Last reviewed:September 2019
Last updated:April  2019

Summary

Definition

History and exam

Key diagnostic factors

  • presence of risk factors
  • vesicles/bullae
  • crusting

Other diagnostic factors

  • erythema
  • pruritus
  • pain
  • mucopurulent exudate
  • lymphadenopathy
  • fever

Risk factors

  • increased humidity
  • poor hygiene, malnutrition, and overcrowding
  • chronic colonisation with Staphylococcus aureus - nasal, axillary, pharyngeal, perineal
  • concomitant skin disease

Diagnostic investigations

Treatment algorithm

Contributors

Dermatologist

Associate Professor

Bond University

Queensland

Australia

Disclosures

MF declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Michael Freeman would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Chris Del Mar, a previous contributor to this topic.

Peer reviewersVIEW ALL

Clinical Assistant Professor

University of Iowa College of Medicine

Iowa City

IA

Disclosures

BS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Dermatology and Dermatology Residency Program Director

Boonshoft School of Medicine

Wright State University

Dayton

OH

Disclosures

Speaker's Bureau, Stiefel; Consultant, Abbott.

Use of this content is subject to our disclaimer