Combined data for men and women from all patient-care settings identify urinary tract infection (UTI) as the most common infection, and it is the second most common infection among non-institutionalised patients. Forty percent of all nosocomial infections in men and women are UTIs; 80% of these develop secondary to indwelling catheters. Men account for 20% of the overall occurrences of UTI, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 13,689 per 100,000. Ageing contributes to UTI occurrence in men. UTIs rarely develop in men before 50 years of age. Also, residence in a long-term care facility correlates with the likelihood of men developing bacteriuria and UTI. The ratio of UTI occurrence between institutionalised women and men is almost equal (2 to 3:1), unlike the ratio for younger women and men (25:1). In addition, up to 40% of institutionalised men have asymptomatic bacteriuria.
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