Patent ductus arteriosus

References

Key articles

Baumgartner H, De Backer J, Babu-Narayan SV, et al. 2020 ESC guidelines for the management of adult congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J. 2021 Feb 11;42(6):563-645.Full text  Abstract

Wilson WR, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, et al. Prevention of viridans group streptococcal infective endocarditis: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2021 May 18;143(20):e963-78.Full text  Abstract

John AS, Jackson JL, Moons P, et al. Advances in managing transition to adulthood for adolescents with congenital heart disease: a practical approach to transition program design: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Apr 5;11(7):e025278.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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2. Moore P, Brook MM, Heymann MA. Patent ductus arteriosus. In: Moss and Adams heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins; 2001.

3. Gittenburger-De Groot AC, van Ertbruggen I, Moulaert AJ, et al. The ductus arteriosus in the preterm infant: histologic and clinical observations. J Pediatr. 1980;96:88-93. Abstract

4. Botto LD, Correa A, Erickson JD. Racial and temporal variations in the prevalence of heart defects. Pediatrics. 2001;107:E32.Full text  Abstract

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8. Smith GC. The pharmacology of the ductus arteriosus. Pharmacol Rev. 1998;50:35-58.Full text  Abstract

9. Thebaud B, Michelakis ED, Wu XC, et al. Oxygen-sensitive Kv channel gene transfer confers oxygen responsiveness to preterm rabbit and remodeled human ductus arteriosus: implications for infants with patent ductus arteriosus. Circulation. 2004;110:1372-1379.Full text  Abstract

10. Michelakis E, Rebeyka I, Bateson J, et al. Voltage-gated potassium channels in human ductus arteriosus. Lancet. 2000;356:134-137. Abstract

11. Olley PM, Coceani F. Lipid mediators in the control of the ductus arteriosus. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987;136:218-219. Abstract

12. Gittenberger-de Groot AC, Strengers JL, Mentink M, et al. Histologic studies on normal and persistent ductus arteriosus in the dog. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985;6:394-404. Abstract

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14. Clyman RI, Mauray F, Roman C, et al. Effect of gestational age on ductus arteriosus response to circulating prostaglandin E2. J Pediatr. 1983;102:907-911. Abstract

15. Rudolph AM, Mayer FE, Nadas AS, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus. A clinical and hemodynamic study of patients in the first year of life. Pediatrics. 1958;22:892-904. Abstract

16. Baylen BG, Ogata H, Oguchi K, et al. The contractility and performance of the pre-term left ventricle before and after early patent ductus arteriosus occlusion in surfactant-treated lambs. Pediatr Res. 1985;19:1053-1058. Abstract

17. Kluckow M, Evans N. Ductal shunting, high pulmonary blood flow, and pulmonary hemorrhage. J Pediatr. 2000 Jul;137(1):68-72. Abstract

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19. Rojas MA, Gonzalez A, Bancalari E, et al. Changing trends in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of neonatal chronic lung disease. J Pediatr. 1995 Apr;126(4):605-10. Abstract

20. Dudell GG, Gersony WM. Patent ductus arteriosus in neonates with severe respiratory disease. J Pediatr. 1984 Jun;104(6):915-20. Abstract

21. Osborn DA, Evans N, Kluckow M. Hemodynamic and antecedent risk factors of early and late periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul;112(1 Pt 1):33-9. Abstract

22. Dollberg S, Lusky A, Reichman B. Patent ductus arteriosus, indomethacin and necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants: a population-based study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Feb;40(2):184-8. Abstract

23. Hoffman JI, Buckberg GD. Regional myocardial ischemia: causes, prediction, and prevention. Vasc Surg. 1974;18:115-130. Abstract

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25. Gersony WM, Peckham GJ, Ellison RC, et al. Effects of indomethacin in premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus: results of a national collaborative study. J Pediatr. 1983 Jun;102(6):895-906. Abstract

26. Koch J, Hensley G, Roy L, et al. Prevalence of spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus in neonates at a birth weight of 1000 grams or less. Pediatrics. 2006;117:1113-1121. Abstract

27. Soll R, Ozek E. Prophylactic protein free synthetic surfactant for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(1):CD001079. Abstract

28. Gibson S, Lewis KC. Congenital heart disease following maternal rubella during pregnancy. Am J Dis Child. 1952;83:317-319. Abstract

29. Campbell M. Natural history of patent ductus arteriosus. Br Heart J. 1968 Jan;30(1):4-13. Abstract

30. Schneider DJ, Moore JW. Patent ductus arteriosus. Circulation. 2006 Oct 24;114(17):1873-82.Full text  Abstract

31. Dudell GG, Gersony WM. Patent ductus arteriosus in neonates with severe respiratory disease. J Pediatr. 1984 Jun;104(6):915-20. Abstract

32. Clyman RI, Mauray F, Roman C, et al. Circulating prostaglandin E2 concentrations and patent ductus arteriosus in fetal and neonatal lambs. J Pediatr. 1980;97:455-461. Abstract

33. Nora JJ. Multifactorial inheritance hypothesis for the etiology of congenital heart diseases. The genetic-environmental interaction. Circulation. 1968;38:604-617. Abstract

34. Char F. Peculiar facies with short philtrum, duck-bill lips, ptosis and low-set ears a new syndrome? Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1978;14:303-305. Abstract

35. Mani A, Meraji SM, Houshyar R, et al. Finding genetic contributions to sporadic disease: a recessive locus at 12q24 commonly contributes to patent ductus arteriosus. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA. 2002;99:15054-15059.Full text  Abstract

36. Bevilacqua E, Brunelli R, Anceschi MM. Review and meta-analysis: benefits and risks of multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010;23:244-260. Abstract

37. Woodard PK, Ho VB, et al. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® known or suspected congenital heart disease in the adult. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 May;14(5s):S166-76.Full text  Abstract

38. Gibson GA. Persistence of the arterial duct and its diagnosis. Edinburgh Med J. 1900;8:1-5.

39. Sahn DJ, Allen HD. Real-time cross-sectional echocardiographic imaging and measurement of the patent ductus arteriosus in infants and children. Circulation. 1978 Aug;58(2):343-54. Abstract

40. Wasserman MA, Shea E, Cassidy C, et al. Recommendations for the adult cardiac sonographer performing echocardiography to screen for critical congenital heart disease in the newborn: from the American Society of Echocardiography. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2021 Mar;34(3):207-22.Full text  Abstract

41. Urquhart DS, Nicholl RM. How good is clinical examination at detecting a significant patent ductus arteriosus in the preterm neonate? Arch Dis Child. 2003 Jan;88(1):85-6.Full text  Abstract

42. Baumgartner H, De Backer J, Babu-Narayan SV, et al. 2020 ESC guidelines for the management of adult congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J. 2021 Feb 11;42(6):563-645.Full text  Abstract

43. Hiraishi S, Misawa H, Oguchi K, et al. Two-dimensional Doppler echocardiographic assessment of closure of the ductus arteriosus in normal newborn infants. J Pediatr. 1987;111:755-760. Abstract

44. Stevenson JG, Kawabori I, Guntheroth WG. Pulsed Doppler echocardiographic diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus: sensitivity, specificity, limitations, and technical features. Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1980;6:255-263. Abstract

45. Zanardo V, Milanesi O, Trevisanuto D, et al. Early screening and treatment of "silent" patent ductus arteriosus in prematures with RDS. J Perinat Med. 1991;19:291-295. Abstract

46. Knight DB. The treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. A review and overview of randomized trials. Semin Neonatol. 2001;6:63-73. Abstract

47. Fowlie PW, Davis PG. Prophylactic indomethacin for preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2003 Nov;88(6):F464-6.Full text  Abstract

48. Rojas MA, Gonzalez A, Bancalari E, et al. Changing trends in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of neonatal chronic lung disease. J Pediatr. 1995 Apr;126(4):605-10. Abstract

49. Osborn DA, Evans N, Kluckow M. Hemodynamic and antecedent risk factors of early and late periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul;112(1 Pt 1):33-9. Abstract

50. Dollberg S, Lusky A, Reichman B. Patent ductus arteriosus, indomethacin and necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants: a population-based study. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Feb;40(2):184-8. Abstract

51. Hundscheid T, El-Khuffash A, McNamara PJ, et al. Survey highlighting the lack of consensus on diagnosis and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in prematurity. Eur J Pediatr. 2022 Jun;181(6):2459-68.Full text  Abstract

52. Laughon M, Bose C, Clark R. Treatment strategies to prevent or close a patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants and outcomes. J Perinatol. 2007 Mar;27(3):164-70. Abstract

53. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm. NICE guideline NG124 intervention evidence review. Apr 2019 [internet publication].Full text

54. Fowlie PW, Davis PG, McGuire W. Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin for preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(7):CD000174. Abstract

55. Mitra S, Gardner CE, MacLellan A, et al. Prophylactic cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor drugs for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2022 Apr 1;(4):CD013846.Full text  Abstract

56. Ohlsson A, Walia R, Shah SS. Ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low birth weight (or both) infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Feb 11;2:CD003481.Full text  Abstract

57. Canadian Paediatric Society. Management of the patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Feb 2022 [internet publication].Full text

58. Al-Turkait A, Szatkowski L, Choonara I, et al. Management of patent ductus arteriosus in very preterm infants in England and Wales: a retrospective cohort study. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2022 Mar;6(1):e001424.Full text  Abstract

59. Backes CH, Hill KD, Shelton EL, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus: a contemporary perspective for the pediatric and adult cardiac care provider. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Sep 6;11(17):e025784.Full text  Abstract

60. Mitra S, Florez ID, Tamayo ME, et al. Association of placebo, indomethacin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen with closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2018 Mar 27;319(12):1221-1238.Full text  Abstract

61. Yeung T, Shahroor M, Jain A, et al. Efficacy and safety of high versus standard dose ibuprofen for patent ductus arteriosus treatment in preterm infants: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2022;15(3):501-10. Abstract

62. Neumann R, Schulzke SM, Bührer C. Oral ibuprofen versus intravenous ibuprofen or intravenous indomethacin for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neonatology. 2012;102(1):9-15. Abstract

63. Erdeve O, Yurttutan S, Altug N, et al. Oral versus intravenous ibuprofen for patent ductus arteriosus closure: a randomised controlled trial in extremely low birthweight infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2012 Jul;97(4):F279-83. Abstract

64. Evans P, O'Reilly D, Flyer JN, et al. Indomethacin for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2021 Jan 15;1:CD013133.Full text  Abstract

65. Herrera C, Holberton J, Davis P. Prolonged versus short course of indomethacin for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(1):CD003480.Full text  Abstract

66. Attridge JT, Kaufman DA, Lim DS, et al. B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations to guide treatment of patent ductus arteriosus. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2009 May;94(3):F178-82. Abstract

67. Hundscheid T, Jansen EJS, Onland W, et al. Conservative management of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants - A systematic review and meta-analyses assessing differences in outcome measures between randomized controlled trials and cohort studies. Front Pediatr. 2021;9:626261.Full text  Abstract

68. Mitra S, Scrivens A, von Kursell AM, et al. Early treatment versus expectant management of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus for preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Dec 10;12:CD013278.Full text  Abstract

69. Vanhaesebrouck S, Zonnenberg I, Vandervoort P, et al. Conservative treatment for patent ductus arteriosus in the preterm. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2007 Jul;92(4):F244-7. Abstract

70. Bell EF, Acarregui MJ. Restricted versus liberal water intake for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(12):CD000503.Full text  Abstract

71. Gross RE, Hubbard JP. Surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus: a report of first successful case. JAMA. 1939;112:729-731. Abstract

72. Koehne PS, Bein G, Alexi-Meskhishvili V, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus in very low birthweight infants: complications of pharmacological and surgical treatment. J Perinat Med. 2001;29(4):327-34. Abstract

73. Little DC, Pratt TC, Blalock SE, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus in micropreemies and full-term infants: the relative merits of surgical ligation versus indomethacin treatment. J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Mar;38(3):492-6. Abstract

74. Lee LC, Tillet A, Tulloh R. Outcome following patent ductus arteriosus ligation in premature infants: a retrospective cohort analysis. BMC Pediatr. 2006 May 11;6:15.Full text  Abstract

75. Malviya M, Ohlsson A, Shah S. Surgical versus medical treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(3):CD003951.Full text  Abstract

76. Clyman R, Cassady G, Kirklin JK, et al. The role of patent ductus arteriosus ligation in bronchopulmonary dysplasia: reexamining a randomized controlled trial. J Ped. 2009 Jun;154(6):873-6. Abstract

77. Mosalli R, Alfaleh K. Prophylactic surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus for prevention of mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;(1):CD006181. Abstract

78. Yee WH, Scotland J; Evidence-based Practice for Improving Quality (EPIQ) Evidence Review Group. Does primary surgical closure of the patent ductus arteriosus in infants <1500 g or ≤32 weeks' gestation reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis? Paediatr Child Health. 2012 Mar;17(3):125-8.Full text  Abstract

79. Laborde F, Folliguet TA, Etienne PY, et al. Video-thoracoscopic surgical interruption of patent ductus arteriosus. Routine experience in 332 pediatric cases. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1997 Jun;11(6):1052-5. Abstract

80. Butera G, De Rosa G, Chessa M, et al. Transcatheter closure of persistent ductus arteriosus with the Amplatzer duct occluder in very young symptomatic children. Heart. 2004 Dec;90(12):1467-70.Full text  Abstract

81. Masura J, Walsh KP, Thanopoulous B, et al. Catheter closure of moderate- to large-sized patent ductus arteriosus using the new Amplatzer duct occluder: immediate and short-term results. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Mar 15;31(4):878-82. Abstract

82. Masura J, Tittel P, Gavora P, et al. Long-term outcome of transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus closure using Amplatzer duct occluders. Am Heart J. 2006 Mar;151(3):755.e7-755.e10. Abstract

83. Magee AG, Huggon IC, Seed PT, et al. Transcatheter coil occlusion of the arterial duct; results of the European Registry. Eur Heart J. 2001 Oct;22(19):1817-21.Full text  Abstract

84. Al-Ata J, Arfi AM, Hussain A, et al. The efficacy and safety of the Amplatzer ductal occluder in young children and infants. Cardiol Young. 2005 Jun;15(3):279-85. Abstract

85. Grifka RG. Transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004 Apr;61(4):554-70. Abstract

86. Fischer G, Stieh J, Uebing A, et al. Transcatheter closure of persistent ductus arteriosus in infants using the Amplatzer duct occluder. Heart. 2001 Oct;86(4):444-7.Full text  Abstract

87. Fisher RG, Moodie DS, Sterba R, et al. Patent ductus arteriosus in adults--long-term follow-up: nonsurgical versus surgical treatment. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Aug;8(2):280-4. Abstract

88. Marelli A, Beauchesne L, Colman J, et al. Canadian Cardiovascular Society 2022 guidelines for cardiovascular interventions in adults with congenital heart disease. Can J Cardiol. 2022 Jul;38(7):862-96.Full text  Abstract

89. Hong TE, Hellenbrand WE, Hijazi ZM, et al. Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus in adults using the Amplatzer duct occluder: initial results and follow-up. Indian Heart J. 2002 Jul-Aug;54(4):384-9. Abstract

90. Pas D, Missault L, Hollanders G, et al. Persistent ductus arteriosus in the adult: clinical features and experience with percutaneous closure. Acta Cardiol. 2002 Aug;57(4):275-8. Abstract

91. Yilmaz AT, Yorulmaz FM, Ozturk OY, et al. Ligation in adult persistent ductus arteriosus. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 1991 Sep-Oct;32(5):575-80. Abstract

92. Ohlsson A, Bottu J, Govan J, et al. Effect of indomethacin on cerebral blood flow velocities in very low birth weight neonates with a patent ductus arteriosus. Dev Pharmacol Ther. 1993;20(1-2):100-6. Abstract

93. Demir T, Oztunc F, Cetin G, et al. Patency or recanalization of the arterial duct after surgical double ligation and transfixion. Cardiol Young. 2007 Feb;17(1):48-50. Abstract

94. Wilson WR, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, et al. Prevention of viridans group streptococcal infective endocarditis: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2021 May 18;143(20):e963-78.Full text  Abstract

95. Dang D, Wang D, Zhang C, et al. Comparison of oral paracetamol versus ibuprofen in premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus: a randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2013 Nov 4;8(11):e77888.Full text  Abstract

96. Oncel MY, Yurttutan S, Erdeve O, et al. Oral paracetamol versus oral ibuprofen in the management of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants: a randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr. 2014 Mar;164(3):510-4.e1. Abstract

97. Ohlsson A, Shah PS. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020 Jan 27;1:CD010061.Full text  Abstract

98. Brooks JM, Travadi JN, Patole SK, et al. Is surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus necessary? The Western Australian experience of conservative management. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005;90:F235-F239.Full text  Abstract

99. Kabra NS, Schmidt B, Roberts RS, et al. Neurosensory impairment after surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in extremely low birth weight infants: results from the Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms. J Pediatr. 2007 Mar;150(3):229-34, 234.e1. Abstract

100. Thilen U, Astrom-Olsson K. Does the risk of infective endarteritis justify routine patent ductus arteriosus closure? Eur Heart J. 1997;18:503-506.Full text  Abstract

101. Balzer DT, Spray TL, McMullin D, et al. Endarteritis associated with a clinically silent patent ductus arteriosus. Am Heart J. 1993;125:1192-1193. Abstract

102. Parthenakis FI, Kanakaraki MK, Vardas PE. Images in cardiology: silent patent ductus arteriosus endarteritis. Heart. 2000;84:619.Full text  Abstract

103. Chen WJ, Chen JJ, Lin SC, et al. Detection of cardiovascular shunts by transesophageal echocardiography in patients with pulmonary hypertension of unexplained cause. Chest. 1995 Jan;107(1):8-13. Abstract

104. Yan C, Zhao S, Jiang S, et al. Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension in adults. Heart. 2007 Apr;93(4):514-8. Abstract

105. Dyamenahalli U, Smallhorn JF, Geva T, et al. Isolated ductus arteriosus aneurysm in the fetus and infant: a multi-institutional experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000 Jul;36(1):262-9. Abstract

106. Jan SL, Hwang B, Fu YC, et al. Isolated neonatal ductus arteriosus aneurysm. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Jan 16;39(2):342-7. Abstract

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112. John AS, Jackson JL, Moons P, et al. Advances in managing transition to adulthood for adolescents with congenital heart disease: a practical approach to transition program design: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022 Apr 5;11(7):e025278.Full text  Abstract

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