Neuroblastoma

References

Key articles

Brodeur G, Hogarty M, Bagatell R, et al. Neuroblastoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:772.

Brisse HJ, McCarville MB, Granata C, et al. Guidelines for imaging and staging of neuroblastic tumors: consensus report from the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Project. Radiology. 2011 Oct;261(1):243-57.Full text  Abstract

Shimada H, Ambros IM, Dehner LP, et al. The international neuroblastoma pathology classification (the Shimada system). Cancer. 1999 Jul 15;86(2):364-72. Abstract

Brodeur G, Hogarty M, Bagatell R, et al. Neuroblastoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:772.

Brodeur GM, Pritchard J, Berthold F, et al. Revisions of the international criteria for neuroblastoma diagnosis, staging, and response to treatment. J Clin Oncol. 1993 Aug;11(8):1466-77. Abstract

Reference articles

1. Brodeur G, Hogarty M, Bagatell R, et al. Neuroblastoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:772.

2. Brisse HJ, McCarville MB, Granata C, et al. Guidelines for imaging and staging of neuroblastic tumors: consensus report from the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Project. Radiology. 2011 Oct;261(1):243-57.Full text  Abstract

3. Angstman KB, Miser JS, Franz WB 3rd. Neuroblastoma. Am Fam Physician. 1990 Jan;41(1):238-44. Abstract

4. Shimada H, Ambros IM, Dehner LP, et al. The international neuroblastoma pathology classification (the Shimada system). Cancer. 1999 Jul 15;86(2):364-72. Abstract

5. Brodeur G, Hogarty M, Bagatell R, et al. Neuroblastoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:772.

6. Pollard ZF, Greenberg MF, Bordenca M, et al. Atypical acquired pediatric Horner syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Jul;128(7):937-40.Full text  Abstract

7. Ogita S, Tokiwa K, Takahashi T, et al. Congenital cervical neuroblastoma associated with Horner syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 1988 Nov;23(11):991-2. Abstract

8. Brunklaus A, Pohl K, Zuberi SM, et al. Investigating neuroblastoma in childhood opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 2012 May;97(5):461-3.Full text  Abstract

9. Kaplan SJ, Holbrook CT, McDaniel HG, et al. Vasoactive intestinal peptide secreting tumors of childhood. Am J Dis Child. 1980 Jan;134(1):21-4. Abstract

10. Ward E, DeSantis C, Robbins A, et al. Childhood and adolescent cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin. 2014 Mar-Apr;64(2):83-103.Full text  Abstract

11. Stiller CA, Parkin DM. International variations in the incidence of neuroblastoma. Int J Cancer. 1992 Oct 21;52(4):538-43. Abstract

12. Maris JM, Chatten J, Meadows AT, et al. Familial neuroblastoma: a three-generation pedigree and a further association with Hirschsprung disease. Med Pediatr Oncol. 1997 Jan;28(1):1-5. Abstract

13. Kushner BH, Gilbert F, Helson L. Familial neuroblastoma: case reports, literature review, and etiologic considerations. Cancer. 1986 May 1;57(9):1887-93. Abstract

14. Shahar E, Shinawi M. Neurocristopathies presenting with neurologic abnormalities associated with Hirschsprung's disease. Pediatr Neurol. 2003 May;28(5):385-91. Abstract

15. Nemecek ER, Sawin RW, Park J. Treatment of neuroblastoma in patients with neurocristopathy syndromes. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Feb;25(2):159-62. Abstract

16. Stovroff M, Dykes F, Teague WG. The complete spectrum of neurocristopathy in an infant with congenital hypoventilation, Hirschsprung's disease, and neuroblastoma. J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Aug;30(8):1218-21. Abstract

17. Kushner BH, Hajdu SI, Helson L. Synchronous neuroblastoma and von Recklinghausen's disease: a review of the literature. J Clin Oncol. 1985 Jan;3(1):117-20. Abstract

18. Blatt J, Olshan AF, Lee PA, et al. Neuroblastoma and related tumors in Turner's syndrome. J Pediatr. 1997 Nov;131(5):666-70. Abstract

19. DuBois SG, Kalika Y, Lukens JN, et al. Metastatic sites in stage IV and IVS neuroblastoma correlate with age, tumor biology, and survival. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 1999 May-Jun;21(3):181-9. Abstract

20. Louis CU, Shohet JM. Neuroblastoma: molecular pathogenesis and therapy. Annu Rev Med. 2015;66:49-63.Full text  Abstract

