Food allergy

References

Key articles

Chafen JJ, Newberry SJ, Riedl MA, et al. Diagnosing and managing common food allergies: a systematic review. JAMA. 2010 May 12;303(18):1848-56. Abstract

Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. Food allergy: recent advances in pathophysiology and treatment. Annu Rev Med. 2009 Feb;60:261-77. Abstract

Greer FR, Sicherer SH, Burks AW, et al. The effects of early nutritional interventions on the development of atopic disease in infants and children: the role of maternal dietary restriction, breastfeeding, hydrolyzed formulas, and timing of introduction of allergenic complementary foods. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr;143(4). pii: e20190281.Full text  Abstract

Muraro A, Halken S, Arshad SH, et al. EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines: primary prevention of food allergy. Allergy. 2014 May;69(5):590-601.Full text  Abstract

Sampson HA, Gerth van Wijk R, Bindslev-Jensen C, et al. Standardizing double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenges: American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology-European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology PRACTALL consensus report. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Dec;130(6):1260-74.Full text  Abstract

Heyman MB. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Nutrition. Lactose intolerance in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep;118(3):1279-86.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. 9. Food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Feb;117(2 Suppl Mini-Primer):S470-5. Abstract

2. Dalal I, Binson I, Levine A, et al. The pattern of sesame sensitivity among infants and children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2003 Aug;14(4):312-6. Abstract

3. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. 9. Food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Feb;117(2 Suppl Mini-Primer):S470-5. Abstract

4. Sampson HA, Aceves S, Bock SA, et al. Food allergy: a practice parameter update - 2014. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Nov;134(5):1016-25.e43.Full text  Abstract

5. Sicherer SH, Leung DY. Advances in allergic skin disease, anaphylaxis, and hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects in 2008. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Feb;123(2):319-27. Abstract

6. Chafen JJ, Newberry SJ, Riedl MA, et al. Diagnosing and managing common food allergies: a systematic review. JAMA. 2010 May 12;303(18):1848-56. Abstract

7. Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, et al. Prevalence and severity of food allergies among US adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Jan 4;2(1):e185630.Full text  Abstract

8. Young E, Stoneham MD, Petruckevitch A, et al. A population study of food intolerance. Lancet. 1994 May 7;343(8906):1127-30. Abstract

9. Bock SA. Prospective appraisal of complaints of adverse reactions to foods in children during the first 3 years of life. Pediatrics. 1987 May;79(5):683-8. Abstract

10. Bock SA, Atkins FM. Patterns of food hypersensitivity during sixteen years of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges. J Pediatr. 1990 Oct;117(4):561-7. Abstract

11. Jansen JJ, Kardinaal AF, Huijbers G, et al. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance in the adult Dutch population. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1994 Feb;93(2):446-56. Abstract

12. Sicherer SH, Munoz-Furlong A, Sampson HA. Prevalence of peanut and tree nut allergy in the United States determined by means of a random digit dial telephone survey: a 5-year follow-up study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Dec;112(6):1203-7. Abstract

13. Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, et al. The public health impact of parent-reported childhood food allergies in the United States. Pediatrics. 2018 Dec;142(6). pii: e20181235.Full text  Abstract

14. Rance F. Mustard allergy as a new food allergy. Allergy. 2003 Apr;58(4):287-8. Abstract

15. Beyer K, Morrow E, Li XM, et al. Effects of cooking methods on peanut allergenicity. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001 Jun;107(6):1077-81. Abstract

16. Hourihane JO, Dean TP, Warner JO. Peanut allergy in relation to heredity, maternal diet, and other atopic diseases: results of a questionnaire survey, skin prick testing, and food challenges. BMJ. 1996 Aug 31;313(7056):518-21.Full text  Abstract

17. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. Food allergy: recent advances in pathophysiology and treatment. Annu Rev Med. 2009 Feb;60:261-77. Abstract

18. Fox AT, Sasieni P, du Toit G, et al. Household peanut consumption as a risk factor for the development of peanut allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Feb;123(2):417-23. Abstract

19. Chung CH, Mirakhur B, Chan E, et al. Cetuximab-induced anaphylaxis and IgE specific for galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. N Engl J Med. 2008 Mar 13;358(11):1109-17.Full text  Abstract

20. Adkinson NF, Yunginger JW, Busse WW, et al. Middleton's allergy: principles and practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby; 2003.

