Delayed puberty

References

Key articles

Rugarli EI, Ballabio A. Kallmann syndrome: from genetics to neurobiology. JAMA. 1993 Dec 8;270(22):2713-6. Abstract

Marshall WA, Tanner JM. Variations in pattern of pubertal changes in girls. Arch Dis Child. 1969 Jun;44(235):291-303.Full text  Abstract

Marshall WA, Tanner JM. Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys. Arch Dis Child. 1970 Feb;45(239):13-23.Full text  Abstract

Gravholt CH, Andersen NH, Conway GS, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: proceedings from the 2016 Cincinnati International Turner Syndrome Meeting. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 Sep;177(3):G1-G70.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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4. Delemarre-van de Waal HA. Secular trend of timing of puberty. Endocr Dev. 2005;8:1-14. Abstract

5. Tanner JM. Trend towards earlier menarche in London, Oslo, Copenhagen, the Netherlands and Hungary. Nature. 1973;243:95-96. Abstract

6. Biro FM, Khoury P, Morrison JA. Influence of obesity on timing of puberty. Int J Androl. 2006;29:272-277. Abstract

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11. Sedlmeyer IL, Palmert MR. Delayed puberty: analysis of a large case series from an academic center. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002;87:1613-1620.Full text  Abstract

12. Wehkalampi K, Widén E, Laine T, et al. Patterns of inheritance of constitutional delay of growth and puberty in families of adolescent girls and boys referred to specialist pediatric care. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Mar;93(3):723-8.Full text  Abstract

13. Rugarli EI, Ballabio A. Kallmann syndrome: from genetics to neurobiology. JAMA. 1993 Dec 8;270(22):2713-6. Abstract

14. Dattani MT, Robinson IC. The molecular basis for developmental disorders of the pituitary gland in man. Clin Genet. 2000 May;57(5):337-46. Abstract

15. Reutens AT, Achermann JC, Ito M, et al. Clinical and functional effects of mutations in the DAX-1 gene in patients with adrenal hypoplasia congenita. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Feb;84(2):504-11.Full text  Abstract

16. Mehta A, Dattani M. Congenital disorders of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. In: Brook CG, Clayton PE, Brown RS, eds. Clinical pediatric endocrinology. 5th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell; 2005:67-89.

17. Scarzello G, Buzzaccarini MS, Perilongo G, et al. Acute and late morbidity after limited resection and focal radiation therapy in craniopharyngiomas. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr;19 Suppl 1:399-405. Abstract

18. Oerter KE, Kamp GA, Munson PJ, et al. Multiple hormone deficiencies in children with hemochromatosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Feb;76(2):357-61. Abstract

19. Smyth CM, Bremner WJ. Klinefelter syndrome. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Jun 22;158(12):1309-14.Full text  Abstract

20. Toniolo D. X-linked premature ovarian failure: a complex disease. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2006 Jun;16(3):293-300. Abstract

21. Hoek A, Schoemaker J, Drexhage HA. Premature ovarian failure and ovarian autoimmunity. Endocr Rev. 1997 Feb;18(1):107-34.Full text  Abstract

22. Bakker B, Massa GG, Oostdijk W, et al. Pubertal development and growth after total-body irradiation and bone marrow transplantation for haematological malignancies. Eur J Pediatr. 2000 Jan-Feb;159(1-2):31-7. Abstract

23. Ojeda SR, Lomniczi A, Mastronardi C, et al. Minireview: the neuroendocrine regulation of puberty: is the time ripe for a systems biology approach? Endocrinology. 2006;147:1166-1174.Full text  Abstract

24. Martha PM Jr, Rogol AD, Veldhuis JD, et al. Alterations in the pulsatile properties of circulating growth hormone concentrations during puberty in boys. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989;69:563-570. Abstract

25. Veldhuis JD, Metzger DL, Martha PM Jr, et al. Estrogen and testosterone, but not a nonaromatizable androgen, direct network integration of the hypothalamo-somatotrope (growth hormone)-insulin-like growth factor I axis in the human: evidence from pubertal pathophysiology and sex-steroid hormone replacement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997;82:3414-3420.Full text  Abstract

26. Marshall WA, Tanner JM. Variations in pattern of pubertal changes in girls. Arch Dis Child. 1969 Jun;44(235):291-303.Full text  Abstract

27. Marshall WA, Tanner JM. Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys. Arch Dis Child. 1970 Feb;45(239):13-23.Full text  Abstract

28. Simpson JL, Rajkovic A. Ovarian differentiation and gonadal failure. Am J Med Genet. 1999 Dec 29;89(4):186-200. Abstract

29. Gravholt CH, Andersen NH, Conway GS, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: proceedings from the 2016 Cincinnati International Turner Syndrome Meeting. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 Sep;177(3):G1-G70.Full text  Abstract

30. Bayley N, Pinneau SR. Tables for predicting adult height from skeletal age: revised for use with the Greulich-Pyle hand standards. J Pediatr. 1952 Apr;40(4):423-41. Abstract

31. Nathwani NC, Hindmarsh PC, Massarano AA, et al. Gonadotrophin pulsatility in girls with the Turner syndrome: modulation by exogenous sex steroids. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1998 Jul;49(1):107-13. Abstract

32. Segal TY, Mehta A, Anazodo A, et al. Role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and human chorionic gonadotropin stimulation tests in differentiating patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism from those with constitutional delay of growth and puberty. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Mar;94(3):780-5.Full text  Abstract

33. Raivio T, Falardeau J, Dwyer A, et al. Reversal of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 30;357(9):863-73.Full text  Abstract

34. Mehta A, Hindmarsh PC, Mehta H, et al. Congenital hypopituitarism: clinical, molecular and neuroradiological correlates. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Sep;71(3):376-82. Abstract

35. American College of Radiology. ACR-ACOG-AIUM-SPR-SRU practice parameter for the performance of ultrasound of the female pelvis. 2019 [internet publication].Full text

36. Ankarberg-Lindgren C, Elfving M, Wikland KA, et al. Nocturnal application of transdermal estradiol patches produces levels of estradiol that mimic those seen at the onset of spontaneous puberty in girls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001;86:3039-3044.Full text  Abstract

37. Mohamed S, Alkofide H, Adi YA, et al. Oxandrolone for growth hormone-treated girls aged up to 18 years with Turner syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Oct 30;2019(10).Full text  Abstract

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