Key articles

Krowchuk DP, Frieden IJ, Mancini AJ, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of infantile hemangiomas. Pediatrics. 2019 Jan;143(1): e20183475.Full text  Abstract

Darrow DH, Greene AK, Mancini AJ, et al. Diagnosis and management of infantile hemangioma. Pediatrics. 2015 Oct;136(4):e1060-104.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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39. Izadpanah A, Izadpanah A, Kanevsky J, et al. Propranolol versus corticosteroids in the treatment of infantile hemangioma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 Mar;131(3):601-13. Abstract

40. Drolet BA, Frommelt PC, Chamlin SL, et al. Initiation and use of propranolol for infantile hemangioma: report of a consensus conference. Pediatrics. 2013 Jan;131(1):128-40. Abstract

41. Léauté-Labrèze C, Hoeger P, Mazereeuw-Hautier J, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile hemangioma. N Engl J Med. 2015 Feb 19;372(8):735-46.Full text  Abstract

42. Léauté-Labrèze C, Dumas de la Roque E, Hubiche T, et al. Propranolol for severe hemangiomas of infancy. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jun 12;358(24):2649-51. Abstract

43. Zaher H, Rasheed H, Hegazy RA, et al. Oral propranolol: an effective, safe treatment for infantile hemangiomas. Eur J Dermatol. 2011 Jul-Aug;21(4):558-63. Abstract

44. Fuchsmann C, Quintal MC, Giguere C, et al. Propranolol as first-line treatment of head and neck hemangiomas. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 May;137(5):471-8. Abstract

45. Missoi TG, Lueder GT, Gilbertson K, et al. Oral propranolol for treatment of periocular infantile hemangiomas. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jul;129(7):899-903. Abstract

46. Peridis S, Pilgrim G, Athanasopoulos I, et al. A meta-analysis on the effectiveness of propranolol for the treatment of infantile airway haemangiomas. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Apr;75(4):455-60. Abstract

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48. Mazereeuw-Hautier J, Hoeger PH, Benlahrech S, et al. Efficacy of propranolol in hepatic infantile hemangiomas with diffuse neonatal hemangiomatosis. J Pediatr. 2010 Aug;157(2):340-2. Abstract

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56. Pope E, Krafchik BR, Macarthur C, et al. Oral versus high-dose pulse corticosteroids for problematic infantile hemangiomas: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2007 Jun;119(6):e1239-47. Abstract

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58. Rossler J, Wehl G, Niemeyer CM. Evaluating systemic prednisone therapy for proliferating haemangioma in infancy. Eur J Pediatr. 2008 Jul;167(7):813-5. Abstract

59. Bennett ML, Fleischer AB Jr., Chamlin SL, et al. Oral corticosteroid use is effective for cutaneous hemangiomas: an evidence-based evaluation. Arch Dermatol. 2001 Sep;137(9):1208-13. Abstract

60. George ME, Sharma V, Jacobson J, et al. Adverse effects of systemic glucocorticosteroid therapy in infants with hemangiomas. Arch Dermatol. 2004 Aug;140(8):963-9.Full text  Abstract

61. Lomenick JP, Reifschneider KL, Lucky AW, et al. Prevalence of adrenal insufficiency following systemic glucocorticoid therapy in infants with hemangiomas. Arch Dermatol. 2009 Mar;145(3):262-6. Abstract

62. Chantharatanapiboon W. Intralesional corticosteroid therapy in hemangiomas: clinical outcome in 160 cases. J Med Assoc Thai. 2008 Oct;91(suppl 3):S90-6. Abstract

63. Chen MT, Yeong EK, Horng SY. Intralesional corticosteroid therapy in proliferating head and neck hemangiomas: a review of 155 cases. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Mar;35(3):420-3. Abstract

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65. Sinno H, Thibaudeau S, Coughlin R, et al. Management of infantile parotid gland hemangiomas: a 40-year experience. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jan;125(1):265-73. Abstract

66. Batta K, Goodyear HM, Moss C, et al. Randomised controlled study of early pulsed dye laser treatment of uncomplicated childhood haemangiomas: results of a 1-year analysis. Lancet. 2002 Aug 17;360(9332):521-7. Abstract

67. Stier MF, Click SA, Hirsch RJ. Laser treatment of pediatric vascular lesions: port-wine stains and hemangiomas. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Feb;58(2):261-85. Abstract

68. Smit JM, Bauland CG, Wijnberg DS, et al. Pulsed dye laser treatment, a review of indications and outcome based on published trials. Br J Plast Surg. 2005 Oct;58(7):981-7. Abstract

69. Brightman LA, Brauer JA, Terushkin V, et al. Ablative fractional resurfacing for involuted hemangioma residuum. Arch Dermatol. 2012 Nov;148(11):1294-8.Full text  Abstract

70. Brandling-Bennett HA, Metry DW, Baselga E, et al. Infantile hemangiomas with unusually prolonged growth phase: a case series. Arch Dermatol. 2008 Dec;144(12):1632-7. Abstract

71. Li G, Xu D, Hu Z, et al. Embolic retinal and choroidal vascular occlusion after peribulbar triamcinolone injection: a case report. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0467.Full text  Abstract

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