Epidemiology

Poison centres in the US received more than 2 million human exposure calls in 2018.[1][2] Just over 44% of these were related to children aged ≤5 years. Children aged ≤19 years accounted for 59% of reported exposures and 6.4% of reported fatalities in 2018.[3] The most common toxic exposures in children aged <5 years were cosmetics/personal care products, household cleaning substances, analgesics, foreign bodies/toys/miscellaneous, and topical preparations.[3] In children aged 13-19 years, the most common exposures were analgesics, antidepressants, sedatives/hypnotics/antipsychotics, antihistamines, and stimulants/street drugs.[4]

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