Corneal abrasions are common eye injuries in men and women across all age groups, but occur more frequently in men due to higher-rates of occupational eye injuries. In a study of emergency departments in the US, the most common injury to the eye was a contusion or abrasion (44.4%), followed by a foreign body (30.8%). In the UK, 12% to 13% of patients presenting to eye emergency units have corneal abrasions. At a general hospital emergency department in the UK, 6% of all cases were eye-related, 80% of which were corneal abrasions or foreign body-related. In a study of an eye emergency service in Ireland, corneal abrasion (28.4%) and corneal foreign body (26.9%) were the most commonly diagnosed traumatic presentations. Corneal abrasions are common in the workplace. For example, the estimated annual incidence is 15 per 1000 employees in US automotive industry workers, accounting for 6% of total injuries. Of all eye injuries in these patients, 87% were related to corneal foreign bodies, and one third of the patients were unable to resume their work for 1 day. In primary care clinics in the US, eye complaints are responsible for 2% of visits, with traumatic injuries and foreign bodies responsible for 8% of these visits.
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