Benzodiazepine overdose


Key articles

Gahlinger PM. Club drugs: MDMA, gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), rohypnol, and ketamine. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jun 1;69(11):2619-27. Abstract

Spivey WH. Flumazenil and seizures: analysis of 43 cases. Clin Ther. 1992 Mar-Apr;14(2):292-305. Abstract

Reference articles

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2. Gahlinger PM. Club drugs: MDMA, gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), rohypnol, and ketamine. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jun 1;69(11):2619-27. Abstract

3. Gleason PP, Schulz R, Smith NL, et al. Correlates and prevalence of benzodiazepine use in community-dwelling elderly. J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Apr;13(4):243-50.Full text  Abstract

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21. McCabe SE, West BT. Medical and nonmedical use of prescription benzodiazepine anxiolytics among US high school seniors. Addict Behav. 2014 May;39(5):959-64. Abstract

22. Janhsen K, Roser P, Hoffmann K. The problems of long-term treatment with benzodiazepines and related substances. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2015 Jan 5;112(1-2):1-7.Full text  Abstract

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25. Lugoboni F, Mirijello A, Faccini M, et al. Quality of life in a cohort of high-dose benzodiazepine dependent patients. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Sep 1;142:105-9. Abstract

26. Harnod T, Lin CL, Sung FC, et al. An association between benzodiazepine use and occurrence of benign brain tumors. J Neurol Sci. 2014 Jan 15;336(1-2):8-12.Full text  Abstract

27. Vozoris NT, Fischer HD, Wang X, et al. Benzodiazepine use among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a population-based cohort study. Drugs Aging. 2013 Mar;30(3):183-92. Abstract

28. Billioti de Gage S, Moride Y, Ducruet T, et al. Benzodiazepine use and risk of Alzheimer's disease: case-control study. BMJ. 2014 Sep 9;349:g5205.Full text  Abstract

29. Konopka A, Pełka-Wysiecka J, Grzywacz A, et al. Psychosocial characteristics of benzodiazepine addicts compared to not addicted benzodiazepine users. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2013 Jan 10;40:229-35. Abstract

30. Wu AH, McKay C, Broussard LA, et al. National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry laboratory medicine practice guidelines: recommendations for the use of laboratory tests to support poisoned patients who present to the emergency department. Clin Chem. 2003 Mar;49(3):357-79.Full text  Abstract

31. Haverkos GP, DiSalvo RP, Imhoff TE. Fatal seizures after flumazenil administration in a patient with mixed overdose. Ann Pharmacother. 1994 Dec;28(12):1347-9. Abstract

32. Spivey WH. Flumazenil and seizures: analysis of 43 cases. Clin Ther. 1992 Mar-Apr;14(2):292-305. Abstract

33. Velluti R, Pedemonte M. Differential effects of benzodiazepines on cochlear and auditory nerve responses. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1986 Dec;64(6):556-62. Abstract

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35. Ngo AS, Anthony CR, Samuel M, et al. Should a benzodiazepine antagonist be used in unconscious patients presenting to the emergency department? Resuscitation. 2007;74:27-37. Abstract

36. Kyong YY, Park JT, Choi KH. Serial monitoring of sedation scores in benzodiazepine overdose. Am J Emerg Med. 2014 Nov;32(11):1438;e5-6. Abstract

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39. Pottie K, Thompson W, Davies S, et al. Deprescribing benzodiazepine receptor agonists: Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Can Fam Physician. 2018 May;64(5):339-351.Full text  Abstract

40. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Self-harm in over 8s: short-term management and prevention of recurrence. July 2004 [internet publication].Full text

41. Darker CD, Sweeney BP, Barry JM, et al. Psychosocial interventions for benzodiazepine harmful use, abuse or dependence. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(5):CD009652.Full text  Abstract

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