Estimates of the prevalence of cervicitis range widely. Because cervicitis is not a reportable disease and clinical or diagnostic criteria are not fully standardised, published findings vary greatly. In a study of sexually active, non-pregnant adolescent and young women in the US military, rigorous testing with endocervical, urine, and vaginal swabs revealed a high incidence (up to 14%) of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the population not seeking treatment for STIs.
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