Malaria infection


Key articles

World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for malaria. Nov 2022 [internet publication].Full text

World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for malaria. Nov 2022 [internet publication].Full text

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment of malaria: guidelines for clinicians (United States). Feb 2023 [internet publication].Full text

Reference articles

1. Snow RW, Guerra CA, Noor AM, et al. The global distribution of clinical episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Nature. 2005 Mar 10;434(7030):214-7.Full text  Abstract

2. Isaacson M. Airport malaria: a review. Bull World Health Organ. 1989;67(6):737-43.Full text  Abstract

3. Evans RJ. Nosocomial malaria. Lancet. 1997 Feb 22;349(9051):574. Abstract

4. Moro ML, Romi R, Severini C, et al. Patient-to-patient transmission of nosocomial malaria in Italy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002 Jun;23(6):338-41. Abstract

5. Das D, Bhattacharjee K, Ghintala S, et al. Bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy atypical presentation of malaria - a rare case report. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Apr;11(4):OD08-9.Full text  Abstract

6. Groger M, Fischer HS, Veletzky L, et al. A systematic review of the clinical presentation, treatment and relapse characteristics of human Plasmodium ovale malaria. Malar J. 2017 Mar 11;16(1):112.Full text  Abstract

7. World Health Organization. World malaria report 2022. Dec 2022 [internet publication].Full text

8. Mace KE, Lucchi NW, Tan KR. Malaria Surveillance - United States, 2018. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2022 Sep 2;71(8):1-35.Full text  Abstract

9. Public Health England. Malaria imported into the United Kingdom: 2019 - implications for those advising travellers. Jun 2021 [internet publication].Full text

10. World Health Organization. Global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030, 2021 update. Jul 2021 [internet publication].Full text

11. Luxemburger C, Ricci F, Nosten F, et al. The epidemiology of severe malaria in an area of low transmission in Thailand. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1997 May-Jun;91(3):256-62. Abstract

12. Wellems TE, Miller LH. Two worlds of malaria. N Engl J Med. 2003 Oct 16;349(16):1496-8. Abstract

13. Mungai M, Tegtmeier G, Chamberland M, et al. Transfusion-transmitted malaria in the United States from 1963 through 1999. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jun 28;344(26):1973-8.Full text  Abstract

14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Malaria outbreak: Bahia State, Brazil. Jan 2018 [internet publication].Full text

15. Whitty CJ, Edmonds S, Mutabingwa TK. Malaria in pregnancy. BJOG. 2005 Sep;112(9):1189-95. Abstract

16. Mendis K, Sina BJ, Marchesini P, et al. The neglected burden of Plasmodium vivax malaria. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Jan-Feb;64(1-2 suppl):97-106. Abstract

17. Collins WE, Jeffery GM. Plasmodium ovale: parasite and disease. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2005 Jul;18(3):570-81.Full text  Abstract

18. Boudin C, Robert V, Verhave JP, et al. Plasmodium falciparum and P. malariae epidemiology in a West African village. Bull World Health Organ. 1991;69(2):199-205.Full text  Abstract

19. Mueller I, Zimmerman PA, Reeder JC. Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale - the "bashful" malaria parasites. Trends Parasitol. 2007 Jun;23(6):278-83. Abstract

20. Collins WE, Jeffery GM. Plasmodium malariae: parasite and disease. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2007 Oct;20(4):579-92.Full text  Abstract

21. Brasil P, Zalis MG, de Pina-Costa A, et al. Outbreak of human malaria caused by Plasmodium simium in the Atlantic Forest in Rio de Janeiro: a molecular epidemiological investigation. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Oct;5(10):e1038-46.Full text  Abstract

22. Lalloo DG, Shingadia D, Bell DJ, et al. UK malaria treatment guidelines 2016. J Infect. 2016 Jun;72(6):635-49.Full text  Abstract

23. Miller LH, Baruch DI, Marsh K, et al. The pathogenic basis of malaria. Nature. 2002 Feb 7;415(6872):673-9. Abstract

24. Smith AD, Bradley DJ, Smith V, et al. Imported malaria and high risk groups: observational study using UK surveillance data 1987-2006. BMJ. 2008 Jul 3;337:a120.Full text  Abstract