21. Sicherer SH, Furlong TJ, Maes HH, et al. Genetics of peanut allergy: a twin study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000;106:53-56. Abstract

22. Eigenmann PA, Sicherer SH, Borkowski TA, et al. Prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy among children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatrics. 1998;101:E8. Abstract

23. Hill DJ, Hosking CS, de Benedictis FM, et al; EPAAC Study Group. Confirmation of the association between high levels of immunoglobulin E food sensitization and eczema in infancy: an international study. Clin Exp Allergy. 2008;38:161-168. Abstract

24. Togias A, Cooper SF, Acebal ML, et al. Addendum guidelines for the prevention of peanut allergy in the United States: Report of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases-sponsored expert panel. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Feb;118(2):166-173.e7.Full text  Abstract

25. Upadhyaya B, Yin Y, Hill BJ, et al. Hierarchical IL-5 expression defines a subpopulation of highly differentiated human Th2 cells. J Immunol. 2011;187:3111-3120.Full text  Abstract

26. Lack G, Fox D, Northstone K, et al. Factors associated with the development of peanut allergy in childhood. N Engl J Med. 2003;348:977-985.Full text  Abstract

27. Greer FR, Sicherer SH, Burks AW, et al. The effects of early nutritional interventions on the development of atopic disease in infants and children: the role of maternal dietary restriction, breastfeeding, hydrolyzed formulas, and timing of introduction of allergenic complementary foods. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr;143(4). pii: e20190281.Full text  Abstract

28. Kramer MS, Kakuma R. Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9):CD000133.Full text  Abstract

29. Klemens CM, Berman DR, Mozurkewich EL. The effect of perinatal omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on inflammatory markers and allergic diseases: a systematic review. BJOG. 2011 Jul;118(8):916-25.Full text  Abstract

30. Palmer DJ, Sullivan T, Gold MS, et al. Effect of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in pregnancy on infants' allergies in first year of life: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2012 Jan 30;344:e184.Full text  Abstract

31. D'Vaz N, Meldrum SJ, Dunstan JA, et al. Postnatal fish oil supplementation in high-risk infants to prevent allergy: randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2012 Oct;130(4):674-82. Abstract

32. Muraro A, Halken S, Arshad SH, et al. EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines: primary prevention of food allergy. Allergy. 2014 May;69(5):590-601.Full text  Abstract

33. Togias A, Cooper SF, Acebal ML, et al. Addendum guidelines for the prevention of peanut allergy in the United States: Report of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases-sponsored expert panel. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Jan;139(1):29-44.Full text  Abstract

34. Du Toit G, Roberts G, Sayre PH, et al. Randomized trial of peanut consumption in infants at risk for peanut allergy. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 26;372(9):803-13.Full text  Abstract

35. Du Toit G, Sayre PH, Roberts G, et al. Effect of avoidance on peanut allergy after early peanut consumption. N Engl J Med. 2016 Apr 14;374(15):1435-43.Full text  Abstract

36. Perkin MR, Logan K, Tseng A, et al. Randomized trial of introduction of allergenic foods in breast-fed infants. N Engl J Med. 2016 May 5;374(18):1733-43.Full text  Abstract

37. Scientific Advisory Committee; Nutrition and the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals. Assessing the health benefits and risks of the introduction of peanut and hen’s egg into the infant diet before six months of age in the UK [internet publication].Full text

38. Sicherer SH, Furlong TJ, Maes HH, et al. Genetics of peanut allergy: a twin study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 1):53-6. Abstract

39. Bock SA, Muñoz-Furlong A, Sampson HA. Fatalities due to anaphylactic reactions to foods. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001 Jan;107(1):191-3. Abstract

40. Sampson HA. Food sensitivity and the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. J R Soc Med. 1997;90 Suppl 30:2-8.Full text  Abstract

41. Moneret-Vautrin DA, Morisset M. Adult food allergy. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2005 Jan;5(1):80-5. Abstract

