Patient discussions

On discharge from hospital, patients should be instructed on:

  • Daily home weight monitoring

  • Sodium restriction (2 g to 3 g daily) and fluid restriction when necessary

  • Tobacco and alcohol discontinuation

  • Aggressive control of hypertension and diabetes (e.g., provide patients with blood pressure and HbA1c goal)

  • Lipid management (e.g., provide leaflets and show website links for diet, exercise, and healthy lifestyle)

  • Regular, symptom-limited exercise

  • Routine health-care maintenance.

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