Hepatorenal syndrome

References

Key articles

Biggins SW, Angeli P, Garcia-Tsao G, et al. Diagnosis, evaluation, and management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome: 2021 practice guidance by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Hepatology. 2021 Aug;74(2):1014-48.Full text  Abstract

European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines for the management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2018 Aug;69(2):406-60.Full text  Abstract

Gines A, Escorsell A, Gines P, et al. Incidence, predictive factors, and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology. 1993;105:229-236. Abstract

European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2010 Sep;53(3):397-417.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Dagher L, Moore K. The hepatorenal syndrome. Gut. 2001 Nov;49(5):729-37.Full text  Abstract

2. Biggins SW, Angeli P, Garcia-Tsao G, et al. Diagnosis, evaluation, and management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome: 2021 practice guidance by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Hepatology. 2021 Aug;74(2):1014-48.Full text  Abstract

3. Salerno F, Gerbes A, Gines P, et al. Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. Gut. 2007 Sep;56(9):1310-8.Full text  Abstract

4. Angeli P, Ginès P, Wong F, et al. Diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury in patients with cirrhosis: revised consensus recommendations of the International Club of Ascites. J Hepatol. 2015 Apr;62(4):968-74.Full text  Abstract

5. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines for the management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2018 Aug;69(2):406-60.Full text  Abstract

6. Simonetto DA, Gines P, Kamath PS. Hepatorenal syndrome: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. BMJ. 2020 Sep 14;370:m2687.Full text  Abstract

7. Gines A, Escorsell A, Gines P, et al. Incidence, predictive factors, and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology. 1993 Jul;105(1):229-36.Full text  Abstract

8. Salerno F, Cazzaniga M, Merli M, et al. Diagnosis, treatment and survival of patients with hepatorenal syndrome: a survey on daily medical practice. J Hepatol. 2011 Dec;55(6):1241-8. Abstract

9. Rey R M, Delgado AF, De Zubiria A, et al. Prevalence and short-term outcome of hepatorenal syndrome: A 9-year experience in a high-complexity hospital in Colombia. PLoS One. 2020;15(10):e0239834.Full text  Abstract

10. Gines P, Arroyo V. Hepatorenal syndrome. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1999 Aug;10(8):1833-9.Full text  Abstract

11. Gines A, Escorsell A, Gines P, et al. Incidence, predictive factors, and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology. 1993;105:229-236. Abstract

12. Angeli P, Garcia-Tsao G, Nadim MK, et al. News in pathophysiology, definition and classification of hepatorenal syndrome: A step beyond the International Club of Ascites (ICA) consensus document. J Hepatol. 2019 Oct;71(4):811-822.Full text  Abstract

13. European Association for the Study of the Liver. EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. J Hepatol. 2010 Sep;53(3):397-417.Full text  Abstract

14. Gines P, Guevara M, Arroyo V, et al. Hepatorenal syndrome. Lancet. 2003 Nov 29;362(9398):1819-27. Abstract

15. Aithal GP, Palaniyappan N, China L, et al. Guidelines on the management of ascites in cirrhosis. Gut. 2021 Jan;70(1):9-29.Full text  Abstract

16. Sorrentino P, Castaldo G, Tarantino L, et al. Preservation of nutritional-status in patients with refractory ascites due to hepatic cirrhosis who are undergoing repeated paracentesis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Apr;27(4):813-22. Abstract

17. Sort P, Navasa M, Arroyo V, et al. Effect of intravenous albumin on renal impairment and mortality in patients with cirrhosis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. N Engl J Med. 1999 Aug 5;341(6):403-9.Full text  Abstract

18. Wong F, Blendis L. New challenge of hepatorenal syndrome: prevention and treatment. Hepatology. 2001 Dec;34(6):1242-51.Full text  Abstract

19. Singal AK, Bataller R, Ahn J, et al. ACG clinical guideline: alcoholic Liver Disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2018 Feb;113(2):175-94. Abstract

20. Thursz MR, Richardson P, Allison M, et al. Prednisolone or pentoxifylline for alcoholic hepatitis. N Engl J Med. 2015 Apr 23;372(17):1619-28.Full text  Abstract

21. Pavlov CS, Varganova DL, Casazza G, et al. Glucocorticosteroids for people with alcoholic hepatitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Apr 9;(4):CD001511.Full text  Abstract

22. Arroyo V, Gines P, Gerbes AL, et al. Definition and diagnostic criteria of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. International Ascites Club. Hepatology. 1996 Jan;23(1):164-76.Full text  Abstract

23. Fabrizi F, Dixit V, Messa P, et al. Terlipressin for hepatorenal syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Int J Artif Organs. 2009;32:133-140. Abstract

24. Fabrizi F, Dixit V, Martin P. Meta-analysis: terlipressin therapy for the hepatorenal syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006;24:935-944.Full text  Abstract

25. Sridharan K, Sivaramakrishnan G. Vasoactive agents for hepatorenal syndrome: a mixed treatment comparison network meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Jan;33(1):97-102.Full text  Abstract

26. Best LM, Freeman SC, Sutton AJ, et al. Treatment for hepatorenal syndrome in people with decompensated liver cirrhosis: a network meta-analysis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Sep 12;(9):CD013103.Full text  Abstract

27. Israelsen M, Krag A, Allegretti AS, et al. Terlipressin versus other vasoactive drugs for hepatorenal syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Sep 27;(9):CD011532.Full text  Abstract

28. Wong F, Pappas SC, Curry MP, et al. Terlipressin plus albumin for the treatment of type 1 hepatorenal syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2021 Mar 4;384(9):818-28.Full text  Abstract

29. Hiremath SB, Srinivas LD. Survival benefits of terlipressin and non-responder state in hepatorenal syndrome: a meta-analysis. Indian J Pharmacol. 2013 Jan-Feb;45(1):54-60.Full text  Abstract

30. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA approves treatment to improve kidney function in adults with hepatorenal syndrome. Sep 2022 [internet publication].Full text

31. European Medicines Agency. Terlipressin-containing medicinal products indicated in the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome. Sep 2022 [internet publication].Full text

32. Stutchfield BM, Simpson K, Wigmore SJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of survival following extracorporeal liver support. Br J Surg. 2011 May;98(5):623-31. Abstract

33. Karwa R, Woodis CB. Midodrine and octreotide in treatment of cirrhosis-related hemodynamic complications. Ann Pharmacother. 2009 Apr;43(4):692-9. Abstract

34. Guevara M, Ginès P. Hepatorenal syndrome. Dig Dis. 2005;23(1):47-55.Full text  Abstract

35. Thomson MJ, Taylor A, Sharma P, et al. Limited progress in hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) reversal and survival 2002-2018: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dig Dis Sci. 2020 May;65(5):1539-48.Full text  Abstract

36. Planas R, Montoliu S, Balleste B, et al. Natural history of patients hospitalized for management of cirrhotic ascites. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006;4:1385-1394. Abstract

37. Gonwa TA, Klintmalm GB, Levy M, et al. Impact of pretransplant renal function on survival after liver transplantation. Transplantation. 1995;59:361-365. Abstract

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