Last reviewed: 25 Aug 2021
Last updated: 02 Oct 2018

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • scalp itching
  • scalp scaling
  • glabella scaling
  • nasolabial fold scaling
  • post-auricular scaling
  • white flakes
  • erythema

Risk factors

  • stress
  • parkinsonism
  • HIV/AIDS
  • age <3 months

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Authors

Camila K. Janniger, MD, FAAD, FRSPH
Camila K. Janniger

Clinical Professor

Dermatology

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Newark

NJ

Disclosures

CKJ declares that she has no competing interests.

Robert A. Schwartz, MD, MPH, DSc (Hon), FAAD, FRCP (Edin)
Robert A. Schwartz

Professor of Pathology, Professor of Pediatrics, and Professor of Medicine

Dermatology

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Newark

NJ

Disclosures

RAS is the author of several references cited in this topic.

Peer reviewers

Richard Bull, BMBCh

Consultant Dermatologist

Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

London

UK

Disclosures

RB declares that he has no competing interests.

David S. Cassarino, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor

Departments of Pathology and Dermatology

UCLA

Los Angeles

CA

Disclosures

DSC declares that he has no competing interests.

Abdulhafez Selim, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor

Biomedical Technology Center

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Dhahran

Saudi Arabia

Disclosures

AS declares that he has no competing interests.

Jacek Szepietowski, MD, PhD

Professor and Vice Chair

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology

University of Medicine

Wroclaw

Poland

Disclosures

JS declares he has no competing interests.

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