Wernicke's encephalopathy

References

Key articles

Victor M, Adams RD, Collins GH. The Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: a clinical and pathological study of 245 patients, 82 with post-mortem examinations. Contemp Neurol Ser. 1971;7:1-206. Abstract

Galvin R, Bråthen G, Ivashynka A, et al. Guidelines for diagnosis, therapy and prevention of Wernicke encephalopathy. Eur J Neurol. 2010 Dec;17(12):1408-18.Full text  Abstract

Reference articles

1. Harper C, Fornes P, Duyckaerts C, et al. An international perspective on the prevalence of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Metab Brain Dis. 1995 Mar;10(1):17-24. Abstract

2. Torvik A. Wernicke's encephalopathy: prevalence and clinical spectrum. Alcohol Alcohol Suppl. 1991;1:381-4. Abstract

3. Harper CG, Giles M, Finlay-Jones R. Clinical signs in the Wernicke-Korsakoff complex: a retrospective analysis of 131 cases diagnosed at necropsy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986 Apr;49(4):341-5. Abstract

4. Victor M, Adams RD, Collins GH. The Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: a clinical and pathological study of 245 patients, 82 with post-mortem examinations. Contemp Neurol Ser. 1971;7:1-206. Abstract

5. Torvik A, Lindboe CF, Rogde S. Brain lesions in alcoholics: a neuropathological study with clinical correlations. J Neurol Sci.1982 Nov;56(2-3):233-48. Abstract

6. Boldorini R, Vago L, Lechi A, et al. Wernicke's encephalopathy: occurrence and pathological aspects in a series of 400 AIDS patients. Acta Biomed Ateneo Parmense. 1992;63(1-2):43-9. Abstract

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8. Nagarajan E, Rupareliya C, Bollu PC. Wernicke's encephalopathy as a rare complication of hyperemesis gravidarum: a case report and Review of literature. Cureus. 2018 May 9;10(5):e2597. Abstract

9. Scalzo SJ, Bowden SC, Ambrose ML, et al. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome not related to alcohol use: a systematic review. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2015 Dec;86(12):1362-8.Full text  Abstract

10. Bhat JI, Ahmed QI, Ahangar AA, et al. Wernicke's encephalopathy in exclusive breastfed infants. World J Pediatr. 2017 May 24;13(5):485-8. Abstract

11. Campbell ACP, Russel WR. Wernicke's encephalopathy: the clinical features and their probable relationship to vitamin B deficiency. Q J Med. 1941;10:41-64.

12. Schenker S, Henderson GI, Hoyumpa AM Jr, et al. Hepatic and Wernicke's encephalopathies: current concepts of pathogenesis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Dec;33(12):2719-26. Abstract

13. Ariaey-Nejad MR, Balaghi M, Baker EM, et al. Thiamine metabolism in man. Am J Clin Nutr. 1970 Jun;23(6):764-78. Abstract

14. Butterworth RF, Kril JJ, Harpe CG. Thiamine-dependent enzyme changes in the brains of alcoholics: relationship to the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1993 Oct;17(5):1084-8. Abstract

15. Kopelman MD. The Korsakoff syndrome. Br J Psychiatry. 1995 Feb;166(2):154-73. Abstract

16. Thomson AD. Mechanisms of vitamin deficiency in chronic alcohol misusers and development of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Alcohol Alcohol Suppl. 2000 May-Jun;35(1):2-7. Abstract

17. Butterworth RF, Gaudreau C, Vincelette J, et al. Thiamine deficiency and Wernicke's encephalopathy in AIDS. Metab Brain Dis. 1991 Dec;6(4):207-12. Abstract

18. Sechi G, Serra A. Wernicke's encephalopathy: new clinical settings and recent advances in diagnosis and management. Lancet Neurol. 2007 May;6(5):442-55. Abstract

19. Isenberg-Grzeda E, Shen MJ, Alici Y, et al. High rate of thiamine deficiency among inpatients with cancer referred for psychiatric consultation: results of a single site prevalence study. Psychooncology. 2017 Sep;26(9):1384-9.Full text  Abstract

20. Buesa JM, Garcia-Teijido P, Losa R, et al. Treatment of ifosfamide encephalopathy with intravenous thiamin. Clin Cancer Res. 2003 Oct 1;9(12):4636-7.Full text  Abstract

21. Singh S, Kumar A. Wernicke encephalopathy after obesity surgery: a systematic review. Neurology. 2007 Mar 13;68(11):807-11. Abstract

22. Aasheim ET. Wernicke encephalopathy after bariatric surgery: a systematic review. Ann Surg. 2008 Nov;248(5):714-20. Abstract

23. Milone M, Di Minno MN, Lupoli R, et al. Wernicke encephalopathy in subjects undergoing restrictive weight loss surgery: a systematic review of literature data. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2014 Jul;22(4):223-9.Full text  Abstract

24. Ortigoza-Escobar JD, Alfadhel M, Molero-Luis M, et al. Thiamine deficiency in childhood with attention to genetic causes: survival and outcome predictors. Ann Neurol. 2017 Sep;82(3):317-30.Full text  Abstract

25. Marcé-Grau A, Martí-Sánchez L, Baide-Mairena H, et al. Genetic defects of thiamine transport and metabolism: a review of clinical phenotypes, genetics, and functional studies. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2019 Jul;42(4):581-97.Full text  Abstract

26. Fattal-Valevski A, Kesler A, Sela BA, et al. Outbreak of life-threatening thiamine deficiency in infants in Israel caused by a defective soy-based formula. Pediatrics. 2005 Feb;115(2):e233-8.Full text  Abstract

27. Harper C, Sheedy DL, Lara AI, et al. Prevalence of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome in Australia: has thiamine fortification made a difference? Med J Aust. 1998 Jun 1;168(11):542-5. Abstract

28. Lough ME. Wernicke's encephalopathy: expanding the diagnostic toolbox. Neuropsychol Rev. 2012 Jun;22(2):181-94. Abstract

29. Chamorro AJ, Rosón-Hernández B, Medina-García JA, et al; Wernicke-SEMI Group; Alcohol and Alcoholism Group; Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI). Differences between alcoholic and nonalcoholic patients with Wernicke encephalopathy: a multicenter observational study. Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Jun;92(6):899-907. Abstract

30. Zuccoli G, Siddiqui N, Bailey A, et al. Neuroimaging findings in pediatric Wernicke encephalopathy: a review. Neuroradiology. 2010 Jun;52(6):523-9. Abstract

31. Royal College of Physicians. Alcohol: can the NHS afford it? Recommendations for a coherent alcohol strategy for hospitals. February 2001. [internet publication].Full text

32. Caine D, Halliday GM, Kril JJ, et al. Operational criteria for the classification of chronic alcoholics: identification of Wernicke's encephalopathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1997 Jan;62(1):51-60. Abstract

33. Flannery AH, Adkins DA, Cook AM. Unpeeling the evidence for the banana bag: evidence-based recommendations for the management of alcohol-associated vitamin and electrolyte deficiencies in the ICU. Crit Care Med. 2016 Aug;44(8):1545-52. Abstract

34. Galvin R, Bråthen G, Ivashynka A, et al. Guidelines for diagnosis, therapy and prevention of Wernicke encephalopathy. Eur J Neurol. 2010 Dec;17(12):1408-18.Full text  Abstract

35. Smith I, Hillman A. Management of alcohol Korsakoff syndrome. Adv Psychiatr Treat. 1999;5:271-278.Full text

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