42. Osterballe M, Hansen TK, Mortz CG, et al. The prevalence of food hypersensitivity in an unselected population of children and adults. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Nov;16(7):567-73. Abstract

43. Sampson HA. Food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1989 Dec;84(6 Pt 2):1062-7. Abstract

44. Burks AW, Sampson HA. Diagnostic approaches to the patient with suspected food allergies. J Pediatr. 1992 Nov;121(5 Pt 2):S64-71. Abstract

45. Lack G. Clinical practice. Food allergy. New Engl J Med. 2008 Sep 18;359(12):1252-60. Abstract

46. Ortolani C, Ispano M, Pastorello EA, et al. Comparison of results of skin prick tests (with fresh foods and commercial food extracts) and RAST in 100 patients with oral allergy syndrome. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1989 Mar;83(3):683-90. Abstract

47. Hill DJ, Hosking CS, de Benedictis FM, et al; EPAAC Study Group. Confirmation of the association between high levels of immunoglobulin E food sensitization and eczema in infancy: an international study. Clin Exp Allergy. 2008 Jan;38(1):161-8. Abstract

48. Sampson HA, Gerth van Wijk R, Bindslev-Jensen C, et al. Standardizing double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenges: American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology-European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology PRACTALL consensus report. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Dec;130(6):1260-74.Full text  Abstract

49. Flores Kim J, McCleary N, Nwaru BI, et al. Diagnostic accuracy, risk assessment, and cost-effectiveness of component-resolved diagnostics for food allergy: A systematic review. Allergy. 2018 Aug;73(8):1609-21.Full text  Abstract

50. Datema MR, van Ree R, Asero R, et al. Component-resolved diagnosis and beyond: Multivariable regression models to predict severity of hazelnut allergy. Allergy. 2018 Mar;73(3):549-59.Full text  Abstract

51. Greenhawt M, Shaker M, Wang J, et al. Peanut allergy diagnosis: A 2020 practice parameter update, systematic review, and GRADE analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2020 Dec;146(6):1302-1334. Abstract

52. Nowak-Wegrzyn A. Future approaches to food allergy. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun;111(6 Pt 3):1672-80. Abstract

53. Sampson HA. Update on food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004;113:805-819. Abstract

54. Celik-Bilgili S, Mehl A, Verstege A, et al. The predictive value of specific immunoglobulin E levels in serum for the outcome of oral food challenges. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005;35:268-273. Abstract

55. Garcia-Ara C, Boyano-Martínez T, Díaz-Pena JM, et al. Specific IgE levels in the diagnosis of immediate hypersensitivity to cows' milk protein in the infant. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2001;107:185-190. Abstract

56. Sampson HA, Ho DG. Relationship between food-specific IgE concentrations and the risk of positive food challenges in children and adolescents. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1997 Oct;100(4):444-51. Abstract

57. Wang J, Godbold JH, Sampson HA. Correlation of serum allergy (IgE) tests performed by different assay systems. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;121:1219-1224. Abstract

58. Sampson HA, Aceves S, Bock SA, et al. Food allergy: a practice parameter update - 2014. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014;134:1016-1025.Full text  Abstract

59. Sporik R, Hill DJ, Hosking CS. Specificity of allergen skin testing in predicting positive open food challenges to milk, egg and peanut in children. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000;30:1540-1546. Abstract

60. Dalal I, Binson I, Levine A, et al. The pattern of sesame sensitivity among infants and children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2003;14:312-316. Abstract

61. Nowak-Wegrzyn A. Future approaches to food allergy. Pediatrics. 2003;111:1672-1680. Abstract

62. Burks W. Skin manifestations of food allergy. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun;111(6 Pt 3):1617-24.Full text  Abstract

63. Diez E, Boixeda P. Frey's sydrome in childhood. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2007 Jan-Feb;98(1):45-6. Abstract

64. Roberts G, Lack G. Food allergy and asthma: what is the link? Paediatr Respir Rev. 2003 Sep;4(3):205-12. Abstract

65. Custer JW, Rau RE. Johns Hopkins Hospital. The Harriet Lane handbook: a manual for pediatric house officers. 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby/Elsevier; 2009.