21. Sadilkova K, Dugaw K, Benjamin D, et al. Analysis of vanillylmandelic acid and homovanillic acid by UPLC-MS/MS in serum for diagnostic testing for neuroblastoma. Clin Chim Acta. 2013 Sep 23;424:253-7. Abstract

22. LaBrosse EH, Com-Nougué C, Zucker JM, et al. Urinary excretion of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid by 288 patients with neuroblastoma and related neural crest tumors. Cancer Res. 1980 Jun;40(6):1995-2001.Full text  Abstract

23. Cangemi G, Barco S, Reggiardo G, et al. Interchangeability between 24-hour collection and single spot urines for vanillylmandelic and homovanillic acid levels in the diagnosis of neuroblastoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Dec;60(12):E170-2. Abstract

24. Louis CU, Shohet JM. Neuroblastoma: molecular pathogenesis and therapy. Annu Rev Med. 2015;66:49-63.Full text  Abstract

25. Maris JM, Chatten J, Meadows AT, et al. Familial neuroblastoma: a three-generation pedigree and a further association with Hirschsprung disease. Med Pediatr Oncol. 1997 Jan;28(1):1-5. Abstract

26. Kushner BH, Gilbert F, Helson L. Familial neuroblastoma: case reports, literature review, and etiologic considerations. Cancer. 1986 May 1;57(9):1887-93. Abstract

27. Shahar E, Shinawi M. Neurocristopathies presenting with neurologic abnormalities associated with Hirschsprung's disease. Pediatr Neurol. 2003 May;28(5):385-91. Abstract

28. Nemecek ER, Sawin RW, Park J. Treatment of neuroblastoma in patients with neurocristopathy syndromes. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Feb;25(2):159-62. Abstract

29. Stovroff M, Dykes F, Teague WG. The complete spectrum of neurocristopathy in an infant with congenital hypoventilation, Hirschsprung's disease, and neuroblastoma. J Pediatr Surg. 1995 Aug;30(8):1218-21. Abstract

30. Kushner BH, Hajdu SI, Helson L. Synchronous neuroblastoma and von Recklinghausen's disease: a review of the literature. J Clin Oncol. 1985 Jan;3(1):117-20. Abstract

31. Blatt J, Olshan AF, Lee PA, et al. Neuroblastoma and related tumors in Turner's syndrome. J Pediatr. 1997 Nov;131(5):666-70. Abstract

32. Kaplan SJ, Holbrook CT, McDaniel HG, et al. Vasoactive intestinal peptide secreting tumors of childhood. Am J Dis Child. 1980 Jan;134(1):21-4. Abstract

33. Brodeur GM, Pritchard J, Berthold F, et al. Revisions of the international criteria for neuroblastoma diagnosis, staging, and response to treatment. J Clin Oncol. 1993 Aug;11(8):1466-77. Abstract

34. Pollard ZF, Greenberg MF, Bordenca M, et al. Atypical acquired pediatric Horner syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Jul;128(7):937-40.Full text  Abstract

35. Ogita S, Tokiwa K, Takahashi T, et al. Congenital cervical neuroblastoma associated with Horner syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 1988 Nov;23(11):991-2. Abstract

36. Hawthorne HC Jr, Nelson JS, Witzleben CL, et al. Blanching subcutaneous nodules in neonatal neuroblastoma. J Pediatr. 1970 Aug;77(2):297-300. Abstract

37. Brunklaus A, Pohl K, Zuberi SM, et al. Investigating neuroblastoma in childhood opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 2012 May;97(5):461-3.Full text  Abstract

38. Scanga DR, Martin WH, Delbeke D. Value of FDG PET imaging in the management of patients with thyroid, neuroendocrine, and neural crest tumors. Clin Nucl Med. 2004 Feb;29(2):86-90. Abstract

39. Matthay KK, Edeline V, Lumbroso J, et al. Correlation of early metastatic response by 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy with overall response and event-free survival in stage IV neuroblastoma. J Clin Oncol. 2003 Jul 1;21(13):2486-91. Abstract

40. Kushner BH, Yeung HW, Larson SM, et al. Extending positron emission tomography scan utility to high-risk neuroblastoma: fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography as sole imaging modality in follow-up of patients. J Clin Oncol. 2001 Jul 15;19(14):3397-405. Abstract

