Ganglions are the most common type of tumour located within the hand and wrist. They are more likely to be present in females and have a female to male ratio of 3:1. The condition usually affects patients in their second to fourth decades, but can be present at any age. Dorsal ganglions account for roughly 60% to 70% of ganglion cysts, while volar wrist ganglions account for the remainder. Ganglions most often originate within the wrist joint in the adult population, but occasionally may arise from the tendon sheath. Among paediatric ganglion cyst patients, females outnumber males 1.8:1 with a higher incidence of volar (1.2:1) than dorsal ganglions. Patients under 13 years of age have a higher percentage of ganglions arising from the tendon sheath (33%) compared with adults.
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