Normal pressure hydrocephalus

References

Key articles

INPH Guidelines Study Group. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005;57(Suppl 3):S2-1-S2-52.Full text

Hakim S, Adams RD. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Observations on cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics. J Neurol Sci. 1965 Jul-Aug;2(4):307-27. Abstract

Pinto FC, Saad F, Oliveira MF, et al. Role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: preliminary results of a randomized clinical trial. Neurosurgery. 2013 May;72(5):845-53 Abstract

Reference articles

1. INPH Guidelines Study Group. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005;57(Suppl 3):S2-1-S2-52.Full text

2. Trenkwalder C, Schwarz J, Gebhard J, et al. Starnberg trial on epidemiology of Parkinsonism and hypertension in the elderly. Prevalence of Parkinson's disease and related disorders assessed by a door-to-door survey of inhabitants older than 65 years. Arch Neurol. 1995 Oct;52(10):1017-22. Abstract

3. Brean A, Eide PK. Prevalence of probable idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus in a Norwegian population. Acta Neurol Scand. 2008 Jul;118(1):48-53. Abstract

4. Hiraoka K, Meguro K, Mori E. Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus in the elderly population of a Japanese rural community. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2008 May;48(5):197-99 Abstract

5. Jaraj D, Rabiei K, Marlow T, et al. Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurology. 2014 Apr 22;82(16):1449-54. Abstract

6. Andersson J, Rosell M, Kockum K, et al. Prevalence of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: A prospective, population-based study. PLoS One. 2019 May 29;14(5):e0217705. Abstract

7. Tisell M, Hoglund M, Wikkelso C. National and regional incidence of surgery for adult hydrocephalus in Sweden. Acta Neurol Scand. 2005 Aug;112(2):72-5. Abstract

8. Grünewald RA. Normal pressure hydrocephalus; pathophysiology. Pract Neurol. 2006;6:264-265.

9. Bateman GA. The pathophysiology of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: cerebral ischemia or altered venous hemodynamics? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Jan;29(1):198-203.Full text  Abstract

10. Luetmer PH, Huston J, Friedman JA, et al. Measurement of cerebrospinal fluid flow at the cerebral aqueduct by use of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging: technique validation and utility in diagnosing idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2002 Mar;50(3):534-43 Abstract

11. Boon AJ, Tans JT, Delwel EJ, et al. Does CSF outflow resistance predict the response to shunting in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus? Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1998;71:331-3. Abstract

12. Krauss JK, Regel JP, Vach W, et al. Vascular risk factors and arteriosclerotic disease in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus of the elderly. Stroke. 1996 Jan;27(1):24-9.Full text  Abstract

13. Graff-Radford NR, Godersky JC. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and systemic hypertension. Neurology. 1987 May;37(5):868-71. Abstract

14. Jaraj D, Agerskov S, Rabiei K, et al. Vascular factors in suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus: A population-based study. Neurology. 2016 Jan 15;86(7):592-9.Full text  Abstract

15. Jacobs L. Diabetes mellitus in normal pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1977 Apr;40(4):331-5. Abstract

16. Boon AJ, Tans JT, Delwel EJ, et al. The Dutch normal-pressure hydrocephalus study. How to select patients for shunting? An analysis of four diagnostic criteria. Surg Neurol. 2000 Mar;53(3):201-7. Abstract

17. Mathew NT, Meyer JS, Hartmann A, et al. Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid-blood flow dynamics: implications in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in normal pressure hydrocephalus. Arch Neurol. 1975 Oct;32(10):657-64. Abstract

18. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Lumbar infusion test for the investigation of normal pressure hydrocephalus. June 2008. [internet publication].Full text

19. Hakim S, Adams RD. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Observations on cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics. J Neurol Sci. 1965 Jul-Aug;2(4):307-27. Abstract

20. Vakili S, Moran D, Hung A, et al. Timing of surgical treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: association between treatment delay and reduced short-term benefit. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E2.Full text  Abstract

21. Andrén K, Wikkelso C, Hellstrom P, et al. Early treatment with CSF diversion reduces mortality in normal pressure hydrocephalus. AAN 69th annual meeting, Boston, MA, 23-25 April 2017; poster session III, aging and dementia: therapeutic approaches I. Neurology. 2017;88(16 Supplement):P3.081.Full text

22. Toma AK, Papadopoulos MC, Stapleton S, et al. Systematic review of the outcome of shunt surgery in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2013 Oct;155(10):1977-80. Abstract

23. Pujari S, Kharkar S, Metellus P, et al. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: long-term outcome after shunt surgery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008 Nov;79(11):1282-6. Abstract

24. Sæhle T, Farahmand D, Eide PK, et al. A randomized controlled dual-center trial on shunt complications in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus treated with gradually reduced or "fixed" pressure valve settings. J Neurosurg. 2014 Nov;121(5):1257-63 Abstract

25. Farahmand D, Sæhle T, Eide PK, et al. A double-blind randomized trial on the clinical effect of different shunt valve settings in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg. 2016 Feb;124(2):359-67. Abstract

26. Lemcke J, Meier U, Müller C, et al. Safety and efficacy of gravitational shunt valves in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a pragmatic, randomised, open label, multicentre trial (SVASONA). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2013 Aug;84(8):850-7.Full text  Abstract

27. Pinto FC, Saad F, Oliveira MF, et al. Role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: preliminary results of a randomized clinical trial. Neurosurgery. 2013 May;72(5):845-53 Abstract

28. Tudor KI, Tudor M, McCleery J, et al. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jul 29;(7):CD010033.Full text  Abstract

29. Kazui H, Miyajima M, Mori E, et al. Lumboperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (SINPHONI-2): an open-label randomised trial. Lancet Neurol. 2015 Jun;14(6):585-94. Abstract

30. Sundström N, Lagebrant M, Eklund A, et al. Subdural hematomas in 1846 patients with shunted idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: treatment and long-term survival. J Neurosurg. 2017 Oct 27;129(3):797-804. Abstract

31. Feletti A, d'Avella D, Wikkelsø C, et al. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Complications in the European Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Multicenter Study. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 Jul 1;17(1):97-102. Abstract

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