References

Key articles

Coleman E, Bockting W, Botzer M, et al. Standards of care for the health of transsexual, transgender, and gender-nonconforming people, v7. Int J Transgend. 2012;13(4):165-232.Full text external link opens in a new window

Byne W, Bradley SJ, Coleman E, et al. Report of the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on treatment of gender identity disorder. Arch Sex Behav. 2012 Aug;41(4):759-96.Abstract external link opens in a new window

World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and health related problems (ICD). 10th revision. 2016 [Internet publication].Full text external link opens in a new window

Hembree WC, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Gooren L, et al. Endocrine treatment of gender-dysphoric/gender-incongruent persons: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Nov 1;102(11):3869-903.Abstract external link opens in a new window

Barrett J. Transsexualism and other disorders of gender identity: a practical guide to management. Abingdon, UK: Radcliffe Medical Publishing; 2007.

Reference articles

1. Coleman E, Bockting W, Botzer M, et al. Standards of care for the health of transsexual, transgender, and gender-nonconforming people, v7. Int J Transgend. 2012;13(4):165-232.Full text external link opens in a new window

2. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.

3. Byne W, Bradley SJ, Coleman E, et al. Report of the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on treatment of gender identity disorder. Arch Sex Behav. 2012 Aug;41(4):759-96.Abstract external link opens in a new window

4. World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and health related problems (ICD). 10th revision. 2016 [Internet publication].Full text external link opens in a new window

5. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Health care for transgender individuals. Committee Opinion No. 512. Obstet Gynecol 2011;118:1454-8.Full text external link opens in a new window

6. Zuger B. Early effeminate behavior in boys: outcome and significance for homosexuality. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1984 Feb;172(2):90-7.Abstract external link opens in a new window

7. Zucker KJ. Intersexuality and gender identity differentiation. Ann Rev Sex Research. 1999;10(1):1-69.

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10. Drummond KD, Bradley SJ, Peterson-Badali M, et al. A follow-up study of girls with gender identity disorder. Dev Psychol. 2008 Jan;44(1):34-45.Abstract external link opens in a new window

11. Wallien MS, Cohen-Kettenis PT. Psychosexual outcome of gender-dysphoric children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008 Dec;47(12):1413-23.Abstract external link opens in a new window

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14. De Gascun C, Kelly J, Salter N, et al. Gender identity disorder. Ir Med J. 2006 May;99(5):146-48.Abstract external link opens in a new window

15. De Cuypere G, Van Hemelrijck M, Michel A, et al. Prevalence and demography of transsexualism in Belgium. Eur Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;22(3):137-41.Full text external link opens in a new windowAbstract external link opens in a new window

16. Wilson P, Sharp C, Carr S. The prevalence of gender dysphoria in Scotland: a primary care study. Br J Gen Pract. 1999 Dec;49(449):991-92.Full text external link opens in a new windowAbstract external link opens in a new window

17. Swaab DF, Chung WC, Kruijver FP, et al. Sex differences in the human hypothalamus in the different stages of human life. Neurobiol Aging. 2003 May-Jun;24(suppl 1):S1-16.Abstract external link opens in a new window

18. Diamond M, Watson LA. Androgen insensitivity syndrome and Kleinfelter's syndrome: sex and gender considerations. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2004 Jul;13(3):623-40.Abstract external link opens in a new window

19. Cohen-Kettenis PT, van Goozen SH, Doorn C, et al. Cognitive ability and cerebral lateralization in transsexuals. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1998 Aug;23(6):631-41.Abstract external link opens in a new window

20. Green R, Keverne EB. The disparate maternal aunt-uncle ratio in male transexuals: an explanation involving genomic imprinting. J Theor Biol. 2000 Jan 7;202(1):55-63.Abstract external link opens in a new window

21. Van Der Miesen AI, Hurley H, De Vries AL. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a narrative review. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2016;28(1):70-80.Full text external link opens in a new windowAbstract external link opens in a new window

22. Glidden D, Bouman WP, Jones BA, et al. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Sex Med Rev. 2016 Jan;4(1):3-14.Abstract external link opens in a new window

23. Pasterski V, Gilligan L, Curtis R. Traits of autism spectrum disorders in adults with gender dysphoria. Arch Sex Behav. 2014 Feb;43(2):387-93.Abstract external link opens in a new window

24. Le Vay S. The sexual brain. Boston, MA: MIT Press;1993.

25. Rametti G, Carrillo B, Gómez-Gil E et al. The microstructure of white matter in male to female transsexuals before cross-sex hormonal treatment. A DTI study. J Psychiatr Res. 2011 Jul;45(7):949-54.Abstract external link opens in a new window

26. Peterson RE, Imparato-McGinley J, Gautier T, et al. Male pseudohermaphroditism due to steroid 5 alpha reductase deficiency. Am J Med. 1977 Feb;62(2):170-91.Abstract external link opens in a new window

27. Meyer-Bahlburg HF. Hormones and psychosexual differentiation: implications for the management of intersexuality, homosexuality and transsexuality. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1982 Nov;11(3):681-701.Abstract external link opens in a new window

28. Dittmann RW, Kappes MH, Kappes ME, et al. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia II: gender-related behavior and attitudes in female salt-wasting and simple virilizing patients. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1990;15(5-6):421-34.Abstract external link opens in a new window

29. Dittmann RW, Kappes MH, Kappes ME, et al. Gender related behavior and attitudes in female patients and sisters. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1990;15(5-6):401-20.Abstract external link opens in a new window

30. Hembree WC, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Gooren L, et al. Endocrine treatment of gender-dysphoric/gender-incongruent persons: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Nov 1;102(11):3869-903.Abstract external link opens in a new window

31. Barrett J. Transsexualism and other disorders of gender identity: a practical guide to management. Abingdon, UK: Radcliffe Medical Publishing; 2007.

32. Traish AM, Gooren LJ. Safety of physiological testosterone therapy in women: lessons from female-to-male transsexuals (FMT) treated with pharmacological testosterone therapy. J Sex Med. 2010 Nov;7(11):3758-64.Abstract external link opens in a new window

33. Tsoi WF, Kok LP, Yeo KL, et al. Follow-up study of female transsexuals. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1995 Setp;24(5):664-7.Abstract external link opens in a new window

34. Landen M, Walinder J, Lundstrom B. Clinical characteristics of a total cohort of female and male applicants for sex reassignment: a descriptive study. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1998 Mar;97(3):189-94.Abstract external link opens in a new window

35. Blanchard R, Steiner BW, Clemmensen LH, et al. Prediction of regrets in postoperative transsexuals. Can J Psychiatry. 1989 Feb;34(1):43-5.Abstract external link opens in a new window

36. Lindemalm G, Korlin D, Uddenberg N. Prognostic factors vs. outcome in male-to-female transsexualism: a follow-up study of 13 cases. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1987 Mar;75(3):268-74.Abstract external link opens in a new window

37. Van Kesteren PJ, Asscheman H, Megens JA, et al. Mortality and morbidity in transsexual subjects treated with cross-sex hormones. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1997 Sep;47(3):337-42.Abstract external link opens in a new window

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