66. Hofmann A, Burks AW. Pollen food syndrome: update on the allergens. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2008 Sep;8(5):413-7. Abstract

67. McMillan JA, DeAngelis CD, Feigin RD, et al. Oski's pediatrics: principles and practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999.

68. Nelson WE, Behrman RE, Kliegman R. Nelson essentials of pediatrics. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 1990.

69. Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Goldman: Cecil medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2008.

70. Heyman MB. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Nutrition. Lactose intolerance in infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep;118(3):1279-86.Full text  Abstract

71. Ford MD, Delaney KA, Ling LJ, et al. eds. Clinical toxicology. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2001.

72. Feldman, M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's gastrointestinal and liver disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, management. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2006.

73. Helander A, Some M. Dietary serotonin and alcohol combined may provoke adverse physiological symptoms due to 5-hydroxytryptophol. Life Sci. 2000 Jul 7;67(7):799-806. Abstract

74. Shaker MS, Wallace DV, Golden DBK, et al. Anaphylaxis-a 2020 practice parameter update, systematic review, and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2020 Apr;145(4):1082-123.Full text  Abstract

75. Rubio-Tapia A, Hill ID, Kelly CP, et al; American College of Gastroenterology. ACG clinical guidelines: diagnosis and management of celiac disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 May;108(5):656-76; quiz 677. Abstract

76. Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: summary of the NIAID-sponsored expert panel report. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Dec;126(6):1105-18.Full text  Abstract

77. Muraro A, Roberts G, Worm M, et al. Anaphylaxis: guidelines from the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Allergy. 2014 Aug;69(8):1026-45.Full text  Abstract

78. Clark AT, Skypala I, Leech SC, et al; British society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology. British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology guidelines for the management of egg allergy. Clin Exp Allergy. 2010 Aug;40(8):1116-29.Full text  Abstract

79. Yu JW, Kagan R, Verreault N, et al. Accidental ingestions in children with peanut allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Aug;118(2):466-72.Full text  Abstract

80. Wang J, Sicherer SH; Section on Allergy and Immunology. Guidance on completing a written allergy and anaphylaxis emergency plan. Pediatrics. 2017 Mar;139(3). pii: e20164005.Full text  Abstract

81. Muraro A, Roberts G, Clark A, et al; EAACI Task Force on Anaphylaxis in Children. The management of anaphylaxis in childhood: position paper of the European academy of allergology and clinical immunology. Allergy. 2007 Aug;62(8):857-71. Abstract

82. Kemp SF, Lockey RF, Simons FE, et al. Epinephrine: the drug of choice for anaphylaxis. A statement of the World Allergy Organization. Allergy. 2008 Aug;63(8):1061-70. Abstract

83. Sicherer SH, Simons FE; Section on Allergy and Immunology. Epinephrine for first-aid management of anaphylaxis. Pediatrics. 2017 Mar;139(3). pii: e20164006.Full text  Abstract

84. Lieberman P, Kemp SF, Oppenheimer J, et al. The diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis: an updated practice parameter. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar;115(3 suppl 2):S483-523. Abstract

85. Sampson HA, Munoz-Furlong A, Campbell RL, et al. Second symposium on the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Feb;117(2):391-7.Full text  Abstract

86. Lieberman P, Nicklas RA, Randolph C, et al. Anaphylaxis: a practice parameter update 2015. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 Nov;115(5):341-84.Full text  Abstract

87. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Adrenaline auto-injectors: updated advice after European review. August 2017 [internet publication].Full text

88. Sporik R, Henderson J, Hourihane, JO. Clinical immunology review series: an approach to the patient with allergy in childhood. Clin Exp Immunol. 2009 Mar;155(3):378-86. Abstract

89. Enrique E, Pineda F, Malek T, et al. Sublingual immunotherapy for hazelnut food allergy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a standardized hazelnut extract. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Nov;116(5):1073-9.Full text  Abstract

90. Kim EH, Bird JA, Kulis M, et al. Sublingual immunotherapy for peanut allergy: clinical and immunologic evidence of desensitization. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Mar;127(3):640-6.e1. Abstract

91. PALISADE Group of Clinical Investigators., Vickery BP, Vereda A, et al. AR101 Oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy. N Engl J Med. 2018 Nov 22;379(21):1991-2001.Full text  Abstract