25. Behrens RH, Carroll B, Smith V, et al. Declining incidence of malaria imported into the UK from West Africa. Malar J. 2008 Nov 10;7:235.Full text  Abstract

26. Behrens RH, Carroll B, Beran J, et al; TropNetEurop. The low and declining risk of malaria in travellers to Latin America: is there still an indication for chemoprophylaxis? Malar J. 2007 Aug 23;6:114.Full text  Abstract

27. Behrens RH, Bisoffi Z, Björkman A, et al; TropNetEurop. Malaria prophylaxis policy for travellers from Europe to the Indian sub-continent. Malar J. 2006 Feb 1;5:7.Full text  Abstract

28. Krause G, Schöneberg I, Altmann D, et al. Chemoprophylaxis and malaria death rates. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Mar;12(3):447-51.Full text  Abstract

29. Brabin BJ, Romagosa C, Abdelgalil S, et al. The sick placenta - the role of malaria. Placenta. 2004 May;25(5):359-78. Abstract

30. World Health Organization, Communicable Diseases Cluster. Severe falciparum malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Apr;94(suppl 1):S1-90. Abstract

31. Greenberg AE, Lobel HO. Mortality from plasmodium falciparum malaria in travelers from the United States, 1959 to 1987. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Aug 15;113(4):326-7. Abstract

32. Moore DA, Jennings RM, Doherty TF, et al. Assessing the severity of malaria. BMJ. 2003 Apr 12;326(7393):808-9.Full text  Abstract

33. Hammerich A, Campbell OM, Chandramohan D. Unstable malaria transmission and maternal mortality - experiences from Rwanda. Trop Med Int Health. 2002 Jul;7(7):573-6.Full text  Abstract

34. Moya-Alvarez V, Bodeau-Livinec F, Cot M. Iron and malaria: a dangerous liaison? Nutr Rev. 2016 Oct;74(10):612-23.Full text  Abstract

35. Neuberger A, Okebe J, Yahav D, et al. Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Feb 27;(2):CD006589.Full text  Abstract

36. Tan K, Arguin P. CDC Health information for international travel (Yellow Book). Malaria. 2020 [internet publication].Full text

37. Kolifarhood G, Raeisi A, Ranjbar M, et al. Prophylactic efficacy of primaquine for preventing Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax parasitaemia in travelers: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2017 May-Jun;17:5-18. Abstract

38. Radeva-Petrova D, Kayentao K, ter Kuile FO, et al. Drugs for preventing malaria in pregnant women in endemic areas: any drug regimen versus placebo or no treatment. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(10):CD000169.Full text  Abstract

39. González R, Pons-Duran C, Piqueras M, et al. Mefloquine for preventing malaria in pregnant women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 14;(11):CD011444.Full text  Abstract

40. Käser AK, Arguin PM, Chiodini PL, et al. Imported malaria in pregnant women: a retrospective pooled analysis. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2015 Jul-Aug;13(4):300-10.Full text  Abstract

41. World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for malaria. Nov 2022 [internet publication].Full text

42. World Health Organization. Malaria vaccine: WHO position paper - March 2022. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2022;97:61-80.Full text

43. RTS,S Clinical Trials Partnership. Efficacy and safety of RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine with or without a booster dose in infants and children in Africa: final results of a phase 3, individually randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2015 Jul 4;386(9988):31-45.Full text  Abstract

44. Chandramohan D, Zongo I, Sagara I, et al. Seasonal malaria vaccination with or without seasonal malaria chemoprevention. N Engl J Med. 2021 Sep 9;385(11):1005-17.Full text  Abstract

45. Sissoko MS, Healy SA, Katile A, et al. Safety and efficacy of PfSPZ vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum via direct venous inoculation in healthy malaria-exposed adults in Mali: a randomised, double-blind phase 1 trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 May;17(5):498-509.Full text  Abstract

46. Ishizuka AS, Lyke KE, DeZure A, et al. Protection against malaria at 1 year and immune correlates following PfSPZ vaccination. Nat Med. 2016 Jun;22(6):614-23.Full text  Abstract

47. Datoo MS, Natama HM, Somé A, et al. Efficacy and immunogenicity of R21/Matrix-M vaccine against clinical malaria after 2 years' follow-up in children in Burkina Faso: a phase 1/2b randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2022 Sep 7 [epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

48. Pryce J, Richardson M, Lengeler C. Insecticide-treated nets for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 6;(11):CD000363.Full text  Abstract

49. Tiono AB, Ouédraogo A, Ouattara D, et al. Efficacy of Olyset Duo, a bednet containing pyriproxyfen and permethrin, versus a permethrin-only net against clinical malaria in an area with highly pyrethroid-resistant vectors in rural Burkina Faso: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):569-80. Abstract

50. Gleave K, Lissenden N, Chaplin M, et al. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) combined with pyrethroids in insecticide-treated nets to prevent malaria in Africa. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 May 24;(5):CD012776.Full text  Abstract

51. Pryce J, Medley N, Choi L. Indoor residual spraying for preventing malaria in communities using insecticide-treated nets. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Jan 17;1(1):CD012688.Full text  Abstract

52. Maia MF, Kliner M, Richardson M, et al. Mosquito repellents for malaria prevention. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Feb 6;(2):CD011595.Full text  Abstract

53. Fox T, Furnival-Adams J, Chaplin M, et al. House modifications for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Oct 6;10(10):CD013398.Full text  Abstract

54. Walshe DP, Garner P, Adeel AA, et al. Larvivorous fish for preventing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Dec 11;(12):CD008090.Full text  Abstract

55. Pryce J, Choi L, Richardson M, et al. Insecticide space spraying for preventing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 2;(11):CD012689.Full text  Abstract

56. Choi L, Majambere S, Wilson AL. Larviciding to prevent malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Aug 14;(8):CD012736.Full text  Abstract

57. Esu EB, Oringanje C, Meremikwu MM. Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jul 17;(7):CD011525.Full text  Abstract

58. Shah MP, Hwang J, Choi L, et al. Mass drug administration for malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Sep 29;(9):CD008846.Full text  Abstract

59. Lalloo DG, Shingadia D, Bell DJ, et al. UK malaria treatment guidelines 2016. J Infect. 2016 Jun;72(6):635-49.Full text  Abstract

60. Payne D. Use and limitations of light microscopy for diagnosing malaria at the primary health care level. Bull World Health Organ. 1988;66(5):621-6.Full text  Abstract

61. Pattanasin S, Proux S, Chompasuk D, et al. Evaluation of a new Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase assay (OptiMAL-IT) for the detection of malaria. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Nov-Dec;97(6):672-4. Abstract

62. Ashley E, Touabi M, Ahrer M, et al. Evaluation of three parasite lactate dehydrogenase-based rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis of falciparum and vivax malaria. Malar J. 2009 Oct 27;8:241.Full text  Abstract

63. Yerlikaya S, Campillo A, Gonzalez IJ. A systematic review: performance of rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of Plasmodium knowlesi, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium ovale monoinfections in human blood. J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 20;218(2):265-76.Full text  Abstract

64. Stauffer WM, Cartwright CP, Olson DA, et al. Diagnostic performance of rapid diagnostic tests versus blood smears for malaria in US clinical practice. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 15;49(6):908-13.Full text  Abstract

65. Nicastri E, Bevilacqua N, Sañé Schepisi M, et al. Accuracy of malaria diagnosis by microscopy, rapid diagnostic test, and PCR methods and evidence of antimalarial overprescription in non-severe febrile patients in two Tanzanian hospitals. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 May;80(5):712-7.Full text  Abstract

66. Odaga J, Sinclair D, Lokong JA, et al. Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Apr 17;(4):CD008998.Full text  Abstract

67. Allen EN, Wiyeh AB, McCaul M. Adding rapid diagnostic tests to community-based programmes for treating malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Sep 8;(9):CD009527.Full text  Abstract

68. World Health Organization. False-negative RDT results and implications of new reports of P. falciparum histidine-rich protein 2/3 gene deletions. Jul 2019 [internet publication].Full text

69. Gillet P, Scheirlinck A, Stokx J, et al. Prozone in malaria rapid diagnostics tests: how many cases are missed? Malar J. 2011 Jun 15;10:166.Full text  Abstract

70. World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for malaria. Nov 2022 [internet publication].Full text

71. Li B, Sun Z, Li X, et al. Performance of pfHRP2 versus pLDH antigen rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of Plasmodium falciparum: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Med Sci. 2017 Apr 1;13(3):541-9.Full text  Abstract

72. Das S, Peck RB, Barney R, et al. Performance of an ultra-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum HRP2-based rapid diagnostic test with recombinant HRP2, culture parasites, and archived whole blood samples. Malar J. 2018 Mar 17;17(1):118.Full text  Abstract

73. Hanscheid T. Diagnosis of malaria: a review of alternatives to conventional microscopy. Clin Lab Haematol. 1999 Aug;21(4):235-45. Abstract

74. Oliveira DA, Holloway BP, Durigon EL, et al. Polymerase chain reaction and a liquid-phase, nonisotopic hybridization for species-specific and sensitive detection of malaria infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1995 Feb;52(2):139-44. Abstract

75. Heinemann M, Phillips RO, Vinnemeier CD, et al. High prevalence of asymptomatic malaria infections in adults, Ashanti Region, Ghana, 2018. Malar J. 2020 Oct 12;19(1):366.Full text  Abstract

76. Rogerson SJ, Hviid L, Duffy PE,et al. Malaria in pregnancy: pathogenesis and immunity. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;7(2):105-17. Abstract

77. Polley SD, González IJ, Mohamed D, et al. Clinical evaluation of a loop-mediated amplification kit for diagnosis of imported malaria. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):637-44.Full text  Abstract

78. Hopkins H, González IJ, Polley SD, et al. Highly sensitive detection of malaria parasitemia in a malaria-endemic setting: performance of a new loop-mediated isothermal amplification kit in a remote clinic in Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):645-52.Full text  Abstract

79. Lavi R, Yarnitsky D, Rowe JM, et al. Standard vs atraumatic Whitacre needle for diagnostic lumbar puncture: a randomized trial. Neurology. 2006 Oct 24;67(8):1492-4. Abstract

80. Arendt K, Demaerschalk BM, Wingerchuk DM, et al. Atraumatic lumbar puncture needles: after all these years, are we still missing the point? Neurologist. 2009 Jan;15(1):17-20. Abstract

81. Nath S, Koziarz A, Badhiwala JH, et al. Atraumatic versus conventional lumbar puncture needles: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2018 Mar 24;391(10126):1197-204. Abstract

82. Rochwerg B, Almenawer SA, Siemieniuk RAC, et al. Atraumatic (pencil-point) versus conventional needles for lumbar puncture: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2018 May 22;361:k1920.Full text  Abstract

83. Ahmed SV, Jayawarna C, Jude E. Post lumbar puncture headache: diagnosis and management. Postgrad Med J. 2006 Nov;82(973):713-6.Full text  Abstract

84. Arevalo-Rodriguez I, Ciapponi A, Roqué i Figuls M, et al. Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Mar 7;(3):CD009199.Full text  Abstract

85. Hanson J, Hossain A, Charunwatthana P, et al. Hyponatremia in severe malaria: evidence for an appropriate anti-diuretic hormone response to hypovolemia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jan;80(1):141-5.Full text  Abstract

86. Auwaerter PG. Recent advances in the understanding of infectious mononucleosis: are prospects improved for treatment or control? Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006 Dec;4(6):1039-49. Abstract

87. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Yellow Book: health information for international travel. Chapter 11: Newly arrived immigrants and refugees. Jun 2019 [internet publication].Full text

88. British Society For Haematology. Guidelines for the laboratory diagnosis of malaria. Mar 2022 [internet publication].Full text

89. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment of malaria: guidelines for clinicians (United States). Feb 2023 [internet publication].Full text

90. Adjuik M, Babiker A, Garner P, et al. Artesunate combinations for treatment of malaria: meta-analysis. Lancet. 2004 Jan 3;363(9402):9-17. Abstract

91. World Health Organization. Malaria: withdrawal of oral artemisinin-based monotherapies. Oct 2017 [internet publication].Full text

92. Price RN, Nosten F, Luxemburger C, et al. Effects of artemisinin derivatives on malaria transmissibility. Lancet. 1996 Jun 15;347(9016):1654-8. Abstract

93. Sinclair D, Zani B, Donegan S, et al. Artemisinin-based combination therapy for treating uncomplicated malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jul 8;(3):CD007483.Full text  Abstract

94. Hatz C, Soto J, Nothdurft HD, et al. Treatment of acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria with artemether-lumefantrine in nonimmune populations: a safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetic study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Feb;78(2):241-7.Full text  Abstract

95. Zoller T, Junghanss T, Kapaun A, et al. Intravenous artesunate for severe malaria in travelers, Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 May;17(5):771-7.Full text  Abstract

96. Kreeftmeijer-Vegter AR, van Genderen PJ, Visser LG, et al. Treatment outcome of intravenous artesunate in patients with severe malaria in the Netherlands and Belgium. Malar J. 2012 Mar 31;11:102.Full text  Abstract

97. Rolling T, Schmiedel S, Wichmann D, et al. Post-treatment haemolysis in severe imported malaria after intravenous artesunate: case report of three patients with hyperparasitaemia. Malar J. 2012 May 17;11:169.Full text  Abstract

98. Askling HH, Bruneel F, Burchard G, et al. Management of imported malaria in Europe. Malar J. 2012 Sep 17;11:328.Full text  Abstract

99. D'Acremont V, Landry P, Mueller I, et al. Clinical and laboratory predictors of imported malaria in an outpatient setting: an aid to medical decision making in returning travelers with fever. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2002 May;66(5):481-6.Full text  Abstract

100. Melzer M, Lacey S, Rait G. The case for outpatient treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in a selected UK immigrant population. J Infect. 2009 Oct;59(4):259-63. Abstract

101. Toovey S. Effectiveness of co-artemether in an unsupervised outpatient setting for the treatment of falciparum malaria. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2008 Jan-Mar;6(1-2):29-31. Abstract

102. Briand V, Bouchaud O, Tourret J, et al. Hospitalization criteria in imported falciparum malaria. J Travel Med. 2007 Sep-Oct;14(5):306-11.Full text  Abstract

103. US Food and Drug Administration. Mefloquine hydrochloride: drug safety communication - FDA approves label changes for antimalarial drug mefloquine hydrochloride due to risk of serious psychiatric and nerve side effects. Jul 2013 [internet publication].Full text

104. Zani B, Gathu M, Donegan S, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jan 20;(1):CD010927.Full text  Abstract

105. Sondén K, Wyss K, Jovel I, et al. High rate of treatment failures in nonimmune travelers treated with artemether-lumefantrine for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Sweden: retrospective comparative analysis of effectiveness and case series. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):199-206.Full text  Abstract

106. Pryce J, Taylor M, Fox T, et al. Pyronaridine-artesunate for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Jun 21;(6):CD006404.Full text  Abstract

107. Amaratunga C, Lim P, Suon S, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Cambodia: a multisite prospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Mar;16(3):357-65.Full text  Abstract

108. Chan XHS, Win YN, Mawer LJ, et al. Risk of sudden unexplained death after use of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for malaria: a systematic review and Bayesian meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;18(8):913-23.Full text  Abstract

109. Blanshard A, Hine P. Atovaquone-proguanil for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 15;(1):CD004529.Full text  Abstract

110. Ashley EA, Recht J, White NJ. Primaquine: the risks and the benefits. Malar J. 2014 Nov 3;13:418.Full text  Abstract

111. Graves PM, Choi L, Gelband H, et al. Primaquine or other 8-aminoquinolines for reducing Plasmodium falciparum transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Feb 2;(2):CD008152.Full text  Abstract

112. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Availability of intravenous artesunate for treatment of severe malaria in the United States. Mar 2019 [internet publication].Full text

113. World Health Organization. The use of rectal artesunate as a pre-referral treatment for severe P. falciparum malaria. Jan 2022 [internet publication].Full text

114. Esu EB, Effa EE, Opie ON, et al. Artemether for severe malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Jun 18;(6):CD010678.Full text  Abstract

