Last reviewed: June 2018
Last updated: February  2018

Summary

Differentials

Common

  • Benign positional paroxysmal vertigo
  • Meniere's disease
  • Vestibular neuritis
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Vestibular migraine
  • Syncope or pre-syncope
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs

Uncommon

  • Cholesteatoma
  • Superior semi-circular canal dehiscence
  • Perilymphatic fistula
  • Mondini's dysplasia
  • Posterior fossa tumour
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cerebellar stroke
  • Vertebrobasilar insufficiency
  • Chiari malformation type 1
  • Wallenberg's syndrome
  • Trauma
  • Cervical artery dissection
  • Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
  • Hereditary ataxia
  • Benign intracranial hypertension
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  • Mal de debarquement syndrome
  • Psychophysiological dizziness
  • Psychogenic dizziness
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Cogan's syndrome
  • Wegener's granulomatosis (granulomatosis with polyangiitis)
  • Behcet's disease
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Post-surgery
  • Lyme disease
  • Syphilis
  • HIV
  • CMV
  • HSV-1

Contributors

Authors VIEW ALL

Consultant Otolaryngologist and Otologist

Rotherham NHS Foundation Trust

Rotherham

UK

Disclosures

SAD declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of ENT

Sydney Cochlear Implant Centre

Sydney

Australia

Disclosures

WG is a co-author of one reference cited in this monograph.

Peer reviewers VIEW ALL

Professor and Vice Chairman

Residency Program Director

Dizziness and Balance Center Director

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Washington University School of Medicine

St. Louis

MO

Disclosures

JG is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Senior Lecturer in Otolaryngology

Honorary Consultant Otolaryngologist

Glasgow Royal Infirmary

Glasgow

UK

Disclosures

IS declares that he has no competing interests.

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