Complications

Complications table
ComplicationTimeframeLikelihood

ectopic pregnancy (resulting from pelvic inflammatory disease)

short termmedium

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicating gonorrhea infection may develop in up to one third of women with gonorrhea.[40][41] The most common sequelae of PID are chronic pelvic pain (40%), tubal infertility (10.8%), and ectopic pregnancy (9.1%).[42][43]

infertility in women (resulting from pelvic inflammatory disease)

long termmedium

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicating gonorrhea infection may develop in up to one third of women with gonorrhea.[40][41] The most common sequelae of PID are chronic pelvic pain (40%), tubal infertility (10.8%), and ectopic pregnancy (9.1%).[42][43]

infertility in men

long termlow

Rarely epididymitis, complicating gonorrhea infection, can lead to infertility or chronic inflammation.

blindness

long termlow

May be a complication of ophthalmia neonatorum.

chronic pelvic pain (resulting from pelvic inflammatory disease)

variablehigh

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicating gonorrhea infection may develop in up to one third of women with gonorrhea.[40][41] The most common sequelae of PID are chronic pelvic pain (40%), tubal infertility (10.8%), and ectopic pregnancy (9.1%).[42][43]

Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome

variablelow

Gonococci may spread up toward the liver causing perihepatitis, which mimics acute cholecystitis in its presentation. It resolves with antibiotic therapy.

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