Craniopharyngioma is a common intracranial tumour constituting 6% to 13% of all childhood brain tumours and 1% to 3% of all adult brain tumours, with a stable incidence of approximately 1 to 1.5 cases per 1,000,000 per year. It is the most common sellar region tumour in childhood, and the most common non-glial intracranial tumour. Although it may present at any age, a bimodal age distribution is reported with a peak between 5 and 14 years of age in children and between 50 and 70 years of age in adults. Craniopharyngioma is found worldwide and has no gender preference. One study has found a higher incidence rate in black people, although any racial disparity will need to be confirmed in further studies.
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