Ganglion cyst

References

Key articles

Nelson CL, Sawmiller S, Phalen GS. Ganglions of the wrist and hand. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1972 Oct;54(7):1459-64. Abstract

Watson HK, Rogers WD, Ashmead D 4th. Reevaluation of the cause of the wrist ganglion. J Hand Surg Am. 1989 Sep;14(5):812-7. Abstract

Soren A. Pathogenesis and treatment of ganglion. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1966 Sep-Oct;48:173-9. Abstract

Greendyke SD, Wilson M, Shepler TR. Anterior wrist ganglia from the scaphotrapezial joint. J Hand Surg Am. 1992 May;17(3):487-90. Abstract

Ho PC, Griffiths J, Lo WN, et al. Current treatment of ganglion of the wrist. Hand Surg. 2001 Jul;6(1):49-58. Abstract

Lee I. Clinical treatments for wrist ganglia. ASERNIP-S Report No. 63. Adelaide, South Australia: ASERNIP-S, October 2008 [internet publication].Full text

Calif E, Stahl S, Stahl S. Simple wrist ganglia in children: a follow-up study. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2005 Nov;14(6):448-50. Abstract

Reference articles

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2. Steen MW, Hofstede DJ. Ganglion and synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint: a case report and literature review. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015 Sep;3(9):e524.Full text  Abstract

3. Coffey MJ, Fazlur Rahman M, Thirkannad SM. Pediatric ganglion cysts of the hand and wrist: an epidemiologic analysis. Hand (NY). 2008 Dec;3(4):359-62. Abstract

4. Bram JT, Falk DP, Chang B, et al. Clinical presentation and characteristics of hand and wrist ganglion cysts in children. J Hand Surg Am. 2021 Apr 19:S0363-5023(21)00160-X.Full text  Abstract

5. Minotti P, Taras JS. Ganglion cysts of the wrist. Journal of American Society for Surgery of the Hand 2002;2:102–7Full text

6. Nelson CL, Sawmiller S, Phalen GS. Ganglions of the wrist and hand. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1972 Oct;54(7):1459-64. Abstract

7. Osterman AL, Raphael J. Arthroscopic resection of dorsal ganglion of the wrist. Hand Clin. 1995 Feb;11(1):7-12. Abstract

8. Watson HK, Rogers WD, Ashmead D 4th. Reevaluation of the cause of the wrist ganglion. J Hand Surg Am. 1989 Sep;14(5):812-7. Abstract

9. Andren L, Eiken O. Arthrographic studies of wrist ganglions. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1971 Mar;53(2):299-302. Abstract

10. Psaila JV, Mansel RE. The surface ultrastructure of ganglia. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1978 May;60-B(2):228-33.Full text  Abstract

11. Gude W, Morelli V. Ganglion cysts of the wrist: pathophysiology, clinical picture, and management. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2008 Aug 26;1(3-4):205-11. Abstract

12. Psaila JV, Mansel RE. The surface ultrastructure of ganglia. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1978 May;60-B(2):228-33.Full text  Abstract

13. Soren A. Pathogenesis and treatment of ganglion. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1966 Sep-Oct;48:173-9. Abstract

14. Greendyke SD, Wilson M, Shepler TR. Anterior wrist ganglia from the scaphotrapezial joint. J Hand Surg Am. 1992 May;17(3):487-90. Abstract

15. Ho PC, Griffiths J, Lo WN, et al. Current treatment of ganglion of the wrist. Hand Surg. 2001 Jul;6(1):49-58. Abstract

16. Brooks DM. Nerve compression by simple ganglia: a review of thirteen collected cases. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1952 Aug;34-B(3):391-400. Abstract

17. Wong AS, Jebson PJ, Murray PM, et al. The use of routine wrist radiography is not useful in the evaluation of patients with a ganglion cyst of the wrist. Hand (NY). 2007 Sep;2(3):117-9.Full text  Abstract

18. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: soft-tissue masses. 2017 [internet publication].Full text

19. Blam O, Bindra R, Middleton W, et al. The occult dorsal carpal ganglion: usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound in diagnosis. Am J Orthop. 1998 Feb;27(2):107-10. Abstract

20. Zanetti M, Saupe N, Nagy L. Role of MR imaging in chronic wrist pain. Eur Radiol. 2007 Apr;17(4):927-38. Abstract

21. Goldsmith S, Yang SS. Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of occult dorsal wrist ganglions. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2008 Oct;33(5):595-9. Abstract

22. American College of Radiology. ACR appropriateness criteria: chronic wrist pain. 2017 [internet publication].Full text

23. Plate AM, Lee SJ, Steiner G, et al. Tumorlike lesions and benign tumors of the hand and wrist. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003 Mar-Apr;11(2):129-41.Full text  Abstract

24. Teefey SA, Dahiya N, Middleton WD, et al. Ganglia of the hand and wrist: a sonographic analysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Sep;191(3):716-20. Abstract

25. Lee I. Clinical treatments for wrist ganglia. ASERNIP-S Report No. 63. Adelaide, South Australia: ASERNIP-S, October 2008 [internet publication].Full text

26. Suen M, Fung B, Lung CP. Treatment of ganglion cysts. ISRN Orthop. 2013;2013:940615.Full text  Abstract

27. Dias JJ, Dhukaram V, Kumar P. The natural history of untreated dorsal wrist ganglia and patient reported outcome 6 years after intervention. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2007 Oct;32(5):502-8. Abstract

28. Calif E, Stahl S, Stahl S. Simple wrist ganglia in children: a follow-up study. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2005 Nov;14(6):448-50. Abstract

29. Dias J, Buch K. Palmar wrist ganglion: does intervention improve outcome? A prospective study of the natural history and patient-reported treatment outcomes. J Hand Surg Br. 2003 Apr;28(2):172-6.Full text  Abstract

30. Richman JA, Gelberman RH, Engber WD, et al. Ganglions of the wrist and digits: results of treatment by aspiration and cyst wall puncture. J Hand Surg Am. 1987 Nov;12(6):1041-3. Abstract

31. Zubowicz VN, Ishii CH. Management of ganglion cysts of the hand by simple aspiration. J Hand Surg Am. 1987 Jul;12(4):618-20. Abstract

32. Varley GW, Needoff M, Davis TR, et al. Conservative management of wrist ganglia. Aspiration versus steroid infiltration. J Hand Surg Br. 1997 Oct;22(5):636-7. Abstract

33. Urits I, Smoots D, Anantuni L, et al. Injection techniques for common chronic pain conditions of the hand: a comprehensive review. Pain Ther. 2020 Jun;9(1):129-42.Full text  Abstract

34. Head L, Gencarelli JR, Allen M, et al. Wrist ganglion treatment: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Mar;40(3):546-53.e8.Full text  Abstract

35. Crawford C, Keswani A, Lovy AJ, et al. Arthroscopic versus open excision of dorsal ganglion cysts: a systematic review. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2018 Jul;43(6):659-64.Full text  Abstract

36. Kang L, Akelman E, Weiss AP. Arthroscopic versus open dorsal ganglion excision: a prospective, randomized comparison of rates of recurrence and of residual pain. J Hand Surg Am. 2008 Apr;33(4):471-5. Abstract

37. Clay NR, Clement DA. The treatment of dorsal wrist ganglia by radical excision. J Hand Surg Br. 1988 May;13(2):187-91. Abstract

38. Wright TW, Cooney WP, Ilstrup DM. Anterior wrist ganglion. J Hand Surg Am. 1994 Nov;19(6):954-8. Abstract

39. Luchetti R, Badia A, Alfarano M, et al. Arthroscopic resection of dorsal wrist ganglia and treatment of recurrences. J Hand Surg Br. 2000 Feb;25(1):38-40. Abstract

40. Bontempo NA, Weiss AP. Arthroscopic excision of ganglion cysts. Hand Clin. 2014 Feb;30(1):71-5.Full text  Abstract

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