92. Chu DK, Wood RA, French S, et al. Oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy (PACE): a systematic review and meta-analysis of efficacy and safety. Lancet. 2019 Jun 1;393(10187):2222-32. Abstract

93. Anagnostou K, Islam S, King Y, et al. Assessing the efficacy of oral immunotherapy for the desensitisation of peanut allergy in children (STOP II): a phase 2 randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2014 Apr 12;383(9925):1297-304. Abstract

94. Varshney P, Jones SM, Scurlock AM, et al. A randomized controlled study of peanut oral immunotherapy: clinical desensitization and modulation of the allergic response. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Mar;127(3):654-60.Full text  Abstract

95. Chinthrajah RS, Purington N, Andorf S, et al. Sustained outcomes in oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy (POISED study): a large, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study. Lancet. 2019 Oct 19;394(10207):1437-49. Abstract

96. Calvani M, Giorgio V, Miceli Sopo S. Specific oral tolerance induction for food: a systematic review. Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Feb;42(1):11-9. Abstract

97. Brożek JL, Terracciano L, Hsu J, et al. Oral immunotherapy for IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Exp Allergy. 2012 Mar;42(3):363-74. Abstract

98. Romantsik O, Tosca MA, Zappettini S, et al. Oral and sublingual immunotherapy for egg allergy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Apr 20;(4):CD010638.Full text  Abstract

99. Wang J, Jones SM, Pongracic JA, et al. Safety, clinical, and immunologic efficacy of a Chinese herbal medicine (Food Allergy Herbal Formula-2) for food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Oct;136(4):962-970.e1.Full text  Abstract

100. Clinical Trials.gov. E-B-FAHF-2, Multi OIT and Xolair (omalizumab) for food allergy. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02879006. August 2016 [internet publication].Full text

101. Wood RA, Kim JS, Lindblad R, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of omalizumab combined with oral immunotherapy for the treatment of cow's milk allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Apr;137(4):1103-10.e11. Abstract

102. Clinical Trials.gov. Omalizumab as monotherapy and as adjunct therapy to multi-allergen OIT in food allergic participants (OUtMATCH). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03881696. March 2019 [internet publication].Full text

103. Fleischer DM, Greenhawt M, Sussman G, et al. Effect of Epicutaneous Immunotherapy vs Placebo on Reaction to Peanut Protein Ingestion Among Children With Peanut Allergy: The PEPITES Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2019 Mar 12;321(10):946-955.Full text  Abstract

104. Clinical Trials.gov. Efficacy and safety of Viaskin Milk in children with IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (MILES). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02223182. August 2014 [internet publication].Full text

105. Clinical Trials.gov. Safety and efficacy study of Viaskin Peanut in peanut-allergic young children 1-3 years of age (EPITOPE). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03211247. July 2017 [internet publication].Full text

106. Fleischer DM, Chan ES, Venter C, et al. A Consensus Approach to the Primary Prevention of Food Allergy Through Nutrition: Guidance from the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the Canadian Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2021 Jan;9(1):22-43.e4. Abstract

107. Muraro A, Agache I, Clark A, et al. EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines: managing patients with food allergy in the community. Allergy. 2014 Aug;69(8):1046-57.Full text  Abstract

108. Wang J, Sicherer SH; Section on Allergy and Immunology. Guidance on completing a written allergy and anaphylaxis emergency plan. Pediatrics. 2017;139:e20164005.Full text  Abstract

109. Osborn DA, Sinn JK, Jones LJ. Infant formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergic disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Oct 19;(10):CD003664.Full text  Abstract

110. Fiocchi A, Burks W, Bahna SL, et al; WAO Special Committee on Food Allergy and Nutrition. Clinical use of probiotics in pediatric allergy (CUPPA): a World Allergy Organization position paper. World Allergy Organ J. 2012 Nov;5(11):148-67. Abstract

111. Cuello-Garcia A, Fiocchi A, Pawankar R, et al. World Allergy Organization-McMaster University guidelines for allergic disease prevention (GLAD-P): prebiotics. World Allergy Organ J. 2016 Mar 1;9:10.Full text  Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer