Normal pressure hydrocephalus

References

Key articles

INPH Guidelines Study Group. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005;57(Suppl 3):S2-1-S2-52.Full text

Halperin JJ, Kurlan R, Schwalb JM, et al. Practice guideline: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: Response to shunting and predictors of response: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2015 Dec 8;85(23):2063-71.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. INPH Guidelines Study Group. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005;57(Suppl 3):S2-1-S2-52.Full text

2. Trenkwalder C, Schwarz J, Gebhard J, et al. Starnberg trial on epidemiology of Parkinsonism and hypertension in the elderly. Prevalence of Parkinson's disease and related disorders assessed by a door-to-door survey of inhabitants older than 65 years. Arch Neurol. 1995 Oct;52(10):1017-22. Abstract

3. Brean A, Eide PK. Prevalence of probable idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus in a Norwegian population. Acta Neurol Scand. 2008 Jul;118(1):48-53. Abstract

4. Hiraoka K, Meguro K, Mori E. Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus in the elderly population of a Japanese rural community. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2008 May;48(5):197-99 Abstract

5. Martín-Láez R, Caballero-Arzapalo H, Valle-San Román N, et al. Incidence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus in Northern Spain. World Neurosurg. 2016 Mar;87:298-310.Full text  Abstract

6. Aragonès JM, Altimiras J, Alonso F, et al. [Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: high incidence in people over 80 years of age]. [in spa]. Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2018 Mar - Apr;53(2):85-8. Abstract

7. Jaraj D, Rabiei K, Marlow T, et al. Prevalence of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurology. 2014 Apr 22;82(16):1449-54. Abstract

8. Andersson J, Rosell M, Kockum K, et al. Prevalence of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: A prospective, population-based study. PLoS One. 2019 May 29;14(5):e0217705. Abstract

9. Tisell M, Hoglund M, Wikkelso C. National and regional incidence of surgery for adult hydrocephalus in Sweden. Acta Neurol Scand. 2005 Aug;112(2):72-5. Abstract

10. Grünewald RA. Normal pressure hydrocephalus; pathophysiology. Pract Neurol. 2006;6:264-265.

11. Bateman GA. The pathophysiology of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: cerebral ischemia or altered venous hemodynamics? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Jan;29(1):198-203.Full text  Abstract

12. Luetmer PH, Huston J, Friedman JA, et al. Measurement of cerebrospinal fluid flow at the cerebral aqueduct by use of phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging: technique validation and utility in diagnosing idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2002 Mar;50(3):534-43 Abstract

13. Boon AJ, Tans JT, Delwel EJ, et al. Does CSF outflow resistance predict the response to shunting in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus? Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1998;71:331-3. Abstract

14. Krauss JK, Regel JP, Vach W, et al. Vascular risk factors and arteriosclerotic disease in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus of the elderly. Stroke. 1996 Jan;27(1):24-9.Full text  Abstract

15. Graff-Radford NR, Godersky JC. Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and systemic hypertension. Neurology. 1987 May;37(5):868-71. Abstract

16. Jaraj D, Agerskov S, Rabiei K, et al. Vascular factors in suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus: A population-based study. Neurology. 2016 Jan 15;86(7):592-9.Full text  Abstract

17. Jacobs L. Diabetes mellitus in normal pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1977 Apr;40(4):331-5. Abstract

18. Relkin N, Marmarou A, Klinge P, et al. Diagnosing idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005 Sep;57(3 suppl):S4-16. Abstract

19. Boon AJ, Tans JT, Delwel EJ, et al. The Dutch normal-pressure hydrocephalus study. How to select patients for shunting? An analysis of four diagnostic criteria. Surg Neurol. 2000 Mar;53(3):201-7. Abstract

20. Morishita T, Foote KD, Okun MS. INPH and Parkinson disease: differentiation by levodopa response. Nat Rev Neurol. 2010 Jan;6(1):52-6. Abstract

21. Relkin N, Marmarou A, Klinge P, et al. Diagnosing idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Neurosurgery. 2005 Sep;57(3 suppl):S4-16; discussion ii-v. Abstract

22. Mathew NT, Meyer JS, Hartmann A, et al. Abnormal cerebrospinal fluid-blood flow dynamics: implications in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in normal pressure hydrocephalus. Arch Neurol. 1975 Oct;32(10):657-64. Abstract

23. Halperin JJ, Kurlan R, Schwalb JM, et al. Practice guideline: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: Response to shunting and predictors of response: Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2015 Dec 8;85(23):2063-71.Full text  Abstract

24. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Lumbar infusion test for the investigation of normal pressure hydrocephalus. June 2008. [internet publication].Full text

25. Eide PK, Sorteberg W. Diagnostic intracranial pressure monitoring and surgical management in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a 6-year review of 214 patients. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jan;66(1):80-91. Abstract

26. Garcia-Armengol R, Domenech S, Botella-Campos C, et al. Comparison of elevated intracranial pressure pulse amplitude and disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space (DESH) for prediction of surgical results in suspected idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Nov;158(11):2207-13. Abstract

27. Hakim S, Adams RD. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Observations on cerebrospinal fluid hydrodynamics. J Neurol Sci. 1965 Jul-Aug;2(4):307-27. Abstract

28. Vakili S, Moran D, Hung A, et al. Timing of surgical treatment for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: association between treatment delay and reduced short-term benefit. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Sep;41(3):E2.Full text  Abstract

29. Andrén K, Wikkelso C, Hellstrom P, et al. Early treatment with CSF diversion reduces mortality in normal pressure hydrocephalus. AAN 69th annual meeting, Boston, MA, 23-25 April 2017; poster session III, aging and dementia: therapeutic approaches I. Neurology. 2017;88(16 Supplement):P3.081.Full text

30. Andrén K, Wikkelsø C, Hellström P, et al. Early shunt surgery improves survival in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Eur J Neurol. 2021 Apr;28(4):1153-59.Full text  Abstract

31. Toma AK, Papadopoulos MC, Stapleton S, et al. Systematic review of the outcome of shunt surgery in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2013 Oct;155(10):1977-80. Abstract

32. Pujari S, Kharkar S, Metellus P, et al. Normal pressure hydrocephalus: long-term outcome after shunt surgery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008 Nov;79(11):1282-6. Abstract

33. Sæhle T, Farahmand D, Eide PK, et al. A randomized controlled dual-center trial on shunt complications in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus treated with gradually reduced or "fixed" pressure valve settings. J Neurosurg. 2014 Nov;121(5):1257-63 Abstract

34. Farahmand D, Sæhle T, Eide PK, et al. A double-blind randomized trial on the clinical effect of different shunt valve settings in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. J Neurosurg. 2016 Feb;124(2):359-67. Abstract

35. Lemcke J, Meier U, Müller C, et al. Safety and efficacy of gravitational shunt valves in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a pragmatic, randomised, open label, multicentre trial (SVASONA). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2013 Aug;84(8):850-7.Full text  Abstract

36. Ziebell M, Wetterslev J, Tisell M, et al. Flow-regulated versus differential pressure-regulated shunt valves for adult patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 May 31;(5):CD009706.Full text  Abstract

37. Pinto FC, Saad F, Oliveira MF, et al. Role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and ventriculoperitoneal shunt in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: preliminary results of a randomized clinical trial. Neurosurgery. 2013 May;72(5):845-53 Abstract

38. Tudor KI, Tudor M, McCleery J, et al. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jul 29;(7):CD010033.Full text  Abstract

39. Kazui H, Miyajima M, Mori E, et al. Lumboperitoneal shunt surgery for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (SINPHONI-2): an open-label randomised trial. Lancet Neurol. 2015 Jun;14(6):585-94. Abstract

40. Sundström N, Lagebrant M, Eklund A, et al. Subdural hematomas in 1846 patients with shunted idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: treatment and long-term survival. J Neurosurg. 2017 Oct 27;129(3):797-804. Abstract

41. Feletti A, d'Avella D, Wikkelsø C, et al. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Complications in the European Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Multicenter Study. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 Jul 1;17(1):97-102. Abstract

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