115. Cox-Singh J, Davis TM, Lee KS, et al. Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in humans is widely distributed and potentially life threatening. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jan 15;46(2):165-71.Full text  Abstract

116. Sumawinata IW, Bernadeta, Leksana B, et al. Very high risk of therapeutic failure with chloroquine for uncomplicated plasmodium falciparum and P vivax malaria in Indonesian Papua. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2003 Apr;68(4):416-20.Full text  Abstract

117. John GK, Douglas NM, von Seidlein L, et al. Primaquine radical cure of Plasmodium vivax: a critical review of the literature. Malar J. 2012 Aug 17;11:280.Full text  Abstract

118. Milligan R, Daher A, Villanueva G, et al. Primaquine alternative dosing schedules for preventing malaria relapse in people with Plasmodium vivax. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Aug 19;(8):CD012656.Full text  Abstract

119. Taylor WRJ, Thriemer K, von Seidlein L, et al. Short-course primaquine for the radical cure of Plasmodium vivax malaria: a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2019 Sep 14;394(10202):929-38.Full text  Abstract

120. World Health Organization. Testing for G6PD deficiency for safe use of primaquine in radical cure of P. vivax and P. ovale. Oct 2016 [internet publication].Full text

121. Hill DR, Baird JK, Parise ME, et al. Primaquine: report from CDC expert meeting on malaria chemoprophylaxis I. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Sep;75(3):402-15.Full text  Abstract

122. Desai M, ter Kuile FO, Nosten F, et al. Epidemiology and burden of malaria in pregnancy. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Feb;7(2):93-104. Abstract

123. Moore KA, Simpson JA, Scoullar MJL, et al. Quantification of the association between malaria in pregnancy and stillbirth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Nov;5(11):e1101-12.Full text  Abstract

124. Cates JE, Unger HW, Briand V, et al. Malaria, malnutrition, and birthweight: a meta-analysis using individual participant data. PLoS Med. 2017 Aug 8;14(8):e1002373.Full text  Abstract

125. Newman RD, Parise ME, Slutsker L, et al. Safety, efficacy and determinants of effectiveness of antimalarial drugs during pregnancy: implications for prevention programmes in Plasmodium falciparum-endemic sub-Saharan Africa. Trop Med Int Health. 2003 Jun;8(6):488-506.Full text  Abstract

126. Kovacs SD, van Eijk AM, Sevene E, et al. The safety of artemisinin derivatives for the treatment of malaria in the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2016 Nov 8;11(11):e0164963.Full text  Abstract

127. Saito M, Mansoor R, Kennon K, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of artemisinin-based and quinine-based treatments for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in pregnancy: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Aug;20(8):943-52.Full text  Abstract

128. Dellicour S, Sevene E, McGready R, et al. First-trimester artemisinin derivatives and quinine treatments and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in Africa and Asia: a meta-analysis of observational studies. PLoS Med. 2017 May;14(5):e1002290.Full text  Abstract

129. Osarfo J, Tagbor H, Cairns M, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine versus artesunate-amodiaquine for treatment of malaria infection in pregnancy in Ghana: an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Aug;22(8):1043-52.Full text  Abstract

130. Pekyi D, Ampromfi AA, Tinto H, et al; PREGACT Study Group. Four artemisinin-based treatments in African pregnant women with malaria. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 10;374(10):913-27.Full text  Abstract

131. Kakuru A, Jagannathan P, Muhindo MK, et al. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 10;374(10):928-39.Full text  Abstract

132. Desai M, Gutman J, L'Ianziva A, et al. Intermittent screening and treatment or intermittent preventive treatment with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine versus intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for the control of malaria during pregnancy in western Kenya: an open-label, three-group, randomised controlled superiority trial. Lancet. 2015 Dec 19;386(10012):2507-19.Full text  Abstract

133. Burger RJ, van Eijk AM, Bussink M, et al. Artemisinin-based combination therapy versus quinine or other combinations for treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the second and third trimester of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Nov 12;3(1):ofv170.Full text  Abstract

