Carpal tunnel syndrome

References

Key articles

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Management of carpal tunnel syndrome evidence-based clinical practice guideline. 29 February 2016 [internet publication].Full text

Cartwright MS, Hobson-Webb LD, Boon AJ, et al; American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine. Evidence-based guideline: neuromuscular ultrasound for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 2012 Aug;46(2):287-93. Abstract

Practice parameter for electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome (summary statement). American Academy of Neurology, American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, and American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Neurology. 1993 Nov;43(11):2404-5. Abstract

Page MJ, Massy-Westropp N, O'Connor D, et al. Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jul 11;(7):CD010003.Full text  Abstract

Peters S, Page MJ, Coppieters MW, et al. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 17;(2):CD004158.Full text  Abstract

Peters S, Page MJ, Coppieters MW, et al. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(2):CD004158.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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19. Bland JD. The relationship of obesity, age, and carpal tunnel syndrome: more complex than was thought? Muscle Nerve. 2005 Oct;32(4):527-32. Abstract

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24. Cobb TK, An KN, Cooney WP, et al. Lumbrical muscle incursion into the carpal tunnel during finger flexion. J Hand Surg Br. 1994 Aug;19(4):434-8. Abstract

25. Feldkamp MM, Gentili F, Hudson AR, et al. A persistent median artery causing carpal tunnel syndrome in a patient with chronic renal failure: case report. Neurosurgery. 1995 Jul;37(1):140-3. Abstract

26. Nakamichi K, Tachibana S. Unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome and space-occupying lesions. J Hand Surg Br. 1993 Dec;18(6):748-9. Abstract

27. Siegel DB, Kuzma G, Eakins D. Anatomic investigation of the role of the lumbrical muscles in carpal tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg Am. 1995 Sep;20(5):860-3. Abstract

28. Kerrigan JJ, Bertoni JM, Jaeger SH. Ganglion cysts and carpal tunnel syndrome. J Hand Surg Am. 1988 Sep;13(5):763-5. Abstract

29. Radecki P. A gender specific wrist ratio and the likelihood of a median nerve abnormality at the carpal tunnel. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Jun;73(3):157-62. Abstract

30. Nathan PA, Keniston RC. Carpal tunnel syndrome and its relation to general physical condition. Hand Clin. 1993 May;9(2):253-61. Abstract

31. Johnson EW, Gatens T, Poindexter D, et al. Wrist dimensions: correlation with median sensory latencies. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1983 Nov;64(11):556-7. Abstract

32. Edwards KS. Square wrists and carpal tunnel syndrome. Ohio Med. 1990 Jun;86(6):432-3. Abstract

33. Gordon C, Johnson EW, Gatens PF, et al. Wrist ratio correlation with carpal tunnel syndrome in industry. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1988 Dec;67(6):270-2. Abstract

34. Winn FJ, Habes DJ. Carpal tunnel area as a risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 1990 Mar;13(3):254-8. Abstract

35. Barnes CG, Currey HL. Carpal tunnel syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis. A clinical and electrodiagnostic survey. Ann Rheum Dis. 1967 May;26(3):226-33.Full text  Abstract

36. de Rijk MC, Vermeij FH, Suntjens M, et al. Does a carpal tunnel syndrome predict an underlying disease? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Jun;78(6):635-7.Full text  Abstract

37. Singh R, Gamble G, Cundy T. Lifetime risk of symptomatic carpal tunnel syndrome in Type 1 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2005 May;22(5):625-30. Abstract

38. Albers JW, Brown MB, Sima AA, et al. Frequency of median mononeuropathy in patients with mild diabetic neuropathy in the early diabetes intervention trial (EDIT). Tolrestat Study Group For Edit (Early Diabetes Intervention Trial). Muscle Nerve. 1996 Feb;19(2):140-6. Abstract

39. Jackson DL, Hynninen BC, Caborn DN, et al. Electrodiagnostic study of carpal tunnel syndrome in wheelchair basketball players. Clin J Sport Med. 1996 Jan;6(1):27-31. Abstract

40. Chaudhuri KR, Davidson AR, Morris IM. Limited joint mobility and carpal tunnel syndrome in insulin-dependent diabetes. Br J Rheumatol. 1989 Jun;28(3):191-4. Abstract

41. Chammas M, Bousquet P, Renard E, et al. Dupuytren's disease, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, and diabetes mellitus. J Hand Surg Am. 1995 Jan;20(1):109-14. Abstract

42. Karpitskaya Y, Novak CB, Mackinnon SE. Prevalence of smoking, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and thyroid disease in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Ann Plast Surg. 2002 Mar;48(3):269-73. Abstract

43. Beard L, Kumar A, Estep HL. Bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome caused by Graves' disease. Arch Intern Med. 1985 Feb;145(2):345-6. Abstract

44. Bicknell JM, Lim AC, Raroque HG, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome, subclinical median mononeuropathy, and peripheral polyneuropathy: common early complications of chronic peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991 May;72(6):378-81. Abstract

45. Zamora JL, Rose JE, Rosario V, et al. Hemodialysis-associated carpal tunnel syndrome. A clinical review. Nephron. 1985;41(1):70-4. Abstract

46. Ullian ME, Hammond WS, Alfrey AC, et al. Beta-2-microglobulin-associated amyloidosis in chronic hemodialysis patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Medicine (Baltimore). 1989 Mar;68(2):107-15. Abstract

47. Halter SK, DeLisa JA, Stolov WC, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome in chronic renal dialysis patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1981 May;62(5):197-201. Abstract

48. Wand JS. Carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy and lactation. J Hand Surg Br. 1990 Feb;15(1):93-5. Abstract

49. Ekman-Ordeberg G, Salgeback S, Ordeberg G. Carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy. A prospective study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1987;66(3):233-5. Abstract

50. Snell NJ, Coysh HL, Snell BJ. Carpal tunnel syndrome presenting in the puerperium. Practitioner. 1980 Feb;224(1340):191-3. Abstract

51. Melvin JL, Burnett CN, Johnson EW. Median nerve conduction in pregnancy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1969 Feb;50(2):75-80. Abstract

52. Voitk AJ, Mueller JC, Farlinger DE, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy. Can Med Assoc J. 1983 Feb 1;128(3):277-81.Full text  Abstract

53. Stolp-Smith KA, Pascoe MK, Ogburn PL. Carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy: frequency, severity, and prognosis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Oct;79(10):1285-7. Abstract

54. Radecki P. The familial occurrence of carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 1994 Mar;17(3):325-30. Abstract

55. Hakim AJ, Cherkas L, El Zayat S, et al. The genetic contribution to carpal tunnel syndrome in women: a twin study. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Jun 15;47(3):275-9.Full text  Abstract

56. Palmer KT, Harris EC, Coggon D. Carpal tunnel syndrome and its relation to occupation: a systematic literature review. Occup Med (Lond). 2007 Jan;57(1):57-66.Full text  Abstract

57. Werner RA. Evaluation of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome. J Occup Rehabil. 2006 Jun;16(2):207-22. Abstract

58. Kao SY. Carpal tunnel syndrome as an occupational disease. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2003 Nov-Dec;16(6):533-42.Full text  Abstract

59. Vender MI, Kasdan ML, Truppa KL. Upper extremity disorders: a literature review to determine work-relatedness. J Hand Surg Am. 1995 Jul;20(4):534-41. Abstract

60. Silverstein BA, Fine LJ, Armstrong TJ. Occupational factors and carpal tunnel syndrome. Am J Ind Med. 1987;11(3):343-58. Abstract

61. Mauer UM, Lotspeich E, Klein HJ, et al. Body building - effect on neural conduction velocity of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel [in German]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1991 Jul-Aug;129(4):319-21. Abstract

