Abstract

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