Premature ovarian failure

References

Key articles

North American Menopause Society. Early menopause guidebook. 6th edition. Cleveland, OH: North American Menopause Society; 2006.

Chen H, Li J, Cui T, Hu L. Adjuvant gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues for the prevention of chemotherapy induced premature ovarian failure in premenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(11):CD008018.Full text  Abstract

North American Menopause Society. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2017 Jul;24(7):728-53.Full text  Abstract

Panzer C, Guay A. Testosterone replacement therapy in naturally and surgically menopausal women. J Sex Med. 2009 Jan;6(1):8-18. Abstract

van Kasteren YM, Schoemaker J. Premature ovarian failure: a systematic review on therapeutic interventions to restore ovarian function and achieve pregnancy. Hum Reprod Update. 1999 Sep-Oct;5(5):483-92. Abstract

Nelson LM. Clinical practice. Primary ovarian insufficiency. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 5;360(6):606-14. Abstract

Toulis KA, Tzellos T, Kouvelas D, et al. Gabapentin for the treatment of hot flashes in women with natural or tamoxifen-induced menopause: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Ther. 2009 Feb;31(2):221-35. Abstract

Reference articles

1. North American Menopause Society. Early menopause guidebook. 6th edition. Cleveland, OH: North American Menopause Society; 2006.

2. Coulam CB, Adamson SC, Annegers JF. Incidence of premature ovarian failure. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Apr;67(4):604-6. Abstract

3. Luborsky JL, Meyer P, Sowers MF, et al. Premature menopause in a multi-ethnic population study of the menopause transition. Hum Reprod. 2003 Jan;18(1):199-206.Full text  Abstract

4. Anasti JN. Premature ovarian failure: an update. Fertil Steril. 1998 Jul;70(1):1-15. Abstract

5. Goswami D, Conway GS. Premature ovarian failure. Hum Reprod Update. 2005 Jul-Aug;11(4):391-410. Abstract

6. Shuster LT, Gostout BS, Grossardt BR, et al. Prophylactic oophorectomy in premenopausal women and long-term health - a review. Menopause Int. 2008 Sep;14(3):111-6.Full text  Abstract

7. European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. Management of women with premature ovarian insufficiency. December 2015 [internet publication].Full text

8. Cramer DW, Xu H, Harlow BL. Family history as a predictor of early menopause. Fertil Steril. 1995 Oct;64(4):740-5. Abstract

9. Reynaud K, Cortvrindt R, Verlinde F, et al. Number of ovarian follicles in human fetuses with the 45,X karyotype. Fertil Steril. 2004 Apr;81(4):1112-9. Abstract

10. Hreinsson JG, Otala M, Fridstrom M, et al. Follicles are found in the ovaries of adolescent girls with Turner's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Aug;87(8):3618-23. Abstract

11. Partridge AH, Burstein HJ, Winer EP. Side effects of chemotherapy and combined chemohormonal therapy in women with early-stage breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2001;(30):135-42.Full text  Abstract

12. Oktay K, Sonmezer M. Chemotherapy and amenorrhea: risks and treatment options. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Aug;20(4):408-15. Abstract

13. Byrne J, Fears TR, Gail MH, et al. Early menopause in long-term survivors of cancer during adolescence. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Mar;166(3):788-93. Abstract

14. Kim TJ, Anasti JN, Flack MR, et al. Routine endocrine screening for patients with karyotypically normal spontaneous premature ovarian failure. Obstet Gynecol. 1997 May;89(5 Pt 1):777-9. Abstract

15. Belvisi L, Bombelli F, Sironi L, et al. Organ-specific autoimmunity in patients with premature ovarian failure. J Endocrinol Invest. 1993 Dec;16(11):889-92. Abstract

16. Welt CK, Smith PC, Taylor AE. Evidence of early ovarian aging in fragile X premutation carriers. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Sep;89(9):4569-74. Abstract

17. Conway GS, Payne NN, Webb J, et al. Fragile X premutation screening in women with premature ovarian failure. Hum Reprod. 1998 May;13(5):1184-7.Full text  Abstract

18. Meskhi A, Seif MW. Premature ovarian failure. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Aug;18(4):418-26. Abstract

19. Siddle N, Sarrel P, Whitehead M. The effect of hysterectomy on the age at ovarian failure: identification of a subgroup of women with premature loss of ovarian function and literature review. Fertil Steril. 1987 Jan;47(1):94-100. Abstract

20. Hascalik S, Celik O, Sarac K, et al. Transient ovarian failure: a rare complication of uterine fibroid embolization. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2004 Jul;83(7):682-5. Abstract

21. Chang SH, Kim CS, Lee KS, et al. Premenopausal factors influencing premature ovarian failure and early menopause. Maturitas. 2007 Sep 20;58(1):19-30. Abstract

22. Testa G, Chiaffarino F, Vegetti W, et al. Case-control study on risk factors for premature ovarian failure. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2001;51(1):40-3. Abstract

23. Murray A, Bennett CE, Perry JR, et al. Common genetic variants are significant risk factors for early menopause: results from the Breakthrough Generations Study. Hum Mol Genet. 2011 Jan 1;20(1):186-92. Abstract

24. McKinlay SM. The normal menopause transition: an overview. Maturitas. 1996;23:137-145. Abstract

25. Morice P, Juncker L, Rey A, et al. Ovarian transposition for patients with cervical carcinoma treated by radiosurgical combination. Fertil Steril. 2000;74:743-748. Abstract

26. Kim SS, Lee JR, Jee BC, et al. Use of hormonal protection for chemotherapy-induced gonadotoxicity. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2010;53:740-752. Abstract

27. Chen H, Li J, Cui T, Hu L. Adjuvant gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues for the prevention of chemotherapy induced premature ovarian failure in premenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(11):CD008018.Full text  Abstract

28. Del Mastro L, Boni L, Michelotti A, et al. Effect of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue triptorelin on the occurrence of chemotherapy-induced early menopause in premenopausal women with breast cancer: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2011;306:269-276. Abstract

29. Moore HC, Unger JM, Phillips KA, et al. Goserelin for ovarian protection during breast-cancer adjuvant chemotherapy. N Engl J Med. 2015;372:923-932.Full text  Abstract

30. Tosh D, Rao KL, Rani HS, et al. Association between fragile X premutation and premature ovarian failure: a case-control study and meta-analysis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2014 Jun;289(6):1255-62. Abstract

31. Perry JR, Corre T, Esko T, et al. A genome-wide association study of early menopause and the combined impact of identified variants. Hum Mol Genet. 2013 Apr 1;22(7):1465-72.Full text  Abstract

32. Ledger WL. Clinical utility of measurement of anti-mullerian hormone in reproductive endocrinology. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Dec;95(12):5144-54. Abstract

33. Hamoda H; British Menopause Society and Women’s Health Concern. The British Menopause Society and Women's Health Concern recommendations on the management of women with premature ovarian insufficiency. Post Reprod Health. 2017;23(1):22-35. Abstract

34. Kalu E, Panay N. Spontaneous premature ovarian failure: management challenges. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2008 May;24(5):273-9. Abstract

35. Bakalov VK, Vanderhoof VH, Bondy CA, et al. Adrenal antibodies detect asymptomatic auto-immune adrenal insufficiency in young women with spontaneous premature ovarian failure. Hum Reprod. 2002 Aug;17(8):2096-100.Full text  Abstract

36. Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Prentice RL, et al. Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results from the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002;288:321-333. Abstract

37. North American Menopause Society. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2017 Jul;24(7):728-53.Full text  Abstract

38. Committee on Gynecologic Practice. Committee Opinion No. 698: hormone therapy in primary ovarian insufficiency. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 May;129(5):e134-41. Abstract

39. European Medicines Agency. Four-week limit for use of high-strength estradiol creams. 4 October 2019 [internet publication].Full text

40. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Menopause: diagnosis and management. 5 December 2019 [internet publication].Full text

41. de Villiers TJ, Gass ML, Haines CJ, et al. Global consensus statement on menopausal hormone therapy. Climacteric. 2013 Apr;16(2):203-4.Full text  Abstract

42. de Villiers TJ, Hall JE, Pinkerton JV, et al. Revised global consensus statement on menopausal hormone therapy. Climacteric. 2016 Aug;19(4):313-5. Abstract

43. Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Type and timing of menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis of the worldwide epidemiological evidence. Lancet. 2019 Sep 28;394(10204):1159-68.Full text  Abstract

44. US Food & Drug Administration. Menopause. 22 August 2018 [internet publication].Full text

45. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): further information on the known increased risk of breast cancer with HRT and its persistence after stopping. 30 August 2019 [internet publication].Full text

46. European Medicines Agency. Guideline on clinical investigation of medicinal products for hormone replacement therapy of oestrogen deficiency symptoms in postmenopausal women. May 2006 [internet publication].Full text

47. British Menopause Society. BMS response to Lancet paper on the link between different forms of HRT and breast cancer incidence. 30 August 2019 [internet publication].Full text

48. Liao KL, Wood N, Conway GS. Premature menopause and psychological well-being. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2000 Sep;21(3):167-74. Abstract

49. Kalantaridou SN, Calis KA, Vanderhoof VH, et al. Testosterone deficiency in young women with 46,XX spontaneous premature ovarian failure. Fertil Steril. 2006 Nov;86(5):1475-82. Abstract

50. Janse F, Tanahatoe SJ, Eijkemans MJ, et al. Testosterone concentrations, using different assays, in different types of ovarian insufficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod Update. 2012 Jul;18(4):405-19. Abstract

51. Panzer C, Guay A. Testosterone replacement therapy in naturally and surgically menopausal women. J Sex Med. 2009 Jan;6(1):8-18. Abstract

52. Wierman ME, Arlt W, Basson R, et al. Androgen therapy in women: a reappraisal: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Oct;99(10):3489-510.Full text  Abstract

53. Shapiro CL, Halabi S, Hars V, et al. Zoledronic acid preserves bone mineral density in premenopausal women who develop ovarian failure due to adjuvant chemotherapy: final results from CALGB trial 79809. Eur J Cancer. 2011 Mar;47(5):683-9. Abstract

54. Lethaby A, Marjoribanks J, Kronenberg F, et al. Phytoestrogens for menopausal vasomotor symptoms. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 10;(12):CD001395.Full text  Abstract

55. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG practice bulletin no. 141: management of menopausal symptoms. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan;123(1):202-16. Abstract

56. Sacks FM, Lichtenstein A, Van Horn L, et al. Soy protein, isoflavones, and cardiovascular health: an American Heart Association Science Advisory for professionals from the Nutrition Committee. Circulation. 2006 Feb 21;113(7):1034-44.Full text  Abstract

57. van Kasteren YM, Schoemaker J. Premature ovarian failure: a systematic review on therapeutic interventions to restore ovarian function and achieve pregnancy. Hum Reprod Update. 1999 Sep-Oct;5(5):483-92. Abstract

58. Gallagher JC. Effect of early menopause on bone mineral density and fractures. Menopause. 2007 May-Jun;14(3 Pt 2):567-71. Abstract

59. Nelson LM. Clinical practice. Primary ovarian insufficiency. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 5;360(6):606-14. Abstract

60. Toulis KA, Tzellos T, Kouvelas D, et al. Gabapentin for the treatment of hot flashes in women with natural or tamoxifen-induced menopause: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Ther. 2009 Feb;31(2):221-35. Abstract

61. O'Donnell RL, Warner P, Lee RJ, et al. Physiological sex steroid replacement in premature ovarian failure: randomized crossover trial of effect on uterine volume, endometrial thickness and blood flow, compared with a standard regimen. Hum Reprod. 2012 Apr;27(4):1130-8.Full text  Abstract

62. Atsma F, Bartelink ML, Grobbee DE, et al. Postmenopausal status and early menopause as independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis. Menopause. 2006 Mar-Apr;13(2):265-79. Abstract

63. Snowdon DA, Kane RL, Beeson WL, et al. Is early natural menopause a biologic marker of health and aging? Am J Public Health. 1989 Jun;79(6):709-14.Full text  Abstract

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