Groin pain

References

Key articles

Hölmich P. Adductor-related groin pain in athletes. Sports Med Arthrosc. 1997;5:285-291.

Hölmich P, Uhrskou P, Ulnits L, et al. Effectiveness of active physical training as treatment for long-standing adductor-related groin pain in athletes: randomized trial. Lancet. 1999;353:439-443. Abstract

Thorborg K, Hölmich P, Christensen R, et al. The Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS): development and validation according to the COSMIN checklist. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45:478-491. Abstract

Reference articles

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4. Hölmich P. Adductor-related groin pain in athletes. Sports Med Arthrosc. 1997;5:285-291.

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8. Branci S, Thorborg K, Bech BH, et al. MRI findings in soccer players with long-standing adductor-related groin pain and asymptomatic controls. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49:681-691. Abstract

9. Hölmich P, Maffey L, Emery C. Preventing groin injuries. In: Bahr ED, Engebretsen L, eds. Sports injury prevention (Olympic handbook of sports medicine). Lausanne, Switzerland: IOC Medical Commission; 2009:81-117.

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14. Leunig M, Beck M, Dora C, et al. Femoroacetabular impingement: trigger for the development of coxarthrosis [in German]. Orthopäde. 2006;35:77-84. Abstract

15. Hölmich P, Hölmich LR, Bjerg AM. Clinical examination of athletes with groin pain: an intraobserver and interobserver reliability study. Br J Sports Med. 2004;38:446-451.Full text  Abstract

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22. Hölmich P, Uhrskou P, Ulnits L, et al. Effectiveness of active physical training as treatment for long-standing adductor-related groin pain in athletes: randomized trial. Lancet. 1999;353:439-443. Abstract

23. Schilders E, Dimitrakopoulou A, Cooke M, et al. Effectiveness of a selective partial adductor release for chronic adductor-related groin pain in professional athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2013;41:603-607. Abstract

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25. Banerjee P, McLean CR. Femoroacetabular impingement: a review of diagnosis and management. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2011;4:23-32.Full text  Abstract

26. Pihlajamaki HK, Ruohola JP, Kiuru MJ, et al. Displaced femoral neck fatigue fractures in military recruits. J Bone Joint Surg. 2006;88:1989-1997. Abstract

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28. Akermark C, Johansson C. Tenotomy of the adductor longus tendon in the treatment of chronic groin pain in athletes. Am J Sports Med. 1992;20:640-643. Abstract

29. Hölmich P, Nyvold P, Larsen K. Continued significant effect of physical training as treatment for overuse injury: 8- to 12-year outcome of a randomized clinical trial. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39:2447-2451. Abstract

30. Thorborg K, Hölmich P, Christensen R, et al. The Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS): development and validation according to the COSMIN checklist. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45:478-491. Abstract

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