The incidence and prevalence of balanoposthitis are not known with accuracy as it is a descriptive term rather than a diagnosis. Patients with balanoposthitis tend to present initially to their general practitioners. They may then be referred to dermatology, genitourinary (GU) medicine, or urology for further examination and investigation. Generally, dermatologists feel that balanitis, posthitis, and balanoposthitis are most commonly due to inflammatory dermatoses (e.g., lichen sclerosus, eczema, psoriasis, lichen planus, Zoon balanitis) or pre-cancerous conditions (e.g., erythroplasia of Queyrat). GU physicians search for an infective cause (e.g., Candida, Group B beta-haemolytic streptococcus).
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