62. Mauer UM, Rath SA. Stress-induced carpal tunnel syndrome in athletes - exemplified by 3 kinds of sports [in German]. Schweiz Z Sportmed. 1992 Sep;40(3):131-5. Abstract

63. Boninger ML, Robertson RN, Wolff M, et al. Upper limb nerve entrapments in elite wheelchair racers. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1996 May-Jun;75(3):170-6. Abstract

64. Burnham RS, Steadward RD. Upper extremity peripheral nerve entrapments among wheelchair athletes: prevalence, location, and risk factors. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 May;75(5):519-24. Abstract

65. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Management of carpal tunnel syndrome evidence-based clinical practice guideline. 29 February 2016 [internet publication].Full text

66. Pryse-Phillips WE. Validation of a diagnostic sign in carpal tunnel syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1984 Aug;47(8):870-2.Full text  Abstract

67. Descatha A, Huard L, Aubert F, et al. Meta-analysis on the performance of sonography for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Jun;41(6):914-22. Abstract

68. Cartwright MS, Hobson-Webb LD, Boon AJ, et al; American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine. Evidence-based guideline: neuromuscular ultrasound for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 2012 Aug;46(2):287-93. Abstract

69. Concannon MJ, Gainor B, Petroski GF, et al. The predictive value of electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997 Nov;100(6):1452-8. Abstract

70. Practice parameter for electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome (summary statement). American Academy of Neurology, American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, and American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Neurology. 1993 Nov;43(11):2404-5. Abstract

71. Jablecki CK, Andary MT, So YT, et al. Literature review of the usefulness of nerve conduction studies and electromyography for the evaluation of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. AAEM Quality Assurance Committee. Muscle Nerve. 1993 Dec;16(12):1392-414. Abstract

72. Fowler JR, Gaughan JP, Ilyas AM, et al. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome: a meta-analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Apr;469(4):1089-94.Full text  Abstract

73. Levine DW, Simmons BP, Koris MJ, et al. A self-administered questionnaire for the assessment of severity of symptoms and functional status in carpal tunnel syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1993 Nov;75(11):1585-92. Abstract

74. Homan MM, Franzblau A, Werner RA, et al. Agreement between symptom surveys, physical examination procedures and electrodiagnostic findings for the carpal tunnel syndrome. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1999;25:115-124. Abstract

75. Werner RA, Franzblau A, Gell N, et al. A longitudinal study of industrial and clerical workers: incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome and assessment of risk factors. J Occup Rehabil. 2005;15:47-55. Abstract

76. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: chronic wrist pain. 2017 [internet publication].Full text

77. American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Hand, wrist and forearm disorders guideline. 30 June 2016 [internet publication].

78. Shi Q, MacDermid JC. Is surgical intervention more effective than non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome? A systematic review. J Orthop Surg Res. 2011 Apr 11;6:17.Full text  Abstract

79. Page MJ, Massy-Westropp N, O'Connor D, et al. Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jul 11;(7):CD010003.Full text  Abstract

80. Padua L, Padua R, Aprile I, et al. Multiperspective follow-up of untreated carpal tunnel syndrome: a multicenter study. Neurology. 2001 Jun 12;56(11):1459-66. Abstract

81. Crow RS. Treatment of the carpal-tunnel syndrome. Br Med J. 1960 May 28;1(5186):1611-5.Full text  Abstract

82. Kruger VL, Kraft GH, Deitz JC, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome: objective measures and splint use. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991 Jun;72(7):517-20. Abstract

83. Burke DT, Burke MM, Stewart GW, et al. Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome: in search of the optimal angle. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994 Nov;75(11):1241-4.Full text  Abstract

84. Ashworth N. Carpal tunnel syndrome. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Feb 1;75(3):381-3.Full text  Abstract

85. Walker WC, Metzler M, Cifu DX, et al. Neutral wrist splinting in carpal tunnel syndrome: a comparison of night-only versus full-time wear instructions. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000 Apr;81(4):424-9.Full text  Abstract

86. Marshall S, Tardif G, Ashworth N. Local corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Apr 18;(2):CD001554.Full text  Abstract

87. Medina McKeon JM, Yancosek KE. Neural gliding techniques for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a systematic review. J Sport Rehabil. 2008 Aug;17(3):324-41. Abstract

88. Piazzini DB, Aprile I, Ferrara PE, et al. A systematic review of conservative treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Clin Rehabil. 2007 Apr;21(4):299-314. Abstract

89. O'Connor D, Marshall S, Massy-Westropp N. Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(1):CD003219.Full text  Abstract

90. Page MJ, O'Connor D, Pitt V, et al. Therapeutic ultrasound for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Mar 28;(3):CD009601.Full text  Abstract

91. Peters S, Page MJ, Coppieters MW, et al. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 17;(2):CD004158.Full text  Abstract

92. Mondelli M, Rossi S, Monti E, et al. Long term follow-up of carpal tunnel syndrome during pregnancy: a cohort study and review of the literature. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 Sep;47(6):259-71. Abstract

93. Fernández-de-Las Peñas C, Ortega-Santiago R, de la Llave-Rincón AI, et al. Manual physical therapy versus surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized parallel-group trial. J Pain. 2015;16:1087-1094. Abstract

94. Stevens JC, Sun S, Beard CM, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome in Rochester, Minnesota, 1961 to 1980. Neurology. 1988;38:134-138. Abstract

95. Padua L, Padua R, Aprile I, et al. Multiperspective follow-up of untreated carpal tunnel syndrome: a multicenter study. Neurology. 2001;56:1459-1466. Abstract

96. Manente G, Torrieri F, Di Blasio F, et al. An innovative hand brace for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Muscle Nerve. 2001;24:1020-1025. Abstract

97. Walker WC, Metzler M, Cifu DX, et al. Neutral wrist splinting in carpal tunnel syndrome: a comparison of night-only versus full-time wear instructions. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000;81:424-429. Abstract

98. Burke DT, Burke MM, Stewart GW, et al. Splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome: in search of the optimal angle. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1994;75:1241-1244. Abstract

99. Crow RS. Treatment of the carpal-tunnel syndrome. Br Med J. 1960;1:1611-1615.Full text  Abstract

100. Kruger VL, Kraft GH, Deitz JC, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome: objective measures and splint use. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991;72:517-520. Abstract

101. Marshall S, Tardif G, Ashworth N. Local corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(2):CD001554. Abstract

102. Gerritsen AA, de Vet HC, Scholten RJ, et al. Splinting vs surgery in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002;288:1245-1251.Full text  Abstract

103. Ly-Pen D, Andreu JL, de Blas G, et al. Surgical decompression versus local steroid injection in carpal tunnel syndrome: a one-year, prospective, randomized, open, controlled clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52:612-619.Full text  Abstract

104. Verdugo RJ, Salinas RA, Castillo JL, Cea JG. Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(4):CD001552. Abstract

105. Peters S, Page MJ, Coppieters MW, et al. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(2):CD004158.Full text  Abstract

106. Scholten RJ, Mink van der Molen A, Uitdehaag BM, et al. Surgical treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17;(4):CD003905.Full text  Abstract

107. Thoma A, Veltri K, Haines T, et al. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing endoscopic and open carpal tunnel decompression. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Oct;114(5):1137-46. Abstract

108. Vasiliadis HS, Georgoulas P, Shrier I, et al. Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jan 31;(1):CD008265.Full text  Abstract

109. Dick FD, Graveling RA, Munro W, et al. Workplace management of upper limb disorders: a systematic review. Occup Med (Lond). 2011;61:19-25. Abstract

110. O'Connor D, Page MJ, Marshall SC, et al. Ergonomic positioning or equipment for treating carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(1):CD009600.Full text  Abstract

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