41. Boubaker A, Bischof Delaloye A. Nuclear medicine procedures and neuroblastoma in childhood. Their value in the diagnosis, staging and assessment of response to therapy. Q J Nucl Med. 2003 Mar;47(1):31-40.Full text  Abstract

42. Kushner BH, Kramer K, LaQuaglia MP, et al. Neuroblastoma in adolescents and adults: the Memorial Sloan-Kettering experience. Med Pediatr Oncol. 2003 Dec;41(6):508-15. Abstract

43. Hawthorne HC Jr, Nelson JS, Witzleben CL, et al. Blanching subcutaneous nodules in neonatal neuroblastoma. J Pediatr. 1970 Aug;77(2):297-300. Abstract

44. Fernandez C, Geller J, Ehrlich P, et al. Renal tumors. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:753.

45. Hawkins D, Brennan B, Bolling T, et al. Ewing sarcoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:855.

46. Wexler L, Skapek S, Helman L. Rhabdomyosarcoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:798

47. Meyers R, Trobaugh-Lotario A, Malogolowkin M, et al. Liver tumors. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:726.

48. Rabin K, Gramatges M, Margolin J, et al. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:463.

49. Metzger M, Krasin M, Choi J, et al. Hodgkin lymphoma. In: Pizzo P, Poplack D, eds. Principles and practice of pediatric oncology. Philidelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2016:568.

50. Khuri FJ, Alton DJ, Hardy BE, Cook GT, Churchill BM. Adrenal hemorrhage in neonates: report of 5 cases and review of the literature. J Urol. 1980 Nov;124(5):684-7. Abstract

51. Vukelic D, Bozinovic D, Morovic M, et al. Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome in a child with neuroborreliosis. J Infect. 2000 Mar;40(2):189-91. Abstract

52. Sheth RD, Horwitz SJ, Aronoff S, et al. Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome secondary to Epstein-Barr virus infection. J Child Neurol. 1995 Jul;10(4):297-9. Abstract

53. Ertekin V, Tan H. Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome attributable to hepatitis C infection. Pediatr Neurol. 2010 Jun;42(6):441-2. Abstract

54. Cardesa-Salzmann TM, Mora J, García Cazorla MA, et al. Epstein-Barr virus related opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia does not rule out the presence of occult neuroblastic tumors. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2006 Dec;47(7):964-7. Abstract

55. Candler PM, Dale RC, Griffin S, et al. Post-streptococcal opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome associated with anti-neuroleukin antibodies. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;77(4):507-12.Full text  Abstract

56. Yamamoto K, Ohta S, Ito E, et al. Marginal decrease in mortality and marked increase in incidence as a result of neuroblastoma screening at 6 months of age: cohort study in seven prefectures in Japan. J Clin Oncol. 2002 Mar 1;20(5):1209-14. Abstract

57. Woods WG, Gao RN, Shuster JJ, et al. Screening of infants and mortality due to neuroblastoma. N Engl J Med. 2002 Apr 4;346(14):1041-6.Full text  Abstract

58. Schilling FH, Spix C, Berthold F, et al. Neuroblastoma screening at one year of age. N Engl J Med. 2002 Apr 4;346(14):1047-53.Full text  Abstract

59. Chamberlain J. Screening for neuroblastoma: a review of the evidence. J Med Screen. 1994 Jul;1(3):169-75. Abstract

60. Park JR, Bagatell R, Cohn SL, et al. Revisions to the International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria: a consensus dtatement from the National Cancer Institute Clinical Trials Planning Meeting. J Clin Oncol. 2017 Aug 1;35(22):2580-7.Full text  Abstract

61. Schmidt ML, Lal A, Seeger RC, et al. Favorable prognosis for patients 12 to 18 months of age with stage 4 nonamplified MYCN neuroblastoma: a Children's Cancer Group Study. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Sep 20;23(27):6474-80.Full text  Abstract

62. London WB, Castleberry RP, Matthay KK, et al. Evidence for an age cutoff greater than 365 days for neuroblastoma risk group stratification in the Children's Oncology Group. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Sep 20;23(27):6459-65.Full text  Abstract

63. George RE, London WB, Cohn SL, et al. Hyperdiploidy plus nonamplified MYCN confers a favorable prognosis in children 12 to 18 months old with disseminated neuroblastoma: a Pediatric Oncology Group study. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Sep 20;23(27):6466-73.Full text  Abstract

64. Irwin MS, Naranjo A, Zhang FF, et al. Revised Neuroblastoma Risk Classification System: A Report From the Children's Oncology Group. J Clin Oncol. 2021 Oct 10;39(29):3229-41. Abstract

65. Nuchtern JG. Perinatal neuroblastoma. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2006 Feb;15(1):10-6. Abstract

66. Acharya S, Jayabose S, Kogan SJ, et al. Prenatally diagnosed neuroblastoma. Cancer. 1997 Jul 15;80(2):304-10. Abstract

67. Yamamoto K, Hanada R, Kikuchi A, et al. Spontaneous regression of localized neuroblastoma detected by mass screening. J Clin Oncol. 1998 Apr;16(4):1265-9. Abstract

68. Oue T, Inoue M, Yoneda A, et al. Profile of neuroblastoma detected by mass screening, resected after observation without treatment: results of the Wait and See pilot study. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Feb;40(2):359-63. Abstract

69. Okazaki T, Kohno S, Mimaya J, et al. Neuroblastoma detected by mass screening: the Tumor Board's role in its treatment. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004 Jan;20(1):27-32. Abstract

70. Nishihira H, Toyoda Y, Tanaka Y, et al. Natural course of neuroblastoma detected by mass screening: s 5-year prospective study at a single institution. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Aug;18(16):3012-7. Abstract

71. Rubie H, Coze C, Plantaz D, et al. Localised and unresectable neuroblastoma in infants: excellent outcome with low-dose primary chemotherapy. Br J Cancer. 2003 Nov 3;89(9):1605-9.Full text  Abstract

72. Perez CA, Matthay KK, Atkinson JB, et al. Biologic variables in the outcome of stages I and II neuroblastoma treated with surgery as primary therapy: a children's cancer group study. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Jan;18(1):18-26. Abstract

73. De Bernardi B, Mosseri V, Rubie H, et al. Treatment of localised resectable neuroblastoma. Results of the LNESG1 study by the SIOP Europe Neuroblastoma Group. Br J Cancer. 2008 Oct 7;99(7):1027-33.Full text  Abstract

74. Bowman LC, Castleberry RP, Cantor A, et al. Genetic staging of unresectable or metastatic neuroblastoma in infants: a Pediatric Oncology Group study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997 Mar 5;89(5):373-80.Full text  Abstract

75. Alvarado CS, London WB, Look AT, et al. Natural history and biology of stage A neuroblastoma: a Pediatric Oncology Group Study. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2000 May-Jun;22(3):197-205. Abstract

76. Nuchtern JG, London WB, Barnewolt CE, et al. A prospective study of expectant observation as primary therapy for neuroblastoma in young infants: a Children's Oncology Group study. Ann Surg. 2012 Oct;256(4):573-80. Abstract

77. Nickerson HJ, Matthay KK, Seeger RC, et al. Favorable biology and outcome of stage IV-S neuroblastoma with supportive care or minimal therapy: a Children's Cancer Group study. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Feb;18(3):477-86. Abstract

78. Katzenstein HM, Bowman LC, Brodeur GM, et al. Prognostic significance of age, MYCN oncogene amplification, tumor cell ploidy, and histology in 110 infants with stage D(S) neuroblastoma: the pediatric oncology group experience - a pediatric oncology group study. J Clin Oncol. 1998 Jun;16(6):2007-17. Abstract

79. Hero B, Simon T, Spitz R, et al. Localized infant neuroblastomas often show spontaneous regression: results of the prospective trials NB95-S and NB97. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Mar 20;26(9):1504-10.Full text  Abstract

80. Strother DR, London WB, Schmidt ML, et al. Outcome after surgery alone or with restricted use of chemotherapy for patients with low-risk neuroblastoma: results of Children's Oncology Group study P9641. J Clin Oncol. 2012 May 20;30(15):1842-8.Full text  Abstract

81. Leclair MD, Hartmann O, Heloury Y, et al. Localized pelvic neuroblastoma: excellent survival and low morbidity with tailored therapy - the 10-year experience of the French Society of Pediatric Oncology. J Clin Oncol. 2004 May 1;22(9):1689-95.Full text  Abstract

82. Schmidt ML, Lukens JN, Seeger RC, et al. Biologic factors determine prognosis in infants with stage IV neuroblastoma: A prospective Children's Cancer Group study. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Mar;18(6):1260-8. Abstract

83. Matthay KK, Perez C, Seeger RC, et al. Successful treatment of stage III neuroblastoma based on prospective biologic staging: a Children's Cancer Group study. J Clin Oncol. 1998 Apr;16(4):1256-64. Abstract

84. Bagatell R, Rumcheva P, London WB, et al. Outcomes of children with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma after treatment stratified by MYCN status and tumor cell ploidy. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Dec 1;23(34):8819-27.Full text  Abstract

85. Baker DL, Schmidt ML, Cohn SL, et al. Outcome after reduced chemotherapy for intermediate-risk neuroblastoma. N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 30;363(14):1313-23.Full text  Abstract

86. Strother D, van Hoff J, Rao PV, et al. Event-free survival of children with biologically favourable neuroblastoma based on the degree of initial tumour resection: results from the Pediatric Oncology Group. Eur J Cancer. 1997 Oct;33(12):2121-5. Abstract

87. Strother D, Shuster JJ, McWilliams N, et al. Results of pediatric oncology group protocol 8104 for infants with stages D and DS neuroblastoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 1995 Aug;17(3):254-9. Abstract

88. Mullassery D, Farrelly P, Losty PD. Does aggressive surgical resection improve survival in advanced stage 3 and 4 neuroblastoma? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014 Nov;31(8):703-16. Abstract

89. Zwaveling S, Tytgat GA, van der Zee DC, et al. Is complete surgical resection of stage 4 neuroblastoma a prerequisite for optimal survival or may >95 % tumour resection suffice? Pediatr Surg Int. 2012 Oct;28(10):953-9.Full text  Abstract

90. Yeung F, Chung PH, Tam PK, et al. Is complete resection of high-risk stage IV neuroblastoma associated with better survival? J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Dec;50(12):2107-11. Abstract

91. Simon T, Häberle B, Hero B, et al. Role of surgery in the treatment of patients with stage 4 neuroblastoma age 18 months or older at diagnosis. J Clin Oncol. 2013 Feb 20;31(6):752-8.Full text  Abstract

92. McGregor LM, Rao BN, Davidoff AM, et al. The impact of early resection of primary neuroblastoma on the survival of children older than 1 year of age with stage 4 disease: the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Experience. Cancer. 2005 Dec 15;104(12):2837-46.Full text  Abstract

93. La Quaglia MP, Kushner BH, Heller G, et al. Stage 4 neuroblastoma diagnosed at more than 1 year of age: gross total resection and clinical outcome. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Aug;29(8):1162-5. Abstract

94. Kiely EM. The surgical challenge of neuroblastoma. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Feb;29(2):128-33. Abstract

95. Haase GM, O'Leary MC, Ramsay NK, et al. Aggressive surgery combined with intensive chemotherapy improves survival in poor-risk neuroblastoma. J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Sep;26(9):1119-23. Abstract

96. Chamberlain RS, Quinones R, Dinndorf P, et al. Complete surgical resection combined with aggressive adjuvant chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation prolongs survival in children with advanced neuroblastoma. Ann Surg Oncol. 1995 Mar;2(2):93-100. Abstract

97. Bagatell R, McHugh K, Naranjo A, et al. Assessment of primary site response in children with high-risk neuroblastoma: an international multicenter study. J Clin Oncol. 2016 Mar 1;34(7):740-6. Abstract

98. Matthay KK, Villablanca JG, Seeger RC, et al. Treatment of high-risk neuroblastoma with intensive chemotherapy, radiotherapy, autologous bone marrow transplantation, and 13-cis-retinoic acid. Children's Cancer Group. N Engl J Med. 1999 Oct 14;341(16):1165-73.Full text  Abstract

99. Kreissman SG, Seeger RC, Matthay KK, et al. Purged versus non-purged peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation for high-risk neuroblastoma (COG A3973): a randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Sep;14(10):999-1008.Full text  Abstract

100. Desai AV, Heneghan MB, Li Y, et al. Toxicities of busulfan/melphalan versus carboplatin/etoposide/melphalan for high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue for high-risk neuroblastoma. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2016 Sep;51(9):1204-10. Abstract

101. Proust-Houdemont S, Pasqualini C, Blanchard P, et al. Busulfan-melphalan in high-risk neuroblastoma: the 30-year experience of a single institution. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2016 Aug;51(8):1076-81. Abstract

102. Ladenstein R, Pötschger U, Pearson ADJ, et al. Busulfan and melphalan versus carboplatin, etoposide, and melphalan as high-dose chemotherapy for high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NBL1/SIOPEN): an international, randomised, multi-arm, open-label, phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Apr;18(4):500-14.Full text  Abstract

103. Matthay KK, Reynolds CP, Seeger RC, et al. Long-term results for children with high-risk neuroblastoma treated on a randomized trial of myeloablative therapy followed by 13-cis-retinoic acid: a children's oncology group study. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Mar 1;27(7):1007-13.Full text  Abstract

104. Laprie A, Michon J, Hartmann O, et al. High-dose chemotherapy followed by locoregional irradiation improves the outcome of patients with international neuroblastoma staging system stage II and III neuroblastoma with MYCN amplification. Cancer. 2004 Sep 1;101(5):1081-9.Full text  Abstract

105. Mazloom A, Louis CU, Nuchtern J, et al. Radiation therapy to the primary and postinduction chemotherapy MIBG-avid sites in high-risk neuroblastoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Nov 15;90(4):858-62. Abstract

106. Marcus KJ, Shamberger R, Litman H, et al. Primary tumor control in patients with stage 3/4 unfavorable neuroblastoma treated with tandem double autologous stem cell transplants. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Dec;25(12):934-40. Abstract

107. Haas-Kogan DA, Swift PS, Selch M, et al. Impact of radiotherapy for high-risk neuroblastoma: a Children's Cancer Group study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2003 May 1;56(1):28-39. Abstract

108. Yu AL, Gilman AL, Ozkaynak MF, et al. Anti-GD2 antibody with GM-CSF, interleukin-2, and isotretinoin for neuroblastoma. N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 30;363(14):1324-34.Full text  Abstract

109. Ladenstein R, Pötschger U, Gray J, et al. Toxicity and outcome of anti-GD2 antibody ch14.18/CHO in front-line, high-risk patients with neuroblastoma: final results of the phase III immunotherapy randomisation (HR-NBL1/SIOPEN trial). J Clin Oncol. 2016;34(suppl):10500.Full text

110. Garaventa A, Poetschger U, Valteau-Couanet D, et al. Randomized Trial of Two Induction Therapy Regimens for High-Risk Neuroblastoma: HR-NBL1.5 International Society of Pediatric Oncology European Neuroblastoma Group Study. J Clin Oncol. 2021 Aug 10;39(23):2552-63. Abstract

111. Peinemann F, van Dalen EC, Enk H, et al. Anti-GD2 antibody-containing immunotherapy postconsolidation therapy for people with high-risk neuroblastoma treated with autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Apr 24;4:CD012442.Full text  Abstract

112. Peinemann F, van Dalen EC, Enk H, et al. Retinoic acid post consolidation therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma patients treated with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Aug 25;8:CD010685.Full text  Abstract

113. Morgenstern DA, Baruchel S, Irwin MS. Current and future strategies for relapsed neuroblastoma: challenges on the road to precision therapy. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2013 Jul;35(5):337-47. Abstract

114. Mody R, Naranjo A, Van Ryn C, et al. Irinotecan-temozolomide with temsirolimus or dinutuximab in children with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma (COG ANBL1221): an open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2017;18(7):946-57.Full text  Abstract

115. Markham A. Naxitamab: First Approval. Drugs. 2021 Feb;81(2):291-96. Abstract

116. Zhou MJ, Doral MY, DuBois SG, et al. Different outcomes for relapsed versus refractory neuroblastoma after therapy with (131)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG). Eur J Cancer. 2015 Nov;51(16):2465-72. Abstract

117. Wilson JS, Gains JE, Moroz V, et al. A systematic review of 131I-meta iodobenzylguanidine molecular radiotherapy for neuroblastoma. Eur J Cancer. 2014 Mar;50(4):801-15. Abstract

118. George SL, Falzone N, Chittenden S, et al. Individualized 131I-mIBG therapy in the management of refractory and relapsed neuroblastoma. Nucl Med Commun. 2016 May;37(5):466-72. Abstract

119. DuBois SG, Granger MM, Groshen S, et al. Randomized Phase II Trial of MIBG Versus MIBG, Vincristine, and Irinotecan Versus MIBG and Vorinostat for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma: A Report From NANT Consortium. J Clin Oncol. 2021 Nov 1;39(31):3506-14. Abstract

120. National Cancer Institute. Induction therapy including 131 I-MIBG and chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma undergoing stem cell transplant, radiation therapy, and maintenance therapy with isotretinoin. Jan 2016 [internet publication].Full text

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