134. Mavoko HM, Nabasumba C, da Luz RI, et al. Efficacy and safety of re-treatment with the same artemisinin-based combination treatment (ACT) compared with an alternative ACT and quinine plus clindamycin after failure of first-line recommended ACT (QUINACT): a bicentre, open-label, phase 3, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jan;5(1):e60-8.Full text  Abstract

135. World Health Organization. Status report on artemisinin resistance and artemisinin-based combination therapy efficacy. Dec 2019 [internet publication].Full text

136. Maitland K, Kiguli S, Opoka RO, et al; FEAST Trial Group. Mortality after fluid bolus in African children with severe infection. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 30;364(26):2483-95.Full text  Abstract

137. Commons RJ, Simpson JA, Thriemer K, et al. The effect of chloroquine dose and primaquine on Plasmodium vivax recurrence: a WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network systematic review and individual patient pooled meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Sep;18(9):1025-34.Full text  Abstract

138. Rodrigo C, Rajapakse S, Fernando D. Tafenoquine for preventing relapse in people with Plasmodium vivax malaria. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Sep 6;(9):CD010458.Full text  Abstract

139. Haston JC, Hwang J, Tan KR. Guidance for using tafenoquine for prevention and antirelapse therapy for malaria - United States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Nov 22;68(46):1062-8.Full text  Abstract

140. de Souza DK, Thomas R, Bradley J, et al. Ivermectin treatment in humans for reducing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jun 29;(6):CD013117.Full text  Abstract

141. Plewes K, Kingston HWF, Ghose A, et al. Acetaminophen as a renoprotective adjunctive treatment in patients with severe and moderately severe falciparum malaria: a randomized, controlled, open-label trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Sep 14;67(7):991-9.Full text  Abstract

142. Cooper DJ, Grigg MJ, Plewes K, et al. The effect of regularly dosed acetaminophen versus no acetaminophen on renal function in Plasmodium knowlesi malaria (PACKNOW): a randomised controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 Feb 18:ciac152.Full text  Abstract

143. Wu RL, Idris AH, Berkowitz NM, et al. Low-dose subcutaneous or intravenous monoclonal antibody to prevent malaria. N Engl J Med. 2022 Aug 4;387(5):397-407.Full text  Abstract

144. Winters RA, Murray HW. Malaria - the mime revisited: fifteen more years of experience at a New York City teaching hospital. Am J Med. 1992 Sep;93(3):243-6. Abstract

145. Behrens RH, Curtis CF. Malaria in travellers: epidemiology and prevention. Br Med Bull. 1993 Apr;49(2):363-81. Abstract

146. White NJ. Not much progress in the treatment of cerebral malaria. Lancet. 1998 Aug 22;352(9128):594-5. Abstract

147. Bruneel F, Tubach F, Corne P, et al. Severe imported falciparum malaria: a cohort study in 400 critically ill adults. PLoS One. 2010 Oct 8;5(10):e13236.Full text  Abstract

148. Checkley AM, Smith A, Smith V, et al. Risk factors for mortality from imported falciparum malaria in the United Kingdom over 20 years: an observational study. BMJ. 2012 Mar 27;344:e2116.Full text  Abstract

149. Sypniewska P, Duda JF, Locatelli I, et al. Clinical and laboratory predictors of death in African children with features of severe malaria: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Med. 2017 Aug 3;15(1):147.Full text  Abstract

150. English M, Waruiru C, Amukoye E, et al. Deep breathing in children with severe malaria: indicador of metabolic acidosis and poor outcome. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1996 Nov;55(5):521-4. Abstract

151. Lon C, Spring M, Sok S, et al. Blackwater fever in an uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum patient treated with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine. Malar J. 2014 Mar 14;13:96.Full text  Abstract

152. Yadava SK, Laleker A, Fazili T. Post-malaria neurological syndrome: a rare neurological complication of malaria. Infection. 2019 Apr;47(2):183-93.Full text  Abstract

153. Tamzali Y, Demeret S, Haddad E, et al. Post-malaria neurological syndrome: four cases, review of the literature and clarification of the nosological framework. Malar J. 2018 Oct 26;17(1):387.Full text  Abstract

154. Val F, Machado K, Barbosa L, et al. Respiratory complications of Plasmodium vivax malaria: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Sep;97(3):733-43.Full text  Abstract

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer