Acute conjunctivitis

References

Key articles

American Academy of Ophthalmology. Conjunctivitis preferred practice pattern. Ophthalmology. 2019 Jan;126(1):P94-169.Full text  Abstract

Sambursky R, Trattler W, Tauber S, et al. Sensitivity and specificity of the AdenoPlus test for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;131(1):17-22. Abstract

Leibowitz HM. The red eye. N Engl J Med. 2000 Aug 3;343(5):345-51. Abstract

Sheikh A, Hurwitz B, van Schayck CP, et al. Antibiotics versus placebo for acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9):CD001211.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

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31. American Academy of Ophthalmology. EyeWiki: vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Mar 2021 [internet publication].Full text

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33. Sambursky R, Trattler W, Tauber S, et al. Sensitivity and specificity of the AdenoPlus test for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;131(1):17-22. Abstract

34. Marey HM, Mandour SS, El Morsy OA, et al. Impact of vernal keratoconjunctivitis on school children in Egypt. Semin Ophthalmol. 2017;32(5):543-49. Abstract

35. American Academy of Ophthalmology. EyeWiki: conjunctivitis. Mar 2021 [internet publication].Full text

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39. Sambursky R, Tauber S, Schirra F, et al. The RPS adeno detector for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis. Ophthalmology. 2006 Oct;113(10):1758-64. Abstract

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45. Elnifro EM, Cooper RJ, Klapper PE, et al. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of viral and chlamydial keratoconjunctivitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Jun;41(7):1818-22. Abstract

46. Leibowitz HM. The red eye. N Engl J Med. 2000 Aug 3;343(5):345-51. Abstract

47. Wirbelauer C. Management of the red eye for the primary care physician. Am J Med. 2006 Apr;119(4):302-6. Abstract

48. Bal SK, Hollingworth GR. Red eye. BMJ. 2005 Aug 20;331(7514):438.Full text  Abstract

49. Vafidis G. When is red eye not just conjunctivitis? Practitioner. 2002 Jul;246(1636):469-71, 474-5, 478-81. Abstract

50. Morrow GL, Abbott RL. Conjunctivitis. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Feb 15;57(4):735-46. Abstract

51. Weber CM, Eichenbaum JW. Acute red eye: differentiating viral conjunctivitis from other, less common causes. Postgrad Med J. 1997 May;101(5):185-96. Abstract

52. The College of Optometrists. Sub-conjunctival haemorrhage. Jul 2019 [internet publication].Full text

53. Castillo M, Scott NW, Mustafa MZ, et al. Topical antihistamines and mast cell stabilisers for treating seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jun 1;(6):CD009566.Full text  Abstract

54. Bonini S, Gramiccioni C, Bonini M, et al. Practical approach to diagnosis and treatment of ocular allergy: a 1-year systematic review. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Oct;7(5):446-9. Abstract

55. Bielory L, Katelaris CH, Lightman S, et al. Treating the ocular component of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and related eye disorders. MedGenMed. 2007 Aug 15;9(3):35.Full text  Abstract

56. Abelson MB, Gomes PJ. Olopatadine 0.2% ophthalmic solution: the first ophthalmic antiallergy agent with once-daily dosing. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2008 Apr;4(4):453-61. Abstract

57. Gonzalez-Estrada A, Reddy K, Dimov V, et al. Olopatadine hydrochloride ophthalmic solution for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2017 Aug;18(11):1137-43. Abstract

58. Kam KW, Chen LJ, Wat N, et al. Topical olopatadine in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2017 Oct;25(5):663-77. Abstract

59. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. Olopatadine for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis: a review of the clinical efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Mar 2012 [internet publication].Full text

60. Schechter BA. Ketorolac tromethamine 0.4% as a treatment for allergic conjuctivitis. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2008 Apr;4(4):507-11. Abstract

61. Gong L, Sun X, Qu J, et al. Loteprednol etabonate suspension 0.2% administered QID compared with olopatadine solution 0.1% administered BID in the treatment of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis: a multicenter, randomized, investigator-masked, parallel group study in Chinese patients. Clin Ther. 2012 Jun;34(6):1259-72. Abstract

62. Oner V, Türkcü FM, Taş M, et al. Topical loteprednol etabonate 0.5 % for treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis: efficacy and safety. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul;56(4):312-8. Abstract

63. Liu RF, Wu XX, Wang X, et al. Efficacy of olopatadine hydrochloride 0.1%, emedastine difumarate 0.05%, and loteprednol etabonate 0.5% for Chinese children with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis: a randomized vehicle-controlled study. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Apr;7(4):393-8.Full text  Abstract

64. Wartna JB, Bohnen AM, Elshout G, et al. Symptomatic treatment of pollen-related allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in children: randomized controlled trial. Allergy. 2017 Apr;72(4):636-44. Abstract

65. Mantelli F, Santos MS, Petitti T, et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials on topical treatments for vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Dec;91(12):1656-61.Full text  Abstract

66. Swamy BN, Chilov M, McClellan K, et al. Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in allergic conjunctivitis: meta-analysis of randomized trial data. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2007 Sep-Oct;14(5):311-9. Abstract

67. Takamura E, Uchio E, Ebihara N, et al; Japanese Society of Allergology. Japanese guidelines for allergic conjunctival diseases 2017. Allergol Int. 2017 Apr;66(2):220-9.Full text  Abstract

68. Berger WE, Granet DB, Kabat AG. Diagnosis and management of allergic conjunctivitis in pediatric patients. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2017 Jan 1;38(1):16-27. Abstract

69. Sheikh A, Hurwitz B, van Schayck CP, et al. Antibiotics versus placebo for acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Sep 12;(9):CD001211.Full text  Abstract

70. Rose P. Management strategies for acute infective conjunctivitis in primary care: a systematic review. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007 Aug;8(12):1903-21. Abstract

71. Denis F, Chaumeil C, Goldschmidt P, et al. Microbiological efficacy of 3-day treatment with azithromycin 1.5% eye-drops for purulent bacterial conjunctivitis. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov-Dec;18(6):858-68. Abstract

72. Abelson MB, Heller W, Shapiro AM, et al; AzaSite Clinical Study Group. Clinical cure of bacterial conjunctivitis with azithromycin 1%: vehicle-controlled, double-masked clinical trial. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jun;145(6):959-65. Abstract

73. Protzko E, Bowman L, Abelson M, et al; AzaSite Clinical Study Group. Phase 3 safety comparisons for 1.0% azithromycin in polymeric mucoadhesive eye drops versus 0.3% tobramycin eye drops for bacterial conjunctivitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Aug;48(8):3425-9.Full text  Abstract

74. American Academy of Ophthalmology. EyeWiki: bacterial conjunctivitis. Nov 2020 [internet publication].Full text

75. Mah F. Bacterial conjunctivitis in pediatrics and primary care. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006 May;53 Suppl 1:7-10; quiz 11, 13-5. Abstract

76. Sheikh A, Hurwitz B. Topical antibiotics for acute bacterial conjunctivitis: a systematic review. Br J Gen Pract. 2001 Jun;51(467):473-7. Abstract

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78. Silverstein BE, Morris TW, Gearinger LS, et al. Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. Clin Ophthalmol. 2012;6:1987-96.Full text  Abstract

79. Karpecki P, Depaolis M, Hunter JA, et al. Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% in patients with bacterial conjunctivitis: a multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-masked, vehicle-controlled, 5-day efficacy and safety study. Clin Ther. 2009 Mar;31(3):514-26. Abstract

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83. O'Brien TP. Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension, 0.6%: a novel topical fluoroquinolone for bacterial conjunctivitis. Adv Ther. 2012 Jun;29(6):473-90. Abstract

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91. Mahvan TD, Buckley WA, Hornecker JR. Alcaftadine for the prevention of itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis. Ann Pharmacother. 2012 Jul-Aug;46(7-8):1025-32. Abstract

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95. Isenberg SJ, Apt L, Valenton M, et al. A controlled trial of povidone-iodine to treat infectious conjunctivitis in children. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Nov;134(5):681-8. Abstract

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99. Zanjani H, Aminifard MN, Ghafourian A, et al. Comparative evaluation of tacrolimus versus interferon alpha-2b eye drops in the treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis: a randomized, double-masked study. Cornea. 2017 Jun;36(6):675-78. Abstract

100. Zhao M, He F, Yang Y, et al. Therapeutic efficacy of tacrolimus in vernal keratoconjunctivitis: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Eur J Hosp Pharm. 2020 Nov 3 [Epub ahead of print].Full text  Abstract

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