New-onset atrial fibrillation

References

Key articles

January CT, Wann LS, Alpert JS, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 2;64(21):e1-76.Full text  Abstract

January CT, Wann LS, Alpert JS, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 2;64(21):e1-76.Full text  Abstract

Hindricks G, Potpara T, Dagres N, et al. 2020 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of atrial fibrillation developed in collaboration with the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). Eur Heart J. 2021 Feb 1;42(5):373-498.Full text  Abstract

Gorenek B, Pelliccia A, Benjamin EJ, et al. European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)/European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (EACPR) position paper on how to prevent atrial fibrillation endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS). Europace. 2017 Feb 1;19(2):190-225.Full text  Abstract

Lilli A, Di Cori A, Zacà V. Thromboembolic risk and effect of oral anticoagulation according to atrial fibrillation patterns: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Cardiol. 2017 Sep;40(9):641-7.Full text  Abstract

O'Dell KM, Igawa D, Hsin J. New oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation: a review of clinical trials. Clin Ther. 2012 Apr;34(4):894-901. Abstract

Miller CS, Grandi SM, Shimony A, et al. Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of new oral anticoagulants (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban) versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 1;110(3):453-60.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. January CT, Wann LS, Alpert JS, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 2;64(21):e1-76.Full text  Abstract

2. January CT, Wann LS, Alpert JS, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Dec 2;64(21):e1-76.Full text  Abstract

3. Hindricks G, Potpara T, Dagres N, et al. 2020 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of atrial fibrillation developed in collaboration with the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). Eur Heart J. 2021 Feb 1;42(5):373-498.Full text  Abstract

4. Chugh SS, Havmoeller R, Narayanan K, et al. Worldwide epidemiology of atrial fibrillation: a Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. Circulation. 2014 Feb 25;129(8):837-47.Full text  Abstract

5. Lip GYH, Apostolakis S. Atrial fibrillation (acute onset). BMJ Clin Evid. 2014 Nov 27;2014.Full text  Abstract

6. Marini C, De Santis F, Sacco S, et al. Contribution of atrial fibrillation to incidence and outcome of ischemic stroke, results from a population-based study. Stroke. 2005 Jun;36(6):1115-9.Full text  Abstract

7. Paciaroni M, Agnelli G, Caso V, et al. Atrial fibrillation in patients with first-ever stroke: frequency, antithrombotic treatment before the event and effect on clinical outcome. J Thromb Haemost. 2005 Jun;3(6):1218-23.Full text  Abstract

8. Gladstone DJ, Spring M, Dorian P, et al. Atrial fibrillation in patients with cryptogenic stroke. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 26;370(26):2467-77.Full text  Abstract

9. Sanna T, Diener HC, Passman RS, et al. Cryptogenic stroke and underlying atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 26;370(26):2478-86.Full text  Abstract

10. Wong CK, White HD, Wilcox RG, et al. New atrial fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction independently predicts death: the GUSTO-III experience. Am Heart J. 2000 Dec;140(6):878-85. Abstract

11. Asanin M, Perunicic J, Mrdovic I, et al. Prognostic significance of new atrial fibrillation and its relation to heart failure following acute myocardial infarction. Eur J Heart Fail. 2005 Jun;7(4):671-6.Full text  Abstract

12. Mentz RJ, Chung MJ, Gheorghiade M, et al. Atrial fibrillation or flutter on initial electrocardiogram is associated with worse outcomes in patients admitted for worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: findings from the EVEREST Trial. Am Heart J. 2012 Dec;164(6):884-92;e2. Abstract

13. Falk RH. Atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2001 Apr 5;344(14):1067-78. Abstract

14. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Atrial fibrillation: management. August 2014 [internet publication].Full text

15. Mukamal KJ, Tolstrup JS, Friberg J, et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of atrial fibrillation in men and women. Circulation. 2005 Sep 20;112(12):1736-42.Full text  Abstract

16. Agarwal A, York M, Kantharia BK, et al. Atrial fibrillation: modern concepts and management. Annu Rev Med. 2005;56:475-94. Abstract

17. Haissaguerre M, Jais P, Shah DC, et al. Spontaneous initiation of atrial fibrillation by ectopic beats originating in the pulmonary veins. N Engl J Med. 1998 Sep 3;339(10):659-66.Full text  Abstract

18. Peters NS, Schilling RJ, Kanagaratnam P, et al. Atrial fibrillation: strategies to control, combat, and cure. Lancet. 2002 Feb 16;359(9306):593-603. Abstract

19. Kochiadakis GE, Skalidis EI, Kalebubas MD, et al. Effect of acute atrial fibrillation on phasic coronary blood flow pattern and flow reserve in humans. Eur Heart J. 2002 May;23(9):734-41.Full text  Abstract

20. Benjamin EJ, Levy D, Vaziri SM, et al. Independent risk factors for atrial fibrillation in a population-based cohort. The Framingham Heart Study. JAMA. 1994 Mar 16;271(11):840-4. Abstract

21. Kalra R, Patel N, Doshi R, et al. Evaluation of the Incidence of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation After Aortic Valve Replacement. JAMA Intern Med. 2019 Jun 3;:.Full text  Abstract

22. Lip GY, Beevers DG, Singh SP, et al. ABC of atrial fibrillation. Aetiology, pathophysiology, and clinical features. BMJ. 1995 Nov 25;311(7017):1425-8.Full text  Abstract

23. Wang Q, Guo Y, Wu C, et al. Smoking as a risk factor for the occurrence of atrial fibrillation in men versus women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Heart Lung Circ. 2018 Jan;27(1):58-65. Abstract

24. Upala S, Shahnawaz A, Sanguankeo A. Psoriasis increases risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Aug;28(5):406-10. Abstract

25. Ungprasert P, Srivali N, Kittanamongkolchai W. Risk of incident atrial fibrillation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Rheum Dis. 2017 Apr;20(4):434-41. Abstract

26. Elliott AD, Linz D, Mishima R, et al. Association between physical activity and risk of incident arrhythmias in 402 406 individuals: evidence from the UK Biobank cohort. Eur Heart J. 2020 Apr 14;41(15):1479-1486.Full text  Abstract

27. Chung MK, Eckhardt LL, Chen LY, et al. Lifestyle and Risk Factor Modification for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2020 Apr 21;141(16):e750-e772.Full text  Abstract

28. Levin MG, Judy R, Gill D, et al. Genetics of height and risk of atrial fibrillation: A Mendelian randomization study. PLoS Med. 2020 Oct;17(10):e1003288.Full text  Abstract

29. Marott JL, Skielboe AK, Dixen U, et al. Increasing population height and risk of incident atrial fibrillation: the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Eur Heart J. 2018 Dec 1;39(45):4012-4019.Full text  Abstract

30. Gorenek B, Pelliccia A, Benjamin EJ, et al. European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)/European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (EACPR) position paper on how to prevent atrial fibrillation endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS). Europace. 2017 Feb 1;19(2):190-225.Full text  Abstract

31. Lavie CJ, Pandey A, Lau DH, et al. Obesity and atrial fibrillation prevalence, pathogenesis, and prognosis: effects of weight loss and exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Oct 17;70(16):2022-35.Full text  Abstract

32. Middeldorp ME, Pathak RK, Meredith M, et al. PREVEntion and regReSsive Effect of weight-loss and risk factor modification on atrial fibrillation: the REVERSE-AF study. Europace. 2018 Dec 1;20(12):1929-35.Full text  Abstract

33. Lopez Perales CR, Van Spall HGC, Maeda S, et al. Mobile health applications for the detection of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review. Europace. 2021 Jan 27;23(1):11-28.Full text  Abstract

34. Guo Y, Wang H, Zhang H, et al. Mobile Photoplethysmographic Technology to Detect Atrial Fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Nov 12;74(19):2365-2375.Full text  Abstract

35. Baumgartner C, da Costa BR, Collet TH, et al; Thyroid Studies Collaboration. Thyroid function within the normal range, subclinical hypothyroidism, and the risk of atrial fibrillation. Circulation. 2017 Nov 28;136(22):2100-16.Full text  Abstract

36. Hijazi Z, Siegbahn A, Andersson U, et al; ARISTOTLE Investigators. High-sensitivity troponin I for risk assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial. Circulation. 2014 Feb 11;129(6):625-34.Full text  Abstract

37. Kotecha D, Mohamed M, Shantsila E, et al. Is echocardiography valid and reproducible in patients with atrial fibrillation? A systematic review. Europace. 2017 Sep 1;19(9):1427-38.Full text  Abstract

38. Fauchier L, Clementy N, Pelade C, et al. Patients with ischemic stroke and incident atrial fibrillation: a nationwide cohort study. Stroke. 2015 Sep;46(9):2432-7.Full text  Abstract

39. Gage BF, Waterman AD, Shannon W, et al. Validation of clinical classification schemes for predicting stroke: results from the National Registry of Atrial Fibrillation. JAMA. 2001 Jun 13;285(22):2864-70.Full text  Abstract

40. Yarmohammadi H, Varr BC, Puwanant S, et al. Role of CHADS2 score in evaluation of thromboembolic risk and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing direct current cardioversion (from the ACUTE Trial Substudy). Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jul 15;110(2):222-6.Full text  Abstract

41. Gage BF, Yan Y, Milligan PE, et al. Clinical classification schemes for predicting hemorrhage: results from the National Registry of Atrial Fibrillation (NRAF). Am Heart J. 2006 Mar;151(3):713-9. Abstract

42. Saliba W, Gronich N, Barnett-Griness O, et al. Usefulness of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores in the Prediction of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation: A Population-Based Study. Am J Med. 2016 Aug;129(8):843-9.Full text  Abstract

43. Pisters R, Lane DA, Nieuwlaat R, et al. A novel user-friendly score (HAS-BLED) to assess 1-year risk of major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation: the Euro Heart Survey. Chest. 2010 Nov;138(5):1093-100. Abstract

44. Jonas DE, Kahwati LC, Yun JDY, et al. Screening for atrial fibrillation with electrocardiography: evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA. 2018 Aug 7;320(5):485-98.Full text  Abstract

45. US Preventive Services Task Force, Curry SJ, Krist AH, et al. Screening for atrial fibrillation with electrocardiography: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2018 Aug 7;320(5):478-84.Full text  Abstract

46. Taggar JS, Coleman T, Lewis S, et al. Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2016 Aug;23(12):1330-8.Full text  Abstract

47. Gillis AM, Morck M. Atrial fibrillation after DDDR pacemaker implantation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002 Jun;13(6):542-7. Abstract

48. Kanji S, Stewart R, Fergusson DA, et al. Treatment of new-onset atrial fibrillation in noncardiac intensive care unit patients: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Crit Care Med. 2008 May;36(5):1620-4. Abstract

49. Okcun B, Yigit Z, Yildiz A, et al. What should be the primary treatment in atrial fibrillation: ventricular rate control or sinus rhythm control with long-term anticoagulation? J Int Med Res. 2009 Mar-Apr;37(2):464-71.Full text  Abstract

50. Connolly SJ, Ezekowitz MD, Yusuf S, et al; RE-LY Steering Committee and Investigators. Dabigatran versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2009 Sep 17;361(12):1139-51. [Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2010 Nov 4;363(19):1877.]Full text  Abstract

51. January CT, Wann LS, Calkins H, et al. 2019 AHA/ACC/HRS focused update of the 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on clinical practice guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society in collaboration with the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation. 2019 Jul 9;140(2):e125-51.Full text  Abstract

52. Ganesan AN, Chew DP, Hartshorne T, et al. The impact of atrial fibrillation type on the risk of thromboembolism, mortality, and bleeding: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Heart J. 2016 Feb 16;37(20):1591-602.Full text  Abstract

53. Lilli A, Di Cori A, Zacà V. Thromboembolic risk and effect of oral anticoagulation according to atrial fibrillation patterns: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Cardiol. 2017 Sep;40(9):641-7.Full text  Abstract

54. Lopes RD, Rordorf R, De Ferrari GM, et al; ARISTOTLE Committees and Investigators. Digoxin and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Mar 13;71(10):1063-74.Full text  Abstract

55. Prystowsky EN, Benson DW Jr, Fuster V, et al. Management of patients with atrial fibrillation: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Subcommittee on Electrocardiography and Electrophysiology, American Heart Association. Circulation. 1996 Mar 15;93(6):1262-77.Full text  Abstract

56. Singh BN, Connolly SJ, Crijns HJ, et al; EURIDIS and ADONIS Investigators. Dronedarone for maintenance of sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 6;357(10):987-99.Full text  Abstract

57. Le Heuzey JY, De Ferrari GM, Radzik D, et al. A short-term, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dronedarone versus amiodarone in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: the DIONYSOS study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Jun 1;21(6):597-605. Abstract

58. Hohnloser SH, Crijns HJ, van Eickels M, et al; ATHENA Investigators. Effect of dronedarone on cardiovascular events in atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 12;360(7):668-78.Full text  Abstract

59. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Rivaroxaban for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in people with atrial fibrillation. 23 May 2012 [internet publication].Full text

60. O'Dell KM, Igawa D, Hsin J. New oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation: a review of clinical trials. Clin Ther. 2012 Apr;34(4):894-901. Abstract

61. Miller CS, Grandi SM, Shimony A, et al. Meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of new oral anticoagulants (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban) versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 1;110(3):453-60.Full text  Abstract

62. Patel MR, Mahaffey KW, Garg J, et al; ROCKET AF Investigators. Rivaroxaban versus warfarin in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2011 Sep 8;365(10):883-91.Full text  Abstract

63. Halperin JL, Hankey GJ, Wojdyla DM, et al; ROCKET AF Steering Committee and Investigators. Efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban compared with warfarin among elderly patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in the Rivaroxaban Once Daily, Oral, Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared With Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation (ROCKET AF). Circulation. 2014 Jul 8;130(2):138-46.Full text  Abstract

64. Granger CB, Alexander JH, McMurray JJ, et al; ARISTOTLE Committees and Investigators. Apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2011 Sep 15;365(11):981-92.Full text  Abstract

65. Giugliano RP, Ruff CT, Braunwald E, et al; ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Investigators. Edoxaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2013 Nov 28;369(22):2093-104.Full text  Abstract

66. Caldeira D, Rodrigues FB, Barra M, et al. Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and major bleeding-related fatality in patients with atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart. 2015 Aug;101(15):1204-11. Abstract

67. Sharma M, Cornelius VR, Patel JP, et al. Efficacy and harms of direct oral anticoagulants in the elderly for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism: systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation. 2015 Jul 21;132(3):194-204.Full text  Abstract

68. Del-Carpio Munoz F, Gharacholou SM, Munger TM, et al. Meta-analysis of renal function on the safety and efficacy of novel oral anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2016 Jan 1;117(1):69-75. Abstract

69. Gallego P, Roldán V, Marin F, et al. SAMe-TT2R2 score, time in therapeutic range, and outcomes in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Med. 2014 Nov;127(11):1083-8.Full text  Abstract

70. Lip GY, Haguenoer K, Saint-Etienne C, et al. Relationship of the SAMe-TT(2)R(2) score to poor-quality anticoagulation, stroke, clinically relevant bleeding, and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation. Chest. 2014 Sep;146(3):719-26. Abstract

71. sanofi-aventis. Important information on the use of Multaq® (dronedarone). June 2009 [internet publication].Full text

72. Kober L, Torp-Pedersen C, McMurray JJ, et al; Dronedarone Study Group. Increased mortality after dronedarone therapy for severe heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jun 19;358(25):2678-87. [Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 30;363(14):1384.]Full text  Abstract

73. Heldal M, Atar D. Pharmacological conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation: a systematic review. Scand Cardiovasc J Suppl. 2013 Feb;47(1):2-10. Abstract

74. Kochiadakis GE, Igoumenidis NE, Hamilos ME, et al. A comparative study of the efficacy and safety of procainamide versus propafenone versus amiodarone for the conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Jun 15;99(12):1721-5.Full text  Abstract

75. Xanthos T, Bassiakou E, Vlachos IS, et al. Intravenous and oral administration of amiodarone for the treatment of recent onset atrial fibrillation after digoxin administration. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Oct 18;121(3):291-5. Abstract

76. Xanthos T, Prapa V, Papadimitriou D, et al. Comparative study of intravenous amiodarone and procainamide in the treatment of atrial fibrillation of recent onset. Minerva Cardioangiol. 2007 Aug;55(4):433-41. Abstract

77. Markey GC, Salter N, Ryan J. Intravenous flecainide for emergency department management of acute atrial fibrillation. J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;54(3):320-27. Abstract

78. Sorino M, Colonna P, De Luca L, et al. Post-cardioversion transesophageal echocardiography (POSTEC) strategy with the use of enoxaparin for brief anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation patients: the multicenter POSTEC trial (a pilot study). J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2007 Dec;8(12):1034-42. Abstract

79. Grönberg T, Hartikainen JE, Nuotio I, et al. Anticoagulation, CHA2DS2VASc score, and thromboembolic risk of cardioversion of acute atrial fibrillation (from the FinCV study). Am J Cardiol. 2016 Apr 15;117(8):1294-8. Abstract

80. Lip GY, Skjøth F, Rasmussen LH, et al. Oral anticoagulation, aspirin, or no therapy in patients with nonvalvular AF with 0 or 1 stroke risk factor based on the CHA2DS2-VASc score. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Apr 14;65(14):1385-94.Full text  Abstract

81. Chao TF, Liu CJ, Wang KL, et al. Should atrial fibrillation patients with 1 additional risk factor of the CHA2DS2-VASc score (beyond sex) receive oral anticoagulation? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Feb 24;65(7):635-42.Full text  Abstract

82. Joundi RA, Cipriano LE, Sposato LA, et al; Stroke Outcomes Research Working Group. Ischemic stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation and CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1: systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke. 2016 May;47(5):1364-7.Full text  Abstract

83. Miller MR, McNamara RL, Segal JB, et al. Efficacy of agents for pharmacologic conversion of atrial fibrillation and subsequent maintenance of sinus rhythm: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. J Fam Pract. 2000 Nov;49(11):1033-46. Abstract

84. Camm AJ, Capucci A, Hohnloser SH, et al; AVRO Investigators. A randomized active-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of vernakalant to amiodarone in recent-onset atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Jan 18;57(3):313-21.Full text  Abstract

85. Torp-Pedersen C, Raev DH, Dickinson G, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled study of vernakalant (oral) for the prevention of atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardioversion. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Oct;4(5):637-43.Full text  Abstract

86. Lip GYH, Banerjee A, Boriani G, et al. Antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation: CHEST guideline and Expert Panel report. Chest. 2018 Nov;154(5):1121-201.Full text  Abstract

87. Andrade JG, Verma A, Mitchell LB, et al. 2018 focused update of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society guidelines for the management of atrial fibrillation. Can J Cardiol. 2018 Nov;34(11):1371-92.Full text  Abstract

88. Epstein AE, Dimarco JP, Ellenbogen KA, et al. 2012 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused update incorporated into the ACCF/AHA/HRS 2008 guidelines for device-based therapy of cardiac rhythm abnormalities. Circulation. 2013 Jan 22;127(3):e283-352.Full text  Abstract

89. Jabre P, Roger VL, Murad MH, et al. Mortality associated with atrial fibrillation in patients with myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation. 2011 Apr 19;123(15):1587-93.Full text  Abstract

90. Ruddox V, Sandven I, Munkhaugen J, et al. Atrial fibrillation and the risk for myocardial infarction, all-cause mortality and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2017 Sep;24(14):1555-66.Full text  Abstract

91. Abed HS, Wittert GA, Leong DP, et al. Effect of weight reduction and cardiometabolic risk factor management on symptom burden and severity in patients with atrial fibrillation: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2013;310:2050-2060.Full text  Abstract

92. Abdul-Aziz AA, Altawil M, Lyon A, et al. Lifestyle Therapy for the Management of Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardiol. 2018 May 1;121(9):1112-1117.Full text  Abstract

93. Voskoboinik A, Kalman JM, De Silva A, et al. Alcohol Abstinence in Drinkers with Atrial Fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jan 2;382(1):20-28.Full text  Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer